The United States Representative at the United Nations (Austin) to the Secretary of State
364. As a result of conversations yesterday and today between Ambassador Muniz,1 Ambassador Padilla Nervo, Stafford and Noyes2 on the one hand, and the Italian and Ethiopian delegations on the other, regarding Eritrea, it seems hopeful that the Italians and Ethiopians may be able to accept or acquiesce in the latest draft working paper annexed hereto. Both delegations are forwarding this paper to their Foreign Offices with careful explanations. Both delegations seem prepared, in the interests of a solution, not to pursue further the points which they had previously insisted upon. Both delegations have been urged strongly to attempt to obtain instructions authorizing them to acquiesce in this draft, and the group is hopeful that this may occur.
Both delegations have been advised that in view of the short time left for the interim committee, this text will be submitted immediately, informally, to a number of delegations who have indicated an interest in acting as co-sponsors. Ambassador Muniz has called a meeting Friday at 11:30 and is attempting to get the Canadian, Netherlands, Turkish, Lebanese and South African delegations to attend the meeting. It is hoped that if all goes well, a resolution along the lines of the attached draft may be introduced in the IC by the middle of next week.
Question will arise Friday as to the US attitude towards this document. We propose to state that it is the result of exhaustive negotiation; that we believe it is the best possible compromise; and that we have been and are prepared to continue pressing both the [Page 1668] Italian and Ethiopian delegations and to urge upon all other delegations that they should accept or support a resolution along these lines. We shall reserve our right to recommend modifications to the other members of the group in the light of the instructions received by the Italian and Ethiopian delegations. We shall state that if both parties accept the resolution, we shall give it our full support in the IC and the GA and that in any case, if the co-sponsors introduce this resolution, we shall not ourselves propose amendments to it.
We should like to be in a position, if necessary, to go beyond this fairly limited commitment which we do not believe will be wholly satisfactory. We recommend that Department authorize us to cosponsor this resolution if the Ethiopian Government agrees to it or the Ethiopian delegation has no objections and if it appears desirable for tactical reasons. In view of our large responsibility for the draft, we feel that whether or not we sponsor the resolution, we should be prepared to advise the co-sponsors that once the resolution is introduced we would give it our full support and would act as if we were co-sponsors, i.e., we would not support any amendments unless such amendments were agreed by all of the co-sponsors.3
- Joao Carlo Muniz, Bolivian Representative at the United Nations.↩
- Charles P. Noyes, U.S. Deputy Representative at the United Nations Interim Committee.↩
- In telegram 189, to New York, August 25, not printed, Austin was authorized to proceed along the lines indicated in the third and fourth paragraphs of this telegram as long as the British Foreign Office raised no objections to the line of action. (357.AH/8–2450)↩