List of Sources

Unpublished Sources

  • Department of State
    • Central Files: A major source of documentation for this volume was the indexed central files of the Department of State. Many of the documents were selected from the following files:
      • 100.4: Interagency boards and committees
      • 102.7: Department of Commerce
      • 110.12BA: Under Secretary of State Ball
      • 374.800: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
      • 394.41: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
      • 398.00: Conferences on economic, industrial, and social affairs
      • 398.051: U.N. Special Fund
      • 398.10: International financial conferences
      • 398.13: International Monetary Fund
      • 398.14: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
      • 400.0041: Trade relations
      • 400.11: Export trade of the U.S.
      • 400.116: Other administrative measures affecting import trade
      • 400.119: U.S. export controls
      • 411.004: U.S. import tariffs
      • 411.0041: U.S. trade relations
      • 411.006: Other U.S. administrative matters affecting import trade
      • 411.414: U.S. import tariff on the United Kingdom
      • 411.9441: U.S. trade relations with Japan
      • 460.119: U.S. export controls on trade with Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union
      • 460.509: COCOM restrictions on trade with Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union
      • 611.0041: U.S. trade agreements, treaties, and conventions
      • 611.00431: U.S. economic treaties and agreements, double taxation
      • 611.62A: Political relations between the United States and West Germany
      • 611.9441: U.S. trade agreements, treaties, and conventions with Japan
      • 700.5-MSP: Mutual defense
      • 740.5-MSP: Mutual defense of Europe
      • 800.0000: General economic matters
      • 800.03: Food conditions; Food for Peace
      • 800.235: Sugar
      • 800.2553: Petroleum
      • 811.00: U.S. general economic matters
      • 811.0000: General world economic matters
      • 811.0040: U.S. economic relations with Europe
      • 811.10: U.S. financial and monetary matters
      • 811.11: U.S. taxation
      • 811.112: U.S. taxation income
      • AID 1: General aid policy, plans, and coordination
      • AID (IBRD) 1: Aid, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
      • AID (IDA): Aid, International Development Association
      • AID (US) 1: General U.S. aid policy, plans, and coordination
      • DEF 6-8 US/NATO: Defense affairs between United States and NATO, mobilization of armed forces
      • DEF 12-5: Defense affairs, procurement, sales
      • DEF 19-3: Military assistance
      • FT 4 US/TEA: U.S. foreign trade agreements, Trade Expansion Act
      • FN 1 US: General U.S. finance policy
      • FN 12: Balance of payments
      • FN 12 US: U.S. balance of payments
      • FN 16 US: U.S. revenue, taxation
      • FT 7: Tariff negotiations
      • FT 7 GATT: Tariff negotiations, GATT
      • FT (EX) US: U.S. foreign trade, export
      • INCO-COTTON: Cotton industry and commodities
      • INCO-POULTRY US: U.S. poultry industry and commodities
      • INCO-WOOL 4: Wool trade agreements
      • INCO-WOOL IT: Wool industry and commodities of Italy
      • INCO-WOOL US: Wool industry and commodities of United States
      • POL 7 US/UK: Political affairs and relations, visits, and meetings between United States and United Kingdom
    • Lot Files: Documents from the central files are supplemented by lot files of the Department, which are decentralized files created by bureaus, offices, divisions, and the Executive Secretariat. A list of the lot files cited or consulted in this volume follows:
      • Ball Files: Lot 74 D 272
        • Files of Under Secretary of State George W. Ball, 1961-1963.
      • Conference Files: Lot 65 D 366
        • Chronology of international conferences abroad attended by the President, the Secretary of State, and other U.S. officials in 1961.
      • Conference Files: Lot 65 D 533
        • Chronology of international conferences abroad attended by the President, the Secretary of State, and other U.S. officials in 1962.
      • Conference Files: Lot 66 D 110
        • Collection of documentation on international conferences abroad attended by the President, the Secretary of State, and other U.S. officials, May 1961-December 1964.
      • E Files: Lot 64 D 452
        • Files of the Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, 1962-1963, covering economic policy.
      • Presidential Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 66 D 149
        • Cleared memoranda of Presidential conversations with foreign visitors, 1956-1964, maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
      • Secretary's Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 65 D 330
        • Memoranda of conversation of the Secretary and Under Secretary of State, 1961-1964.
      • S/P Files: Lot 70 D 199
        • Files of the Policy Planning Council, 1963-1964.
      • S/S Briefing Books: Lot 66 D 219
        • Various policy briefing books and situation chronologies used by the Secretary and Under Secretaries of State, 1962-1966.
      • S/S-NSC Files: Lot 70 D 265
        • Master set of papers pertaining to National Security Council meetings, including policy papers, position papers, and administrative documents, 1961-1966, maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
      • S/S-NSC Files: Lot 72 D 316
        • Master set of National Security Action Memoranda, 1961-1968.
      • S/S-NSC (Miscellaneous) Files: Lot 66 D 95
        • Administrative and miscellaneous National Security Council documentation, including NSC Records of Action, 1947-1963, maintained by the Executive Secretariat.
  • Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland
    • Record Group 40, Records of the Department of Commerce
      • Office of the Secretary of Commerce Files:FRC 69 A 6828
        • Executive Secretariat files for 1963-1964.
      • Under Secretary of Commerce Files: FRC 66 A 1971
        • Files of the Office of Edward Gudeman, Under Secretary of Commerce, 1961-1963.
    • Record Group 59, Records of the Department of State
      • E Files: FRC 71 A 6682, Item 53
        • Lot 65 D 68: Files containing origins, deliberations, and termination of the Interdepartmental Committee of Under Secretaries for Foreign Economic Policy (ICFEP), 1961-1963.
      • E/CBA/REP Files: FRC 72 A 6248
        • Lot 70 D 467: Master set of the Department of State classified internal publication Current Economic Developments for 1945-1969, maintained in the Bureau of Economic Affairs.
    • Record Group 286, Records of the Agency for International Development
      • AID Administrator Files: FRC 65 A 481
        • Executive Secretariat files for 1961-1962.
      • AID Administrator Files: FRC 67 A 1530
        • Executive Secretariat files for 1962-1964.
  • John F. Kennedy Library, Boston, Massachusetts
    • George W. Ball Papers
      • Transcripts of telephone conversations, 1961-1963.
    • C. Douglas Dillon Papers
    • Myer Feldman Papers
    • Christian A. Herter Papers
    • National Security Files (NSF)
      • Carl Kaysen Series
      • Countries Series
      • Departments and Agencies Series
      • Meetings and Memoranda Series
      • Subjects Series
    • Howard C. Petersen Papers
    • President's Appointment Books
    • President's Office Files
  • Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
    • Chester A. Bowles Papers

Published Sources

  • Documentary Collections and Periodicals
    • U.S. Department of State. American Foreign Policy: Current Documents, 1961, 1962, 1963 (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office)
    • ————. Department of State Bulletin, 1961, 1962, 1963 (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office)
    • U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: John F. Kennedy, 1961, 1962, 1963 (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office)
  • Memoirs and Secondary Literature
    • Note: The Department of State takes no responsibility for the accuracy of these publications nor does it endorse their interpretations.
    • Ball, George W. The Past Has Another Pattern: Memoirs (New York: Norton, 1982)
    • Galbraith, John Kenneth. Ambassador's Journal (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1969)
    • Horsefield, J. Keith and Margaret G. de Vries. The International Monetary Fund, 1945-1965: Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation. 3 volumes. (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1969)
    • Raucher, Alan R. Paul G. Hoffman: Architect of Foreign Aid (Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1985)
    • Rostow, Walt W. Eisenhower, Kennedy and Foreign Aid (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1985)
    • ————. View From the Seventh Floor (New York: Harper & Row, 1964)
    • Rusk, Dean, as told to Richard Rusk. As I Saw It (New York: W.W. Norton, 1990)
    • Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1965)
    • Sorensen, Theodore C. Kennedy (New York: Harper & Row, 1965)