SWNCC 271, Part I, 388.1 Peace Treaties—Italy
Memorandum by the Department of State to the State–War–Navy Coordinating Committee
Subject: Proposed Modification of Italian Armistice Regime.
The Governments of the United States, United Kingdom, and U.S.S.R. have agreed that consideration should be given to a modification of the Italian armistice regime which would reflect the situation now existing, wherein the three powers no longer exercise certain rights and powers accruing to them in Italy under the Armistice of September 3, 1943, and the additional terms of surrender of September 29, 1943.14
The Department of State is of the opinion that this modification should be achieved through the negotiation of an agreement along the lines of the enclosed draft document, to be signed by the Supreme Allied Commander in Italy15 and the President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Government,16 and desires to submit this proposal to the Government of the United Kingdom and U.S.S.R.
In view of the military-political implications involved, the draft document is submitted for the concurrence or comment of the State–War–Navy [Page 830]Coordinating Committee. The Secretary of State desires that consideration be given this draft document as a matter of priority.
- For texts of the Italian military armistice, September 3, 1943, of the Cunningham-DeCourten agreement, September 23, 1943, and of the Instrument of Surrender, September 29, 1943, see Department of State, Treaties and Other International Acts Series No. 1604.↩
- Lt. Gen. Sir William D. Morgan, Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean Theater.↩
- Alcide de Gasperi.↩
- Director of the Office of European Affairs, and representative of the Department on the Combined Civil Affairs Committee, Combined Chiefs of Staff.↩
In the action of the State–War–Navy Coordinating Committee of March 13, 1946, SWNCC 271/2, it made the following changes in the initial draft:
Clause III was changed to read:
“III. The Allied Commission is hereby abolished.
- A special section of Allied Force Headquarters, with the Supreme Allied Commander as Chairman, shall be established to assume the control functions of supervision and direction of the Italian armed forces heretofore exercised by the Land, Navy, and Air Force Subcommissions of the Allied Commission. This section shall control the size and character of all Italian armed forces and shall control the production of armaments.
- The employment and disposition of the Italian Navy and the Italian merchant fleet shall be under the command and control of the special section authorized and directed to be established in accordance with sub-section A above, and in all other respects shall continue to be subject to the terms of the Cunning-ham-DeCourten Agreement of September 23, 1943, and the amendment thereto of November 17, 1943.
- Pending the coming into force of a treaty of peace, Allied Military Government shall be continued under the Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean, in Venezia Giulia and so long as military necessity may require in the Province of Udine.”
A new clause IV was added which read:
- “IV. The provisions of the present instrument shall not apply in or affect the administration of any Italian colony or dependency or the rights or powers therein possessed or exercised by the United Nations, except in such cases and to such extent as the United Nations may direct.”
The subsequent clauses were renumbered so that initial IV became V, initial V became VI, etc. (SWNCC 271/2, SWNCC 271, Part I, 388.1. Peace Treaties—Italy).
In telegram 500, March 19, 1946, to Moscow, this exact wording was forwarded to Moscow with a change merely in the numbering of the articles. New clause IV was designated III D, bringing the total number of clauses back to nine (740.00119 EW/2–1346).↩