740.0011 Mutual Guarantee (Eastern Locarno)/83
The Chargé in the Soviet Union (Wiley) to the Secretary of State
[Received January 19, 1935.]
Sir: With reference to my telegram No. 407, December 9, 8 p.m., reporting the signing of the Laval-Litvinov protocol at Geneva on December 5, 1934, and subsequent despatches on the same subject, I have the honor to transmit herewith an English version of the official text of the protocol which appeared in the Soviet press on December 20, 1934. The enclosed text is taken from the Moscow Daily News of December 20, 1934, and has been carefully checked with the official communiqué in Russian. The Department will note that the wording of the protocol permits of a wide or narrowed interpretation in respect of the period and scope of the present agreement which, as reported, in my despatch No. 287, of December 14, 1934,59 was presumably drafted with a view to appeasing British sensibilities. The vague wording on this point would seem to explain the inconsistency between the Havas communiqué announcing the signing of the protocol and M. Litvinov’s statements in respect to the scope of the pact, as reported in the telegram referred to above and commented on in subsequent despatches.
I venture to enclose also translations of editorial comments which appeared in the Izvestiya and Pravda on December 20, 1934,59 in connection with the publication of the official text of the protocol.