Fredrick Aandahl and William Z. Slany directed the planning, editing, review, and
declassification of this volume.
The following members of the Office of The Historian prepared sections of this
volume: Herbert A. Fine (Israel; the Point Four Program in the Near East); Lisle
A. Rose (general policies in the Near East and South Asia); Joan M. Lee (the
Cairo Conference, petroleum policy in the Near East, and relations with Saudi
Arabia and Yemen); John A. Bernbaum (Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and Morocco);
Charles S. Sampson (disposition of the former Italian colonies in Africa;
portions of the section on Iran); Evans Gerakas (Greece, Turkey, and portions of
the section on Iran); David H. Stauffer (the Kashmir dispute, and the dispute
between Afgahnistan and Pakistan over the North-West Frontier Province and
Tribal Areas, and relations with India, Nepal, and Pakistan); Paul Claussen (the
Helmand River dispute; Ethiopia); and Mr. Slany (general policies with respect
to Africa, and relations with Liberia, Tunisia, and the Union of South Africa).
Mr. Claussen provided subsequent research and review and Mr. Stauffer
coordinated declassification and clearance. Margaret G. Martin, Ruth M.
Worthing, and Dana J. Johnson supplied editorial assistance. The technical
editing of the volume was done by the Publishing and Reproduction Division (Paul
M. Washington, Chief), and Francis C. Prescott prepared the index.
The editors acknowledge with appreciation the assistance provided them by the
historians of the Department of Defense, including those of the Joint Chiefs of
Staff. They are grateful for the cooperation of the National Security Council,
the Department of Defense, and the Central Intelligence Agency, all of which
facilitated declassification of documents for release in this volume. Thanks are
also due to those foreign governments that kindly granted permission for
publication of certain of their documents.
David F. Trask
Bureau of Public Affairs
Principles for the Compilation and Editing of “Foreign Relations”
The principles which guide the compilation and editing of Foreign Relations are stated in Department of State Regulations 2
FAM 1350 of June 15, 1961, a revision of the order approved on March 26,
1925, by Mr. Frank B. Kellogg, then Secretary of State. The text of the
regulation, as further amended, is printed below:
1350 Documentary Record of American
1351 Scope of Documentation
The publication Foreign Relations of the United States
constitutes the official record of the foreign policy of the United States.
These volumes include, subject to necessary security considerations, all
documents needed to give a comprehensive record of the major foreign policy
decisions within the range of the Department of State’s responsibilities,
together with appropriate materials concerning the facts which contributed
to the formulation of policies. When further material is needed to
supplement the documentation in the Department’s files for a proper
understanding of the revelant policies of the United States, such papers
should be obtained from other Government agencies.
1352 Editorial Preparation
The basic documentary diplomatic record to be printed in Foreign Relations of the United States is edited by the Historical
Office, Bureau of Public Affairs of the Department of State. The editing of
the record is guided by the principles of historical objectivity. There may
be no alteration of the text, no deletions without indicating where in the
text the deletion is made, and no omission of facts which were of major
importance in reaching a decision. Nothing may be omitted for the purpose of
concealing or glossing over what might be regarded by some as a defect of
policy. However, certain omissions of documents are permissible for the
- To avoid publication of matters which would tend to impede current
diplomatic negotiations or other business.
- To condense the record and avoid repetition of needless
- To preserve the confidence reposed in the Department by
individuals and by foreign governments.
- To avoid giving needless offense to other nationalities or
- To eliminate personal opinions presented in despatches and not
acted upon by the Department. To this consideration there is one
qualification—in connection with major decisions it is desirable,
where possible, to show the alternatives presented to the Department
before the decision was made.
To obtain appropriate clearances of material to be published in Foreign Relations of the United States, the
- Refers to the appropriate policy offices of the Department and of
other agencies of the Government such papers as appear to require
- Refers to the appropriate foreign governments requests for
permission to print as part of the diplomatic correspondence of the
United States those previously unpublished documents which were
originated by the foreign governments.