Embassy to the Department of
On June 27th Mr. Pauley communicated to Sir Walter Monckton in Moscow a paraphrase of a telegram to the State Department2 describing the communication he had sent to his representative at Frankfurt and to the Commander of the United States zone in Germany on the subject of the withdrawal from Germany of art objects, other property and supplies. Mr. Pauley suggested that similar instructions should be sent to Field Marshal Montgomery.
- His Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom would have been glad to have been given an opportunity to comment on this matter before action was taken. The subject is one on which it is most desirable to work out a policy common to all four zones, particularly in view of the wider aim to secure the treatment of Germany as an economic unit.
- As action has been taken and in order to give effect to Mr. Pauley’s suggestion, His Majesty’s Government desire to reach agreement with the United States Government on the policy to be adopted in the United States and British zones, on the understanding that the arrangements made and the policy covering interim deliveries from [Page 533] Germany shall be discussed at the earliest possible date at the Allied Control Commission and that pending such discussion the Commanders-in-Chief of the British, United States and French zones should exchange information and co-ordinate action with regard to the movement of goods from Germany. This, it is suggested, should be done through the agency of the newly created Combined Resources and Allocation Board.
- A statement of the views of His Majesty’s Government on this matter, (excluding the movement of goods or property for purposes of restitution), are contained in the enclosure. This statement has been sent to Sir Walter Monckton with instructions to discuss it with Mr. Pauley and to ascertain from him whether he is prepared to modify the instructions which he has issued so as to bring them more into line with the arrangements proposed by His Majesty’s Government for the British zone.
- It is the belief of His Majesty’s Government that it is essential to inform the Soviet Government of these arrangements and the reason why they have been made and to leave the Soviet Government in no doubt of their limited scope and interim nature. Sir Walter Monckton has therefore been instructed also to propose to Mr. Pauley that, after agreement has been reached on the instructions for the British and American zones and after they have been issued to Field Marshal Montgomery and the United States Commander-in-Chief, they should jointly explain to Monsieur Maisky the nature of these arrangements for interim deliveries. Monsieur Maisky could be told that the two Governments have felt bound to take this action in view of the crying needs of the European Allies and that they will take the earliest opportunity of informing the Allied Control Commission and of securing its concurrence. The two Governments appreciate that the Soviet Commander-in-Chief may wish to take comparable action in the Soviet zone. If so, they very much hope that in respect of any exports therefrom the principle of accountability agreed between the two Governments would be preserved.
- It will be noted from the final paragraph of the enclosure that His Majesty’s Government intend to send to Sir Walter Monckton a separate statement of their views on the interim movement of goods or property for purposes of restitution.