740.5/1–3052: Telegram

The Chargé in the Netherlands (Trimble) to the Department of State 1

secret

775. Drees most enthusiastic about recent trip US2 when I called on him yesterday and said thought discussions he had US offs been most satisfactory. He grateful for explanations given him US upon matters common interest and equally happy that he in turn had opportunity [Page 606]explain Neths point view regarding them. Drees said was particularly impressed by Pres’ health and good humor saying he cld not see how it possible for man “with problems of world on his shoulders” in addition those domestic nature cld be so well and cheerful.

Drees stated that in his talks Wash attempted make clear Neths attitude re EDC. Dutch favor plan but had felt it necessary put forward certain reservation re three aspects of proposal namely common budget, size of assembly and relationship EDC to NATO. Added that fortunately these questions been settled his satisfaction during discussions Paris past two months and intimated that as far as Neth concerned there clear sailing ahead.

PriMin said he thought FedRep shld be admitted NATO but unlike Stikker (ref Embtel 769, Jan 29 rptd London 179, Paris 167, Brussels 66, Bonn 143) did not express himself in favor taking such step this time. Gers, he remarked, shld be more temperate their demands and not forget that in final analysis they responsible for sitn which they find themselves today.

Drees said he regretted fact that Saar issue has come up again and felt that this wld render far more difficult Adenauer’s efforts obtain Parl approval EDC. He also sorry that fellow Soc Schumacher taking such strong natl line with consequence that to defend himself Adenauer compelled to put forward proposals for Ger inclusion NATO. Schumacher who was “fanatic” ruled his party with iron hand and permitted no deviation whatsoever from his own views. This in contrast sitn Soc Parties here and in UK which were sufficiently flexible permit independent thought without impairment basic tents. Reply my inquiry as to whether Neth Socs might exercise influence their Ger colleagues favor EDC Drees said efforts along such lines wld be fruitless. Vorrink Chairman Neth Labor Party had close personal friendship with Ollenhauer but unfortunately latter cld not influence Adenauer on questions this nature.

Drees said he had replied in negative to inquiry by Secy as to possib finding solution NNG problem after elections here this spring. Sukarno adamant in demanding complete transfer sovereignty NNG to RI and unwilling consider any compromise solution. At same time opinion Neth Parl increasingly opposed transfer. Public opinion Neth little interested in question at time being but wld undoubtedly become [Page 607]aroused shld there be any indication Neth Govt considered possibility transfer. This wld be especially true in preelection period and if for example Neth Labor Party shld make such suggestion other parties with exception Commies wld immed play it up as major campaign issue. Drees reiterated that he personally opposed to such move either now or after election stressing inter alia point that transfer wld in no way satisfy Indo and merely lead to further demands form nationalization oil properties, Neth shipping lines operating to Indo, etc.

Drees said also been skeptical possibilities spinning out current conversations asserting that point may shortly be reached when Indo obsession with NNG issue will reduce talks to yes and no basis and when that stage reached it practically impossible go on.4

Reverting to his visit to US Drees said only disappointment fact that tightness schedule prevented him from spending more than hour Parris Island since specially interested in seeing with his own eyes training given to US troops. He concluded conversation with statement effect that his impressions US been highly favorable and that he most grateful for opportunity Pres’ invitation had given him to visit it.

Trimble
  1. Repeated for information to London, Paris, Brussels, and Bonn.
  2. See Acheson’s memorandum of his conversation with Drees on Jan. 21 in Washington during his informal visit to the United States, Jan. 12–24, p. 589.
  3. Not printed. In it Trimble reported that he called on Foreign Minister Stikker that morning to ascertain his reaction to the Six-Power Meetings of Foreign Ministers in Paris, Jan. 26–27. Stikker said great progress had been made, the Belgians appeared to be satisfied, and he thought the EDC was “finally in the bag”. However, Stikker felt that the West German demand to be admitted into NATO made it unlikely that agreement on the EDC could be reached before the forthcoming session of the North Atlantic Council in Lisbon. Stikker personally favored West German admission into NATO and felt that the longer such admission was delayed the more difficult it would be to keep West Germany aligned with the West. (740.5/1–2952)
  4. Documentation on the attitude of the United States with respect to the situation in Indonesia is presented in volume xii .