Sources

The editors of the Foreign Relations series have complete access to all the retired records and papers of the Department of State: the central files of the Department; the special decentralized files (“lot files”) of the Department at the bureau, office, and division levels; the files of the Department's Executive Secretariat, which contain the records of international conferences and high-level official visits, correspondence with foreign leaders by the President and Secretary of State, and memoranda of conversations between the President and Secretary of State and foreign officials; the files of overseas diplomatic posts; and the sensitive intelligence files maintained in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research. All the Department's indexed central (or subject-numeric) files for these years have been permanently transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration (Archives II) at College Park, Maryland. Many of the Department's decentralized office (or lot) files covering this period, which the National Archives deems worthy of permanent retention, have been transferred or are in the process of being transferred from the Department's custody to Archives II.

The editors of the Foreign Relations series also have full access to the papers of President Johnson and other White House foreign policy records. Presidential papers maintained and preserved at the Presidential libraries include some of the most significant foreign affairs-related documentation from other federal agencies, including the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Department of State historians also have access to records of the Department of Defense, particularly the records of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Secretaries of Defense and their major assistants.

The Central Intelligence Agency provides access to Department of State historians to high-level intelligence documents from those records in the custody of that Agency and at the Presidential libraries. This access is arranged and facilitated by the History Staff of the Center for the Study of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency, pursuant to a May 1992 memorandum of understanding. Department of State and CIA historians continue to work out the procedural and scholarly aspects of identifying the key portions of the intelligence record.

Intelligence-related material in this volume comes primarily from the unretired historical files of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR/IL), retired INR lot files, and from the records of the National Security Agency, especially the Center for Cryptologic History's files and the CCS Archives Pueblo collection.

[Page XVI]

The Department of State arranged for access to the audiotapes of President Johnson's telephone conversations, which are in the Johnson Library. Most of the tapes on Korea relate to the Pueblo crisis, and those that were printed or cited in the footnotes were used to augment the written records of President Johnson and his advisers meeting on the Pueblo.

Some general observations can be made about the specific sources that proved especially useful for each compilation in this volume. For the compilations on U.S.-ROK bilateral relations and the Korean-Japan relations, the Department of State Central Files were the most important single source, followed by the records of the Johnson Library. Because of the strong Department of Defense interest in Korea, the records of the Secretary of Defense (various OSD files) and the records of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (various OASD/ISA files) were important sources for all three sections of the volume. The first part of the Pueblo crisis compilation draws heavily upon the Johnson Library meeting notes files. The records of the National Security Agency provided valuable context for the compilation.

The following list identifies the particular files and collections used in the preparation of this volume. The declassification and transfer to the National Archives of these records is in process. Many of the records are already available for public review at the National Archives. The declassification review of other records is going forward in accordance with the provisions of Executive Order 12958, under which all records over 25 years old, except file series exemptions requested by agencies and approved by the President, should be reviewed for declassification by 2002.

Unpublished Sources

  • Lyndon B. Johnson Library, Austin, Texas
    • Papers of Lyndon B. Johnson
      • National Security File
        • Agency File, Senior Interdepartmental Group
        • Country File, Japan, Korea, Korea—Pueblo Incident, Vietnam
        • Head of State Correspondence
        • Intelligence File, Pueblo, January 1968
        • International Meetings and Travel
        • Name File
        • National Security Action Memoranda
        • National Security Council History, Pueblo Crisis, 1968
        • National Security Council Meetings
        • Office of the President File
        • Files of Walt W. Rostow
        • Files of Bromley Smith
        • Special Head of State Correspondence
      • Special Files
        • Papers of Clark Clifford
        • Tom Johnson's Notes of Meetings
        • Papers of Robert W. Komer
        • Meeting Notes File
        • President's Daily Diary
        • Recordings and Transcripts of Conversations and Meetings
  • Department of State
    • Central Files. See National Archives and Records Administration below.
      • Lot Files. Additional Department of State Lot Files are under National Archives and Records Administration below.
        • Bundy Files; Lot 85 D 240
          • Files of William P. Bundy, 1962–1970, mostly covering the period when he was Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, 1964–1968.
        • INR/IL Historical Files
          • Unretired Intelligence Liaison files for the 1950s to the 1970s, Bureau of Intelligence and Research. Of particular value are the Country Files, East Asia and Pacific General Files, Country Files for Japan and Korea, the records of 303 Committee meetings with related papers, and the Pueblo Files.
        • INR/EAP Files: Lots 90 D 99 and 90 D 110
          • National Intelligence Estimates, Special Intelligence Estimates and related documentation, 1952–1985, Office of Research and Analysis for East Asia and the Pacific, Bureau of Intelligence and Research.
  • Central Intelligence Agency, Langley, Virginia
    • DCI Files: Job 80–B01285A
      • Files of Directors of Central Intelligence John A. McCone (1961–1965), William F. Raborn (1965–1966), and Richard M. Helms (1966–1973)
    • ODDI Registry: Job 79–RO 10112A
      • National Intelligence Estimates and Special National Intelligence Estimates
  • National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland
  • RG 59, General Records of the Department of State
    • Subject-Numeric Indexed Central Files
      • AID (KOR S) VIET S: South Korean aid to South Vietnam
      • AID (US) KOR S: US aid to South Korea
      • AID (US) 15–9 KOR S: US Title II assistance to South Korea
      • AID VIET S: aid to South Vietnam
      • DEF 1 KOR S: general South Korean defense policy, plans and readiness
      • DEF 12–2 KOR S: South Korean defense stockpiling and storage
      • DEF 12–5 KOR S: South Korean military procurement and sales
      • DEF 4 KOR S–US: US–ROK defense pact
      • DEF 15 KOR S–US: US bases and military installations in South Korea
      • DEF 15–3 KOR S–US: status of US forces in South Korea
      • DEF 19 KOR S–US: US military assistance to South Korea
      • DEF 19 KOR S–VIET S: South Korean military installations in South Vietnam
      • DEF 19–2 KOR S–VIET S: reports of South Korean military installations in South Vietnam
      • DEF 19–3 KOR S–VIET S: organization of South Korean military installations in South Vietnam
      • DEF 19 US–KOR S: US military assistance to South Korea
      • DEF 19–2 US–KOR S: reports of US military assistance to South Korea
      • DEF 19–3 US KOR S: organization of US military assistance to South Korea
      • DEF 19–8 US–KOR S: US military equipment and supplies to South Korea
      • DEF 19–8 US–VIET S: US military equipment and supplies to South Vietnam
      • ORG 7 FE: visits of Department of State officials to East Asia
      • ORG 7 OSD: foreign visits of Department of Defense officials
      • POL 7 JAPAN: visits and meetings of Japanese officials
      • POL JAPAN–KOR S: general Japanese-South Korean relations
      • POL 1 JAPAN–KOR S: general Japanese-South Korean relations
      • POL 4 JAPAN–KOR S: Japanese-South Korean treaty
      • POL 33–4 JAPAN–KOR S: Japanese-South Korean dispute over territorial waters
      • POL JAPAN–US: general US-Japanese relations
      • POL 27 KOR; military operations in the Korean peninsula
      • POL 27–14 KOR: armistice negotiations in Korea
      • POL 32–4 KOR: unification of Korea
      • POL 27 KOR/UN:UN military operations in Korea
      • POL 27–14 KOR/UN:UN armistice negotiations
      • POL 32–4 KOR/UN:UN efforts for Korean unification
      • POL KOR N–KOR S: general relations between North and South Korea
      • POL 32 KOR N–KOR S: North Korean and South Korean boundaries
      • POL 33–6 KOR N–US: North Korean-US dispute over seizure on the high seas (Pueblo)
      • POL 1 KOR S: general developments in and policy towards South Korea
      • POL 2 KOR S: reports on South Korea
      • POL 2–1 KOR S: Joint Weekas (weekly political) reports on South Korea
      • POL 7 KOR S: visits and meetings of high level South Korean officials
      • POL 12 KOR S: political parties in South Korea
      • POL 13–8 KOR S: military organizations in South Korea
      • POL 14 KOR S: elections in South Korea
      • POL 15 KOR S: executive government in South Korea
      • POL 15–1 KOR S: President of South Korea
      • POL 15–2 KOR S: National Assembly of South Korea
      • POL 23–1 KOR S: internal security plans and programs in South Korea
      • POL 23–3 KOR S: internal security forces and organizations in South Korea
      • POL 23–8 KOR S: demonstrations, riots, and protests in South Korea
      • POL 27 KOR S: military operations in South Korea
      • POL 27–3 KOR S: use of South Korean military forces
      • POL 29 KOR S: South Korean political prisoners
      • POL 30 KOR S: South Korean expellees
      • POL KOR S–JAPAN: South Korean-Japanese relations
      • POL 23–7 KOR S/UN: infiltration and sabotage against UN forces in South Korea
      • POL KOR S–US: US-South Korean relations
      • POL 1 KOR S–US: US-South Korean relations
      • POL 17 KOR S–US: US-South Korean diplomatic representation
      • POL 33–4 KOR S–US: South Korea and the United States and territorial waters
      • POL 7 US: visits of US officials
      • POL 7 US/BUNDY: visits of Assistant Secretary of State Bundy
      • POL 7 US/HUMPHREY: visits of Vice President Humphrey
      • POL 7 US/JOHNSON: visits of President Johnson
      • POL 7 US/LODGE: visits of Ambassador Lodge
      • POL 7 US/VANCE: visits of Deputy Secretary of Defense Vance
      • POL 27 VIET S: military operations in South Vietnam
      • POL 27–3 VIET S: use of third country forces in South Vietnam
      • RAD 6; radio stations
      • UN 3 SC: UN Security Council meetings
    • Lot Files
      • Conference Files: Lot 66 D 110
        • Records of officials visits by heads of governments and foreign ministers to the United States and international conferences and meetings attended by the President and Secretary of State, 1961–1964, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
      • Conference Files: Lot 67 D 305
        • Records of international conferences attended by the President, Vice President, and Secretary of State for 1965 as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
      • Visits Files: Lot 67 D 587
        • Records of the visit of foreign heads of state and other high officials to the United States, October 1966–May 1967, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
      • Rusk Files: Lot 72 D 192
        • Files of Secretary of State Dean Rusk, 1961–1969, including texts of speeches and public statements, miscellaneous correspondence, and memoranda of telephone conversations.
      • Secretary's Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 65 D 330
        • Memoranda of conversations of the Secretary of State and Acting Secretary of State, 1961–1964, as maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
      • S/PC Files: Lot 72 D 139
        • Files of Walt Rostow and Henry Own of the Policy Planning Council, 1964–1967.
      • Senior Interdepartmental Group Files: Lot 70 D 263
        • Files of the Senior Interdepartmental Group of the National Security Council, March 1968–January 1969.
  • National Security Agency, Fort Meade, Maryland
    • Center for Cryptologic History, Historical Files, Pueblo
      • NSA/CSS Archives, Pueblo Collection
      • NSA, The Capture of the USS Pueblo and Its Effect on SIGINT Operations, United States Cryptologic History, Special Series, Crisis Collection, Vol. 7, 1992.
      • NSA, Technical Research Ships, 1956–1969: An Historical Study, United States Cryptologic History, Special Series, No. 2, undated.
  • National Defense University, Fort McNair, Washington, D.C.
    • Maxwell Taylor Papers
  • Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland
    • RG 330, Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and Assistant Secretaries of Defense (ISA)
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 68 A 4023
        • Top secret files of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs for 1964.
      • OSD/Admin Files: FRC 70 A 1265 and FRC 70 A 1266
        • Top secret and secret files of the Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and their Special Assistants, for 1965.
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 70 A 3717, FRC 70 A 5127
        • Top secret and secret files of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs for 1965.
      • OSD/Admin Files: FRC 70 A 4443
        • Top secret and secret files of the Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and their assistants, for 1966.
      • OASD/ISA: FRC 70 A 6648 and FRC 70 A 6649
        • Top secret and secret files for the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, for 1966.
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 71 A 4546
        • Secret files for the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, for 1967.
      • OSD/Admin Files: FRC 72 A 2467 and FRC 72 A 2468
        • Top secret and secret files of the Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and their assistants, for 1966.
      • OSD/Admin Files: FRC 73 A 1250 and FRC 73 A 1304
        • Top secret and secret files of the Secretary of Defense, Deputy Secretary of Defense, and their assistants, for 1968.
      • OSD Files: FRC 91–0017
        • Top Secret sensitive files of the Secretaries of Defense, 1949–1969.

Published Sources

  • U.S. Congress, House Committee on International Relations. The Investigation of Korean-American Relations. Ninety-fifth Congress, Second Session, Appendixes to the Report, vol. I: Background to the Investigation of Korean-American Relations and Conduct of the Investigation; Listing of Congressional Documents Frequently Cited, Supporting Documents. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978.
  • ———, House Committee on Armed Services, Special Subcommittee on the USS Pueblo. Hearings on the Inquiry into the USS Pueblo and EC–121 Plane Incidents. Ninety-first Congress, First Session, 1969, Committee Print 91–10.
  • ———, Joint Committee on Defense Production, Deterrence and Survival in the Nuclear Age (The “Gaither Report” of 1957). Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976.
  • U.S. Department of State, American Foreign Policy: Current Documents, 1964–1967. Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1967–1969.
  • ———, Department of State Bulletin, 1964–1968.
  • United Nations, Yearbook of the United Nations, 1968.