Economic Defense Policy


297. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 460.509/3-1461. Confidential. Drafted by Dozier and approved by Edwin M. Martin and Wilson T.M. Beale, Jr.


298. Memorandum From the Secretary of State's Special Assistant (Bohlen) to the Under Secretary of State (Bowles)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 460.119/5-161. Secret. Drafted by James L. Colbert on April 7. Attached to the source text is a covering memorandum from Edwin M. Martin to U. Alexis Johnson, May 8, stating Martin's dismay that the Department of Defense was holding up licenses for certain exports to the Soviet Union, allegedly, in part, because of the Laotian situation. Martin suggested that Johnson, as the new coordinator of relations with the Department of Defense, “may wish to inquire into these hold ups.”


299. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 100.4/5-1861. Confidential. Drafted by Martin on May 22.


301. Telegram From the Department of State to the Mission to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and European Regional Organizations

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 460.509/6-2171. Official Use Only; Priority. Drafted by M.S. Young (OR/ECD); cleared by McLaughlin (RA), Colbert (SOV), Katz (EE), Turpin (B/CEA), Cash (GER), Volin (paragraph 4) (Agriculture), and Sweeney (paragraph 5) (Commerce); and approved by Clarence T. Breaux.


302. Memorandum From Secretary of Commerce Hodges to Secretary of State Rusk and Secretary of Defense McNamara

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 460.509/9-2061. Confidential. Attached to the source text is a 2-page cover memorandum from Harold C. Vedeler (EE) to Thompson (U), September 20, recommending peaceful trade with the Soviet bloc and resumption of trade licenses for Poland and Yugoslavia.


303. Letter From Secretary of Commerce Hodges to Secretary of State Rusk

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 400.119/10-2061. Confidential. Attached to the source text is a February 20, 1962, covering memorandum with a handwritten note by Robert B. Wright (E/MDC), stating that no reply was necessary.


304. Summary Minutes of Meeting of the Interdepartmental Committee of Under Secretaries on Foreign Economic Policy

Source: Washington National Records Center, RG 59, E Files: FRC 71 A 6682, Item 53, ICFEP, January 10, 1962, Problems of Trade with Communist Bloc. Secret. Presumably drafted by Ruth S. Gold, who is listed as the Recording Secretary on the list of participants.


305. Record of Actions Taken at the National Security Council Standing Group Meeting

Source: Department of State,S/S-NSC Files: Lot 70 D 265, NSC Standing Group—January 26, 1962. Secret. No record of the NSC Standing Group meeting has been found.


306. Letter From Secretary of Commerce Hodges to the Under Secretary of State (Ball)

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Kaysen Series, Trade Policy, East-West Trade. Secret. Copies were sent to the President and the Secretary of Defense.


307. Current Economic Developments

Source: Washington National Records Center, RG 59, E/CBA/REP Files: FRC 72 A 6248, Current Economic Developments. Secret. The source text comprises pp. 1-4 of the issue.


308. Memorandum From the Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Trezise) to Secretary of State Rusk

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 460.509/4-2062. Secret. Drafted by Robert B. Wright (E/MDC) on April 20. Transmitted through Ball. The date is handwritten on the source text.


309. Memorandum From Secretary of State Rusk to the National Security Council

Source: Johnson Library, Vice President's Security File, NSC, East-West Trade, July 10, 1962. Secret. Carl Kaysen, the President's Deputy Special Assistant for National Security Affairs, transmitted this paper along with Hodges' letter to the President ( Document 310), a memorandum from Rusk to the National Security Council ( Document 311), and a memorandum from Hodges to the National Security Council ( Document 312), with an explanatory memorandum to the President, July 17, stating, among other things, that the Departments of State, Commerce, and Defense had reached agreement on policy language, but that Rusk and Hodges disagreed on policy and on the meaning of the language. (Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Meetings and Memoranda Series, NSC Meetings, 1962, 503rd NSC Meeting)


310. Letter From Secretary of Commerce Hodges to President Kennedy

Source: Johnson Library, Vice President's Security File, NSC, East-West Trade, July 10, 1962. Secret. Transmitted to the President along with Rusk's memoranda to the National Security Council ( Documents 309 and 311) and Holdges' memorandum to the National Security Council ( Document 312) with an explanatory memorandum by Kaysen, July 17. (Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Meetings and Memoranda Series, NSC Meetings, 1962, 503rd NSC Meeting)


311. Memorandum From Secretary of State Rusk to the National Security Council

Source: Johnson Library, Vice President's Security File, NSC, East-West Trade, July 10, 1962. Secret. Transmitted to the President along with Rusk's memorandum to the National Security Council ( Document 309), Hodges' letter to President Kennedy ( Document 310), and Hodges' memorandum to the National Security Council ( Document 312), with an explanatory memorandum by Kaysen, July 17. (Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Meetings and Memoranda Series, NSC Meetings, 1962, 503rd NSC Meeting)


312. Memorandum From Secretary of Commerce Hodges to the National Security Council

Source: Johnson Library, Vice President's Security File, NSC, East-West Trade, July 10, 1962. Secret. Transmitted to President Kennedy along with Rusk's memoranda to the National Security Council ( Documents 309 and 311) and Hodges' letter to the President ( Document 310), with an explanatory memorandum by Kaysen, July 17. (Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Meetings and Memoranda Series, NSC Meetings, 1962, 503rd NSC Meeting)


313. Summary Record of the 503d Meeting of the National Security Council

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Meetings and Memoranda Series, NSC Meetings, 1962, 503rd NSC Meeting. Secret. The source text, presumably drafted by Bromley Smith, Executive Secretary of the NSC, bears 16 handwritten emendations. An attached attendance list, not printed, indicates that 27 persons attended the meeting which took place beginning at 5 p.m. in the Cabinet Room of the White House.


314. National Security Council Record of Action No. 2455

Source: Department of State, S/SNSC (Miscellaneous) Files: Lot 66 D 95, Records of Action by the National Security Council. Secret. Taken at the 503d NSC meeting (see Document 313).


315. Current Economic Developments

Source: Washington National Records Center, RG 59, E/CBA/REP Files: FRC 72 A 6248, Current Economic Developments. Official Use Only. The source text comprises p. 17 of the issue.


316. Letter From Secretary of State Rusk to Secretary of Commerce Hodges

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 400.119/7-2062. Secret. Drafted by Robert B. Wright and James L. Colbert (EUR/SOV) on July 27. A copy was sent to Carl Kaysen. The source text is Tab A to a July 30 memorandum from G. Griffith Johnson (E) through Under Secretary Ball and Executive Secretary Brubeck to Rusk, which explained the need to call Hodges' attention to NSC Action No. 2455 ( Document 312) because “Hodges' letter was almost certainly written before he received NSC Action 2455.” (Department of State, Central Files, 400.119/7-3062)


317. Letter From Secretary of State Rusk to Secretary of Commerce Hodges

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 460.509/8-1762. Secret. Drafted by Trezise and Clarence T. Breaux (E/MDC) on August 23, and retyped in S/S on September 1.


318. Letter From Secretary of Commerce Hodges to Secretary of State Rusk

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 460.119/10-1962. Secret.


320. Memorandum From the Department of State Executive Secretary (Brubeck) to the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Kaysen Series, Trade Policy, East-West Trade Policy Subjects, East-West 4/63-7/63. Secret.


321. Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Harriman)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, AV 1 Com Bloc-US. Secret. On May 1, Harriman sent this memorandum and two statements on civil air transport relations between the United States and the Soviet bloc and on U.S. policy toward bloc civil aviation activities in the free world with a covering letter requesting comments to the Departments of Commerce and Defense, Central Intelligence Agency, Federal Aviation Administration, Civil Aeronautics Board, and the Bureau of the Budget. The replies, May 14 (Department of Commerce), undated (Central Intelligence Agency), May 20 (Bureau of the Budget), May 24 (Civil Aeronautics Board), and June 21 (Federal Aviation Administration and Department of Defense), are ibid.


322. Memorandum From President Kennedy to the Export Control Review Board

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Subject Series, Trade, East/West. Secret. The Export Control Review Board consisted of the Secretaries of Commerce (Chairman), State, and Defense. Regarding its establishment, see Document 300.


323. Letter From Secretary of State Rusk to Senator Jacob K. Javits

Source: Department of State, Central Files, STR 7. No classification marking. Drafted by Robert B. Wright on July 2 and retyped on July 10.


324. Report Prepared by the Policy Planning Council

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 70 D 199, Economic Policy, 1963. Secret. A July 29 covering memorandum from Walt Rostow to Rusk reads as follows: “Although you had a chance to read and hear discussion on an earlier draft of this paper, you may wish to have this latest version at hand which incorporates suggestions made at your planning session on July 18, 1963.” A July 29 cover letter from Rostow to Ambassador Kohler in Moscow states that the paper was prepared in the Policy Planning Council in response to a request by the President for a review of present U.S. policies. The paper was based on views developed in discussion of an informal group drawn from the interested geographic bureaus and the Bureaus of Economic Affairs and Intelligence and Research. “It has gone through a fairly extensive review process in the Department, including a session of the Secretary's Policy Planning meeting, and appears to have general support.” Kohler's comments and his endorsement of the recommendations in Part III of this paper are contained in telegram 474 from Moscow, August 7. (Ibid., Central Files, STR 7) A handwritten note on the title page of the report reads: “Basis for Draft Report to President—See WR memo to Secy. 8/9/63.” That memorandum has not been found.


325. Memorandum From David Klein of the National Security Council Staff to the President's Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Bundy)

Source: Kennedy Library, National Security Files, Subject Series, Trade, East/West. Secret.