List of papers, with their subjects.

circulars.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
1 Mr. Evarts to the diplomatic and consular officers. 1877. May 23 European tour of Ex-President General Grant: Diplomatic and consular attentions invited. 1
2 Mr. Evarts to the diplomatic and consular officers in Europe and Turkish dominions. June 28 Protection of Swiss citizens in European countries and Turkish dominions during the Russo-Turkish war: Good offices of the agents of the United States to be continued in their behalf. 1
3 Mr. Evarts to the diplomatic officers of the United States in Spanish-American countries. July 13 Trade between the United States and Spanish-American countries: Commercial information and statistics to be transmitted; the best means of fostering trade and commerce between the nations of the American continent to be sought; markets needed for the manufactures and products of the United States; beneficial influences of such increased international intercourse upon the political and social status of the Spanish-American States; consular and diplomatic officers to point out trades in which Americans may share. 2
4 Mr. Seward to the diplomatic officers of the united States in European countries. Aug. 7 Trade between the United States and European countries: Setting forth the same considerations in favor of increased commercial intercourse as in the preceding circular. 3

argentine republic.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
5 Mr. Osborn to Mr. Fish 1876. Nov. 19 Inauguration of the railway from Córdova to Tucuman: Description of the province; good reception of President Avellaneda; his address; loan of ten millions to the government by the provincial bank of Buenos Ayres; fall in gold; good prospects for the future. 5
6 do Dec. 11 Revolutionary movement of Lopez Jordan: The four river provinces declared under martial law; arrest of the leaders; character of Lopez Jordan; his probable escape from punishment. 6
7 do 1877. Mar. 19 Clime in Buenos Ayres: Great number of assassinations and robberies; public excitement thereat; a new minister of justice appointed; the jails found crowded with convicted murderers; their prompt execution begun by Quesada’s orders. 7
8 do Mar. 20 Rumors of rebellion in provinces of Buenos Ay res and Santa Fé: Electoral excitement. 7
9 do Apr. 10 Result of the Argentine elections: Rioting in Buenos Ayres and Santa Fé; quiet elsewhere; comments on the late insurrectionary plot; the country in a very critical state, through commercial crisis, drought, &c.; decline in Argentine bonds. 8
10 Mr. Osborn to Mr. Evarts.. May 9 Meeting of the Argentine Congress: Message of President Avellaneda; the debt statements; exports in excess of imports for the first time; national retrenchments; amnesty to political exiles; efforts at reconciliation. 9
11 do May 14 Manifesto of General Mitre: His efforts to reconcile the government and the opposition; a serious outbreak probably prevented. 10
12 do May 26 Festivals in honor of the anniversary of Argentine independence: Proposal to bring home there-mains of General San Martin. 12
13 do July 21 Floods in Buenos Ayres; Large loss of sheep and cattle; another rebellion in Santa Fé; failure of a colonization scheme and departure of the “California colony” for Texas. 13
[Page XXVIII]

austria-hungary

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
14 Mr. Beale to Mr. Fish 1876. Aug. 14 The war between Turkey and Servia: Austrian opinions on the contest; strong religious feeling involved; deep-rooted aversion to Mohammedanism; the rumored massacres; feverishness of public sentiment. 14
15 do Aug. 18 The same subject: Repetition of Bulgarian atrocities in the valley of the Timok; the region depopulated; Sir Charles Dilke on the Bulgarian struggle; the Sultan’s proclamation of August 14, offering amnesty to the Bulgarian insurgents. 15
16 do Sept. 8 The same subject; The war temporarily closed by the battle of Alexinatz; the prospects of peace considered; the political character of the European possessions of Turkey. 16
17 do Sept. 27 The same subject: Conflicting rumors as to peace negotiations; embarrassing attitude of Servia; proclamation of Prince Milan as king; the situation of Bosnia: its natural resources. 17
18 do Nov. 2 Austrian ceremonial toward foreign army officers in uniform. 19
19 Mr. Fish to Mr. Beale Dec. 6 The same subject: Reciprocal ceremonial toward Austro-Hungarian officers in the United States. 19
20 Mr. Beale to Mr. Fish Dec. 18 Cisleithanian loan of 40,000,000 florins: The whole amount subscribed the first day; low rate of subscription thereto; decrease in import duties; unfavorable condition of the Austrian finances. 20
21 do 1877. Jan. 27 The peace conference failure: The Moscow speech of the Emperor of Russia; probabilities of war; Turkey more ready to fight than Russia; European financial depression. 21
22 do Jan. 31 Production of gold and silver in Austria-Hungary: Report on the subject from the Austrian government. 22
23 Mr. Fish to Mr. Beale Feb. 9 The Canadian fisheries question: A third commissioner to be appointed, under the treaty of Washington, by the Austrian embassador to Great Britain; request that Count Beust be instructed to name the third commissioner. 23
24 Mr. Delaplaine to Mr. Fish Feb. 26 The same subject: Interview with Count Andrássy; Count Beust to be instructed. 24
25 do Mar. 1 The same subject: Note from Count Andrassy; instructions sent to the Austro-Hungarian embassador in London. 25
26 Mr. Beale to Mr. Evarts Apr. 9 Strength of the Turkish and Russian armies: Opinions of an American gentleman on the subject. 27
27 Mr. Delaplaine to Mr. Evarts Apr. 26 Reassembling of the Reichsrath: The expected attitude of Austria in regard to the impending Russo-Turkish war; important measures of internal administration before the Reichsrath; the Austro-Hungarian compromise laws; Mr. Tisza’s interpellation in the Hungarian Diet relative to the war. 27
28 do May 4 The same subject: A like declaration of Austrian policy simultaneously made in the Hungarian Diet; the ministers’ address; the dual action of the Austrian and Hungarian legislatures in regard to foreign affairs explained; the efforts of Austria in the direction of peace and neutrality; graceful restoration by the Turks of part of a valuable library to the University of Pesth; demonstrations of Hungarian sympathy for Turkey. 29
29 do May 10 The Eastern question and the navigation of the Danube: Declarations of the government in the Hungarian Diet; the address of the minister-president, Mr. Tisza; acquiescence of the Vienna press in his views. 32
30 do May 12 The Russo-Turkish war: Austro-Hungarian proclamation of neutrality; the official text thereof. 33
31 do May 19 The same subject: Hungarian sympathy with Turkey; its causes; the prospects of a long and obstinate struggle; Austria cannot permit the creation of a new state of things on her frontier which might be a source of danger; proposed visit of the Austrian Reichsrath to Trieste to inspect its new maritime constructions. 34
32 do June 28 The same subject: Continued debates in the Hungarian Diet; conservative declarations; Panslavism discussed; declarations of Minister-President Tisza in favor of neutrality; reassuring effects of his address. his address. 36
[Page XXIX]33 Mr. Delaplaine to Mr. Evarts June 29 The same subject: Interpellation of Dr. Hoffer in the Reichsrath, respecting the rumored offer of alliance between Austria-Hungary and Germany; answer of Prince Auersperg, denying that any overtures of a German alliance had been made and explaining the mobilization of a part of the Austrian army. 39
34 do Aug. 1 The same subject: A cabinet council held to determine Austrian policy in view of recent events; Count Andrássy empowered to order military dispósitions, with the approval of the Emperor; no general mobilization contemplated; the frontier troops to be re-enforced; the Austrian army could be mobilized in eight days. 40
35 do Aug. 16 Negotiation of a loan: A temporary advance obtained to cover the cost of the partial mobilization of the army, which Count Andrassy had been empowered to make; the loan taken within the empire; effect on Austrian policy of the Russian defeats before Plevna; the internal relations between Hungary and Croatia; the question of the Croatian railways explained. 41
36 do Aug. 21 Agricultural prospects: State of the crops; opening of an international fair for the exhibition and sale of cereals; large amount of transactions; brilliant prospects of the grain harvests; official report of condition up to the middle of August. 42

belgium

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
37 Mr. Merrill to Mr. Fish 1876. Oct. 3 Geographical congress: The proceedings of the congress recently held in Brussels in relation to the exploration of Central Africa. 44
38 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Delfosse. 1877. Mar. 20 The Canadian fisheries commission: Informing Mr. Delfosse of his appointment as the third commissioner under the treaty of Washington. 45
39 Mr. Delfosse to Mr. Evarts. Mar. 21 The same subject: Mr. Delfosse accepts the appointment. 46

brazil

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
40 Mr. Partridge to Mr. Fish. 1876. Aug. 31 The religious question in Brazil: Efforts of the papal internuncio, Mgr. Roncetti, and the ultramontane party; fears that the ministry may yield. 46
41 do Sept. 29 The electoral question: Imperfections in the lists of voters; possible unrepresentation of Rio in consequence; fall in government bonds; state of the treasury; rumored intention to issue small 5 per cent. coupon bonds. 47
42 do Oct. 31 Outrage upon the bishop of Rio: Stones thrown at him in the church of Santa Rita; excitement on the subject. 48
43 do Dec. 30 The electoral question: Irregularities in the late elections; the political complexion of the chamber; questions to come up for debate; the revenue and the deficit. 48
44 Mr. Partridge to Mr. Evarts. 1877. May 10 The political situation: Failure to pass appropriation bills in time; an enabling act to be passed; debate on the governmental expenditures; tabular statements of Brazilian finances. 49
[Page XXX]

central american states

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
45 Mr. Williamson to Mr. Fish. 1877. Jan. 14 The political situation: The term of President Barrios, prolonged for four years in Guatemala; Mr. Marco A. Soto still President of Honduras; discontent against the Zaldivar administration in Salvador; the Chamono government gaining strength in Nicaragua; revolutionary plottings; all quiet at present. 52
46 do Mar. 5 Report on the present and prospective lines of communication of the Central American States with the United States and with Europe: Historical review of the difficulties of early travel; methods of developing commerce by increased facilities of communication on the Pacific coast considered. 53
47 do Mar. 21 Promulgation of new civil and precedure codes for Guatemala: Ceremonies on the occasion; nature of the change. 61
48 Mr. Williamson to Mr. Evarts. Apr. 24 Postal question: Correspondence with the minister of foreign affairs of Guatemala respecting a variance between an item in the local postal regulations and the postal convention of 1862 with the United States; suggestion of further reduction of rates. 62
49 do Apr. 25 Official reception of the Guatemalan minister to Salvador: Character of the governments and people of Central America; the aims of President Barrios. 63
50 do May 31 Postal question: Reply of the Guatemalan ministry; the convention with the United States to be obeyed. 65
51 do June 1 Financial measures in Guatemala: Promulgation of decrees increasing certain taxes and imposing a forced loan of $500,000; their effect on foreign interests. 66
52 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Williamson. June 7 Postal question: Non-expediency of a new convention between the United States and Guatemala. 67

chili

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
53 Mr. Williamson to Mr. Fish 1876. Oct. 1 Wreck of the American steamer Georgia in the Straits of Magellan: Report of her captain, John K. Nickerson. 68
54 Mr. Williamson to Mr. Evarts. 1877. June 14 The same subject: Correspondence with the Chilian government; narrative of the wreck and subsequent salvage, involving claim to the ownership of the vessel. 69
55 Mr. Seward to Mr. Williamson. July 19 The same subject: Instructions as to the suspicious character of the stranding of the ship and her subsequent sale. 71

china

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
56 Mr. Hunter to Mr. Seward 1876. Sept. 11 Passports for Americans traveling in China: Instructions governing their issue and registration. 72
57 Mr. Seward to Mr. Fish Oct. 3 The agreement between Great Britain and China relative to rights and treatment of foreigners: Account of the negotiation; how the agreement will affect other foreigners in China; the Yunnan matter; Mr. Seward’s friendly intercourse with the British minister, Sir Thomas Wade; text of the Chefoo agreement. 73
58 do Oct. 30 Visit of the English, French, and German admirals to the port of Chefoo: Interest of the Chinese authorities in the foreign vessels; the Chinese aiming to improve their army and navy. 80
59 do Nov. 17 Administrative frauds: Condemnation to death of two Chinese officials guilty of falsifying accounts; other officials to be punished for failure to discover that the frauds were being perpetrated. 82
[Page XXXI]60 Mr. Seward to Mr. Fish Nov. 29 Woosung railway: Transfer of the railway to the Chinese government; the articles of agreement; prospects of the road being worked by the government. 82
61 do Dec. 13 Diplomatic and consular service of China: Publication of official regulations; character and term of appointments. 85
62 Mr. Fish to Mr. Seward Dec. 19 The agreement between Great Britain and China: The Yunnan affair; the questions submitted to the foreign legations, viz: judicial matters, the audience question, and the likin taxes; instructions given on these several points. 86
63 Mr. Seward to Mr. Fish 1877. Jan. 23 Ceremonial of intercourse between foreign ministers and high native officials: Prince kung and high officers call upon the foreign representative; their visits to be returned; list of the officials taking, part. 87
64 do Jan. 30 The Shanghai Steam Navigation Company: The vessels and property sold to the Chinese Merchants’ Company; terms of the transfer; failure of the foreign scheme through continued favors shown by the government to the native company; advantageous price paid; the Chinese company practically a monopoly; views of Mr. Seward. 88
65 do Mar. 13 The Imperial Chinese College: Its scope and character; a statement of one of the professors transmitted; comments of Mr. Seward thereon. 91
66 do Mar. 13 Four new ports opened to foreign trade in accordance with the Chefoo agreement: Official notification of the fact and response of Mr. Seward; American consuls and merchants notified. 93
67 do Mar. 19 Relief of an American vessel: Thanks of the United States Government for services rendered by the Imperial Chinese gunboat Sin Ching to the American ship Enoch Train; correspondence exchanged on the subject. 94
68 Mr. Seward to Mr. Evarts April 30 Wen-Chow: Report of Consul Lord on this port, recently opened under the Chefoo convention; question of consular arrangements; Mr. Seward’s instructions to Consul Lord. 95
69 do May 8 Chinese coinage: Action of the Chamber of Commerce of Shanghai in favor of establishing a mint; action of the foreign diplomatic body; its probable success; correspondence exchanged on the subject. 98
70 do May 12 Woosung Railway: Its employés re-engaged for eighteen months; the road not yet turned over to the Chinese government; hopes that it may continue to be worked, notwithstanding the governmental disfavor shown to railways in China. 100
71 do May 12 Amoy: Question of the establishment of a municipal body for the control of roads, &c., in the Amoy district occupied by foreigners. Mr. Seward defers comments thereon. 101
72 do May 12 Wuhu opened to American trade: Visit of the Chinkiang consul to Wuhu for that purpose; his report; question of appointing a consular officer at Wuhu. 102
73 do May 12 Judicial system in China as affecting foreigners: Its unsatisfactory condition; memorial addressed to the throne by the governors of Fuh-kien and Che-kiang in favor of its amelioration. 104
74 do May 19 Amoy municipal regulations: Copy thereof forwarded. 106
75 do June 16 Drought in Northern China: Distress in Shantung and neighboring provinces; action of the Netherlands minister for the relief of the sufferers; large foreign subscriptions; relief distributed through the missionary stations; want of facilities of internal communication one of the causes of the disastrousness of a local famine; thanks of the Chinese authorities for foreign aid. 109
76 do June 21 Coal mines in Formosa: Extensive preparations for working them; an American expert to report on the production of oil in that island; progressive tendencies of the Chinese governor of Fuh-kien. 112
[Page XXXII]77 Mr. Seward to Mr. Evarts June 29 American shipping trade with China: General representations made by American houses against the law requiring that American ships shall be officered by citizens of the United States; frequent difficulty of complying with the law; Mr. Seward recommends its modification and that consuls be authorized to ship foreign officers on satisfactory proof that no American can be found in their districts; effects of the shipping laws of the United States; free trade in ships advocated. 112
78 do July 10 The recently opened ports not as beneficial to trade as was expected: Reasons therefor; article from the Shanghai Daily News; Mr. Seward’s views agree with those therein expressed. 116
79 do July 11 Attempt to burn the United States consulate-general at Shanghai: The damage slight; no trace of the incendiary; security of the archives of the consulate from loss by fire. 117

denmark

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
80 Mr. Cramer to Mr. Fish 1876. Dec. 8 The political situation: Increase of the opposition party in the new Rigsdag; their parliamentary policy one of obstruction; the senate ministerial by a large majority; legislative dead-lock. 119
81 Mr. Cramer to Mr. Evarts 1877. April 9 The same subject: Popular dissatifaction at the prolonged dead-lock; the chambers disagree on the financial bill; a “constitutional crisis;” its causes; conjectures as to its consequences. 120
82 do April 14 The same subject: A provisional financial law promulgated by royal decree; question as to its constitutionality. 122
83 do Aug. 18 The same subject: Continued excitement about the financial law; its constitutionality denied; state of parties in Denmark; conservatism prevails in the towns and radicalism in the rural districts; comments by Mr. Cramer. 123
84 do Aug. 21 St. Bartholomew: Reported sale of the island by Sweden to France; terms of the sale not yet made public. 124

france

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
85 Mr. Washburne to Mr. Fish. 1876. Sept. 13. Project of a Darien ship-canal: Plan of Mr. de Gogorza submitted to the president; antecedents of the author; his scheme before the international geographical Congress; the plan considered feasible by Mr. de Lesseps, the engineer of the Suez Canal; a company organized to make the preliminary surveys; suggested co-operation of the United States. 125
86 do Oct. 11 La Rochelle: The chamber of commerce of that city remonstrates against the suppression of the United States consulate; Mr. Washburne’s views adverse to the petition. 127
87 do Oct. 13 Congratulatory address and medal of the Polish colony in Paris on occasion of the American centennial celebration, transmitted to the Department of State. 127
88 do Nov. 1 Slanderous attack on the United States, said to be by a French commissioner to the centennial exhibition, republished from Vienna paper by the Paris Figaro: Explanation asked of the French government; Duke Decazes promises reparation; the reputed author publicly denies the slander; friendly disposition of the Duke Decazes in this incident. 128
[Page XXXIII]89 Mr. Washburne to Mr. Fish. Dec. 22 Ministerial crisis: Fall of the Dufaure cabinet, on the issues of amnesty to the communists and the funeral honors to the infidel members of the Legion of Honor; narrative of the contest in the assembly; formation of a new cabinet by Mr. Jules Simon; comments of Mr. Washburne. 132
90 do 1877. Jan. 12 The French exposition of 1878: Letter from the French commissioner-general to Mr. Washburne, urging prompt action by the United States. 135
91 do Feb. 16 Protection of Germans in France during the Franco-German war: Mr. Washburne compiles from the records an official history of the action of the United States in that behalf, for the archives of the Department of State. 136
92 Mr. Hitt to Mr. Fish Feb. 23 The French exposition of 1878: The participation of the United States; further letter from the French commissioner-general; space will be reserved awaiting congressional action on the matter. 137
93 Mr. Fish to Mr. Washburne. Mar. 2 Protection of Germans in France during the Franco-German war: Approval of Mr. Washburne’s course. 137
94 Mr. Hitt to Mr. Fish Mar. 3 Metallic currency: Publication of a letter on the subject by Mr. de Parien, called forth by one of Mr. Washburne’s published dispatches. 138
95 Mr. Hitt to Mr. Evarts Mar. 29 United States 4½ per cent. loan: Inquiries, with a view to its admission to the Paris Bourse, made by the Paris Stock-Brokers’ Association: Reply of Mr. Hitt; suggestion as to the payment of United States coupons in France. 141
96 do Apr. 11 French foreign office: Animated debates in the French senate respecting the diplomatic and consular service; rules for admission and promotion; recent decrees on the subject; discussion thereon; measures proposed; salaries paid; remarks of Mr. Hitt. 142
97 do Apr. 24 The Paris exposition of 1878: Many applications from American expositors; they can only participate through the authorized representation of a national commission; statements of Mr. krantz, the French commissioner-general; extraordinary efforts of French manufacturers; progress of the buildings; facilities reserved for the United States. 147
98 Mr. Washburne to Mr. Evarts. May 4 The foreign relations of France: Important declarations of the Duke Decazes respecting foreign policy in the present war; its responsibility charged wholly upon Turkey; comments of Mr. Washburne. 148
99 do June 29 The Russo-Turkish war: Military operations; the Danube crossed; attitude of Austria; Hungarian sympathy with Turkey; comments of Mr. Washburne as to the position of France. 152
100 do July 16 Transmits photographic copies of an interesting revolutionary relic: autograph letter of Benjamin Franklin, Silas Deane, and Arthur Lee to the Count de Vergennes, dated December 23, 1776, proposing a treaty of amity between France and the United States. 154
101 Mr. Hitt to Mr. Evarts July 19 The French diplomatic and consular service: Promulgation of a decree prescribing the conditions of examination for admission to the lowest paid grades: comments of Mr. Hitt thereon. 155
102 do Aug. 10 The Paris exposition of 1878: Continued applications for information; the French government about to renew urgent request for the participation of the United States; space to be reserved until the last practicable moment. 167
103 do Aug. 20 The same subject: Circular to all the foreign commissioners, stating progress of buildings, &c. 168
104 Mr. Noyes to Mr. Evarts Sept. 13 The funeral of Mr. Thiers: Description; its orderly character; effect of Mr. Thiers’s death upon the political contest in France; opinions of leading French republicans; tributes paid by Mr. Washburne and Mr. Noyes to the memory of Mr. Thiers. 169
105 do Sept. 21 The political situation: Manifesto of President MacMahon; comments of French journals thereon. 170
[Page XXXIV]106 Mr. de Vaugelas to Mr. Fish. Sept. 9 The Paris exposition of 1878: Renewed invitation to the United States to participate and appoint a special commission. 172
107 Mr. Hunter to Mr. de Vaugelas. Sept. 22 The same subject: Acknowledgment of the invitation: the matter will be referred to Congress. 172
108 Mr. Outrey to Mr. Evarts 1877. Mar. 21 The Trade-Marks’ Convention of 1869 between Prance and the United States: Obscurity and contradiction in the second article thereof; a declaratory interpretation suggested, in accordance with the French version of the convention. 172
109 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Outrey Apr. 25I The same subject: The Government of the United States accepts the French version as the true interpretation. 173

germany

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
110 Mr. Davis to Mr. Fish 1877. Jan. 4 The Constantinople conference: Opinions at Berlin on the Eastern question; the new Turkish constitution. 174
111 do Feb. 10 The elections in Germany: Results of the second elections in contested districts; the political complexion of the Reichstag; method of choosing the Prussian Landtag; comparison of the strength of parties in the Landtag and Reichstag; Catholic and socialist gains in the latter; the socialist movement; conclusions drawn by Mr. Davis. 175
112 do Feb. 26 The Eastern question: The failure of the Constantinople conference; comments of Mr. Davis on the recently published British parliamentary blue-books on the subject. 180
113 Mr. Davis to the Secretary of State. Mar. 25 Celebration of the Emperor’s eightieth birth-day: Festivities; royal gifts; reception; dinners; illumination; tableaux at the palace, &c. 182
114 Mr. Davis to Mr. Evarts Apr. 30 The German constitution: Many amendments and modifications made since the constitution was adopted in 1871; a general review of the changes; the executive and administrative machinery of the Empire; full translations of the amended constitution, and of its modifications as adopted in states adhering to the confederation. 183
115 do June 13 German art collections: The Museum of Berlin; its history and growth; its popular purposes; regulations for its government; small cost of its maintenance; description of its collections; remarks of Mr. Davis. 241
116 do June 30 Naturalization and citizenship questions in Germany: Summary of all cases during the past year; statistics of passports issued by the legation; circular containing information for returned emigrants. 246
117 do June 30 The same subject: Mr. Davis suggests amendments in the naturalization laws of the United States; the suggested changes explained in detail. 253
118 Mr. Nicholas Fish to Mr. Evarts. July 24 The same subject: Views of the German government respecting the working of the naturalization treaty; improved status of United States citizens in Germany. 257

great britain

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
119 Mr. Pierrepont to Mr. Fish. 1877. Mar. 6 The Canadian fisheries commission: Negotiations for the appointment of the third commissioner under the treaty of Washington; the Austrian embassador, Count Beust, being addressed by Mr. Pierrepont and Lord Derby, nominates Mr. Delfosse. 259
120 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Pierrepont. May 21 Determination by cable of longitude between Lisbon and South America: Co-operation of British government requested. 259
121 do May 22 Arctic relics of the Polaris, found by the Pandora on Littleton Island: Mr. Pierrepont to receive them, with thanks, and forward them to the United States. 260
[Page XXXV]122 Mr. Seward to Mr. Pierrepont. June 1 Case of Edward O’M. Condon, imprisoned under British judicial sentence: Renewed representations in favor of his pardon. 260
123 Mr. Pierrepont to Mr. Evarts. June 27 Tour of Ex-President Grant: Hospitality shown to him in England by the British government and royal family. 261
124 do July 7 The Fourth of July in London: Dinner and reception given by Mr. Pierrepont; General Grant present: his movements. 262
125 do July 16 Case of E. O’M. Condon: Correspondence on the subject with Lord Derby. 262
126 do July 16 The Polaris relics: Correspondence with the British foreign office on the subject; the relics received by Mr. Pierrepont. 263
127 do Aug. 9 Determination of South American longitudes: The British government will co-operate; correspondence with Lord Derby on the subject. 264
128 Mr. Fish to Sir E. Thornton. 1876. Nov. 2 Case of Peter Martin, a convict under sentence, charged with a deadly assault after conviction, and while within the territory of the United States, in Alaska: Question of jurisdiction. 266
129 Sir E. Thornton to Mr. Fish. Nov. 6 The same subject: The Governor General of Canada called upon for a report. 266
130 Mr. Fish to Sir E. Thornton. Dec. 6 The same subject: No question exists that the convict was being transported through territory of the United States at the time of the alleged deadly assault. 267
131 do 1877. Jan. 10 The same subject: The prisoner reconvicted by a court in British Columbia; the territorial jurisdiction of the United States in the matter reaffirmed; the case one of violation of the territory of the United States; the power of the British court in the case denied. 268
132 Sir E. Thornton to Mr. Fish. Jan. 27 The Polaris relics: Delivery to the United States of documents and relics recovered by Sir George Nares during the arctic voyage of the Alert and Discovery. 269
133 Mr. Fish to Sir E. Thornton. Mar. 3 The same subject: Letter of thanks from the Secretary of the Navy. 270
134 Mr. Plunkett to Mr. Seward. Sept. 25 The case of Peter Martin: Conclusion of the investigation by the Canadian government; the prisoner to be set at liberty. 271

great britain—extradition

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
135 Message from the the President to the Senate. 1876. Dec. 23 Transmitting documents relative to the execution of the extradition article of the treaty of 1842 between the United States and Great Britain: Review of the question. 271
136 Sir E. Thornton to Mr. Fish. May 13 Case of Maraine Smith, held in Ontario on charge of murder committed in the United States: No formal application yet made for his surrender. 273
137 Mr. Fish to Sir E. Thornton. May 17 The same subject: Application not made pending settlement of questions growing out of Win-slow’s case. 274
138 Sir E. Thornton to Mr. Fish. May 23 Cases of Walter and Frederick Moore, arrested in Boston on requisition from Canada: Asks their surrender to one Alphonse Cinq, empowered for the purpose. 274
139 do May 26 The same subject: Error of name in foregoing note corrected; should be Alphonse Cinq Mars. 275
140 do July 13 Case of Charles P. Jones, held in Ontario as a fugitive from the justice of the United States: No application vet made for his surrender. 275
141 Mr. Fish to Sir E. Thornton. July 18 The same subject: Case similar to that of Maraine Smith; Winslow having been discharged, the President declines to make further demands for extradition under the treaty of 1842. 275
142 Sir E. Thornton to Mr. Fish Oct. 27 Question of extradition: Inconvenience of continued suspension of the treaty; Great Britain willing to execute it unconditionally pending the conclusion of a new treaty. 276
143 Mr. Fish to Sir E. Thornton. Oct. 30 The President concurs in the proposal of Great Britain: Request for surrender of Winslow, Brent, and Gray renewed. 276
[Page XXXVI]144 Mr. Fish to Mr. Pierrepont (Telegram.) Nov. 1 Sir Edward Thornton’s proposals: Instructions thereon. 277
145 do (Telegram.) Nov. 24 Possible surrender of Winslow, Brent, and Gray without conditions: If offer be made it is to be accepted. 278
146 Sir E. Thornton to Mr. Fish. Nov. 29 Confidential information that orders have been issued for arrest of Winslow, Brent, and Gray. 278
147 Mr. Pierrepont to Mr. Fish (Telegram.) Nov. 30 Orders for the arrest of the three culprits; their whereabouts. 278
148 do Nov. 30 Note from Lord Derby: arrest ordered. 279
149 do (Telegram.) Dec. 4 Brent arrested, heard, and committed ; what proceedings will be taken. 279
150 Mr. Fish to Mr. Pierrepont Dec. 5 Conjectures as to precise course of legal proceeding in Brent’s case. 279
151 Mr. Pierrepont to Mr. Fish Dec. 7 Reporting resumption of proceedings of extradition under treaty of 1842. 280
152 do Dec. 22 Detailed report of proceedings in cases of Winslow, Brent, and Gray; the arrest, committal, hearing, and extradition of Brent. 281
153 do (Telegram.) Dec. 23 Brent sent to the United States on the Parthia. 284
154 Mr. Fish to Sir E. Thornton. Dec. 23 Satisfaction of the Government of the United States at the action of Great Britain in cases of Winslow, Brent, and Gray; the President will now respond to British demands of extradition. 285
155 Sir E. Thornton to Mr. Fish Dec. 24 Reciprocal expression of satisfaction at the conclusion of the controversy. 285
156 Mr. Cadwalader to Mr. Pierrepont. Dec. 27 Full resumption of extradition: Surrender of one Alfred Brush on requisition of British minister; the President’s special message to Congress on the general subject. 286
157 Mr. Fish to Mr. Pierrepont 1877. Jan. 5 Review of past misapprehensions as to the case of Lawrence: His case still in statu quo. 286
158 Mr. Pierrepont to Mr. Evarts Aug. 22 A British commission appointed to investigate the laws relating to extradition; it may lead to a new treaty with the United States, by altering conflicting acts of Parliament. 287

greece

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
159 Mr. Read to Mr. Evarts 1877. Apr. 12 Discovery of an ancient Greek treaty, relating to Alcibiades: Plaster cast thereof to be forwarded to the Department. 289
160 do May 10 Discovery of the lost arms of the Venus of Milo: Casts will be forwarded to the Department. 289
161 do May 16 Remarkable discovery of the altar and site of the temple of Apollo Pythias: Description and comments. 290
162 do July 11 The lost arms of the Venus of Milo: Doubt thrown on the authenticity of the reported discovery; one of the arms may belong to the statue; historical résumé of the original finding of the statue in 1820. 290
163 do July 24 Important discovery of archaic Spartan ornaments near Mount Hymettus: Dr. Schliemann’s historical conclusions confirmed. 294

hawaiian islands

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
164 Mr. Peirce to Mr. Fish 1876.Oct. 1 Reciprocity treaty between the United States and Hawaii proclaimed by King Kalakaua: To take effect from September 9, 1876—the same day it took effect in the United States. 295
165 Mr. Peirce to Mr. Evarts 1877. Apr. 13 Death of Prince Leleiohoku: General mourning for him; his sister appointed heir apparent in his place. 297
166 do May 29 The British treaty with Hawaii; Articles 4, 5, and 6 denounced; Hawaian governnment objects to conceding to Great Britain the rights granted to the United States under the recent reciprocity treaty. 297
[Page XXXVII]167 Mr. Peirce to Mr. Evarts May 31 Hawaiian proclamation of neutrality in the Russo-Turkish war: Question of adherence to the convention of 1854; arrival of a Russian fleet at Honolulu; civilities exchanged. 298

hayti

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
168 Mr. Bassett to Mr. Evarts 1877. May 28 Political and social condition of Hayti: Message of President Canal; good disposition of the president; synoptical review of the message, with comments. 299
169 do July 21 The religious question: Controversy as to ecclesiastical marriages; growth of Protestantism in Hayti; historical résumé; the Catholic priesthood in Hayti almost entirely French. 310
170 do Aug. 11 Relations between the Haytian and Dominican governments: Circular note from the plenipotentiary of Santo Domingo; he complains of protection to Dominican conspirators. 313
171 do Aug. 17 A ministerial crisis: Question of parliamentary privilege; adverse vote of the chamber against two of President Canal’s ministers. 316
172 do Sept. 3 The same subject: Fuller report of the crisis; its origin: the defeated ministers retire; two new ones appointed by decree; popular satisfaction at the result; unpatriotic character of political movements in Hayti. 317

italy.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
173 Mr. Marsh to Mr. Fish 1876. Nov. 16 Elections for the new chamber of deputies: Large ministerial vote; several prominent public men defeated; the elections uncontrolled by the government; dangers of too large a majority; reform measures to be considered: comments. 322
174 Mr. Marsh to Mr. Evarts 1877. Apr. 23 Seditious outbreak in Central and Southern Italy: Character of the attempt; its suppression; many arrests made; the internationals in Italy; prevalence of crimes against the person; character of Italian liberty; depression in manufactures. 323
175 do May 8 The clergy and the Italian government: Rejection of the bill for repressing clerical attacks on the religious policy of the government; causes of this ministerial defeat. 327
176 do May 10 The same subject: Results of the governmental defeat; retirement of Mr. Sella from the presidency of the constitutional association; possible crisis with parliamentary dissolution and new elections; violence of clerical opposition to the King’s government; editorial article from L’Opinione. 328
177 do May 26 The same subject: Increased agitation; influence of recent political events in France; reported pacific assurances of President MacMahon; the tariff question; the late papal allocution; difficulties of dealing; with the clerical question. 330
178 do June 1 The political situation: Victories of the government on tariff measures; the question of reform of taxation. 331
179 Baron Blanc to Mr. Fish Mar. 7 Aryan civilization in India: Prize of 500 francs offered by the Italian government, on occasion of the fourth congress of orientalists at Florence, in 1878, for the best work on the subject. 332
180 Count Litta to Mr. Evarts May 21 The same subject: Transmitting an additional notice to competitors for the offered prize. 333
181 do May 26 Italian proclamation of neutrality in the Russo-Turkish war. 333
182 do Sept. 15 Consular convention between Italy and the United States of February 8, 1868: Official notification of the desire of the Italian government to terminate the same. 334
183 Mr. Seward to Count Litta. Sept. 20 The same subject: Acknowledging the foregoing denunciation of the convention. 334
[Page XXXVIII]

japan.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
184 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Fish 1876. Oct. 24 The Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands: Promulgation of regulations for local government; their character as affecting American vessels and citizens; question of jurisdiction involved. 334
185 Mr. Fish to Mr. Bingham Dec. 20 The same subject: Analysis of the recent regulations; the Japanese Government to be urged to effectively open trade; jurisdiction over Americans will be contrary to treaty. 337
186 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Fish 1877. Jan. 6 Transmitting Japanese post-office report for June 30, 1876: Increase of receipts; establishment of a subsidized mail-steamship company by the Japanese Government. 337
187 do Jan. 16 Imperial order for the reduction of taxes and expenditures: Taxes reduced $8,000,000; large dismissal of employés and reduction of salaries. 338
188 do Jan. 18 Protection of American citizens in the Ogasawara Islands: Reported violation of their property rights there; an investigation ordered. 341
189 do Jan. 30 Japanese financial statement and estimates: Mr. Bingham comments on the small returns from customs duties. 342
190 do Feb. 9 Railway progress in Japan: Opening of a line from Kiôto to Kobe, 55 miles; ceremonies. 348
191 Mr. Fish to Mr. Bingham Feb. 23 The Ogasawara Islands: Question of jurisdiction over Americans; prompt reparation called for in case of Mr. Nye. 348
192 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Fish Feb. 23 The Satsuma rebellion: Insurrection in the province of Kagoshima; Prince Arisugowa sent with forces to suppress it; imperial proclamation; suggestion by Mr. Bingham relative to possible participation of Americans in the rising. 349
193 do Feb. 27 The opening of the Kiôto railway: Congratulatory address of the foreign representatives and reply of the Tenno. 349
194 do Mar. 6 The Satsuma rebellion: Deposition of General Saigo; he declares his innocence of complicity in the movement; his career. 350
195 do Mar. 7 The same subject: Transmitting the orders deposing Saigo and other high generals. 353
196 do Apr. 21 The same subject: The siege of the castle of Kumamoto raised; flight of the insurgents; the causes of the rebellion. 354
197 Mr. Bingham to Mr. Evarts. May 21 Power of the Japanese government to grant naturalization: Inquiries on the subject made of Mr. Bingham: his opinion that the power exists; question of foreign exterritoriality under treaties; probability of a Japanese law of naturalization. 354
198 do May 23 The Satsuma rebellion: Promotion of Mr. Kuroda to the temporary post of inspector-general of war because of the efficiency of his counsel in effecting the relief of Kumamoto castle. 355
199 do May 23 The same subject: Continuance of the insurrection; probabilities of its suppression; proclamation by Prince Arisugowa. 356
200 do May 31 The same subject: Proclamation of amnesty to the insurgents. 357
201 do June 18 Japanese customs report for April, 1877: Imports largely in excess of exports; the exportation of treasure; tonnage of United States vessels trading with Japan in April nearly equal to that of all other nations. 357
202 do June 23 The Satsuma rebellion: Its approaching suppression. 358
203 do July 24 The same subject: Correspondence between Admiral Kawamura and the rebellious army; grounds alleged in justification of the revolt. 358
204 do July 24 The political situation: Memorial of the Risshisha of Tosa to the Mikado; it is rejected and returned comments. 360

liberia

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
205 Mr. Turner to Mr. Evarts 1877. June 7 The election for president and vice-president: slowness of the returns; the candidates; election of Mr. Gardner; the legislature anti-foreign; comments of Mr Turner. 369
[Page XXXIX]206 Mr. Turner to Mr. Evarts Sept. 3 Negro emigration from the southern United States to Liberia: Comments of Mr. Turner on the operations of the American Colonization Society; general unsuitableness of Liberia for immigration; discontent of the colonists; their non-assimilation with the natives; Liberia essentially native-African. 370

mexico

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
207 Mr. Foster to Mr. Fish 1876. Nov. 11 The political situation; A committee of deputies declares Lerdo elected; protest of the minority; action of the supreme court under the lead of Chief-Justice Iglesias; the court arrested; manifesto of Iglesias, assuming the presidency ad interim; attitude of General Diaz and his party; military movements already begun. 376
208 do Nov. 17 The same subject: Continuance of the struggle; movements of Iglesias and his party; reported agreement between Iglesias and Diaz. 380
209 do Nov. 28 The revolution: Diaz defeats the federal forces at Tecoac; the garrison of Puebla pronounces for Diaz; excitement in Mexico; President Lerdo abandons the capital; entry of Diaz; movements of Iglesias; disagreements between Diaz and Iglesias; Diaz assumes the presidency: his high character. 381
210 do Nov. 28 Loan of $500,000 to Diaz’s government, $300,000 to be devoted to paying the United States the first installment of the Mexican claims awards. 385
211 do Nov. 29 Proclamation of General Porfirio Diaz as president: A cabinet formed; hostilities expected at an early day. 385
212 do Dec. 8 The revolution: Decree of Diaz, of September 26, 1876, invalidating contracts with the Lerdo government; its effect if made retroactive; American contracts involved. 386
213 do Dec. 15 The same subject: The Iglesias government addresses Mr. Foster from Querétaro, inviting recognition; his reply. 387
214 Mr. Fish to Mr. Foster Dec. 20 The awards under the Mexican claims convention: Question as to the amount due and deduction of expenses of the commission left to the option of Mexico. 388
215 Mr. Foster to Mr. Fish Dec. 30 The revolution: Movement of the forces of Diaz against Iglesias; large accessions to Diaz’s force; the question of the annulled contracts; financial measures of the Diaz government. 390
216 Mr. Fish to Mr. Foster 1877. Jan. 19 Instruction as to contingent recognition of the government of Diaz: Questions of the Mexican awards and the annulled contracts. 394
217 Mr. Foster to Mr. Fish Jan. 20 The awards under the Mexican claims convention: The money already sent to the United States: balance of expenses deducted. 395
218 do Feb. 19 Diaz’s administration: Mr. Foster officially notified of his return to Mexico; flight of Lerdo and Iglesias; general submission to the authority of Diaz; circular announcing his policy. 395
219 Mr. Foster to Mr. Evarts Mar. 23 Consular asylum: The late governor of Sinaloa takes refuge in the United States consulate at Mazatlan; he is removed thence by an officer of Diaz’s forces; representations made to the Diaz government; a report and reparation promised. 398
220 do Mar. 30 The revolution: Diaz in full possession; cessation of armed resistance; legislative movements; constitutional questions involved in the action of the chamber of deputies; manifestoes published by Lerdo and Iglesias; arrest of partisans of Lerdo. 400
221 do Apr. 24 The Texan border troubles: Colonel Shaffer’s report on recent Indian raids; interview of Mr. Foster with Señor Vallarta; inefficacy of General Blanco’s mission to Matamoras; need of prompt action urged on Mexican authorities. 401
[Page XL]222 Mr. Seward to Mr. Foster May 16 The United States and Mexico: General review of the question of recognizing Diaz; the Texas raids; the action of the United States dependent on the suppression of the raids by Mexico. 403
223 Mr. Foster to Mr. Evarts May 28 The Texan border troubles: Complaint of immunity given to Lerdo’s partisans in Texas; Mr. Foster shows that Diaz had enjoyed equal immunities; the raids into Mexico by the Lerdist chief, Valdez. 405
224 do June 5 Reparation made for the outrage on the United States consul at Acapulco: Deposition of General Jimenez and salute to the American flag; arrival of Jimenez in Mexico. 406
225 do June 16 Recognition of the Diaz government by Germany, Salvador, Guatemala, and Spain. 409
226 do June 20 The question of recognition of Diaz: Interview with Senor Vallarta; his arguments in favor of recognition; the border troubles; General Treviño sent to the frontier with troops; Mr. Foster’s reply; recognition dependent on maintenance of order on the frontier; full report of the conference. 410
227 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Foster June 21 The Texan border troubles: The troops of Diaz pursue defeated Lerdists into Texas; disavowal of the act and reparation for the same to be demanded. 413
228 Mr. Foster to Mr. Evarts June 21 The same subject: Orders issued to General Treviño in retaliation for the instructions given by Secretary McCrary to General Ord; protest of Mr. Foster. 416
229 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Foster June 22 The same subject: General Ord instructed to cooperate with Mexican general to preserve order and repress outlawry on the frontier. 418
230 do July 3 The occupation of Acapulco by General Alvarez: The city fired upon by the fort; a deputation of consuls, under the United States flag, also fired upon: explanation to be demanded. 419
231 Mr. Foster to Mr. Evarts July 13 The Texan border troubles: Results of the conference between Generals Ord and Treviño; angry discussion thereon in the Mexican press; publication of General Treviño’s report of the conference. 419
232 do July 18 Extraordinary taxation: Important decision of the Mexican supreme court; the tax levied by President Lerdo declared unconstitutional. 423
233 do July 21 The Texan border troubles: Complaints of the operations of the Lerdists in Texas; action of Mr. Foster in reporting the same. 424
234 do July 23 The centennial exhibition: Distribution of the awards to Mexican expositors; the ceremonies; good feeling thereat. 425
235 do July 30 The political situation: The non-recognition movement in Guerrero; deposition of Governor Alvarez; the elections for senators; Italy recognizes Diaz. 425
236 do Aug. 6 Railroads in Mexico: Report thereon by the government inspector; review and comments by Mr. Foster. 426

morocco

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
237 Mr. Mathews to Mr. Fish 1876. Dec. 30 Revolt of the tribes on the Algerian frontier and their subjugation: Causes of the revolt; assassination of the lieutenant-governor of Anjera; return of the Moorish embassy from England, France, and Italy; satisfactory result of the visit; Moorish soldiers sent to Gibraltar to learn military discipline; the Moors not excited over the Turco-Russian war; arrival of a new French envoy; representatives of European governments to visit the Sultan. 430
238 Mr. Mathews to Mr. Evarts 1877. July 28 The Christian cemetery at Tangier: The Sultan presents to the foreign representatives a plot of ground for its enlargement. 432
[Page XLI]

paraguay

No From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
239 Mr. Caldwell to Mr. Evarts 1877. Apr. 24 Assassination of President Grill at Asuncion, April 12: His brother shot at the same time; the assassins attempt a revolution; Vice-President Uriarte assumes the presidency. 432

peru.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
240 Mr. Gibbs to Mr. Fish 1876. Sept. 21 The political situation: Little done by congress; contested-election cases; movements of President Prado. 433
241 do Oct. 13 The same subject: Revolutionary movement in favor of Piérola; the “civilists” in congress; arrests of Piérola’s partisans; Piérola retires from Moquegua. 434
242 do Nov. 13 Chinese in Peru: Report as to their condition and future prospects; the Chinese emigration treaty of 1874; the Olyphant steamship line between Callao and Asiatic ports. 435
243 do 1877. Jan. 17 Mining law of Peru: An amended code passed by the Peruvian Congress: its features. 437
244 Mr. Gibbs to Mr. Evarts May 11 Chinese immigration to Peru: Contract with Olyphant & Co.; advantages of the present plan; not likely to entail the abuses of the old coolie traffic. 438
245 do May 12 The tidal wave on the Peruvian coast: Some particulars of the phenomenon. 441
246 do May 12 The political situation: Large removal of “civilists” from office; seizure of the iron-clad Huascar at Callao by adherents of Piérola; the government, by decree, disavows responsibility for the acts of the Huascar; arrival of the British frigate Shah at Callao. 441
247 do May 19 The tidal wave: Great destruction of shipping and property; guano deposits swept away; losses to the revenue. 444
248 do June 1 The Huascar affair: She summons Pisagua to surrender; the town captured; combat with the Shah and Amethyst; bitter feeling against the English; excitement at Lima; the Huascar capitulates to the Peruvian fleet; Piérola rejects guarantees of safety. 444
249 do June 12 The Huascar affair: Deep feeling against the English; Piérola the hero of the day; comments on the battle with the Shah; its lessons. 446
250 do June 12 The same subject: The Peruvian government accused of connivance with the English in the attack on the Huascar; a cabinet crisis; attempted deposition of President Prado at Callao; failure of the movement. 447
251 do July 20 The political situation: Movements of Piérola; he is “ostracised” to Chili; enthusiastic reception in Lima of the crew of the Huascar. 447
252 do Aug. 6 Immigration to Peru: Character of the colonization laws; the Immigration Society and its operations; the foreign trade; the Pacific Steam Navigation Company; American lines of steamers needed; the Italian immigration the largest; the Chinese, German, and French elements; Americans in Peru; their backwardness in founding great commercial houses. 448

portugal

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
253 Mr. Fish to Mr. Moran 1876. Nov. 28 Determination of South American longitudes: Cooperation of Portugal requested. 451
254 Mr. Moran to Mr. Fish Nov. 30 The death of Field-Marshal the Duke of Saldanha: A sketch of his remarkable career; comments of Mr. Moran. 451
255 do Dec. 23 Discovery of a coral reef between Fayal and Cape St. Vincent by the United States steamer Gettysburg; the discovery made known to the Portuguese government. 454
[Page XLII]256 Mr. Moran to Mr. Fish 1877. Jan. 3 The political and financial situation: Opening of the Cortes; relations with Spain; railways in Portugal: the Beira Alta line; its great utility. 455
257 do Jan. 9 The monetary commission’s interrogatories: A pamphlet reply, in English, prepared and printed by the Lisbon Chamber of Commerce; its valuable character. 457
258 do Jan. 16 Determination of South American longitudes: Readiness of the Portuguese government to cooperate. 457
259 do Mar. 13 The same subject: Orders issued to the naval officers of Portugal instructing them to co-operate with those of the United States. 459
260 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Moran May 4 The same subject: The time for undertaking the work not yet fixed; thanks to the Portuguese government for its co-operation. 460
261 Mr. Moran to Mr. Evarts May 24 Portuguese diplomatic documents: “White Book” transmitted; the Portuguese government and the East African slave-trade; the Hispano-Portuguese treaty of January 16, 1877. 461
262 do May 29 Determination of South American longitudes: Mr. Moran’s note on the subject to the Marquis d’Avila. 461

russia

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
263 Mr. Boker to Mr. Fish 1876. Oct. 9 Life-Saving Society of Russia: Information as to its history and operations. 462
264 do Nov. 2 The Turco-Servian war: Capture of Djunis by the Turks; heavy loss among the Russian volunteers; Russia s ultimatum to the Porte concerning the armistice; the condition of Turkey. 463
265 do Dec. 8 Army recruiting in Russia: Synopsis of the principal provisions for levying troops under the law of compulsory service. 464
266 do 1877. Mar. 2 The Eastern question: Efforts of the war party in Russia; the Moscow speech of the Emperor; influence of the internationals; the army anxious for war; progress of mobilization; comments. 466
267 Mr. Atkinson to Mr. Evarts Apr. 16 The same subject: Turkey’s rejection of the London protocol; active preparations for war; speculations as to its course and results; comparison of the two armies. 468
268 do Apr. 23 The same subject: Departure of the Emperor for Kischineff; review at Bierzoula; the Emperor’s speech to the soldiers; the Turkish embassy ready for departure from St. Petersburg. 469
269 do Apr. 24 The same subject: Declaration of war; the Emperor’s proclamation. 470
270 do May 25 The Russian telegraphic system: Report for 1875; progress of telegraphs in Russia. 471
271 do May 25 Railway ambulance train: Description of a new and improved ambulance, just dispatched to the front. 472
272 Mr. Boker to Mr. Evarts. July 18 The Russo-Turkish war: The Balkans crossed; Kesanlyk occupied; Nikopolis carried by storm; Russian check in Asia Minor. 473
273 Mr. Shishkin to Mr. Evarts May 19 The same subject: Official notification of the commencement of hostilities. 474
274 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Shishkin May 19 The same subject: Acknowledgment of the foregoing; the rights of American citizens during the war. 475
275 Mr. Shishkin to Mr. Evarts June 11 The same subject: The blockade of the Black Sea, and the declaration of Paris of 1856; the views of the United States requested. 475
276 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Shishkin June 12 The Black Sea blockade: Views of the Government of the United States thereon and on the question of torpedoes. 476
277 Mr. Shishkin to Mr. Evarts June 23 The war: Imperial regulations promulgated concerning the relations between the belligerents and the subjects of neutral powers. 476
278 do June 26 The war: Neutral vessels to have the right to coast-trade in the Black Sea and Sea of Azof. 478
279 Mr. Seward to Mr. Shishkin June 29 The war: Acknowledging receipt of the imperial regulations in regard to Turkish and neutral subjects. 478
[Page XLIII]280 Mr. Seward to Mr. Shishkin. June 29 The war: Acknowledging circular as to neutral coast-trade in the Black Sea and Sea of Azof. 479
281 Mr. Shishkin to Mr. Evarts Aug. 8/20 The war: Transmitting regulations concerning entrance and departure of vessels from certain Russian ports during the war. 479

siam

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
282 The minister of foreign affairs of Siam to Mr. Fish. 1876. May 30 Siam and the centennial exhibition: The Siamese exhibit offered as a gift to the United States. 480
283 Mr. Evarts to the minister of foreign affairs of Siam. 1877. April 11 The same subject: Interesting character of the Siamese exhibit. 481
284 do Nov. 2 The same subject: Acceptance of the valuable collection presented to the United States; correspondence on the subject with the Secretary of the Navy. 481

spain

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
285 Mr. Adee to Mr. Fish 1876. Nov. 4 The political situation: Skillful statesmanship of Mr. Cánovas; efforts of the opposition; the ex-Queen at Seville; the suspension of constitutional guarantees; the press-laws; the financial outlook bad; the Cuban news reassuring; foreign relations: the work before the Córtes. 482
286 do Nov. 8 A financial operation: Doña Baldomera Larra starts a mysterious savings-bank, paying 20 per cent, a month; the character of the scheme; its success; non-interference of the authorities. 485
287 do Nov. 11 The presidential election in the United States: The Spanish press on the supposed results; apprehensions of unfavorable influence on the relations between the United States and Spain. 486
288 do Dec. 4 The war in Cuba: Interpellation of General Concha in the senate; reply of the ministers of state and war. 490
289 Mr. Gushing to Mr. Fish 1877. Jan. 13 Diplomatic immunities in Spain: The diplomatic body confer and protest against the provision of the code of procedure in regard to taking the evidence of foreign representatives for use in the courts: comments by Mr. Cushing. 492
290 do Feb. 4 The question of judicial procedure: Settlement of the form of trial of American citizens in Spanish possessions under the treaty of 1795; protocol signed to that end; historicb-legal comments of Mr. Cushing. 493
291 Mr. Cushing to Mr. Evarts Mar. 30 Payment of the first half of the amount due by Spain to the United States on account of the awards of the Cuban claims commission; detailed summary of the negotiation. 497
292 Mr. Adee to Mr. Evarts April 13 The Spanish senate: Its reorganization under the new constitution; appointment of life senators; the vacancies to be filled by election; prospects of the opposition. 503
293 do April 29 The budget for 1877–’78: Presented to the Cortes; brief analysis of its provisions; the question of cédulas personates; extraordinary imposts on commerce; discriminations against foreign nations not giving to Spain the most-favored-nation privilege; prospects of the passage of the budget. 505
294 do May 8 Abolition of the Basque fueros: Assimilation of Vizcaya to the rest of the Spanish nation; the foral question: the royal decree of abolition. 508
295 do May 24 The Philippine islands: Royal order in regard to the discriminating duties on goods imported thither in Spanish bottoms. 509
296 do May 25 The same subject: Royal order consolidating all shipping dues in the Philippines into one tonnage tax. 510
297 Do June 28 Judicial procedure: The protocol of January 12, 1877, has been officially promulgated in the colonies. 512
[Page XLIV]298 Mr. Adee to Mr. Evarts July 18 The Bible in Spain: An importation by an American missionary at Barcelona detained for noncompliance with customs rules; correspondence on the subject. 513
299 do July 19 The “dead season:” Adjournment of the Córtes; Madrid deserted by King and cabinet; the King’s journey to Galicia; stagnation of affairs. 515
300 do July 22 The war in Cuba: Preparations for sending large re-enforcements; the force now on the island; hopefulness in Madrid. 516
301 do July 23 The budget for 1877–’78: Its final passage; the modifications made since its presentation; increased duties on imports from America; proposed revision of the consular tariff of fees in relief of commerce. 517
302 do July 23 The same subject: Royal order in relation to American goods coming through European bonded warehouses; no discrimination to be made. 518
303 do July 26 Office hours in the Malaga consulate: Inquiry of a Malaga merchant; the question of keeping the consulate open at night to accommodate trade. 519
304 Mr. Lowell to Mr. Evarts Oct. 12 Payment of the second half of the amount due by Spain on account of the awards thus far made by the Cuban claims commission. 521
305 Mr. Mantilla to Mr. Seward. Aug. 4 American vessels in Cuban waters: The detention of and firing upon the whaling-schooners Ellen Rizpah and Rising Sun; action of Mr. Mantilla in advance of any complaint made; cases of grievance will be investigated and reparation made; explanation of the facts in these two instances. 525
306 Mr. Seward to Mr. Mantilla. Aug. 10 The same subject: Acknowledgment of Mr. Mantilla’s note in this relation. 528
307 Mr. Mantilla to Mr. Evarts Sept. 6 The same subject: Case of the Edward Lee, reported in the newspapers to have been fired upon by a Spanish gunboat; comments and explanations of Mr. Mantilla. 529
308 Mr. Evarts to Mr. Mantilla. Sept. 13 The same subject: Acknowledgment of Mr. Mantilla’s note. 530

sweden and norway

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
309 Mr. Andrews to Mr. Fish 1876. Oct. 20 Pauperism in Sweden: The returns for 1874 in press; Mr. Andrews adds some additional data to his dispatch No. 336. 531
310 do Dec. 6 Civil service in Norway: Answers received from the Norwegian department of ecclesiastical affairs and public instruction to certain questions submitted to it on the subject. 532
311 do 1877. Mar. 12 Spirituous liquors in Sweden: Discussion in the Riksdag of measures for the prevention of intemperance. 545
312 Mr. Andrews to Mr. Evarts May 24 The Russo-Turkish war: Swedish proclamation of neutrality; opinion as to the war. 546
313 do July 12 Approaching celebration of the four hundredth anniversary of the foundation of the University of Upsala: Programme of the ceremonies. 546
314 Count Lewenhaupt to Mr. Evarts. Aug. 6 The international: prison congress: Preparations for its meeting at Stockholm in August, 1878; the United States invited to send a delegate. 547
315 Mr. Seward to Count Lewenhaupt. Aug. 14 The same subject: Question of the participation of the United States will be laid before Congress. 548

switzerland

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
316 Mr. Fish to Mr. Evarts 1877. Aug. 7 Protection of Swiss citizens in the East during the Russo-Turkish war: Copy of a note on the subject addressed to the Swiss foreign office. 548
317 do Aug. 21 The same subject: Reply of the Swiss minister for foreign affairs. 549
[Page XLV]

turkish empire.

1. ottoman porte.

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
318 Mr. Maynard to Mr. Fish 1876. Dec. 26 The Eastern question: The conference at Constantinople; preliminary consultations of the plenipotentiaries; the proposed demands of the powers, autonomy, disarmament, and power to enforce reforms; Midhat Pasha appointed grand vizier; promulgation of a constitution; the first meeting of the full conference. 549
319 do 1877. Jan. 30 The same subject: Failure of the conference; departure of the plenipotentiaries; the propositions of the conference; their rejection by Turkey; Mr. Schuyler’s report on the subject; comments of Mr. Maynard. 551
320 do Feb. 10 Fall of Midhat Pasha: He is succeeded by Ed-hem Pasha; the Turkish press on the change: consternation of the reform party; the assigned cause of Midhat’s fall a charge of conspiracy against the sulltan; character of Edhem Pasha. 556
321 Mr. Maynard to Mr. Evarts Apr. 7 Turkish constitutionalism: Meeting of the general assembly; the speech from the throne; the ceremonies; organization of the assembly explained; comments of Mr. Maynard on its discussions. 562
322 do Apr. 25 The Eastern question: The situation after the failure of the conference; armistice and attempted negotiations for peace with Servia and Montenegro; hostilities recommenced; the London protocol; Safvet Pasha’s dispatch rejecting the protocol; arrival of the British ambassador, Mr. Layard; declaration of war by Russia; movements of Russian troops in Asia Minor; the Proaneots of the war. 570
323 do Apr. 28 The Russo-Turkish war: Question of American protection to Russian subjects at Mytilene; State of affairs there: action of Mr. Maynard. 577
324 do May 25 The same subject: Ottoman law regulating the proclamation of martial law; its nature; no such proclamation yet made in Constantinople. 580
325 do May 31 The same subject: Progress of the war: Russian troops not yet across the Danube; operations in Asia Minor; capture of Soukoum-Kaleh; the Sultan proclaimed “Ghazi,” (conqueror;) capture of Ardahan by the Russians; attitude of the great powers; the Porte’s reply to the Russian manifesto; the powers renew diplomatic relations with the Porte. 583
326 do June 9 The same subject: Attitude of Hungary; manifestations of sympathy; reciprocal demonstrations of the Sottas; restoration to Pesth of part of a valuable ancient library. 591
327 do June 26 Israelites in Turkey: Their condition; memorials of Israelite conventions in the United States and at Paris; the persecuted Jews of Rou-mania; their actual condition there; case of Rabbi Sneersohn at Tiberias. 593
328 do July 2 Close of the session of the Turkish assembly: Practicality of its deliberations; the press-laws; suspension of the Levant Herald; prospects of the assembly meeting again on the 1st of November. 597
329 do July 3 The war: Operations during June; the Turks hold their own in Asia; in Europe the Danube still separates the Combatants; situation in Servia and Montenegro; comments of Mr. Maynard. 599
330 do July 5 The Fourth of July in Constantinople: Its celebration; receptions on the Vandalia and at the legation. 600
331 do July 19 Change in the Turkish foreign office: Retirement of Safvet Pasha; appointment of Aarifi Pasha; cause of the change. 601
332 do July 31 The war: Operations during July; Turkish victories in Asia Minor; the Danube passed by the Russians; their occupation of the Dobrudsha and capture of Nikopolis; their advance; the Balkans crossed; fighting near Plevna; alarm at Constantinople; protection of Americans in case of need; comments of Mr. Maynard on affairs in Constantinople. 601
[Page XLVI]333 Mr. Maynard to Mr. Evarts Aug. 24 Turkish custom of discharging fire-arms during an eclipse: Its antiquity, prevalence, and danger: it is abolished under severe penalties. 603
334 do Aug. 31 The war: Operations during August; the Russian forces at a stand-still in Asia Minor; great activity in European Turkey; attempts to check the Russian advance upon Adrianople; the Shipka Pass; Plevna and Eski-Sagra; the relative strength of the combatants; Turkish generalship 604
335 do Oct. 1 The war: Operations during September; the contest for the Shipka Pass; the situation on the Lorn and at Plevna; the campaign in general favorable to the Turks; their supplies from abroad; the situation in Montenegro. 609
336 Aristarchi Bey to Mr. Fish. 1876. Dec. 22 The Red Crescent: Its substitution in Mohammedan countries for the Geneva Red Cross. 610
337 do 1877. Feb. 19 The Suez Canal: Provisional convention in regard to the tonnage rules framed by the late international tonnage convention at Constantinople; the agreement of Messrs. de Lesseps and Stokes. 611
338 Mr. Evarts to Aristarchi Bey. Mar. 23 The same subject: Accession of the United States to the proposed modification. 612
339 Aristarchi Bey to Mr. Evarts. Mar. 23 The same subject: Is anxious to know the decision of the United States. 612
340 do April 30 The Russo-Turkish war: Notification of a state of war; asks of the United States the same neutrality status as in 1870–’71. 613
341 Mr. Evarts to Aristarchi Bey. May 3 The same subject: The United States will observe a just and impartial neutrality. 613
342 Aristarchi Bey to Mr. Evarts May 30 The war: Rupture of diplomatic relations between Turkey and Roumania, in consequence of the alliance of the latter with Russia; Roumanian vessels and subjects still to enjoy Ottoman protection. 614

2. egypt

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
343 Mr. Farman to Mr. Fish 1876. Aug. 10 The Egyptian judiciary: Question of the promotion of the European substitutes of the Parquet to be judges of the new tribunals; the United States invited to name a substitute for promotion. 614
344 do Nov. 27 The same subject: The nominations by the other powers; the co-operation of the United States again solicited. 618
345 do Dec. 8 Egyptian finances: The arrangement with the foreign bondholders; details of the plan of Messrs. Goschen and Joubert; English and French control over the revenues and the debts of the Khédive. 619
346 do 1877. Jan. 13 The Egyptian judiciary: Conflicts of jurisdiction since the inauguration of the new tribunals; question of bankruptcy proceedings in the consular courts; note from Chérif Pasha. 620
347 do Feb. 13 The same subject: The proposition for the nomination of an American substitute still open. 623
348 do April 3 The same subject: The question of conflicting jurisdiction; circular of Chérif Pasha to correct the misrepresentations of the press; the dispute between the Khédival government and the court of appeal of Alexandria; the Remington claim; its partial settlement. 624
349 Mr. Farman to Mr. Evarts. May 2 The same subject: Reply to the inquiries of Mr. Seward, United States minister to China, concerning the working of the system of mixed, courts in Egypt; success of the new system; details of its operations. 626
350 do May 30 The Russo-Turkish war: The position of Egypt in the struggle; its financial relations there to; its contingent of men, arms, and cannon; the Khédive’s speech before the chamber of delegates; an extraordinary land tax voted; the foreign bondholders reassured. 630
351 do June 27 Slavery in Egypt: Mr. Farman procures the freedom of a negro boy; his story. 632
[Page XLVIII [XLVII]]

3. tunis

No. From whom and to whom. Date. Subject. Page.
352 Mr. Heap to Mr. Hunter 1877. May 1 The Russo-Turkish war; The relation of Tunis to the contest; hut little aid can be given to Turkey; influence of Arabic newspapers; dispassionate state of public feeling; social condition of Tunis ; improvement in the prison system. 633
353 do May 29 The same subject: Inaction of the government of Tunis; demonstrations in favor of Turkey discountenanced. 635
354 do July 9 The same subject: Russian and Turkish vessels reported off the coast of Tunis; alarm thereat; the contributions of Tunis to the Porte for the conduct of the war; straits of the Tunisian government. 635