189. Memorandum From the Acting Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (Fisher) to Secretary of State Rusk1
- Non-Proliferation Negotiations
Attached is a proposed memorandum to the President drafted to carry out the decisions you made at our Saturday meeting.2 The memorandum and its enclosure have been cleared with EUR.
At the risk of sounding like a stuck whistle and at the risk of overloading even your magnificent quality of patience, I can’t help but say that I believe this course of action would be a mistake. Myron Kratzer of the AEC, who has just returned from intensive technical consultations in the FRG, is of the view that a safeguards article along the lines we have been previously discussing could be agreed on with the FRG if we took care of certain of their objections.3
I have attached a safeguards article which I would recommend. It contains three changes helpful to the FRG. The new draft makes clear [Page 459] that there is the same substantial transition period for all undertakings in the article. The provision relating to safeguards on the exports of non-nuclear materials or equipment makes it clear that it is only the fissionable material produced with these items, and not the items themselves, which are subject to safeguards. And there is a statement that the purpose of the article is to prevent diversion of materials to nuclear weapons development or manufacture. These last two changes could be quite helpful to gain FRG assent since the FRG has feared that the present article might be a basis for communist espionage or for interference in peaceful industrial endeavors. Mr. Kratzer also believes the FRG can be satisfied that they will not have to accept Soviet inspectors from the IAEA by getting the FRG to understand that this is the case under the present IAEA rules, provided this interpretation is given them in writing and we assure them of our support in case their rejection of Soviet inspectors is challenged in the IAEA.
I have discussed this matter with Mr. Leddy and he does not agree with the views expressed in this memorandum except that he does agree with the Memorandum to the President.
- Source: Washington National Records Center, RG 383, ACDA/D Files: FRC 77 A 52, Memoranda to the Secretary of State, 1967. Secret.↩
- This meeting with Rusk at 3:30 p.m., Saturday, March 4, was attended by Eugene Rostow, Kohler, Leddy, and Fisher. At this meeting an action memorandum was circulated on the topic of the nonproliferation safeguards article; see footnote 1, Document 188.↩
- On Monday, March 6, AEC Chairman Seaborg met with Myron Kratzer and other members of the Atomic Energy Commission to discuss Rusk’s recommendation that Article III be modified to accept verification of Euratom safeguards by the IAEA. For documentation on the AEC’s position on and objections to Rusk’s proposal, see Seaborg, Journal, Vol. 14, pp. 272-275.↩
- Printed from a copy that indicates Fisher signed the original.↩
- See Document 183.↩
- Not printed.↩