Editorial Note

On January 3, 1952, representatives of the United States and Brazil initiated negotiations at Rio de Janeiro for a bilateral military assistance agreement. Pertinent documents are in Department of State file 732.5 MSP. The agreement was signed on March 15, 1952, and entered into force on May 19, 1953; for text, see Department of State Treaties and Other International Acts Series (TIAS), No. 2776, or United States Treaties and Other International Agreements (UST), volume 4, page 170.

Concurrent with the negotiations for the military assistance agreement, Major General Charles L. Mullins, Jr. (USA) negotiated a related bilateral military plan with representatives of the Brazilian Government. In telegram 829, a joint Department of State—Department of Defense message, dated March 14, 1952, Secretary Acheson informed Ambassador Johnson that Secretary of Defense Lovett had approved the military plan negotiated by General Mullins (732.5 MSP/3–1452). On March 15, General Mullins and Brazilian General of the Army Pedro Aurélio Góes Monteiro signed the Military Plan Between Brazil and the United States for Their Common Defense, in a private ceremony [Page 571] following the signing of the military assistance agreement (732.5 MSP/3–1952). No copy of the Plan was found in Department of State files.