354. Telegram From the Mission to the United Nations to the Department of State1

4856. Subj: Canadian Position Article 19.

On personal and confidential basis (protect source and US knowledge of information) Dobell (Canada)2 advised MisOff that Pearson has “reluctantly and after months of urging” concluded that as far as UNEF and ONUC are concerned Art 19 is “dead.” Moreover, by mid or late next week Canada plans send personal note to Secretary Rusk3 indicating US can no longer count on Canadian support on Art 19 and urging us, possibly thru constructive statement by President at San Francisco, to agree to Afro-Asian plan for restoring solvency with any such qualifying statements as might be helpful to US and allies at UN and in problem of public opinion. (Canadian suggestions about constructive statement would be “face saving” rather than any real qualifications of Afro-Asian res, because Canadians fear real qualifications might impair plan’s usefulness at UN and cause USSR to reject plan which USSR has accepted.)

  1. Source: Johnson Library, National Security File, Agency File, United Nations, Vol. 1. Secret; Limdis.
  2. Peter Dobell, a member of the Canadian delegation.
  3. A copy is in the Johnson Library, National Security File, Country File, United Nations, Article 19, Vol. 2.