The Chargé in Spain (Culbertson) to the Secretary of State
Sir: I have the honor to enclose a copy and translation of what purports to be an agreement made in Paris by the exiled, leaders of [Page 767] the Monarchists, Socialists, and C.N.T. This agreement was handed to a … source by a representative of the Comité Interior de Coordinación (C.I.C.) who stated that it had come by courier from Paris and was believed to have been signed by representatives of the three groups.
It will be seen that this accord carries a stage further the process of agreement between the principal leaders of the opposition to General Franco. It pledges allegiance to the eight points of the declaration of October 1948, which was reported on page 8 of this Embassy’s despatch No. 621 of October 28, 1948.1 Point 8 in that declaration provided for an election to determine the form of government in Spain. This Embassy’s despatch No. 371 of July 11, 19491 reported the next step, a declaration of adherence to Don Juan by the C.I.C. This recognition of Don Juan as the leader of the powers that aim to overthrow Franco and the implied agreement that he would form the first government to be established following that of Franco appears now to have been formalized. The alleged new agreement assumes that Don Juan will inherit power from General Franco but that he would not accept any doctrinal ties or compromises with the dictatorial regime. It provides for a declaration in which Don Juan would reaffirm all his historical rights but by his own wish would riot put them fully into effect until they should be validated by the wish of the nation. During a transition period Don Juan would act as Chief of State but would remain faithful to the principles of the declaration of 1948 and would apply the eight points contained in that declaration. The transition period would last for four years to permit the carrying out of a program for the normalization of the life of the nation.
There is no information available as to the signers of the alleged agreement. In view of the former insistence of Indalecio Prieto and Trifon Gomez that the transition government should not be Monarchist, it would be interesting to know if they are in accord. The adherence to the idea of a Monarchist transitional government by the C.I.C., containing representatives of Socialists and the C.N.T. within the country, undoubtedly had an effect on these exiled leaders and may have persuaded them to give in.
First Secretary of Embassy