This volume was prepared under the direct supervision of S. Everett Gleason,
former Chief of the Foreign Relations Division, and Fredrick Aandahl, the
David H. Stauffer prepared the sections on the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization, efforts for European integration, Denmark, Iceland, and Sweden.
Mr. Aandahl prepared the sections on France, Portugal, and the meeting of the
ambassadors at Paris. Mr. Stauffer and Charles S. Sampson prepared the section
on the interest of the United States in the economic recovery of Europe, and the
latter also prepared the documentation on Spain and the United Kingdom. Howard
McGaw Smyth prepared the sections on Italy and the Free Territory of Trieste; he
and Joan Ellen Corbett prepared the one on disposition of the former Italian
colonies in Africa. Margaret G. Martin and Ruth M. Worthing provided editorial
and research assistance.
The editors acknowledge with appreciation the assistance provided them by the
historians of the Department of Defense, including the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
They are also grateful for the cooperation of the National Security Council, the
Department of Defense, and the Central Intelligence Agency, all of which
concurred in the declassification of various papers for release herein.
The technical editing of this volume was the responsibility of the Publishing and
Reproduction Division, Willard M. McLaughlin, Chief. The index was prepared by
Francis C. Prescott.
William M. Franklin
Director, Historical Office
Bureau of Public Affairs
Principles for the Compilation and Editing of “Foreign
The principles which guide the compilation and editing of Foreign Relations are stated in Department of State Regulation 2
FAM 1350 of June 15, 1961, a revision of the order approved on March 26,
1925, by Mr. Frank B. Kellogg, then Secretary of State. The text of the
regulation, as further amended, is printed below:
1350 Documentary Record of American
1351 Scope of Documentation
The publication Foreign Relations of the United States
constitutes the official record of the foreign policy of the United States.
These [Page IV] volumes include, subject to
necessary security considerations, all documents needed to give a
comprehensive record of the major foreign policy decisions within the range
of the Department of State’s responsibilities, together with appropriate
materials concerning the facts which contributed to the formulation of
policies. When further material is needed to supplement the documentation in
the Department’s files for a proper understanding of the relevant policies
of the United States, such papers should be obtained from other Government
1352 Editorial Preparation
The basic documentary diplomatic record to be printed in Foreign Relations of the United States is edited by the Historical
Office, Bureau of Public Affairs of the Department of State. The editing of
the record is guided by the principles of historical objectivity. There may
be no alteration of the text, no deletions without indicating where in the
text the deletion is made, and no omission of facts which were of major
importance in reaching a decision. Nothing may be omitted for the purpose of
concealing or glossing over what might be regarded by some as a defect of
policy. However, certain omissions of documents are permissible for the
- To avoid publication of matters which would tend to impede current
diplomatic negotiations or other business.
- To condense the record and avoid repetition of needless
- To preserve the confidence reposed in the Department by
individuals and by foreign governments.
- To avoid giving needless offense to other nationalities or
- To eliminate personal opinions presented in despatches and not
acted upon by the Department. To this consideration there is one
qualification—in connection with major decisions it is desirable,
where possible, to show the alternative presented to the Department
before the decision was made.
To obtain appropriate clearances of material to be published in Foreign Relations of the United States, the
- Refers to the appropriate policy offices of the Department and of
other agencies of the Government such papers as appear to require
- Refers to the appropriate foreign governments requests for
permission to print as part of the diplomatic correspondence of the
United States those previously unpublished documents which were
originated by the foreign governments.