237. Memorandum From Linton Brooks, William Tobey, and Robert Linhard of the National Security Council Staff to the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Powell)1
- NSPG Meeting on Arms Control Issues for the Summit—Friday, December 4, 1987—2:00 p.m.
Attached is the meeting memorandum2 for Friday’s NSPG. We believe the focus should be on START and Defense and Space in order to identify moves we wish to make in an attempt to reach agreement by next summer.
The vehicle for arms control discussion is a compartmented paper (GRIP 40) (Tab D)3 based on Paul Nitze’s version of a summit joint statement. At present, it includes the following changes in existing U.S. positions favored by State:
—Dropping the 1650 ICBM sublimit.
—Establishing an ALCM counting rule of 6 per bomber.
—Accepting a SALT II approach on the BACKFIRE bomber by excluding Backfire from START in return for Soviet commitments not to increase numbers or provide for in-flight refueling (not in the initial position).
—Allowing heavy ICBM modernization.
—Allowing mobile ICBMs, subject to an agreed limit and agreed verification.
—Extending the period of non-withdrawal from the ABM Treaty through 1996.
—Accepting reversion to the ABM Treaty rather than freedom to deploy after the non-withdrawal period.
—Agreeing to negotiate on what is permitted and what is prohibited under the ABM Treaty.
—Accepting a construction moratorium rather than dismantlement of Krasnoyarsk.
Most of of these will be controversial; some more so than others. The paper has some agreed points as well, including the outline of a verification approach for START. In addition to the substantive issues, we believe you need to discuss the tactics of how the statement would [Page 1023] be tabled. This is not on the agenda, but is essential and we have alerted agencies to be prepared for it.
We believe the agency positions are reflected in the paper. We suspect Secretary Shultz will assume this has all been decided. We understand Secretary Carlucci may introduce the idea of non-withdrawal from the ABM Treaty through 1994 and non-deployment through 1996. The DCI may raise the issue of European concerns with a START treaty.
We are aware of no plans by any agency to raise any other arms control issues. If such issues are raised, we recommend discouraging discussion during the meeting; we need to focus on the questions directly related to START and Defense and Space.
The meeting memorandum for the President is at Tab I, it includes brief suggested talking points he might use to set the stage. Talking points for your use are at Tab II.
That you approve and forward the Presidential Meeting Memorandum (Tab I), along with Tabs A, B, C and D.4
That you use the talking points at Tab II in conducting the meeting.5
Fritz Ermarth, Steve Steiner, Don Mahley and Bill Heiser concur (all on previous drafts).
- Source: Reagan Library, Executive Secretariat: National Security Planning Group (NSPG) Records, NSPG 171. Secret. Sent for action.↩
- Printed as Document 238.↩
- See Tab D, Document 238.↩
- Powell indicated his approval. On Tabs A, B, and C, see footnotes 2 and 3 and Tab C, Document 238.↩
- Powell indicated his approval.↩
- Secret. All brackets are in the original text.↩