Draft Agreement Between the United States and New Zealand10
The Governments of the United States and New Zealand, taking note of the expressed intention of the Government of New Zealand to take appropriate steps for placing the mandated territory of Western Samoa within the trusteeship system in accordance with Article 77 of the United Nations Charter, and deeming it desirable in the interests of international peace and security that the Government of the United States should share jointly with New Zealand the rights and obligations specified in Annex A of this agreement with respect to military bases and facilities in Western Samoa agree:
- That under the terms of the Trusteeship agreement to be negotiated by the states directly concerned in accordance with Articles 79 and 81 of the Charter, New Zealand shall be designated as administering authority of the trust territory and that New Zealand shall have authority to establish and erect such military installations on Upolu [Page 4]Island as may be agreed upon by the Governments of New Zealand and the United States, to establish and maintain elsewhere in Western Samoa facilities for defense in agreement with the United States, to make provision for the security of such installations and facilities, and to conclude such agreements with the United States as may be necessary for the exercise by the United States of the rights and obligations specified in Annex A of this agreement.
- That under the terms of such Trusteeship agreement the area defined in paragraph 1 of Annex A shall be declared a strategic area; the bases and facilities therein, and any facilities constructed elsewhere in Western Samoa in agreement with the United States may be made available to the Security Council by New Zealand as administering authority, with the approval of the United States in each instance, in accordance with any agreement or agreements New Zealand may make under Article 43 of the United Nations Charter.
- That the New Zealand Government will expedite the negotiation of such Trusteeship agreement.11
- That the Government of the United States, in view of its direct concern, will take such steps as may be appropriate to further the prompt conclusion of such Trusteeship agreement.
- That the two Governments will reach agreement on the terms of such Trusteeship agreement, and, having done so, will agree not to consent to the termination, alteration, or amendment of such Trusteeship agreement without prior agreement between themselves.
- That the present agreement shall enter into force upon ratification by the United States and New Zealand in accordance with their respective constitutional processes, and shall continue in force for 99 years and for such further time as may be mutually agreed upon, unless previously altered, amended, or terminated by mutual consent.
- This draft was presented to the New Zealand Prime Minister, Peter Fraser, the latter part of February 1946, when he was in Washington.↩
- During the talks at Washington the New
Zealanders handed to the Department on an informal basis
a copy of draft trusteeship agreement for Western Samoa;
this draft apparently had been prepared ahead of the
Washington talks. For documentation on the formal United
States–New Zealand talks on a draft trusteeship
agreement for Western Samoa beginning in July, see
- Brackets appear in the Draft Agreement printed here.↩