117. Telegram 48647 From the Department of State to the Embassy in India, March 16, 1973, 0032Z.1 2

[Page 1]

SUBJ:

  • JHA CALL ON ASSISTANT SECRETARY SISCO

TELEGRAM

Department of State

NEW DELHI 048647

16003Z MAR 73

IMMEDIATE NEW DELHI

E .O. 11652: GDS

TAGS: PFOR, MASS, IN, PK, US

1.
SUMMARY: INDIAN AMBASSADOR L.K. JHA CALLED ON ASST SECY SISCO ON INSTRUCTIONS MARCH 15 TO DISCUSS NEW US ARMS DECISION FOR SOUTH ASIA. GONSALVES AND SCHNEIDER {NEA/INS} ALSO PRESENT. JHA MADE CALM PRESENTATION, NOTING GOI’S “GRAVE CONCERN AND UNHAPPINESS” AND EFFECT OF DECISION ON INDO-US BILATERAL RELATIONS AND TENSIONS ON SUBCONTINENT. SISCO STRESSED LIMITED NATURE OF DECISION, U.S. VIEW THAT DECISION SHOULD NOT IMPEDE IMPROVEMENT IN INDO/ US RELATIONS OR SIMLA PROCESS, AND HOPE THAT GOI WOULD VIEW DECISION IN PERSPECTIVE. END SUMMARY.
2.
JHA SAID INDIAN CONCERN AT US DECISION WAS BASED ON GOI VIEW THAT POLICY DERIVED FROM PAST MISUNDERSTANDINGS WHICH HAD LONG AFFECTED INDO-US RELATIONS AND CONTRIBUTED TO TENSIONS IN THE SUBCONTINENT. IT SHOULD BE CLEAR TO ALL, HE SAID, THAT INDIA HAD BEEN DOING EVERYTHING POSSIBLE TO BRING PEACE AND TRANQUILITY TO SOUTH ASIA. THE SIMLA PROCESS HAD ADVANCED SLOWLY BUT SURELY THROUGH THE DELINEATION OF KASHMIR LINE OF CONTROL AND TROOP WITHDRAWALS. NOW THINGS WERE STALLED ON THE QUESTION OF BANGLADESH RECOGNITION BY PAKISTAN. BHUTTO HAD ORIGINALLY GIVEN PROMISES ON RECOGNITION AT SIMLA. THEN HAVE HAD INDICATED THAT THE BANGLADESH ELECTIONS MIGHT PROVIDE AN [Page 2]OPPORTUNITY. THE GOI HAD HOPED THAT PAKISTANI RECOGNITION OF BANGLADESH WOULD HAVE TAKEN PLACE BEFORE THE US ARMS POLICY DECISION. IF PAKISTAN FELT DEFENSELESS WITHOUT ARMS, BY WHOM DID THEY FEEL THREATENED? IF, HOWEVER, THE PURPOSE WAS POLITICAL RATHER THAN MILITARY SUPPORT, WHAT POLITICAL POSTURE OR POSITION WAS BEING SUPPORTED BY THE NEW US POLICY, JHA ASKED?
3.
TURNING TO INDO-US BILATERAL RELATIONS, JHA REFERRED TO THE “VERY DISTURBED AND ANGRY RESPONSE IN PARLIAMENT” WHICH, HE SAID, HAD IMPLICATIONS FOR THE ENTIRE RANGE OF INDO- US RELATIONS. HE COMMENTED THAT INDIAN PUBLIC WOULD NOTE THAT PUBLIC ANNOUNCEMENT OF ARMS DECISION BENEFITTING PAKISTAN PRECEDED ANNOUNCEMENT OF RELEASE OF SUSPENDED ECONOMIC AID TO INDIA, WHICH WOULD RAISE QUESTIONS IN THEIR MINDS CONCERNING US PRIORITIES AND INTENTIONS. HE NOTED THAT ECONOMIC AID TO PAKISTAN HAD BEEN RESUMED LONG AGO, AND OPINED THAT LIFTING OF INDIAN AID SUSPENSION SIX MONTHS EARLIER WOULD HAVE PUT MILITARY SUPPLY DECISION IN DIFFERENT LIGHT. PROCEDURALLY, JHA SAID HE FELT THERE HAD BEEN INADEQUATE CONSULTATION PRIOR TO THE DECISION AND THAT WHILE GOI HAD BEEN INFORMED IN ADVANCE IN NEW DELHI, INDIAN EMBASSY HAD NOT BEEN SO INFORMED. SISCO REPLIED THAT WE HAD KEPT INDIAN EMBASSY INFORMED OF DIRECTION OF OUR THINKING PRIOR TO DECISION AND HAD TAKEN PARTICULAR PAINS TO INFORM GOI OF DECISION PRIOR TO OUR PUBLIC ANNOUNCEMENT.
4.
SISCO SAID THAT THE US DECISION WAS A “CLEAN UP” EXERCISE. US ARMS SUPPLY ROLE HAS BEEN RELATIVELY MINOR. WE RECOGNIZE THE SPECIAL POLITICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL MEANING WHICH IS ATTACHED TO THE QUESTION OF ARMS SUPPLY IN THE SUBCONTINENT. WE DO NOT BELIEVE, HOWEVER, THAT THIS DECISION CAN BE CONSTRUED TO HAVE ANY SIGNIFICANT EFFECT ON THE RATIO OF MILITARY STRENGTH IN THE AREA. WE HOPE THAT THE US DECISION DID NOT REALLY COME AS A SURPRISE TO THE GOI. WE BELIEVE IT IS IN OUR MUTUAL INTEREST THAT IN THE CASE OF SPARE PARTS AND OTHER ITEMS INCLUDED IN THE DECISION PAKISTAN BE ABLE TO TURN IN OUR DIRECTION, AND NOT LOOK EXCLUSIVELY IN ANOTHER DIRECTION. WE BELIEVE THAT THIS CONTRIBUTES TO OUR MUTUAL OBJECTIVE OF STABILITY IN THE AREA. SISCO REAFFIRMED US SUPPORT FOR THE WHOLE SIMLA PROCESS, CITING THE ACHIEVEMENT WHICH HAD ALREADY BEEN MADE IN REDUCING TENSIONS AND DEVELOPING A FRAMEWORK FOR RELATIONS.
5.
SISCO SAID HE HOPED THE US DECISION WILL BE VIEWED BY THE GOI IN A VERY MODEST PERSPECTIVE, AND [Page 3]THAT IT WILL NOT BECOME A MAJOR DIFFICULTY BETWEEN INDIA AND THE US, AND THAT IT WILL NOT IMPEDE THE CURRENT MOVEMENT TOWARD BETTER RELATIONS. HE SAW NO REASON WHY IT SHOULD INTERFERE WITH THE SIMLA PROCESS. SISCO SAID THAT THE US HOPED TO GET ON WITH SIGNIFICANT, SPECIFIC MATTERS IN OUR BILATERAL RELATIONS.
6.
REFERRING TO JHA’S COMMENT ON THE ORDER OF ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE MILITARY DECISION AND THE END OF THE AID SUSPENSION, SISCO SAID TWAT THE PUBLIC INTERPRETATION GIVEN THESE DECISIONS DEPENDED VERY MUCH ON HOW THE GOI DECIDED TO HANDLE THEM. WE BELIEVED IT WOULD SERVE OUR MUTUAL INTERESTS FOR THE GOI TO PLACE THE DECISIONS IN PROPER PERSPECTIVE. THE LIFTING OF THE AID SUSPENSION SHOULD BE SEEN AS A FIRST BONA FIDE OF THE US DESIRE TO MOVE FORWARD ON SPECIFIC QUESTIONS INVOLVED IN IMPROVING OUR RELATIONS.
7.
JHA NOTED SISCO’S REITERATION OF US SUPPORT FOR SIMLA AND EXPRESSED VIEW THAT THERE WAS NEED FOR STRONGER PUBLIC STATEMENT OF THIS SUPPORT AND THAT THE US POSITION WAS NOT PART OF “THE PUBLIC CONSCIOUSNESS” IN INDIA. SISCO DEMURRED, NOTING HIS OWN TESTIMONY TO THE HAMILTON SUBCOMMITTEE MARCH 12, AND NOTED THERE HAD BEEN MANY EARLIER OCCASIONS ON WHICH WE HAD EXPRESSED OUR SUPPORT FOR SIMLA.
8.
JHA SAID THAT IT HAD BEEN AND REMAINED HIS ENDEAVOR TO IMPROVE RELATIONS BETWEEN INDIA AND THE US. THIS WAS A TASK TO WHICH HE WAS DEDICATED BOTH PROFESSIONALLY AND PERSONALLY. HE WOULD CONTINUE IN THIS LINE, ALTHOUGH HE NOTED THAT CIRCUMSTANCES HAD ON OCCASION NOT MADE THE JOB EASY.
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  1. Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Files 1970-73, POL INDIA-US. Secret; Immediate. It was drafted on March 15 by Hawes; cleared by NEA/INS; and approved by Sisco.
  2. Assistant Secretary of State of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs Sisco reported on a meeting with Indian Ambassador L. K. Jha to discuss tensions in Indo-U.S. relations, especially regarding the U.S. decision to resume arms sales to Pakistan.