Memorandum by the Delegation to the Allied Commission on Reparations
Supplement to Progress Report
Allied Commission on Reparations
On July 3 Ambassador Pauley asked for clarification of certain reparation problems before the meeting of the heads of governments. (Appendix AA2)
- Relative shares of participating governments: agreement reached July 13 (Appendix A).
- Procedures for determining minor nation claims: agreement reached and recommended to governments on July 13 (Appendix D).
- The definition of reparation, restitution and war booty: no agreement due to Soviet unpreparedness to discuss war booty.
- Interim reparations: no agreement, though respective proposals not far apart.
- General principles of the Reparations Settlement: agreement reached on all principles except the status of necessary exports as a prior charge against reparations: decided to place this issue before the heads of governments.
program on certain aspects of the reparations settlement
On July 3, 1945, Ambassador Pauley wrote to Mr. Maisky proposing that the Reparations Commission either reach an agreement on certain specified points or, failing to agree, be in a position to present the points of disagreement to the heads of the three governments during their forthcoming meeting. The following sets forth the present position on the points raised by Ambassador Pauley in his letter:
- To arrive at an agreement between the Big Three as to the relative shares, expressed in percentages, to which each is entitled in the form of reparation payments from Germany. Full agreement on this point was reached at a meeting of the Steering Committee on July 12, 1945. (Appendix A3)
To agree on procedures whereby the
percentages of other claimant nations may be
- The British delegation presented a proposal to the Steering Committee on July 7. (Appendix B)
- The U. S. delegation presented a revised version of the British paper on July 11. (Appendix C)
- A further revision was circulated by the Soviet delegation on July 13.
- At the Steering Committee meeting on July 13, the Soviet proposal was accepted and recommended to the respective governments[.] (Appendix D4)
To define reparation, restitution, and
- After a preliminary discussion in the Steering Committee on July 5, the British delegation presented a paper on July 7th. (Appendix E5)
- U. S. concurrence with the British paper was communicated to the Steering Committee on July 11th.
- A Soviet paper, differing drastically from the British and U. S. views, was circulated on July 13th. (Appendix F)
- At the Steering Committee meeting on July 13, tentative revisions to paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 of the Soviet paper were discussed, but the U. S. Representative stressed the necessity of concurrent consideration of definitions for restitution, war booty, “trophies”, etc.
- War booty.
- Soviets agreed on July 5 to present a paper on war booty by July 11.
- Soviet paper was not received and the U. S. presented a paper on July 11. (Appendix G) (Appendix S of Status Report)
- At the Steering Committee meeting on July 13, the Soviet Representative stated that he was not prepared to discuss the proposed U. S. definition nor any other aspect of the problem at the present time.
- No discussion has taken place, but U. S. staff memorandum points out certain problems involved. (Appendix H)
To provide a speedy program of interim
reparations to all countries entitled thereto.
- Tentative U. S. proposal circulated on July 7th and presented to Steering Committee in amplified form on July 9th[.] (Appendix I)
- Tentative British and Soviet points of view were expressed at Steering Committee meeting on July 10th.
- At the Steering Committee meeting on July 13, this matter was only touched on, with the UK Representative indicating unwillingness to agree to an interim program until the main issues of a permanent settlement are agreed.
To agree on general principles to
govern the reparations settlement and its future
- U. S. proposed formal adoption of general principles at first Steering Committee meeting on June 22nd. (Appendix J)
- After prolonged discussion at several meetings of the Steering Committee, an agreement was reached on July 6th, subject to approval of the participating governments[.] (Appendix K6)
- U. S. and British governments accepted the principles as agreed.
- At a Steering Committee meeting on July 12th, the Soviet delegation announced its reservation with respect to the last sentence of principle 8 which provides for payment for necessary imports into Germany as a prior charge before reparation exports.
- On July 13th, Ambassador Pauley communicated with Mr. Maisky, explaining his position with respect to necessary German imports. (Appendix L)
- At the Steering Committee meeting on July 13th, final agreement was reached on the language of Principle 6. An impasse was reached on the last sentence of Principle 8 and it was agreed to present the issue to the heads of governments.
- According to part II (not printed) of the Pauley–Lubin Report (gee vol. ii, p. 940) this supplementary report was presented to Truman at Babelsberg on July 16. The progress report which it supplements is not printed. Concerning the other appendices mentioned in this summary, see the footnotes to the body of the report, infra.↩
- See document No. 364.↩
- This appendix is identical with the body of attachment 3 to document No. 894, printed in vol. ii .↩
- This appendix is identical with attachment 4 to document No. 894, printed in vol. ii , except for minor editorial differences and except that it does not bear the heading “Agreed in the Allied Commission on Reparations”.↩
- This appendix is identical with document No. 906, printed in vol. ii , except that the passages italicized in that document were not emphasized in appendix E.↩
- For the eight principles agreed upon, see document No. 367.↩
- The appendix is so dated, but cf. ante, p. 539.↩
- See document No. 367.↩