Conference files, lot 60 D 627, CF 197
Proposal of the Soviet
On Ensuring European Security
- The Governments of France, the United Kingdom, the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R. undertake to continue their efforts towards a satisfactory solution of the German problem in conformity with the principles of national freedom and the maintenance of peace and also towards the recognition of the rights of all other European states seeking protection against the violation of their national interests and security by any other state.
Pending the conclusion of a Peace Treaty with Germany and the re-unification of Germany on a democratic and peace-loving basis, the following measures will be implemented:
Within six months, occupation forces shall be simultaneously withdrawn from the territory of both Eastern and Western Germany, with the exception of such limited contingents as are necessary for the performance of protective functions connected with the control responsibilities of the Four Powers: the U.S.S.R. with regard to Eastern Germany; the United States, U.K. and France with regard to Western Germany.
The size of such contingents shall be subject to agreement among the governments of the Four Powers.
- In the event that a threat to security in either part of Germany should arise, the Powers at present performing occupational functions in Germany shall have the right to call in their troops: the U.S.S.R. into Eastern Germany and the U.S.A., U.K. and France into Western Germany.
- For the maintenance of internal order and frontier defense the German Democratic Republic and the German Federal Republic shall have police units, the strength and armament of which shall be determined by agreement between the Four Powers.
In order to ensure compliance with this Agreement in Eastern and Western Germany, inspection teams composed of representatives of the Four Powers shall be formed.
- In conformity with the provisions set forth above, the implementation of which will ensure that neutralisation of Germany and [Page 1190] the creation of conditions favourable to a solution of the German problem in the interest of stabilizing peace in Europe, the Four Powers shall take immediate steps to facilitate the conclusion between European states of a Treaty on Collective Security providing adequate guarantees against aggression and violation of peace in Europe. To this end the Four Powers agree to take the initiative in calling an appropriate conference of European states.
- This proposal was introduced at the fourteenth plenary on Feb. 10. For a record of that meeting, see Secto 117, Document 451.↩