Memorandum by The Acting Secretary of State to President Truman
I am presenting for your approval a statement of United States policy on the interim exploitation of selected German and Austrian specialists in the United States.
Since shortly after V–E Day the War Department has operated a project known as “ Paperclip ,” under which selected German scientists have been brought to this country under military custody for short-term exploitation. There remains in our zones of Germany and Austria a number of specialists whose knowledge and ability could be used to further our technology. General McNarney has reported that the services of many of these specialists may be lost to us unless steps are taken quickly to assure exploitation under favorable circumstances.
The statement provides for expanding “ Paperclip ” to include a total of between 800 and 1000 specialists. Since cooperation of the specialists is necessary to successful exploitation, provision is made for bringing members of specialists’ families to this country, and for relaxing the formerly strict custody arrangements. The War Department would be responsible for custody and for excluding from the program persons with Nazi or militaristic records.
It is contemplated that at a later date selected persons would be granted regular status under the immigration laws.
This statement is based on recommendations of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and has been approved by the State, War and Navy Departments. I recommend your approval.89