Learn about the beta

320/9–2350: Telegram

The Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State

secret

Delga 27. In meeting today Dening (UK) handed Rusk following proposed resolution on Korea. Dening said. UK very anxious get US views on Korea, particularly question of crossing 38th Parallel.

“The GA having regard to its resolution of 14 November 1947, of 12th December 1948 and of 21st October 1949;

“Having taken note of the report of the UN Commission on Korea;

“Mindful of the fact that the objectives set forth in the resolutions referred to have not been fully accomplished and in particular that the unification of Korea has not yet been achieved, and that an attempt [Page 764]has been made by an armed attack from North Korea to extinguish by force the Government of the Republic of Korea;

“Recalling its declaration of 12 December 1948 that there has been established a lawful government (the Government of the Republic of Korea) having effective control and jurisdiction over that part of Korea where the UNCOK was able to observe and consult and in which the great majority of the people of Korea reside; that this government is based on elections which were a valid expression of the free will of the electorate of that part of Korea and which were observed by the temporary commission; and that this is the only such government in Korea;

“Bearing in mind that UN Armed Forces are at present operating in Korea in accordance with the recommendation of the SC of 27 June 1950 that members of the UN furnish such assistance to the Republic of Korea as may be necessary to repel the armed attack and to restore international peace and security in the area;

“Recalling that a declared objective of the resolutions of the GA referred to was the establishment of a unified, independent and democratic government in Korea;

“Recommends (a) that all necessary steps be taken to promote conditions of stability and security throughout the whole of Korea.

(b) That when such conditions have been created, new elections be held throughout the whole of Korea with a view to the establishment of a unified, independent and democratic government of all Korea;

“Resolves that (a) a commission be established consisting of___, to be known as the UN Interim Commission in Korea, to be charged with the task of conducting preliminary discussions with North Korean representatives regarding the political future of Korea and in particular (i) to inform the North Koreans of the intention of the UN to hold new elections throughout Korea on a national basis with a view to the establishment of a unified, independent and democratic government, (ii) to inform the North Koreans that any United Nations forces entering North Korea would do so for the purpose of maintaining law and order until new elections had been held and a new national Korean Government, itself capable of maintaining law and order, established,

“(b) A commission consisting of——to be known as the UN Unification Commission in Korea be established to be charged with the task of supervising new elections to be held throughout the whole of Korea and to assume the functions hitherto exercised by the present UN Commission in Korea, consulting as may be appropriate with the Government of the Republic of Korea.

“The UN Interim Commission should proceed to Korea and begin to carry out its functions as soon as the military situation permits. The UN Unification Commission in Korea should proceed to Korea as soon as the UN Interim Commission in Korea has completed its task;

“The General Assembly furthermore,

“Mindful of the fact that at the end of the present hostilities the task of rehabilitating the Korean economy would be beyond the resources of which Korea itself disposes;

“Recommends that the ECOSOC in consultation with the UN Unification Commission in Korea, should prepare a programme of economic and technical assistance.”

Acheson