795.00/11–750: Telegram

The Ambassador in India (Henderson) to the Secretary of State


1124. While delivering note Bajpai this morning (Embtel 1116, November 71) he read telegram from Panikkar stating latter had [Page 1094] reports important CPR Ministries being moved from Peking to interior and that “air raid precautions were being alerted” and that it was generally expected reaction to declaration by Chinese parties (Embtel 1105 November 62) would be American invasion of China.

Bajpai said he did not wish to advise but it occurred to him that US statement of intentions might have useful effect at this time. He referred to statement contained Depcirtel 119 November 5 which Embassy had included at end of note handed him this morning and said he assumed US would make statement its attitude in SC meeting on Korea November 8.

Adverting to Chinese intervention Korea Bajpai said he thought there were three possible explanations:

Defensive reaction to alleged American bombing of Chinese territory;
Action to guard against Manchuria’s loss of important sources power supply Yalu River;
Action taken under the direct influence of Moscow (latter assumed worst possible reason). Referring to claim in joint party declaration (Embtel 1105) of Chinese interests in Korea and reason for intervention Bajpai remarked sarcastically this line of reasoning could as readily be advanced by India for sending troops into Tibet.

Bajpai’s attention was called to Peking’s charges of Anglo-American activities in Nepal (Deptel 673 November 63) and Nepalese Embassy’s denial of US arms aid. Point was made to him this is exactly kind of charges Communist regimes used against countries upon which they had designs of one kind or other. Bajpai said it was most disagreeable and added he had heard from various sources that Nepalese were alarmed but that Nepalese Ambassador had not as yet made any approach whatever to him or other GOI officials.

  1. Not printed; it reported on the transmission to Bajpai of a note based on telegram 476, November 5, 5 p. m., to New York, p. 1046, which had been repeated to New Delhi as telegram 672. (795.00/11–750)
  2. Not printed. It reported on the issuance of a joint statement on November 4 by the Democratic Parties in the People’s Republic of China inaugurating a Resist-America, Aid-Korea Program. The statement linked the existence of the People’s Republic of Korea to the security of China and drew a parallel between U.S. aggression and pre-World War II Japanese imperialism, while calling for resistance to U.S. actions in Korea. Ambassador Panikkar referred to the statement as the closest possible approach to declaring war without a formal declaration. (793.00/11–650) See also Appleman, South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu, p. 762.
  3. Not printed; it authorized Ambassador Henderson to deny such charges (790C.00/11–650).