Memorandum Prepared in the Department of State1
September Foreign Ministers Meetings
The attached document has been cleared within the Department of State for use in the preliminary tripartite talks.
The document recommends that the U.S. seek support by the United Nations of the following position:
- As UN forces approach the 38th parallel:
- Constant assessment of the situation and continued consultations with UN members should be maintained.
- The unified command should be authorized to conduct
military operations without regard to the 38th parallel and
should continue the advance northward in order to stabilize
and unify as much of the country as is feasible, unless
- Soviet forces occupy North Korea to the 38th parallel.
- Major Soviet or Chinese Communist units engage or indicate their intention of engaging in hostilities against UN forces.
- In these cases further UN decisions should be sought. In any event ground operations should be kept away from Manchurian and USSR frontiers.
- With regard to restoration of international peace and security in
the Korean area:
- UN support of the final solution of the Korean problem must be assured and solidified.
- Consideration and support should be given to the reports and recommendations of UNCOK.
- An appropriate UN body should be created to study and make recommendations to the GA on the future of Korea.
- Following the repulsion of aggression, this UN body should advise as to immediate post-war steps.
- The UN should retain in Korea forces consisting substantially of Asiatic contingents until a stable, unified and independent Korea is established. U.S. forces should be available for protection from unprovoked aggression but would be recommended to be stationed south of the 38th parallel.
- UN members, upon advice of the UN body mentioned above, should give political and economic aid to the Korean Government as necessary.
- These policies should be announced in the UN at an appropriate time.
- This document was prepared as a U.S. position paper by the Department of State Working Group for the preliminary tripartite conversations in Washington, August 29–September 1, in preparation for the meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the United States, the United Kingdom, and France in New York, September 12–14 and 18–19. Documentation on these meetings is scheduled for publication in volume iii.↩