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268. Telegram From the Embassy in Iran to the Department of State1

348. Flight by Shah and uncertainty Zahedi actions presumably leave Mosadeq victor in protracted and Persian-mannered campaign eliminate Shah as political force in country. Embassy considers quite possible Mosadeq may establish regency to provide needed interim before eventual proclamation Iranian republic.

Believe under circumstances and pending Department decisions upon varied policy matters apparent as result new situation that Ambassador’s immediate return desirable. However, as situation may be still fluid suggest Ambassador return prepared to continue be unwell in order avoid any official interviews if situation warrants. Attitude, statements and actions Mosadeq government in next few days likewise will assist Department in determining lines to be followed.2

Mattison
  1. Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Files 1950–1954, 788.00/8–1653. Secret. Repeated NIACT to London and to Beirut for Ambassador Henderson. Received at 1:09 p.m.
  2. Telegram 370 from Tehran, August 17, reported that Henderson arrived in Tehran that day at 6 p.m. (Ibid.)