711.60D4/28

The Minister in Finland (Brodie) to the Acting Secretary of State

No. 990

Sir: With reference to the Department’s Instruction No. 118 of April 3, 1933, concerning the proposed military service convention between the United States and Finland, I have the honor to inform the Department that the observations made in the Department’s instruction herein referred to were brought to the attention of the Finnish Foreign Office which duly took the matter under consideration through the competent authorities of the Finnish Government.

After considerable deliberation, the Foreign Office, through Mr. Bruno Kivikoski, has drawn up a new proposal termed “Convention between [Page 151]the United States of America and Finland Relating to Military Service and other Acts of Allegiance” to which the Government of Finland is ready to subscribe. Copies of the proposed convention are herewith enclosed for the Department’s consideration. From the proposal, the Department will perceive that it is more or less similar to our treaty with Norway, exempting from military service and other acts of allegiance certain nationals as approved by the Senate on December 20, 1930.

Respectfully yours,

Edward E. Brodie
[Enclosure]

Draft Convention Between the United States and Finland Relating to Military Service and Other Acts of Allegiance, Presented by the Finnish Foreign Office

The President of the United States of America and the President of the Republic of Finland, being desirous of regulating the liability for military service and other acts of allegiance of persons who are nationals of both countries, under their respective laws, have decided to conclude a convention for that purpose, and have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries:

The President of the United States of America: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . and the President of the Republic of Finland: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Who, having communicated to each other their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon the following articles:

Article I

A person possessing the nationality of Finland and of the United States of America under the respective laws of these countries, shall not if he has his habitual residence, that is, the place of his general abode, in one of the countries, be held liable for military service or any other act of allegiance during a temporary stay in the other country.

Provided that, if such stay is protracted beyond the period of two years, it shall be presumed to be permanent in the absence of sufficient evidence to the contrary.

Article II

The present convention shall be ratified. It shall come into force on the day of the exchange of ratifications, and shall continue in force for ten years. If six months before the termination of the said ten years, neither Contracting Party shall have given to the other party notice of an intention to terminate the convention, it shall remain in force until the end of twelve months after either of the parties shall have given to the other party notice of such intention.

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In Witness Whereof,

the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed this convention and have hereunto affixed their seals.

Done

in duplicate in the English and Finnish languages which are equally authentic, at Helsingfors, this . . . . day of . . . . . . .

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