740.00112 E. W./6–2845
The Political Adviser in
) to the Secretary of State ad
Subject: German Coal
Sir: I have the honor to transmit a memorandum on the present German coal situation written by Mr. Rainey, an economic officer of my staff, together with a copy of the report by Dr. Potter and Lord Hyndley on the coal situation in North West Europe, dated June, 1945.
I wish particularly to call your attention to paragraphs e, f, and g of the Summary to the Potter–Hyndley report. The extremely critical nature of the coal supply problem in Western Europe unquestionably [Page 615] requires that all matters pertaining to the production and movement of German coal must be given the highest priority. Critical coal shortages in France, Belgium, Holland, Denmark, and Norway require export of all available coal from Western Germany if civil order is to be maintained in Western Europe during the coming winter. However, present indications are that Western German production will not meet the essential requirements of North West Europe for several months and it is evident that imports from U. S. and U.K. must be maintained.
I also wish to call your attention to page 4 of Mr. Rainey’s report, where reference is made to the organization of the North German Coal Control under Military Government, British 21st Army Group. You will note that British 21st Army Group officers have agreed that German management and organization must be utilized to run the Ruhr mines under military supervision. This reverses the policy of the recently dissolved Rhine Coal Control, which was opposed to the use of over-all German management organizations.
With the termination of Combined Command, the functions of SHAEF G–4 Solid Fuels Section will now be divided between the Combined Resources Allocation Board and the European Coal Organization, as far as the allocation of German coal is concerned. Production in the Ruhr and Cologne areas will be a primary responsibility of the British 21st Army Group. However, everyone concerned recognizes the necessity for a strong coal committee at the Allied Control Authority level, which will be able to deal with German coal production and allocation as a whole. The formation of a coal committee within the Combined Resources Allocations Board is the first step toward a coal committee including Russian and French members of the Allied Control Authority.
It is my intention from this time on to forward a weekly summary of the coal situation in Germany.
- Only the “Summary of Main Recommendations” is printed here. For the text of the report proper, see “Report of War Activities, Revised to September 30, 1945” (Washington, Department of the Interior, Solid Fuels Administration for War, mimeographed, 1945), appendix A, p. R–19.↩