List of Papers

(Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.)

THE BRITISH COMMONWEALTH OF NATIONS

GREAT BRITAIN

Applicability of Imperial Tariff Preference to Grain Shipped From Canada Through the United States to the United Kingdom

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 11 From the British Embassy
British view that a satisfactory solution can be reached on the question of applicability of the imperial tariff preference to the shipment of Canadian grain via the United States to the United Kingdom.
1
Jan. 19 To the British Embassy
Report of difficulties encountered in conforming to the British regulations and presentation of a draft proposal toward a satisfactory formula; U. S. reservation on the principle of imperial preference.
2
Apr. 6 (787) From the Chargé in Great Britain
Note from Foreign Office, April 5 (text printed), enumerating objections to the U. S. draft proposal.
4
May 20 (117) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to arrange for a direct consultation between representatives of the American grain exporters and the British competent authorities to find a solution whereby British regulations may be observed and American interests safeguarded.
7
June 3 (30) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Memorandum, June 2 (text printed), confirming the understanding reached in final conversations on the exportation of Canadian wheat via U. S. ports to the United Kingdom.
7

Proposed Supplementary Convention Between the United States and Great Britain Regarding Tenure and Disposition of Real and Personal Property

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 25 (828) From the Chargé in Great Britain
Foreign Office note of April 24 and draft of supplementary convention (texts printed) proposing the extension to outlying territories of both countries of the application of the U. S.-British convention of 1899 relating to the disposal of real and personal property.
11
May 24 (123) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
U. S. approval of draft convention with two amendments.
14
[Page X]July 6 (88) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Foreign Office note, July 5 (text printed), expressing British view of the proposed amendments, and willingness to sign the convention subject to these observations.
14
Aug. 23 (65) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Clarification of U. S. amendments and instructions to renegotiate.
(Footnote: Information that treaty was signed May 27, 1936.)
16

Indefinite Postponement of Negotiations for a Treaty of Arbitration Between the United States and Great Britain

Date and number Subject Page
1930 July 28 (450) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Instructions to inquire as to the prospects for reaching an agreement with Great Britain on the Arbitration Treaty under negotiation since 1928.
17
Aug. 25 (1158) From the Chargé in Great Britain
Advice that the Foreign Office is reluctant to continue negotiations on the treaty before discussing the various phases of the matter at the forthcoming Imperial Conference.
17
1933 Oct. 3 (101) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Instructions to ascertain informally whether the Foreign Office has completed its preliminary consideration of the draft treaty in preparation for negotiations.
18
Oct. 11 (238) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Information that the British Government would prefer to set aside the negotiations for a considerable period due to difficulties involved in the proposed treaty and the crowded Foreign Office agenda.
18
Nov. 2 (135) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Nonobjection to further postponement of negotiations.
19

Citizenship Status of Adopted Child Whose Father Has Acquired American Citizenship by Naturalization

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Aug. 23 (307) From the Chargé in Great Britain
Résumé of the case of Miss Annie Baird, born in 1915 at Dundee, Scotland, whose adoptive parent acquired American citizenship by naturalization; request for instructions as to what representations should be made to British Government as to her citizenship status and the legality of her adoption under British law.
19
[Page XI]Sept. 26 (232) To the Chargé in Great Britain
Instructions to ascertain whether legal agreement entered into by adoptive parents constituted legal adoption under British law, in which case Department would hold that Miss Baird obtained American citizenship through her adoptive father’s naturalization.
20
Nov. 29 (519) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Foreign Office note, November 28 (text printed), giving British opinion that Miss Baird’s adoption cannot be certified as legal, inasmuch as Scottish Adoption of Children Act of 1930 is not retroactive.
21
1933 Feb. 9 To the Vice Consul at Dundee
Department’s decision that Miss Baird must be regarded as having the status of an alien; instructions to take up her passport for cancellation.
22

Exchange of Notes Regarding Reporting by American and British Consular Officers to Tax Authorities of the Compensation Received by Native Employees

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Mar. 21 (748) From the Chargé in Great Britain
British willingness to request U. S. Government to enter into an arrangement by which American consular officers would be instructed to communicate direct with the British revenue authorities in reporting the compensation received by British subjects; request for instructions as to proposed note and reply.
23
May 29 (7) To the Chargé in Great Britain
Instructions to endeavor to have the proposed agreement concluded on a reciprocal basis.
24
June 28 (71) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Exchange of notes, June 27 and 28 (texts printed), concluding an agreement on a reciprocal basis for the furnishing of information by American and British consular officers to appropriate tax authorities on the compensation received by native employees.
25
Oct. 5 From the Consul General at London (tel.)
Suggestion as to the possibility of claiming reciprocal treatment for British clerks employed in American consulates in Great Britain who are threatened by imposition of retroactive British income tax; request for clarification of reciprocal arrangement of June 1933.
27
Oct. 12 To the Consul General at London (tel.)
Instructions to endeavor to obtain reciprocal treatment for clerks in British consular offices; advice that retroactive effect was not intended by reciprocal arrangement of June 1933.
27
[Page XII]Oct. 31 To the Consul General at London
Further interpretation of the reciprocal arrangement in relation to the question of tax liability.
28
Nov. 20 (851) From the Consul General at London
Conclusion that since British and American interpretation of tax liability is substantially the same, apparently no further action can be taken to protect British employees in American Consulates from assessments of retroactive income tax.
28

Assessment of Certain Taxes by the British Government Against American Consular Officers in the United Kingdom

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Mar. 21 (747) From the Chargé in Great Britain
Foreign Office note, March 11 (text printed), expressing inability to grant to foreign consular officers in Great Britain wider exemption from income tax than the Finance Act of 1930 accords them.
29
May 23 (520) To the Chargé in Great Britain
Letter from Treasury Department, May 6 (text printed), outlining treatment accorded foreign consular officers in the United States with respect to taxation of private incomes.
31
June 6 (35) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
British Government’s position that it cannot enter into a reciprocal agreement to grant exemption by administrative acts, and that it will not seek amendment in the law to that end.
33
Aug. 9 (144) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Indication that British Government is not likely to modify its position on the tax question.
34
Aug. 15 (58) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Instructions to ascertain whether exemptions from taxes on automobiles are granted to foreign consular officers stationed in Great Britain and whether such exemptions will be granted to American consular officers on a reciprocal basis.
35
Sept. 7 (182) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
British reply that no exemptions are granted to foreign consuls from taxes on their automobiles and that it would not be possible to make such arrangements for American Consuls on a reciprocal basis.
36
[Page XIII]

CANADA

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Canada

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Mar. 29 (1300) From the Chargé in Canada
Outline of data to be included in survey of possibility of reciprocal trade arrangements and other agreements between the United States and Canada.
37
Apr. 14 From the Chargé in Canada
Summary of conversations with Canadian Prime Minister stressing Canada’s dependence upon tariff protection and her desire for an economic agreement with the United States.
44
May 26 Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation With the Canadian Chargé
Canadian protest against U. S. proposed tax on copper and other articles as violation of the tariff truce.
49
July 15 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs of a Conversation With the Counselor of the Canadian Legation
Explanation as to why Canada was not included in the list of countries invited by the United States to engage in informal conversations looking toward negotiation of the trade agreements.
50
Nov. 20 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State of a Conversation With the Canadian Minister
Readiness of Canadian Government to effect an exchange of commodities on a reciprocal basis to stimulate trade relations between Canada and the United States.
51

Continued Negotiations With the Canadian Government Regarding Damages to Property in the State of Washington by Fumes From the Smelter at Trail, B. C.

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Feb. 10 (841) To the Chargé in Canada
Proposal for conclusion of a treaty between the United States and Canada to adjust the international problem caused by the operation of the smelter of the Consolidated Mining and Smelter Co. at Trail, B. C, and suggested outline of treaty; instructions to inquire whether Canadian Government will designate a representative to confer with U. S. representative with a view to concluding such a treaty.
52
Feb. 25 (6) From the Chargé in Canada (tel.)
Information that the Canadian Prime Minister will consult with the president of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. concerning U. S. proposal.
55
Mar. 1 (7) From the Chargé in Canada (tel.)
Canadian note (excerpt printed) indicating willingness of Canadian Government to enter upon negotiations provided that the report of the International Joint Commission of February 28, 1931, will form the basis of the settlement.
55
[Page XIV]Mar. 7 (9) To the Chargé in Canada (tel.)
Instructions to inquire when Canadian representative will be prepared to open discussion.
56
Apr. 19 (15) To the Chargé in Canada (tel.)
Instructions to seek an answer from the Canadian Government to Department’s inquiry of March 7.
57
Apr. 21 (1331) From the Chargé in Canada
Suggestion that a preliminary conversation be held between U. S. and Canadian representatives to examine the possibilities of an agreement on the basis of the Joint Commission’s report.
57
June 5 (973) To the Chargé in Canada
Preliminary report of U. S. experts concerning air pollution caused by the smelter at Trail; instructions to stress the necessity for prompt adjustment of the case.
58
June 7 (44) From the Chargé in Canada
Substance of note to Canadian Department of External Affairs presenting preliminary air pollution report and U. S. views concerning it.
59
Aug. 3 (5) To the Minister in Canada
Résumé of the air pollution problem and U. S. Government’s dissatisfaction with respect to the extended delay of the Canadian Government in taking action; instructions to urge Canadian authorities to proceed with the adjustment of the matter.
59
Oct. 20 (90) To the Minister in Canada
Instructions to report any developments in the smelter case and to advise whether long-awaited Canadian reply to U. S. suggestions can be expected in the near future.
61
Dec. 26 (318) From the Minister in Canada
Canadian note, December 26 (text printed), containing draft agreement and suggestions for temporary measures pending the conclusion of a permanent arrangement.
62

Representations Regarding the Seizure of American Salmon Trollers “May,” “Queen City,” “Sunrise,” and “Tillie M.” by the Canadian Vessel “Rividus”

Date and number Subject Page
1932 May 25 (562) To the Minister in Canada
U. S. opinion and supporting citations defining as unwarranted the seizure of four American salmon trolling vessels by the Canadian vessel Rividus in Canadian waters near Prince Rupert, B. C, on June 18, 1930.
67
[Page XV]Dec. 7 (777) To the Chargé in Canada
Instructions to urge Canadian authorities to take favorable action on the petitions filed with respect to the four American vessels.
74
1933 Jan. 11 (2) From the Chargé in Canada (tel.)
Inclination of Canadian authorities to agree that the fishing vessels be returned to the owners upon certain conditions of release.
75
Jan. 23 (816) To the Chargé in Canada
Instructions to submit a report on the possibility of negotiating a treaty with Canada for the protection of American fishing interests.
75
Feb. 8 (838) To the Chargé in Canada
Request for clarification of Canadian terms for the release of the fishing vessels.
76
Mar. 3 (1261) From the Chargé in Canada
Willingness of Canadian authorities to release the vessels to the owners upon payment of repairs and maintenance; consent of Canadian Government to enter into negotiations with the United States to revise the present fisheries arrangements between the two countries.
76
Mar. 22 From the Secretary of Commerce
Summary of U. S. problems to be considered in the proposed revision of fisheries arrangements between the United States and Canada.
77
Apr. 3 (894) To the Chargé in Canada
Instructions to ascertain the questions which Canada would present for consideration on the subject of fisheries arrangements.
(Footnote: Information that no reply to this inquiry has been found in Department files.)
78

Representations Regarding Treatment of an American Citizen in a Canadian Prison and Right of Consular Officers To Visit Their Nationals in Prison

Date and number Subject Page
1933 May 19 From the Consul at Kingston to the Chargé in Canada
Report of the case of John O’Brien, an American convict in the Kingston Penitentiary, who has been kept in solitary confinement since August 1931 without a trial and whose request for an interview with his Consul has been denied; suggestion that the Legation urge the Superintendent of Penitentiaries at Ottawa to grant prompt permission for an interview.
79
[Page XVI]June 12 (981) To the Chargé in Canada
Information that the Consul at Kingston has received permission to visit O’Brien in the penitentiary; instructions to ascertain whether the Canadian Department of Justice has investigated the O’Brien case and, if so, what conclusions have been reached.
81
June 12 To the Consul at Kingston
Summary of U. S. views concerning the rights of American Consuls to interview imprisoned Americans in foreign countries; instructions to report action taken on the O’Brien case in view of this advice.
81
July 11 (1020) To the Chargé in Canada
Instructions to make inquiry of the Minister of Justice with the object of gaining recognition of the right of the American Consul to interview persons without obtaining special permission from the authorities at Ottawa for each visit.
82
July 19 (110) From the Chargé in Canada
Conversation with the Minister of Justice, who indicated that he would be disposed to formulate a regulation permitting the visits of American Consuls to American convicts upon application to the warden, and requested the provisions of the U. S. laws and regulations on the subject to serve as a model.
83
Aug. 17 (27) To the Minister in Canada
Transmittal of U. S. penal regulation (text printed) authorizing foreign consular representatives to visit their nationals; concurrence in recommendation that no intervention be taken on behalf of O’Brien prior to termination of trials of penitentiary rioters connected with his case.
84
Sept. 9 (51) To the Minister in Canada
Instructions to transmit to Canadian authorities extracts (texts printed) from letters received by the U. S. Director of the Bureau of Prisons concerning the practice followed in U. S. Federal penal and correctional institutions with respect to visits by foreign consuls to their nationals in prison.
87
Sept. 29 (63) To the Minister in Canada
Instructions to ascertain whether Canadian authorities would be willing to assemble data on nationality of convicts and any proof thereof, thus making available information concerning naturalized and native-born American citizens imprisoned in Canadian penitentiaries; further instructions with respect to the O’Brien case.
89
Oct. 18 (86) To the Minister in Canada
Instructions to renew representations on behalf of O’Brien in accordance with the views expressed by the U. S. Attorney General, October 10 (excerpt printed).
90
[Page XVII]Nov. 8 (108) To the Minister in Canada
Receipt of information from Consul at Kingston on Canadian ruling (excerpt printed) with respect to rights of consuls; instructions to discuss the ruling with the Canadian authorities with a view to bringing it more into accord with the regulation in force in U. S. Federal penitentiaries.
90
1933 Dec. 12 From the Attorney General
Résumé of communications from the Department stating that O’Brien is now receiving fair treatment; opinion that the case has been properly adjusted and that Canadian prison administration has improved.
91

Agreement Between the United States and Canada for the Dredging of Certain Shoal Areas in the St. Clair River

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Sept. 24 (706) To the Chargé in Canada
Request that the Canadian Government’s consent be obtained to U. S. operations in Canadian waters in connection with the dredging of certain shoal areas in the St. Clair River.
92
1933 Mar. 23 (1297) From the Chargé in Canada
Canadian note, March 21 (text printed), granting permission to carry out the proposed works subject to certain conditions.
93
June 12 (57) From the Chargé in Canada
Canadian note, June 10 (text printed), modifying the conditions imposed in connection with dredging operations in the St. Clair River.
95
1934 Jan. 12 (337) From the Minister in Canada
Canadian note, January 10, 1934 (text printed), indicating that conditions have been met satisfactorily and authorizing the procedure of approved operations.
(Footnote: Information that a further Canadian note, dated February 2, 1934, contained additional conditions set forth by Canada with respect to the dredging operations.)
97
[Page XVIII]

Agreement Concerning the Diversion of Water Through the Massena Canal and Grass River as Affected by Provisions of the St. Lawrence Deep Waterway Treaty, Effected by Exchange of Notes, January 13, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 13 To the Canadian Minister
Invitation to Canada to join the United States in a declaration of principles (text printed) for clarification of the effect of the St. Lawrence Deep Waterway Treaty upon the diversion of water through the Massena Canal and Grass River.
98
Jan. 13 (8) From the Canadian Minister
Concurrence of Canadian Government in the declaration of principles set forth by the United States.
99

Agreement Concerning the Chicago Diversion of Water As Affected by Provisions of the St. Lawrence Deep Waterway Treaty, Effected by Exchange of Notes, April 5, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 5 To the Canadian Minister
Inquiry as to whether the Canadian Government would consent to 2-year extension of time for curtailment of the diversion of water from Lake Michigan as decreed by the Supreme Court on April 21, 1930.
100
Apr. 5 (53) From the Canadian Minister
Acquiescence of Canadian Government to the requested extension of time with the provision that such agreement will not in any way modify the provisions of the St. Lawrence Waterway Treaty.
101

Load Line Convention Between the United States and Canada, Signed December 9, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Dec. 9 Convention Between the United States of America and Canada
Text of convention signed at Washington.
102

Effect Upon American Citizenship of Oaths Required of Aliens Who Teach in Canadian Schools

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Oct. 7 (727) To the Chargé in Canada
Résumé of the question of citizenship status of Miss Audrey Howe, American national temporarily teaching in the Province of Manitoba, Canada, who has been denied admission into the United States upon the ground that she expatriated herself by taking the oath of temporary allegiance to Canada; request for information as to the Canadian law requiring teachers’ oaths and the extent of its meaning and effect.
104
[Page XIX]Dec. 22 (1158) From the Chargé in Canada
Substance of Canadian note advising that the question of oaths to be taken by teachers is a matter within the jurisdiction of the several provinces; further advice that Miss Howe took the oath in the Province of Alberta.
105
1933 Feb. 3 Memorandum by Mr. Richard W. Flournoy of the Office of the Legal Adviser
Opinion that the oath required in Alberta is an “oath of allegiance” within the meaning of section 2 of the Act of Congress of March 2, 1904.
105
Feb. 9 To the Consul General at Winnipeg
Opinion that the Alberta oath constituted unqualified allegiance and that the taking of the oath resulted in the loss of Miss Howe’s American citizenship; instructions to cancel her record of registration.
106

IRISH FREE STATE

Representations by the Irish Free State Concerning the Allotment Given to the Importation Into the United States of Irish Whiskey

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Nov. 25 From the Irish Minister
Request that the U.S. Government give due consideration to a memorandum (text printed) concerning the trade situation between the Irish Free State and the United States in connection with the assignment of quotas for different countries in order to regulate the importation into the United States of liquor and wines.
107
Dec. 14 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State of a Conversation With the Irish Minister
Indication that the Irish Minister considers the allotment for importation of Irish whiskey into the United States inadequate and that he will enter a protest if the figure cannot be raised.
108
Dec. 14 To Mr. Raymond Miller of the Federal Alcohol Control Administration
Information that the Irish Minister is dissatisfied with the basic liquor quota allotted the Irish Free State in its relation to the Irish share of prewar exports of the United Kingdom; request that matter be reconsidered.
108
Dec. 16 From the Irish Minister
Memorandum dated December 15 (text printed) indicating Irish Government’s agreement to increase purchases of American wheat and other products in view of the satisfactory adjustment of the Irish liquor quota.
109
[Page XX]

NEW ZEALAND

Preliminary Discussions Regarding Possible Negotiation of a Trade Agreement Between the United States and New Zealand

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 10 (290) From the Consul General at Wellington
Opinion that New Zealand is inclined to favor a reciprocal trade agreement with the United States; request for indication of Department’s attitude in this respect provided that necessary legislation is enacted authorizing the President to negotiate reciprocal trade agreements with foreign countries.
110
May 17 To the Consul General at Wellington
Advice that inasmuch as the necessary legislation has not yet been enacted, no definite conclusions can be reached concerning trade negotiations with New Zealand but that a survey of the situation with a view to formulating the possible terms of such an agreement would be desirable.
110
May 23 From the Consul General at Wellington (tel.)
Official information that the New Zealand Government would be glad to consider a reciprocal trade agreement with the United States and requests the views of the Department on the subject.
111
May 26 To the Consul General at Wellington (tel.)
Instructions to communicate to the Acting Prime Minister the facts concerning U.S. inability to initiate negotiations at present and to express U.S. willingness to consider any tentative proposals which the New Zealand Government may wish to make.
112
June 21 (318) From the Consul General at Wellington
Note from the Acting Prime Minister, June 16 (text printed), containing a list of commodities of New Zealand origin which that Government desires to have incorporated in any future U.S.-New Zealand trade agreement. Information that a survey is being conducted on products of American origin on which concessions might be obtained from New Zealand.
112
July 14 (332) From the Consul General at Wellington
Analysis of certain items for which tariff concessions would benefit the United States; information that all phases of the existing tariff are being carefully studied by a Tariff Commission convening in New Zealand.
114
July 28 (343) From the Consul General at Wellington
Supplementary data concerning reciprocal tariff concessions.
117
Aug. 15 Memorandum by the Acting Economic Adviser
Conversation between U.S. and New Zealand officials in which several individual commodities were discussed in connection with the stimulation of mutual trade and the granting of reciprocal tariff concessions; renewed inquiry of New Zealand Government as to the possibility of negotiating a trade agreement.
119
[Page XXI]Sept. 7 To the Consul General at Wellington
Advice that since the expected legislation enabling the President to negotiate trade agreements was not enacted, the Department has instituted exploratory conversations with five other countries with a view to negotiating trade agreements involving U.S. tariff reductions subject to subsequent Congressional action; further advice that until the practicability of this procedure has been ascertained, no further conversations of this character will be instituted.
122

UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA

Arrangement Between the United States and the Union of South Africa for Air Navigation, Effected by Exchange of Notes Signed March 17, 1933, and September 20, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Mar. 17 (166) From the American Minister in the Union of South Africa to the Minister of External Affairs of the Union of South Africa
Transmittal of air navigation arrangement (text printed) agreed to in previous negotiations between the United States and the Union of South Africa; information that upon receipt of note confirming understanding of the arrangement as set forth, it will be considered in effect.
123
Sept. 20 From the Minister of External Affairs of the Union of South Africa to the American Minister in the Union of South Africa
Confirmation of understanding of the arrangement.
127

Arrangement Between the United States and the Union of South Africa for Pilot Licenses To Operate Civil Aircraft, Effected by Exchange of Notes Signed March 17, 1933, and September 20, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Mar. 17 (167) From the American Minister in the Union of South Africa to the Minister of External Affairs of the Union of South Africa
Transmittal of arrangement providing for the issuance by each country of licenses to nationals of the other country authorizing them to pilot civil aircraft (text printed) agreed to in previous negotiations between the United States and the Union of South Africa; information that upon receipt of note confirming understanding of the arrangement as set forth, it will be considered in effect.
128
Sept. 20 From the Minister of External Affairs of the Union of South Africa to the American Minister in the Union of South Africa
Confirmation of understanding of the arrangement.
130
[Page XXII]

EUROPE

ALBANIA

Extradition Treaty Between the United States and Albania, Signed March 1, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Mar. 1 Extradition Treaty Between the United States of America and Albania
Text of treaty signed at Tirana.
133

CZECHOSLOVAKIA

Discussion of the Application of the Quota System to American Motion Picture Films in Czechoslovakia

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Feb. 25 (5) To the Chargé in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Receipt of letter from Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, Inc. (excerpt printed), concerning Czechoslovak discrimination against foreign motion pictures and expressing the view that, if a compromise cannot be reached, they may have to acquiesce in the Czechoslovak quota law; instructions to communicate suggestions for any action that might protect the interests of the Motion Picture Producers.
(Footnote: Telegraphic report by the Chargé in Czecho- Slovakia, March 7, that no immediate action was possible there.)
139
May 11 From the Czechoslovak Minister
Opinion of Czechoslovak Government that films cannot be regarded as ordinary merchandise because of their cultural value; belief that a favorable conclusion of present negotiations at Prague between representatives of Czechoslovak and American industries concerning preferential treatment for importation of foreign films would be of value to both countries.
140
May 23 To the Czechoslovak Minister
Inability of the Department to concur in the Czechoslovak restrictions on basis of cultural considerations, and reluctance to advise the American motion picture industry to reenter the Czechoslovak market under the existing conditions.
141
May 24 Memorandum by Mr. Joseph C. Green of the Division of Western European Affairs
Conversation between U.S. and Czechoslovak representatives in which Czechoslovak insistence that restrictions on importation of foreign films were made with a view to controlling anti-Czechoslovak propaganda was countered by U.S. contention that the main issue was the existence of an unfair quota system which would be unacceptable to the U.S. Government.
142
[Page XXIII]May 31 (12) From the Chargé in Czechoslovakia (tel.)
Break-down of negotiations between the Commercial Attaché and Trade Commissioner in Czechslovakia and Czechoslovak authorities for regulation of film situation, since the latter are unwilling to make any concessions; recommendation that American companies remain out of the market for another year.
143

FINLAND

Proposed Military Service Convention Between the United States and Finland

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Aug. 2 (95) To the Minister in Finland
Transmittal of draft treaty (text printed) relating to military service and other acts of allegiance which the Department would be prepared to conclude with the Finnish Government in lieu of the original draft of January 4, 1929.
145
Sept. 13 (101) To the Minister in Finland
Instructions to present the U.S. revised draft treaty to the Finnish Government for consideration in view of the fact that a Finnish counterproposal (excerpt printed) to the original draft was presented prior to U.S. Minister’s receipt of Department’s instructions of August 2.
147
1933 Apr. 3 (118) To the Minister in Finland
Analysis of conflicting points in the U.S. and Finnish drafts; instructions to make representations based on this analysis, reiterating the hope that an agreement can be reached on the basis of the U.S. draft convention of August 2.
148
July 3 (990) From the Minister in Finland
Transmittal of new Finnish proposal (text printed) similar to U.S. treaty with Norway, exempting from military service and other acts of allegiance certain nationals as approved by the Senate on December 20, 1930.
150
Sept. 1 To the Minister in Finland
Inability of U.S. Government to accept new Finnish proposal due to the phrasing of article 1, which fails to draw distinction between native born and naturalized citizens.
152
Dec. 23 (63) From the Minister in Finland
Information that Finland maintains its position on the phrasing of article 1 but still hopes that, despite conflict over the question of dual nationality, a satisfactory conclusion of the treaty might be reached.
153
(Note: Information that a convention between the United States and Finland regulating the military obligations of persons having dual nationality was signed January 27, 1939.) 154
[Page XXIV]

FRANCE

Representations on Account of Discriminations Against American Products Imported Into France

Date and number Subject Page
1933 May 12 (130) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to investigate press reports that the French Government contemplates imposition of 15 percent surtax on American imports if the dollar depreciation reaches 20 percent and to ascertain whether the existing depreciation has caused increased American competition in the French market.
155
May 13 (131) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to make representations to the French Government protesting the discrimination against American imports into France resulting from French double tax agreements with third countries.
155
May 16 (3593) From the Chargé in France
Note to the Foreign Minister, May 16 (text printed), formally protesting against the preferential treatment accorded to third countries arising from the French effort to avoid double taxation.
156
May 22 (234) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
French reply (substance printed) to American protest, explaining certain conditions with regard to double taxation agreements with third countries.
157
July 20 (332) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Information that the French Government is reported to be again considering the imposition of the 15 percent tariff surtax on American imports.
158
July 21 (210) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to reiterate U.S. position on French discrimination against American imports.
158
July 26 (342) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Report of U.S.-French discussion of various outstanding commercial difficulties such as films, copper reclassification, and import surtax.
159
July 27 (343) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Advice from Foreign Office that a decree is in preparation to modify the tariff on American products in accordance with the modus vivendi of 1927.
160
Aug. 2 (353) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Indication that the 15 percent surtax would probably not be imposed upon American products for several weeks pending a complete examination of the situation.
161
Aug. 10 (366) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Information that a decree has been published rectifying the tariff on American products with the exception of two minor items.
161
[Page XXV]Aug. 11 From the French Ambassador
Explanation concerning the decree of August 10 modifying customs tariff on American imports, and notification that the imposition of the exchange surtax on American imports has been postponed.
162
Aug. 21 (186) From the Ambassador in France
Explanation of temporary application of the general tariff rates to certain American products, and subsequent rectification; opinion that apparently no effort to discriminate against the United States was intended.
163

Increase in Quota for Importation of French Wines and Liquors in Return for Increase by France in Quotas for Certain American Products

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Dec. 15 (369) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Completion of U.S.-French discussions concerning an increase in importation of American fruits and meat products into France and of French wines and liquors into the United States; request for suggestions concerning further proposal for additional increase in French wine quota in exchange for concessions to U.S. industrial products.
165
Dec. 15 From the French Ambassador
Confirmation of the first agreement concerning increase in quotas for American fruit and meat products imported into France and for French wines and liquors imported into the United States.
165
Dec. 16 (558) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Advice that the question of protection against import quota license tax should be considered in the negotiations of the quota agreement.
166
Dec. 21 (376) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Completion of negotiations upon French assurance that import quota license tax will be satisfactorily adjusted should it prove prohibitive.
167

Representations Regarding the Proposed French Petroleum Monopoly

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 7 (3472) From the Chargé in France
Summary of events concerning proposals by the French Finance Commission for the creation of a monopoly upon the importation of petroleum which might destroy or greatly curtail the market for American oil in France; informal representations to the French Government indicating the probable attitude of the U.S. Government, should present monopolistic proposals crystallize.
168
[Page XXVI]Apr. 14 (160) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Information that French Chamber of Deputies has adopted modified text of article 116 of 1933 Finance Law (excerpt printed) relating to the establishment of a commission to consider the creation of a petroleum monopoly in France.
171
June 2 (250) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Information that a compromise provision on petroleum monopoly was adopted as article 117 of Finance Law, and has been signed and promulgated.
171
Sept. 26 (428) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Information that British Embassy has made official verbal representations to the Foreign Office expressing concern over the possible establishment of a petroleum import monopoly.
172
Sept. 28 (287) To the Chargé in France (tel.)
Instructions to make oral representations to French officials to the effect that the U.S. Government views with concern the possibility of a French oil monopoly and its consequent jeopardy to existing American licenses and investments; further instructions to inform the British Embassy of this action.
173
Sept. 30 (435) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Report of oral representations to the French Government with respect to the oil monopoly, indicating that the U.S. Government would expect full indemnification for injuries sustained by American interests.
174
Oct. 21 (475) From the Chargé in France
British and U.S. protest to Foreign Office with reference to proposed budget provision for monopolistic tax on petroleum imports.
174
Dec. 2 (434) From the Chargé in France
Report of further actions of the petroleum commission, the latest step consisting of a study of two projects for the organization of a “monopoly.”
175

Agreement Between the United States and France Regarding the Interpretation of Article 7 of the Consular Convention Concluded February 23, 1853, Effected by Exchange of Notes Signed February 23 and March 4, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 10 (3243) From the Ambassador in France
Résumé of developments concerning the rights of foreigners under the French Rent Law; proposal for an exchange of notes interpreting U.S. understanding of the situation since French higher court appears likely to reverse its former position.
176
[Page XXVII]Feb. 2 (1529) To the Ambassador in France
Instructions and proposed draft (text printed) for entering into an exchange of notes with French Government regarding rights of American citizens under the French rent laws.
177
Feb. 14 (57) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Indication that proposed note would be acceptable to French Government provided some changes in phraseology were made.
179
Feb. 16 (32) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Authorization to incorporate the changes in phraseology suggested by French officials.
180
Mar. 7 (3400) From the Chargé in France
Transmittal of U.S. and French notes, February 23 and March 4 (texts printed), in interpretation of the rights of American citizens under the French rent laws as governed by the Consular Convention of 1853.
180
May 15 (3592) From the Chargé in France
Information that texts of the U.S.-French notes have been embodied in a Presidential decree of May 9, and published in the Journal Officiel of May 13.
182

GERMANY

Political Developments in Germany Under the National Socialist Regime

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 31 (2163) From the Chargé in Germany
Resignation on January 28 of newly formed Schleicher Cabinet due to President Hindenburg’s refusal to authorize dissolution of the Reichstag; formation of new coalition cabinet with Hitler as Chancelor.
183
Feb. 2 (15) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Report of a conversation with Dr. Schacht, Hitler’s financial adviser, concerning the political situation; his assurance that Nazi reforms will not jeopardize large-scale German business and banking nor American business in Germany.
186
Feb. 2 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State of a Conversation With the German Ambassador
Discussion concerning the political situation in Germany; Ambassador’s opinion that there would be no change in foreign policy under the new Government.
187
Feb. 6 (19) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Issuance of drastic Presidential decrees restricting press and political activities and transferring functions of Minister President of Prussian Government to the Reich Commissioner for Prussia.
187
[Page XXVIII]Feb. 13 (2187) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report on the Hitler Cabinet with reference to the scope of work of the respective Ministers and the relations between the political groups upon which the present Government is based.
188
Feb. 16 (24) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Report of Nazi entrenchment in the administrative branches of the Government and plans to sabotage election meetings of political opponents.
191
Feb. 20 (2204) From the Ambassador in Germany
Account of foreign political developments following the formation of the Hitler Cabinet; plans for an alliance with Italy and Hungary.
191
Feb. 21 (899) From the Consul General at Stuttgart
Comparison of events in Germany under Nazi regime with development of Fascism in Italy.
193
Feb. 23 (25) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Göring’s instructions to the Prussian police to protect the Brown Army and Stahlhelm in the election campaign; reports of terroristic methods against opposition parties.
198
Feb. 27 (2211) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report of Nazi terrorist tactics in conducting the election campaign and continued assertion by Nazis that they will remain in power after March 5 regardless of the outcome of the election.
199
Mar. 3 (2222) From the Ambassador in Germany
Information that the Nazi Government has used the burning of the Reichstag as a pretext for issuing emergency decrees for further repressive measures against political opponents.
201
Mar. 4 (2223) From the Ambassador in Germany
Brief analysis of Presidential Decrees which have suspended constitutional liberties and given the Government practically dictatorial power.
204
Mar. 9 (2236) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report of the results of Reichstag elections on March 5 in which the Nazis won an unprecedented victory.
206
Mar. 10 (32) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Account of further Nazi seizure of police and administrative functions in German states and growing opposition to the leading officials in the Foreign Office, practically the only Ministry not already reorganized by the Nazis.
210
Mar. 21 (2261) From the Ambassador in Germany
Summary of repressive measures by new regime against political opponents, suppression of the press, and other political excesses which may be considered as conclusion of the first stage of the national revolution.
210
[Page XXIX]Mar. 24 (44) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Passage of empowering law transferring certain Presidential prerogatives to the Chancelor and enabling the Hitler Cabinet to enact legislation modifying the Constitution; adjournment of the Reichstag sine die.
213
Mar. 27 (2272) From the Chargé in Germany
Analysis of three new decrees issued on March 21 at the convening of the Reichstag designed to fortify Nazi control of the Government.
214
Apr. 4 (948) From the Consul General at Stuttgart
Indication that Nazi officials intend to pursue a definitely militaristic policy such as was observed among German officers prior to 1918.
216
Apr. 9 (61) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Résumé of consequences of the Nazi “revolution” and advice that the new Nazi Government is too preoccupied with internal problems to establish as yet any clear-cut international policy.
216
Apr. 10 (2291) From the Chargé in Germany
Report of new law promulgated April 7 providing for appointment of German State Governors with far-reaching powers to execute the policy of the Reich Government, which is now the only sovereign power in Germany.
220
Apr. 10 (1231) From the Consul General at Berlin
Analysis of the operation of the dual form of government in Germany, which closely affects the problem of protecting the interests of American citizens and firms.
222
Apr. 10 (959) From the Consul General at Stuttgart
Account of political arrests in Germany, and opinion that they constitute a deliberate measure of intimidation by the Nazis to quell any opposition against their party.
228
May 1 (2350) From the Chargé in Germany
Announcement that Seldte, the leader of the Stahlhelm, has joined the Nazi Party, entailing the subordination of the Stahlhelm to Hitler and producing the effect of a political sensation.
229
June 17 (2482) From the Chargé in Germany
Manifestation of Nazi hostility to the Catholic Parties, and indications that Nazis feel that the time is opportune for complete absorption of all political parties in accordance with their philosophy of a “total state.”
230
June 23 (107) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Opinion that a new wave of the revolution is under way as evidenced by recent actions of Nazi leaders and their program of intensified repressive measures.
233
[Page XXX]June 23 (2498) From the Chargé in Germany
Observations by Dr. Brüning on recent political developments; his opinion that President Hindenburg has lost control of the situation and may have to abdicate.
234
June 24 (2496) From the Chargé in Germany
Report of further events in Nazi drive to achieve the principle of “totality”; suppression of various organizations of the Nationalist Party; incorporation of the Stahlhelm, including juvenile organizations, into the Nazi Party.
236
June 30 (2504) From the Chargé in Germany
Account of the elimination of all other political parties and organizations by the Nazis; resignation of Hugenberg from the Hitler Cabinet.
239
July 10 (2527) From the Chargé in Germany
Information that with the dissolution of the Center Party, the Nazi principle of “totality” has become a fact and Hitler’s triumph over the political parties is complete.
244
July 10 (2529) From the Chargé in Germany
Moderation of Nazi revolutionary activities and efforts to restore stability in the country; Hitler’s efforts to eliminate opposition in his own Party stemming from the rank and file who feel that they have been inadequately rewarded for their past party services.
245
July 28 (27) From the Ambassador in Germany
Announcement by Göring as head of the Prussian State of extraordinary measures (substance printed) directed against the “enemies of the State”, which appear to be not only the Communists, but also the rebellious elements within the Nazi Party.
248
July 28 (35) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report of wholesale arrests of political opponents of the Nazi regime.
251
Aug. 21 (66) From the Ambassador in Germany
Information that Göring’s repressive measures against political opponents have been intensified by enactment of a law for severer penal procedure and formulation of new citizenship regulations directed against Jews and disloyal Germans.
252
Aug. 18 (129) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Request for instructions concerning an invitation (text printed) issued by Reich Chancelor Hitler to the entire Diplomatic Corps to participate in the party caucus ceremonies in Nuremberg.
255
Aug. 19 (130) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Opinion that if the British and Americans decline the Nuremberg invitation it would strengthen the liberal and peace forces in Germany.
257
[Page XXXI]Aug. 19 (100) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to the American Ambassador to rely on his own judgment in handling the question of the Nuremberg invitation; suggestion for consultation with British and French colleagues.
257
Aug. 20 (131) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Bequest for further instructions and reconsideration of the problems concerning the Nuremberg invitation; information that British and French colleagues are personally against acceptance.
257
Aug. 20 (101) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Opinion that the United States should not take the initiative in the Nuremberg matter; but promise of support for any decision made by the Ambassador.
258
Aug. 23 (133) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Advice that the Nuremberg invitation has been declined; indication that the French and British will also decline.
259
Aug. 28 (108) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report of application of Law for Revocation of Citizenship and publication of initial list of proscribed political opponents.
259
Oct. 26 (225) From the Ambassador in Germany
Analysis of Hitler’s intensive campaign for the Reichstag election and referendum on November 12.
260
Nov. 4 (246) From the Ambassador in Germany
Further analysis of Nazi campaign tactics and indication of Hitler’s success in the forthcoming elections.
263
Nov. 15 (263) From the Ambassador in Germany
Information that elections of November 12 resulted in an overwhelming victory for Hitler; survey of election management, and opinion that pressure was exerted upon voting population.
264
Nov. 24 (292) From the Ambassador in Germany
Additional data on the election confirming the belief that pressure was exercised on the voters despite official assurance concerning the secrecy of the ballot.
267
Dec. 4 (308) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report of establishment of Reich Chamber of Culture which subordinates the theater, literature, creative arts, and music to the Nazi aims and ideals.
268
Dec. 22 (379) From the Ambassador in Germany
Substance of press reports concerning the visit of the Italian Secretary of State to Germany to discuss at length a number of political and economic problems.
269
[Page XXXII]

The Nazi Control of Business, Industry and Labor in Germany

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 6 (2287) From the Chargé in Germany
Summary of developments in the extension of Nazi domination to heavy industry and agrarian interests.
270
Apr. 10 (2289) From the Chargé in Germany
Further report of revolutionary changes in all branches of German national economy.
272
May 5 (2362) From the Chargé in Germany
Résumé of events culminating in Nazi seizure of the trade unions, the severest blow yet dealt to the Social Democrats.
273
July 8 (2519) From the Chargé in Germany
Brief analysis of the organization of the German Labor Front.
276
July 17 (7) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report of official proclamation forbidding any further attempts at Nazification of business and industry lest the Nazi regime imperil its existence by throwing the German economy out of joint.
277
Aug. 9 (1489) From the Consul General at Berlin
Summary of the rise and dissolution of the Kampfbünde, organizations created by the National Socialist Party to put into effect its economic program.
281
Dec. 4 (312) From the Ambassador in Germany
Information that the German Labor Front is to be dissolved and reorganized with a view to enrolling individual members only, employers as well as employees, thus tightening the Nazi grip and at the same time circumscribing a larger segment of the population.
284
Dec. 19 (1804) From the Consul at Berlin
Further report on the increased activities of the German authorities to consolidate the German Labor Front.
285

Relations of the Nazi Regime With the Evangelical and Roman Catholic Churches

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 21 (2319) From the Chargé in Germany
Résumé of controversy arising from the efforts of the Nazi “German Christians” to revoke the Constitution of the Evangelical churches and establish a State Church uniform with the Government in the Reich.
292
May 20 (2415) From the Chargé in Germany
Opinion that agreement with protesting Evangelical groups may be achieved due to the replacement of the leader of the German Christians by Chaplain Müller, a more moderate Nazi.
295
[Page XXXIII]June 2 (2456) From the Chargé in Germany
Summary of the reorganization of the Evangelical Church which may be considered an actual fact despite a sharpening of the conflict over the selection of a Reich Bishop for the unified church.
295
July 10 (2522) From the Chargé in Germany
Hitler’s decree, June 8 (text printed), issued simultaneously with the announcement of the initialing of a Concordat between the Holy See and the Reich.
298
July 14 (81) From the Ambassador in Italy
Von Papen’s statement to the press (text printed) concerning the Concordat.
299
Aug. 31 (1560) From the Consul General at Berlin
Report of the use of the Hakenkreuz (Nazi Party Symbol) together with the Cross of Christ as a decoration for the tower of a recently repaired Evangelical church.
300
Sept. 30 (174) From the Ambassador in Germany
Account of Chaplain Müller’s election as Reich Bishop and his persistent attempts to Nazify the Unified Evangelical Church in face of vigorous protests from more moderate Protestant Bishops outside of Prussia.
301
Nov. 16 (274) From the Ambassador in Germany
Further account of continued pressure exerted by the Nazi authorities upon the German Protestants to accept the unification; friction between Nazi authorities and Roman Catholics.
303
Nov. 23 (284) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report of new conflict resulting in the first real rebuff to the Nazi extremists and causing Reich Bishop Müller to make important concessions to the moderates.
305
Dec. 12 (338) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report of Müller’s unsuccessful attempts to end the conflict within the German Evangelical Church.
308
Dec. 12 (336) From the Ambassador in Germany
Information that no open attempt has been made by the Nazis to absorb the Catholic Church in Germany despite frequent manifestations of friction between the two groups.
311

Nazification of German Institutions of Learning

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 22 (2314) From the Chargé in Germany
Outline of measures to be effected in German educational institutions to further the national revolution.
313
[Page XXXIV]May 1 (2354) From the Chargé in Germany
Summary of the activities of the Nazi-controlled Studentenschaft (student corporations) leading to chaotic conditions in the universities.
314
May 5 (1011) From the Consul General at Stuttgart
Information that an anti-foreign attitude, which appears to be an expression of exaggerated nationalism, exists among the students at the University of Heidelberg.
317
May 10 (1025) From the Consul General at Stuttgart
Report of an interview with an American student at Heidelberg confirming previous indications of discrimination against all foreign students.
318
May 20 (2415) From the Chargé in Germany
Résumé of principles to be fostered in the education of German youth as outlined at a conference of State Ministers of Education in Berlin.
319

Persecution of Jews in Germany

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Mar. 3 (15) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to make representations to the German Government with respect to the apprehension felt in the United States concerning reports of an anti-Jewish program scheduled in Germany.
320
Mar. 8 (31) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Report of U. S. protest and German Government’s expression of regret concerning four cases of American citizens who have been subjected to violence or intimidation by armed groups of National Socialists.
321
Mar. 11 (33) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Information that due to complaints of foreign missions Hitler has issued an order to his followers to maintain law and order; opinion that this order should bring about a cessation of anti-Jewish demonstrations.
322
Mar. 21 (1196) From the Consul General at Berlin
Detailed analysis of the present situation in Germany, in which the eradication of Jews from all positions of importance is imminent although physical violence to them has practically ceased.
323
Mar. 21 (28) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to relay factual report of situation in view of press reports indicating widespread mistreatment of Jews in Germany and causing deep concern in the United States.
327
[Page XXXV]Undated Memorandum of Press Conference of the Secretary of State, March 22, 1933
Information concerning press statement by Reich Minister Göring (text printed) in which he intimates that unlawful acts are on the wane.
327
Mar. 23 (43) From the Counselor of Embassy in Berlin (tel.)
Reiteration of previous report that the phase of physical mistreatment of Jews may be considered virtually terminated but that molestation of the Jews in civil life is still manifest.
328
Mar. 24 (31) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Request for advice as to the steps which the U.S. Government could take—short of outside intercession—to alleviate the aggravated situation caused by press reports of continued mistreatment of the Jews in Germany.
330
Mar. 25 (47) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Views concerning the situation in Germany and suggestions for a press statement expressing confidence in Hitler’s determination to restore peaceful and normal conditions.
331
Mar. 26 (33) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Statement for the press, March 27 (text printed), scheduled for release on date of a mass protest meeting to be held in New York, expressing opinion that situation in Germany is improving.
333
Mar. 26 (49) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Concurrence of diplomatic colleagues as to inadvisability of outside intercession at present.
334
Mar. 29 (52) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Report of a decided turn for the worse in German affairs as evidenced by Nazi announcement of a proposed boycott against the Jews in Germany on April 1.
334
Mar. 30 (54) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Summary of adverse developments of the past week, and opinion that events will lead to public disorder; suggestion that a direct message to Hitler through the German Embassy in Washington would be more helpful than representations in Berlin.
335
Mar. 30 (36) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to make representations to the German Government expressing the deep concern of the U.S. Government with respect to the scheduled boycott.
337
Mar. 31 (1214) From the Consul General at Berlin
Further analysis of the climactic developments in the anti- Jewish program of the Nazis.
338
[Page XXXVI]Undated Memorandum of Trans-Atlantic Telephone Conversation
Between Under Secretary of State Phillips and the Chargé in Germany, Gordon, March 31: Phillips’ information that the Secretary will issue a statement to the press (text printed) urging a spirit of moderation toward Germany, provided assurance is received that the boycott will be called off.
342
Undated Memorandum of Trans-Atlantic Telephone Conversation
Between Phillips and Gordon, March 31: Information from Gordon that it is considered to be too late to call off the April 1 boycott, but that it will be held in abeyance from 7 p.m. on April 1 until 10 a.m. on April 5, nonresumption to depend on decrease of anti-German propaganda abroad.
343
Undated Memorandum of Trans-Atlantic Telephone Conversation
Between Phillips and Gordon, April 2: Exchange of views as to the advisability of issuing a press statement in view of the present status of the boycott.
344
Apr. 2 (2279) From the Chargé in Germany
Recapitulation of recent events, and analysis of possible future developments of the Nazi regime.
347
Apr. 3 (21) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information that Mussolini has made representations at Berlin against the anti-Jewish action of the Hitler Government.
350
Apr. 4 (56) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Report that the suspended boycott will not be résuméd, and suggestion for revised press statement to be issued concerning the turn of events.
350
Apr. 5 (57) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Advice that press statement is no longer a matter of urgency, due to the apparent calm in Germany.
351
Apr. 5 (38) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Information that the Department will not issue a statement for the press.
352
May 1 (2352) From the Chargé in Germany
Report of new Nazi legislation, concerning animal slaughter, obviously designed in furtherance of the discrimination against Jews.
352
May 3 Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation With the German Ambassador
Summary of informal exchange of views concerning the Jewish situation in Germany.
352
July 8 (2517) From the Chargé in Germany
Survey of the three distinct stages of anti-Semitic activity in Germany since the advent of the Nazi regime.
354
[Page XXXVII]Aug. 11 Memorandum by the Secretary of State of a Conversation With the German Chargé
German Chargé’s protest concerning a counterboycott in the United States against German commerce urged in retaliation for the mistreatment of Jews in Germany.
357
Sept. 7 (132) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report of the negotiation of the “Palestine Foreign Exchange Agreement” designed to facilitate Jewish emigration to Palestine.
357
Sept. 14 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
German Chargé’s renewed protest against the retaliatory boycotting conditions in the United States.
358
Sept. 21 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Summary of unofficial reply to German Ambassador’s complaint against U.S. boycotting of German goods.
359
Nov. 1 (1695) From the Consul General at Berlin
Detailed evaluation of the anti-Semitic movement in Germany; opinion that no fundamental change toward moderation in the Jewish policy can be expected unless a radical change occurs in the German Government.
360

American Participation in the Establishment of the High Commission for Refugees (Jewish and Other) Coming From Germany

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Sept. 21 (208) From the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
Information that the Netherlands representative to the League of Nations will bring before the Assembly a resolution proposing that the Council study the problem of German refugees in foreign countries.
366
Oct. 9 (229) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Summary of negotiations concerning the establishment of a commission for refugees coming from Germany; German position.
366
Oct. 19 To President Roosevelt
Memorandum concerning League of Nations invitation (text printed) to the U.S. Government to participate in the organization of an international commission for the assistance of German refugees; explanation of the functions to be performed by the commission.
368
Oct. 24 (49) To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
Instructions to deliver to the Secretary General of the League the U.S. note of acceptance (text printed) of invitation to name a representative on the Governing Body of the High Commission.
372
Oct. 24 (112) To the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Instructions to indicate informally to the Secretary General that the U.S. Government does not desire to participate in the choice of a High Commissioner.
372
[Page XXXVIII]Oct. 26 (270) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
Information that an American, James G. McDonald of the Foreign Policy Association, has been offered the appointment as High Commissioner for German refugees.
373
Nov. 21 (53) To the Minister in Switzerland (tel.)
Instructions to inform the Secretary General that Joseph P. Chamberlain, professor of public law, has been designated as the American representative on the Governing Body of the Commission.
373
Dec. 28 Report by the American Representative to the High Commission for Refugees (Jewish and Other) Coming From Germany
Outline of agenda and summary of the results of the first conference of the High Commission, December 5–8, 1933.
374

Status of William E. Dodd as Appointed Ambassador to Germany Pending His Reception by President Hindenburg

Date and number Subject Page
1933 June 21 (73) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Advice that Ambassador Dodd will sail for Germany July 5.
381
June 26 (110) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Request for advice concerning Ambassador Dodd’s arrival which will entail a 2 months’ waiting period before he can present his credentials to President von Hindenburg due to the latter’s absence from Berlin.
381
June 27 (77) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Outline of procedure used in the United States to overcome difficulty arising from delayed presentation of credentials by foreign Chiefs of Mission.
381
June 28 (111) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Request for further interpretation of procedure previously outlined by the Department.
382
June 28 (78) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Transmittal of a form of note (text printed) issued when circumstances necessitate a delay in the formal audience of the reception of a foreign Chief of Mission.
383
June 30 (114) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Foreign Office interpretation of U.S. procedure indicated in Department’s telegram No. 78, June 28.
383
June 30 (80) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Intention to contact the German Chargé to seek a clarification of the position taken by the German Foreign Office concerning the protocolary problem caused by the Ambassador’s arrival in Germany.
384
[Page XXXIX]July 1 (116) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Information that the latest exchange of views has resulted in arrangement satisfactory to the German Government; request for instructions to proceed accordingly.
384
July 5 (83) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Approval of suggested procedure.
385
(Note: Information that Ambassador Dodd assumed chargé of the Embassy on July 14 and was received by President von Hindenburg on August 30.) 385

Attacks Upon American Citizens in Germany

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Aug. 18 (98) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to consult with the Consul General at Berlin on the problem of continued attacks by members of the Nazi Party on American citizens in Germany.
385
Aug. 23 To President Roosevelt
Brief report, August 21 (text printed), of 12 cases of American citizens in Germany who have been mistreated by Nazis.
386
Sept. 4 (139) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Report of two more unprovoked attacks upon American citizens.
388
Sept. 4 (110) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Advice that representations (text printed) will be made to the German Embassy concerning reports of the attacks.
388
Sept. 8 (141) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Information that the German Government has presented oral regrets as to the attacks and has instructed police to take energetic action to rectify the situation.
389
Sept. 15 (144) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Résumé of conversation with the Foreign Minister on the maltreatment of American citizens; his failure to give satisfactory assurance as to the apprehension and punishment of attackers.
390
Oct. 10 From the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Summary of the case of Roland Velz, another American victim of unprovoked Nazi attack.
390
Oct. 11 (125) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to give full support to protests on behalf of American citizens presented to the German Government by the Consul General at Berlin.
391
[Page XL]Oct. 12 (162) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Advice that representations made to the German Government so far have not brought forth satisfactory results in the cases of assault upon American citizens; request for further instructions.
392
Oct. 12 (126) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Résumé of conversation with German Ambassador on the assault cases; instructions for representations to Foreign Minister.
392
Oct. 12 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Further conversation with the German Ambassador in which the U.S. view was expressed that the German Government was not exhibiting sufficient interest in the prevention of unjustifiable assaults upon American citizens.
393
Oct. 14 (167) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Résumé of interview with Foreign Minister in which further U.S. representations were made with a view to achieving a proper adjustment of assault cases.
394
Oct. 15 (168) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Advice that two of the American cases are progressing and that promises have been made to expedite investigation of other cases still pending.
395
Oct. 17 (171) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Announcement of prison sentence for the two assailants in the Velz case.
396
Oct. 17 (172) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Summary of interview with Chancelor Hitler, at which question of assaults on American citizens and other subjects were discussed.
396
Nov. 7 (252) From the Ambassador in Germany
Report of issuance of orders by Reich Minister Göring and Deputy Party Leader Hess for the protection of foreign citizens against attacks; opinion that despite restraining orders, the Nazi Government may not be able to control over-enthusiastic followers of the Nazi Party.
397

German Representations Urging the Recall of Edgar Ansel Mowrer, an American Newspaper Correspondent in Germany

Date and number Subject Page
1933 May 12 (1303) From the Consul General at Berlin
Summary of the difficulties experienced by American correspondents in Germany due to the strict press censorship established by the Nazi regime, particularly in the cases of Edgar Ansel Mowrer and Hubert R. Knickerbocker.
398
[Page XLI]Aug. 11 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
German Chargé’s representations urging the removal of Edgar A. Mowrer, the American correspondent in Berlin for the Chicago Daily News, in view of his failure to cooperate with Nazi press censorship.
403
Aug. 19 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs of a Conversation With the German Chargé
Further German representations requesting the withdrawal of Mowrer from Berlin notwithstanding the fact that the Chicago Daily News has scheduled his transfer to Tokyo.
403
Aug. 19 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Dissatisfaction of the German Chargé with the Department’s view that it does not consider it appropriate to approach the Chicago Daily News as requested.
404
Aug. 19 (99) To the Ambassador in German (tel.)
Views of the Department in the Mowrer case.
404
Aug. 21 (102) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Announcement by the Chicago Daily News that Mowrer will leave Berlin immediately.
405
Aug. 22 (132) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Opinion that Mowrer’s early departure would alleviate the situation for all concerned, although the Foreign Office is no longer pressing for his immediate withdrawal.
405
Sept. 8 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs of a Conversation With the German Chargé
Protest by the Chargé against Mowrer’s recent articles concerning the reasons for his scheduled departure from Germany.
405

Efforts of Protect Rights of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, an American Religious Organization Operating in Germany

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 27 (46) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to investigate German confiscation of property of the American Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society at Magdeburg with a view to lending appropriate assistance to the Society.
406
May 2 From the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Report that satisfactory solution has been reached in the Watch Tower Society case at Magdeburg.
406
May 18 To the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Instructions to investigate confiscation of property of the Watch Tower Society in other German states.
406
[Page XLII]May 27 From the Consul at Berlin (tel.)
Information that representations have been made on behalf of the Watch Tower Society but that no decision has been reached as yet.
407
July 12 (1428) From the Consul General at Berlin
Analysis of the wholesale confiscation of Watch Tower Society property in Germany and curtailment of its activities; opinion that the only assistance which the Department can offer the Society is in connection with the protection of its physical property, the release of which has been secured.
407
July 15 From the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Brief report on developments in Watch Tower Society case.
410
July 27 (1461) From the Consul General at Berlin
Summary of the difficulties encountered in an effort to secure release of the Society’s property under reasonable conditions.
410
Sept. 7 To the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Instructions to lend appropriate assistance to the representative of the Watch Tower Society in view of report that a portion of the Society’s property, including books, will be burned by Nazi police.
412
Sept. 9 (111) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to request prompt action of the German Government in the restoration of the Society’s property in view of the fact that the present German position constitutes a violation of article 12 of the U.S.-German treaty of 1923.
412
Sept. 12 (142) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Report that Society’s real and personal property has been released but that activities of the Society still remain prohibited.
413
Dec. 4 (309) From the Ambassador in Germany
Foreign Office note verbale, November 13 (text printed), setting forth German interpretation of treaty of 1923 and further details relating to the suppression of the activities of the Watch Tower Society.
414
1934 Feb. 1 (497) From the Ambassador in Germany
Refusal by German Government to recognize the Society’s right to defend its case in court, notwithstanding the fact that procedure was followed according to legal remedy cited by German authorities; inquiry as to whether grounds exist for interposition by the U.S. Government.
(Footnote: Information that apparently no further action was taken by the Department.)
416
[Page XLIII]

Efforts of the Consul General at Berlin To Protect American Business Interests Threatened by Nazi Discriminatory Measures

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 11 (1233) From the Consul General at Berlin
Report of interference with the treaty rights of certain American firms in Germany, and résumé of conversation on this subject with Dr. Bang, head of the Ministry of Commerce.
418
Apr. 18 (1243) From the Consul General at Berlin
Citation of further discrimination against American firms, and summary of conversation with Ministerial Director Dr. Posse in which he indicated willingness to bring about a correction in the situation as soon as possible.
421
May 2 (1273) From the Consul General at Berlin
Information that the matter has been brought to the attention of Göring, who gave assurance of favorable action; opinion that if discrimination continues, intervention by the Department may become necessary.
426
May 12 (1301) From the Consul General at Berlin
Opinion that a satisfactory solution will be reached and that direct intervention by the Department no longer appears necessary.
428
June 2 To the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Instructions to report substantiation of treaty violations by German Government.
432
June 15 (1368) From the Consul General at Berlin
Recapitulation of informal representations made in efforts to protect American business interests in Germany; assurance that Department has not been officially committed to any position, although German action appears to violate articles 1 and 13 of the treaty of 1923.
432

Representations Regarding German Discrimination Against American Scrip and Bond Holders in the Execution of the German Transfer Moratorium

Date and number Subject Page
1933 June 9 (96) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Germany’s enactment of transfer moratorium law affecting service of foreign debts.
439
June 11 (18) From the Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)
Impression that Germany intends to exploit debt situation as a means of getting trade advantages and, if unsuccessful, will discriminate against the United States; suggestion for immediate representations against discrimination among creditors.
(Footnote: Information that the Secretary was in London as Chairman of the American Delegation to the World Economic Conference.)
440
[Page XLIV]June 13 (70) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to leave an aide-mémoire (text printed) at the Foreign Office protesting against reported German intention to disregard the rule of nondiscrimination among creditors.
441
June 13 (31) From the Acting Secretary of State to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Advice that the Embassy in Berlin has been instructed to deliver aide-mémoire to the German Government.
442
June 13 Memorandum by the Economic Adviser
Résumé of conversation with Dr. Schacht, the President of the Reichsbank, who gave assurance that he will not sanction any policy of discrimination between creditors of different nations.
442
June 15 (102) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Substance of German reply to aide-mémoire of June 13, interpreting Schacht’s statement which had prompted the U.S. protest.
444
June 17 (105) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Foreign Office explanation of Schacht’s remarks and contention that Schacht’s actual view coincided with the policy of the German Government that discrimination between creditors is an improper principle.
444
Aug. 22 (91) From the Ambassador in Germany
Analysis of financial statement of the Konversionskasse for German Foreign Debts; alternative methods proposed for handling Konversionskasse certificates of indebtedness in the United States.
445
Aug. 30 (116) From the Ambassador in Germany
Information that practically no progress has been made toward handling Konversionskasse certificates of indebtedness under the German Partial Moratorium of July 1.
447
Sept. 1 (1562) From the Consul General at Berlin
Résumé of interview between Schacht and the Berlin correspondent of the Algemeen Handelsblad of Amsterdam indicating inconsistency in Schacht’s financial policy.
448
Sept. 14 (146) From the Ambassador in Germany
Account of a second interview between Schacht and the Dutch correspondent concerning the use of Konversionskasse funds for the promotion of German exports and the German view of the foreign attitude toward such employment of funds due German creditors.
450
(Oct. 3 (155) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Advice that the latest development in German financial policy is an apparently blatant discrimination in favor of Swiss holders of scrip, with full payment of its face value.
452
[Page XLV]Oct. 6 (121) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to obtain estimates of various categories of American capital invested in Germany.
452
Oct. 9 (123) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Advice that the U.S. Government is concerned over German discrimination in respect of both trade and finance and that formal representations are being contemplated.
453
Oct. 18 (132) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Request for recommendations to assist Department in ascertaining whether a formal protest based on article 7 of the commercial treaty of 1923 is warranted by preferential treatment granted Swiss bondholders.
453
Oct. 19 (173) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Brief report of estimates of American capital invested in Germany.
454
Oct. 25 (178) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Summary of German negotiations with the Swiss and Netherlands Governments to extend preferential treatment to the countries with respect to recovery of scrip; recommendations for concrete action, rather than representations under commercial treaty.
454
Nov. 1 (136) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to leave an aide-mémoire at the Foreign Office requesting more complete information concerning the Swiss and Netherlands agreements.
456
Nov. 3 (185) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Advice that an aide-mémoire (text printed) has been left at the Foreign Office in accordance with Department’s instructions.
457
Nov. 16 (268) From the Ambassador in Germany
German reply, November 15 (text printed), advising that copies of the German agreements with Switzerland and the Netherlands concerning the execution of the German transfer moratorium have been sent to the American Embassy and giving assurance that further information will be available if desired.
458
Dec. 29 (153) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to present a written statement to the German Government identical, mutatis mutandis, with a British statement (text printed) reiterating protest at differentiation between creditor nations.
459
[Page XLVI]

Discrimination Against American Products Under the German Law Providing Tax Exemption for Replacement Acquisition

Date and number Subject Page
1933 June 17 (106) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Opinion that the German law of June 1, 1933, for the decrease of unemployment, providing tax exemption for machinery replacement, appears to constitute a violation of article 8 of the U.S-German commercial treaty of 1923.
460
June 22 (75) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to forward copy of the recent German law and meanwhile to make oral representations to the German Government expressing apprehension in respect to the application of the law in question.
461
July 1 (2512) From the Chargé in Germany
Transmittal of a translation of the pertinent chapter of the German law of June 1, 1933 (text printed).
461
July 24 (20) From the Ambassador in Germany
Information that discrimination against American products continues and that oral representations to the Foreign Office remain unanswered.
463
Aug. 29 (137) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Opinion that only vigorous formal representations will end German discrimination against replacements of foreign manufacture.
463
Sept. 7 (130) From the Ambassador in Germany
Transmittal of delayed German reply, August 30 (text printed), in which the German Government takes the position that taxes and duties mentioned in article 8 of the commercial treaty are not affected by the provisions of the law of June 1.
464
Sept. 21 (114) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to urge immediate removal of discrimination against American trade on the ground that the act of withholding bounty from U.S. manufacturers restricts freedom of commerce.
467
Dec. 5 (317) From the Ambassador in Germany
Foreign Office note verbale, November 23 (text printed), expressing German Government’s regret that it cannot concur with the U.S. interpretation of the German law of June 1.
468

German Discrimination Against American and Other Foreign Shipping Companies

Date and number Subject Page
1933 May 22 From the German Embassy
Suggestion that a meeting scheduled for May 22 by the U.S. Shipping Board, concerning a controversy with the German steamship lines over execution of a plan relating to Germany’s private debts to foreign bankers, be postponed since the same controversy will be discussed at the Trans- Atlantic Passenger Conference at Brussels, May 24.
470
[Page XLVII]May 22 Memorandum by the Assistant Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Indication that postponement of the meeting in the Shipping Board has been impossible but that its purpose is strictly fact-finding and the German lines will have an opportunity to present their case.
471
May 26 (58) To the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to make representations to the German Government, similar to British note of May 25 (substance printed), requesting repeal of a Reichsbank regulation allowing the use of registered reichsmarks, purchasable at 20 percent discount, in payment of accommodations on German ships.
472
May 27 (87) From the Chargé in Germany (tel.)
Information that the reichsmarks question will be discussed at the bankers’ conference in Berlin, and opinion that the Embassy should take no action unless further difficulties arise.
473
June 23 Memorandum by Mr. R. E. Schoenfeld, of the Division of Western European Affairs
Indication that the problem of the use of registered reichsmarks for the purchase of trans-Atlantic steamship accommodations on German lines has been satisfactorily settled.
474
Aug. 11 From the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Information that a decree issued by the Ministry of Commerce appears to be discriminatory in practice since it restricts passage on foreign steamship lines; opinion that representations should be made toward securing a rescission of the decree.
474
Aug. 29 (1550) From the Consul General at Berlin
Report of satisfactory settlement of the discriminatory measures which had been taken against the foreign steamship lines in Germany.
475
Oct. 21 To the Consul General at Berlin (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain whether report is well founded that German importers and exporters are under pressure to use German ships exclusively in the shipment of goods.
476
Nov. 29 To the Representative of the Roosevelt Steamship Company
Information that careful investigation of the freight traffic question reveals no evidence of direct discrimination, and opinion that the German Government would not sanction such procedure in view of other objections from foreign governments pertaining to discriminatory practices.
477
[Page XLVIII]

Representations Against German Imposition of Discriminatory Quotas on Importation of American Products

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Sept. 18 (145) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Advice that the German Government has granted to Yugoslavia a new import quota on prunes and has implied that the United States will receive an equal quota rather than one based on the proportionate share of past trade.
478
Sept. 20 (113) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain the basis and period of the prune import quota allocation.
478
Sept. 22 (148) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Report that the Yugoslav quota is not based on imports over any past period but consists of an arbitrary figure; indication that the German Government will be adverse to any U.S. claim for a proportionate quota.
479
Sept. 28 (119) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to discuss the quota system with representatives of the German Government, emphasizing the U.S. view that a customs quota which is not allocated on a proportionate basis is discriminatory and contravenes the treaty rights of the United States.
480
Sept. 30 (153) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Summary of conversation with a Foreign Office official who stated that his Government could not consider modifying its position on the prune quota.
481
Oct. 9 (122) To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
Instructions to present to the Foreign Office a formal protest (text printed) against the disproportionate allocation of quotas adversely affecting the importation into Germany of American prunes.
484

Status With Regard to Taxation of German Corporations, Subsidiaries of American Corporations

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 5 (2112) From the Ambassador in Germany
Opinion that the refusal of the Ministry of Finance to issue tax refund certificates to German subsidiaries of American corporations constitutes a violation of article 8 of the U.S.-German commercial treaty of 1923.
483
Feb. 11 (835) To the Ambassador in Germany
Advice that treaty violation appears doubtful but that representations should be made on the ground that German subsidiaries of American corporations, for all questions relative to taxation, should be considered as domiciled in Germany.
484
Mar. 17 (2254) From the Ambassador in Germany
Information that the Ministry of Finance has issued an ordinance which gives subsidiary companies the full benefit of tax bonus certificates.
485
[Page XLIX]

Action by the United States Similar to That Taken by Other Powers to Prevent the Sale of Military Airplanes to Germany

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Aug. 4 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Inquiry by the British Chargé as to whether the United States, as well as France, Italy, Belgium, and Czechoslovakia, will agree with the British Government to request their respective airplane manufacturers to refuse sales of airplanes to Germany for police duty.
486
Aug. 10 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Conversation with the British Chargé in which reply was made to his inquiry of August 4 to the effect that it has been the U.S. policy to dissuade American manufacturers from exporting arms, ammunition, and supplies to Germany, although there is no law forbidding such sales.
487
Sept. 8 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Summary of conversation with the Italian Ambassador concerning Italo-British correspondence on Germany’s desire to purchase military airplanes for police purposes, and Italian attitude.
487
Oct. 19 From the British Embassy
British inquiry as to whether the United States will reconsider its position and adopt the British proposal, now agreed upon by six European countries, which provides for written assurance from the German Government with regard to fulfillment of its treaty obligations.
488
Oct. 27 To the British Ambassador
Regret that U.S. Government is unable to give favorable consideration to the British proposal, but belief that the procedure being followed by the United States will accomplish the purposes which the British Government has in view.
490
Nov. 21 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Information, in response to an inquiry by the Italian Ambassador, concerning recent exchange of views with the British Government in regard to furnishing of military aircraft to Germany; Ambassador’s opinion that the Italian position corresponds to that of the U.S. Government.
491

Petitions for Rehearings in the SoCalled Sabotage Cases: Black Tom and Kingsland

Date and number Subject Page
1933 May 4 From the German Embassy
Review of proceedings of the Mixed Claims Commission in the Black Tom and Kingsland sabotage cases; German view that the decision of December 3, 1932, by the Umpire is final and binding upon the two Governments.
492
[Page L]July 6 From the German Chargé
German request that the new U.S. proposals to reopen the Black Tom and Kingsland cases be withdrawn and the Commission be dissolved, since the decisions already reached and the stipulations of the Agreement of August 10, 1922, preclude any further action in the matter.
496
July 20 To the German Chargé
Opinion that the pending petition for rehearings in the sabotage cases should be disposed of by the Commission in a judicial manner, and assurance that the U.S. Government is also desirous of closing the work of the Commission at the earliest practicable moment.
499
Aug. 24 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Résumé of the German Ambassador’s views on the subject of the Mixed Claims Commission, and his advice that his Government cannot participate in any manner in the rehearings by the Commission of the so-called sabotage cases.
499
Oct. 11 From the German Ambassador
Attitude of the German Government that the petitions for rehearings are in conflict with the provisions of the agreement of 1922; information that the Acting German Commissioner has no authority to act with respect to the petitions for rehearings but that he is still authorized to participate in the formal conclusion of the compromises tentatively agreed upon.
501
Dec. 28 From the Under Secretary of State to the Legal Adviser
Account of German Ambassador’s proposal that the State Department intercede in the examination of evidence presented in the sabotage cases, and explanation to him that while the Department was anxious to expedite conclusion of the cases it could not interfere with the court procedure.
501

Representations by the German Embassy Against Collection of Customs Duties on German Coal in Violation of Treaty Provisions for Most-Favored-Nation Treatment

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Sept. 28 (III A 2352) From the German Chargé
Request that tax exemption enjoyed by Canadian and Mexican coal imports into the United States be extended to German coal imports on the basis of most-favored-nation treaty provisions, and further, that any duties already collected he refunded.
502
1933 Jan. 6 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Submission by the German Ambassador of a memorandum (text printed) expressing the German Government’s view that its treaty rights are not subject to a ruling by a court, notwithstanding indications that the matter will be tested in the U.S. courts.
504
[Page LI]Jan. 17 To the German Ambassador
Advice that in view of the Attorney General’s reversal of the Treasury Department’s decision permitting free entry of German coal, the question of the right of German coal to exemption from tax will now be judicially determined by protest and litigation of the importers.
506
Jan. 20 From the German Ambassador
Reiteration of the German Government’s position that it cannot agree that the interpretation of the most-favorednation clause in the treaty of 1923 shall be made dependent upon a decision of American domestic judicial authorities.
507
Jan. 31 Memorandum by the Economic Adviser of a Conversation With the First Secretary of the German Embassy
Résumé of Dr. Meyer’s observations on the coal import controversy and the concern it has aroused in Berlin as to the effectiveness of the commercial treaty with the United States.
507
Feb. 4 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Discussion with the German Ambassador concerning legal points involved in question of tax exemption for German coal imports.
508
Apr. 13 Brief by Direction of the Secretary of State Submitted to the United States Customs Court, Third Division
Presentation of argument in support of most-favored-nation clause of treaty of 1923, and interpretation of subsection (a), section 601, of the Revenue Act of 1932 as a safeguard for treaty provisions.
509
Apr. 10 From the German Ambassador
Supplementary German representations on the coal situation, re-emphasizing the opinion that the rights of a state arising out of a treaty cannot be restricted by the provisions of a domestic law or by the decision of a domestic court.
525
May 3 To the German Embassy
Advice that the Executive Branch of the U.S. Government, recognizing the importance of a prompt solution of a question involving treaty obligations of the United States, has taken steps to expedite a decision in the coal question now pending before the courts.
530
May 10 To President Roosevelt
Opinion that German protest of treaty violation is well founded; recommendation that the Justice and Treasury Departments be advised to refrain from appealing to a higher court in the event that the Customs Court renders a decision favorable to the importers.
530
[Page LII]June 9 To the Attorney General
Suggestion that the Customs Court decision, rendered June 3, in favor of the importers be accepted and no appeal be taken in view of the bearing of this litigation on the foreign relations of the United States.
532
Aug. 24 From the Assistant Secretary of State to the Legal Adviser
Dissatisfaction of German Government concerning the report that the Customs Court decision has been appealed despite assurances to the contrary; request that the appeal be withdrawn.
532
Sept. 8 From the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs to the Secretary of State
Report of discussion with the German Ambassador, who was advised that, although the hope had been expressed that there would be no appeal from the Customs Court’s decision in the coal case, no assurance was given to that effect, as the decision did not rest with the State Department, but with the Justice Department, which had decided that an appeal should be taken.
533
(Note: Information that a decision by the U.S. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals of April 2, 1934, upholding the opinion of the lower court became final, as no further appeal was filed.) 534

Representations by the German Embassy Against the Beverage Control Law of the State of New York as Being in Violation of Treaty Rights

Date and number Subject Page
1933 June 21 From the German Embassy
Advice that the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law of the State of New York conflicts with the U.S.-German commercial treaty of 1923 in that it prohibits the granting of licenses for the beer business to noncitizens of the United States or to companies which are not under the control of American citizens.
534
Aug. 11 (N. Y. 471) From the German Embassy
Inquiry as to the U.S. Government’s view and action taken with regard to the alleged treaty violation by the New York State Alcoholic Beverage Control Law.
536
Oct. 19 From the German Embassy
Reiteration of request for action with regard to the New York State Alcoholic Beverage Control Law.
536
Nov. 4 From the Counsel to the Governor of New York
Transmittal of a letter from the Attorney General of the State of New York to the Governor of New York, October 9 (text printed), expressing the opinion that the provisions of the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law run contra to the treaty obligations and therefore may not be enforced.
537
[Page LIII]Nov. 24 To the Governor of New York
Advice that the Department is desirous of securing an early disposition of the conflict between the New York law and the treaty rights of aliens.
542
Nov. 24 To the German Ambassador
Information that it is likely that the provisions of section 84 of the Alcoholic Beverage Control Law of the State of New York will be altered during the coming session of the Legislature.
542

GREECE

Insistence by the United States Upon Greek Responsibility for the Service of American Loans to Greece Under the Agreements of May 10, 1929, and May 24, 1932

Date and number Subject Page
1933 July 1 (32) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Desire to obtain, if possible, a copy of the experts’ report to the League of Nations Finance Committee on Greek financial and economic situation, and any other information available on the negotiations in London between officials of the Greek Government and foreign creditors, in view of U.S.-Greek debt funding agreement of May 10, 1929.
544
July 17 From the Greek Legation
Inability of Greek Government to pay the amount due the United States July 1 under the 1929 and 1932 loan agreements.
545
Oct. 31 To the Greek Minister
Notification of amount due and payable on November 10 under the 1929 and 1932 loan agreements.
546
Nov. 11 (2145) From the Greek Minister
Intention of the Greek Government to make payment of the interest due May 10 and November 10 on its debt to the United States in the same proportion as will be made on interest payable on the Stabilization Loan.
546

Representations to the Greek Government Against Proposals To Extend Throughout Greece the Government Monopoly in the Sale of Refined Oil

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 12 (3) To the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Instructions to seek detailed and precise information concerning reported intention of the Greek Government to institute legislation extending Government oil monopoly, and also to consult with British and Belgian colleagues to learn what action, if any, they contemplate taking on behalf of their interests.
547
[Page LIV]Jan. 16 (8) From the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Report of views of British and Belgian Ministers and actions taken by them and by Athens managers of oil companies with respect to the oil monopoly bill; inability to make inquiries of Greek authorities at present, owing to fall of the Greek Government.
548
Aug. 17 (75) From the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Report that Foreign Office has been requested to furnish information on intention of Greek Government with regard to the oil monopoly bill, and that it was pointed out that the U.S. Government will expect that American interests will be compensated for any loss involved.
548
Aug. 19 (34) To the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Approval of action taken and authorization for further representations if it appears necessary.
549
Aug. 30 (2503) From the Chargé in Greece
Note to Foreign Office, August 17 (text printed), with regard to the oil monopoly bill; probability that no reply will be received, as the U.S., British, and Belgian representations seem to have brought about the indefinite postponement of the proposed legislative action.
549
Sept. 25 (4) From the Minister in Greece
Foreign Office reply, September 16 (text printed), advising that no decision has been taken by the Greek Government with regard to the submission of the petroleum monopoly bill to the Legislature, but reserving liberty of action in the matter. Opinion that proposed law has been abandoned, at least for the present.
551

Unsuccessful Attempts To Obtain Extradition of Samuel Insull From Greece; Denunciation by the United States of Extradition Treaty of May 6, 1931

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Oct. 10 (107) From the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Information that Samuel Insull has been arrested by Greek police, but will be released in 24 hours if request for extradition is not received.
552
Oct. 10 (49) To the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Instructions to request provisional arrest and detention of Insull with a view to his extradition on embezzlement and larceny charges, upon exchange of ratifications of U.S.- Greek extradition treaty.
553
Oct. 11 (110) From the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Foreign Office advice that extradition of Insull cannot be agreed to because extradition treaty is not in force, that he will be released from custody the evening of October 11, but not allowed to leave Greece for a day or two.
553
[Page LV]Oct. 13 (112) From the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Informal and confidential arrangement by Premier Venizelos to prevent Insull’s departure from Greece until ratifications of extradition treaty can be exchanged and extradition proceedings renewed under the treaty.
553
Nov. 1 (58) To the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Advice that exchange of ratifications of the extradition treaty has taken place; instructions to renew request for Insull’s provisional arrest and detention with a view to extradition.
554
Nov. 3 (120) From the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Foreign Office oral assurance that Insull will be arrested November 4.
554
Nov. 4 (121) From the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Arrest of Insull.
555
Nov. 17 (1099) To the Chargé in Greece
Transmittal of papers in the matter of the extradition from Greece of Samuel Insull; instructions to make formal application for his surrender under treaty regulations.
555
Dec. 28 (155) From the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Rejection by Greek court of request for extradition of Insull, who has been set at liberty; information that an official statement and complete record of the hearing have been requested from the Foreign Office.
556
1933 Jan. 5 (2) To the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Instructions to address a letter to Samuel Insull (text printed) requesting him to surrender his passport for cancellation; instructions to notify appropriate local authorities and all consular officers in Western Europe, North Africa, and the Near East of action taken.
556
Mar. 18 (2386) From the Chargé in Greece
Results of inquiries in the Insull case; indication that the new Government would be willing to take up the extradition question under a new set of facts, which would require the presentation of a new extradition request based upon new proofs, a new warrant, and a new indictment for an offense not connected with the one first cited.
557
Apr. 29 (17) To the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Intention to submit to Greek Government a new request for extradition under a proposed indictment based on a new set of facts; information concerning nature of indictment for discussion with Foreign Office officials.
560
May 10 (48) From the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Impression from informal conversations with Greek officials that facts in new indictment will probably be considered by the Court of Appeals as the basis for a new hearing.
561
[Page LVI]Aug. 1 (1230) To the Chargé in Greece
Transmittal of papers, and instructions to again make request to the Greek Government for the arrest and surrender of Insull under the treaty provisions.
561
Aug. 26 (78) From the Chargé in Greece (tel.)
Arrest of Insull after alleged administrative delay; intention to present formal demand for surrender as soon as copies of Greek text can be prepared.
562
Oct. 31 (107) From the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Information that extradition of Insull was again refused by Greek court, and that he has been set free.
562
Nov. 1 (108) From the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Information that prosecutor is of the opinion that court decision has left the way open for the introduction of new evidence and reopening of the Insull case, and that he is preparing a memorandum accordingly.
563
Nov. 2 (54) To the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Advice that unless the Greek authorities act promptly in reopening the Insull case, the Department is considering making strong protest against court decision and denouncing extradition treaty; request for information concerning grounds for court’s decision.
563
Nov. 3 (110) From the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Information that court decision was based solely upon lack of proof of criminal intent, and opinion that Greek Government has no intention of reopening case; suggestion that Premier be approached concerning possibility of expulsion of Insull under Greek law providing for expulsion of aliens for reasons of public interest upon recommendation of certain Cabinet Ministers.
564
Nov. 9 (57) To the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Nonintention to request or suggest that Insull be expelled from Greece; opinion, however, that such action taken voluntarily by the Greek Government would be very helpful in appeasing public opinion in the United States.
564
Nov. 10 (39) From the Minister in Greece
Note to Foreign Office, November 5 (text printed), containing formal notice of denunciation of extradition treaty in protest against court decision in the Insull case, and reply of Greek Government, November 9 (text printed).
565
Nov. 16 (116) From the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s inquiry as to what the United States could do to facilitate expulsion of Insull by providing a passport good for contiguous and other countries and assuring his acceptability therein.
567
[Page LVII]Nov. 22 (58) To the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Willingness of Department to rescind the cancellation of Insull’s passport if it is necessary to provide him with a valid travel document in order to effect expulsion.
568
Dec. 15 (93) From the Minister in Greece
Information from Foreign Minister that Insull has been notified to leave Greece by January 31, 1934.
568

ITALY

Proposed Treaty Between the United States and Italy Concerning Nationality and Military Obligations

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Sept. 16 Memorandum by the Ambassador in Italy
Discussion with newly appointed Italian Ambassador to the United States concerning possibility of negotiation of a naturalization treaty between the United States and Italy; suggestion for meeting Italian objection that such a treaty would allow other countries to invoke the most-favored-nation clause, thus permitting drafting of Italian subjects in certain European countries.
570
Dec. 14 (816) To the Ambassador in Italy
Transmittal of a draft treaty on nationality and military obligations (text printed) for discussion with the Foreign Office; observations concerning the proposed treaty.
572
1933 Feb. 23 (7) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Advice that treaty will be discussed with the Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in the near future; request for full powers to sign treaty in event complete agreement is reached.
577
Feb. 28 (10) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Authorization to sign treaty if draft is accepted, but instructions to submit any modifications for Department’s approval.
578
May 11 (1891) From the Ambassador in Italy
Opinion that there is a real possibility of reaching an agreement with Italy on the treaty, but that the Italian Government must first secure passage of legislation with regard to the loss of Italian nationality abroad before proceeding with treaty negotiations.
578
[July]14 (36) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Instructions to discuss the proposed treaty with the Foreign Minister at the earliest opportunity, emphasizing the U.S. Government’s desire for conclusion of the treaty.
579
[Page LVIII]Sept. 11 (171) From the Ambassador in Italy
Hope of Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs that the necessary legislation in support of the treaty will be passed in the December session of the Senate and that the text of the treaty will be ready by then; his comment that some Italian officials are not satisfied with the text proposed by the United States and want to make a fresh start.
579
Oct. 25 (79) To the Ambassador in Italy
Instructions to discuss treaty again with the Under Secretary in an effort to ascertain the particular provisions of the U.S. draft to which the Italian authorities object so that a solution of the difficulty may be worked out.
580
Nov. 10 (268) From the Ambassador in Italy
Report of discussion with the Under Secretary concerning Italian objections to U.S. draft treaty; submission of suggested changes in certain treaty provisions to meet these objections.
581
Dec. 2 (65) To the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information that suggested changes in draft treaty have been approved in general but that certain modifications have been made.
583
Dec. 13 From the Italian Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador in Italy
Enumeration of the difficulties of reaching a settlement of the naturalization question on the basis of the U.S. draft treaty, but expressing willingness in principle to conclude an agreement on the subject.
583
(Note: Information that on January 18, 1934, the Ambassador in Italy was advised that, in view of the disinclination of the Italian Government to conclude a treaty, the negotiations should be dropped for the present.) 584

Fascist Pressure on Naturalized American Citizens Visiting Italy

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Aug. 3 To the Consul at Trieste (tel.)
Instructions to render appropriate assistance to Guido Cimador, a naturalized American citizen alleged to have been arrested and imprisoned at Prato Carnico on June 3.
585
Aug. 4 From the Consul at Trieste (tel.)
Report that unofficial information has been received that the real reasons behind Cimador’s arrest for political and moral reasons were his actions in placing flowers on the bier of a dead anarchist and accompanying body to the grave.
585
Aug. 11 (289) From the Consul at Trieste
Report of investigation of the Cimador case; opinion that Cimador did not receive a fair trial by American standards, and that the Italian authorities were aware of his American Citizenship.
585
[Page LIX]Aug. 14 (87) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information that representations are being made to central political authorities for release of Cimador.
587
Aug. 15 From the American Ambassador in Italy to the Italian Director General for Political Affairs
Submittal of a memorandum in the case of Guido Cimador and advice that he is an American citizen.
587
Aug. 28 Memorandum by the Consul at Trieste
Review of the Cimador case.
587
Aug. 31 (95) From the Ambassador in Italy (tel.)
Information from Trieste that Cimador has been released.
589
Oct. 19 (308) From the Consul at Trieste
Instance of Fascist pressure upon naturalized American citizens of Italian birth in the case of Aurelio Toppano, who had become a member of the Fascist Party, and had unwittingly taken the Fascist oath (text printed), because of promises of special privileges both in Italy and in the United States.
590

Representations by the Italian Embassy Respecting Violent Death of an Italian National While Detained in Jail at New Orleans

Date and number Subject Page
1932 June 27 From the District Attorney of New Orleans to the Secretary of the Governor of Louisiana
Receipt of inquiries from the Italian Consul at New Orleans concerning the death of Ross Palumbo, an Italian citizen, allegedly at the hands of two members of the New Orleans City Detective Department; information that an investigation showed that the two men were indicted for manslaughter, that the Grand Jury returned a vote of “no true bill”, and that therefore the case is closed and the State barred from further action.
591
July 14 From the Italian Ambassador
Presentation of facts in the case of Ross Palumbo and conclusion that there has been a gross miscarriage of justice; request, since there appears to be no hope of arriving at any results locally, for the intervention of the Department of State to secure redress, punishment of guilty parties, and an indemnity for Palumbo’s widow and child.
592
Dec. 1 To the Italian Chargé
Advice that a letter has been received from the Governor of Louisiana transmitting results of an investigation of the Palumbo case by the District Attorney of New Orleans; enclosure of copy of letter of June 27 from the District Attorney of New Orleans to the Secretary of the Governor of Louisiana.
593
1933 Jan. 9 From the Italian Chargé
Information that the Italian Embassy cannot agree with the conclusions of the Attorney General of New Orleans; desire to be informed of Department’s actions in bringing about a just solution of the case.
594
[Page LX]Feb. 7 To the Governor of Louisiana
Request for copies of official records, citations of pertinent authorities, citizenship data in the Palumbo case; expectation that all possible further steps will be taken to apprehend and punish the persons responsible for the death of Palumbo, and reminder that under international law a government is responsible for damages in such cases where appropriate actions for the apprehension and punishment of wrongdoers is not taken.
595
Feb. 7 To the Italian Ambassador
Information that steps are being taken to ascertain whether any further action can be taken by the competent authorities in the State of Louisiana.
597
July 5 From the Italian Ambassador
Desire for a speedy and satisfactory settlement of the Palumbo case.
597
Aug. 12 To the Governor of Louisiana
Reiteration of request for data referred to in Department’s letter of February 7; probability that Italian Government will insist on payment of an indemnity if it cannot be convincingly established either that the death of Palumbo was not wrongful, or that the guilty parties have been punished.
597
Nov. 3 To the Governor of Louisiana
Request for considered legal opinion of the Attorney General of Louisiana on the position of the State of Louisiana that it is barred from further action in the Palumbo case, in view of difference of opinion of the Italian Embassy; hope that, if it is so barred, action will be taken for the payment of a suitable indemnity as required under international law.
599
(Note: Information that no reply from the Governor of Louisiana has been found in the Department files, and that aside from an inquiry on June 27, 1934, no further representations were made by the Italian Government.) 601

LATVIA

Representations Regarding Alleged Discrimination Against American Trade in Latvia

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 4 (182) To the Minister in Latvia
Instructions for careful examination of any cases of discrimination against American trade by Latvian officials which may be brought to the attention of the Legation, with a view to making protest to the competent Latvian authorities; request for submission of a quarterly survey of new legislation, regulations, and practices restricting or discriminating against American trade and report of action taken by the Legation in connection with protection of American interests.
602
[Page LXI]Apr. 21 (1307) From the Minister in Latvia
Three communications to the Foreign Office, March 30, 1932, January 23 and March 9, 1933 (texts printed), protesting discrimination against American trade resulting from Government’s policy of regulating imports and valuta operations, to which no reply has as yet been received.
604
Apr. 26 (1314) From the Minister in Latvia
Foreign Office note of April 21 [20?] (text printed) expressing view that charges of discrimination against American trade are unfounded; reply to Foreign Office, April 24 (text printed), reiterating position that treaty rights are being denied to importers of American goods.
609
July 7 (1461) From the Chargé in Latvia
Report that during the June quarter there were no new laws, regulations, or practices tending to discriminate against American trade; data concerning two instances of discrimination reported to the Legation by a local importer of American goods.
613
Aug. 12 (221) To the Chargé in Latvia
Inability to determine from data given whether the two instances reported in Legation’s despatch No. 1461 of July 7 actually constitute discrimination; caution concerning necessity for careful investigation and determination of facts before taking action on cases of alleged discrimination.
614
Oct. 13 (1657) From the Chargé in Latvia
Report that during the September quarter no new legislation restricting or discriminating against American trade, nor any specific instances of discrimination, have come to the attention of the Legation.
616

NETHERLANDS

Proposal for the Establishment of a Reciprocal Air Navigation Arrange-ment Between the United States and the Netherlands

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Mar. 29 (761) From the Netherlands Minister
Netherlands Ministry of Public Works Decree No. 473, February 23 (text printed), concerning conditions for admittance of American civil aircraft into the Netherlands pending the coming into force of the air navigation agreement concluded between the United States and the Netherlands on November 16, 1932.
617
May 6 To the Netherlands Minister
Information concerning conditions for entry of Netherlands civil aircraft into the United States pending coming into force of the air navigation agreement.
618
[Page LXII]Sept. 18 (28) To the Minister in the Netherlands (tel.)
Desire for exclusion of the Philippines, Hawaii, and Panama Canal Zone from the terms of the air navigation agreement, and proposal for amendment of article 1 accordingly; alternative proposal (text printed) providing for limitation of Netherlands possessions in case the first proposal is rejected by the Netherlands Government.
619
Oct. 17 (792) From the Minister in the Netherlands
Opinion of Netherlands official that there is no chance for acceptance of proposed modification of article 1, but that a proposal for exclusion of both American and Netherlands overseas possessions might be accepted; inquiry as to whether to suggest immediately the alternative formula mentioned in Department’s telegram No. 28, of September 18.
620
Nov. 22 (824) From the Minister in the Netherlands
Note to Foreign Minister, November 22 (text printed), suggesting amendment of article 1 of air navigation agreement in accordance with second formula contained in telegram No. 28, September 18.
622

NORWAY

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Norway

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Mar. 30 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Advice to the Norwegian Minister that the United States will be prepared to begin negotiation of reciprocal trade agreements after the necessary legislation is passed by Congress giving the President authority to negotiate such agreements.
624
Aug. 22 From the Norwegian Legation
Statistics concerning Norwegian-American trade; interest of Norway in obtaining the reduction or abolishment of the U.S. import duty on whale oil, which, it is claimed, would lead to the increased exportation to Europe of American edible oils.
624
Sept. 15 From the Chairman of the Tariff Commission
Comments on Norwegian aide-mémoire of August 22.
628
Dec. 16 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Inquiry by the Norwegian Minister as to when negotiations could begin for a U.S.-Norwegian trade agreement, and reply that Department is considering the matter but is not yet ready to begin conversations, owing to press of other work.
629
[Page LXIII]

Arrangement Between the United States and Norway Regarding Air Navigation, Effected by Exchange of Notes Signed October 16, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Oct. 16 To the Norwegian Minister
Transmittal of reciprocal arrangement (text printed), agreed upon in previous negotiations, governing the operation of civil aircraft of the one country in the territory of the other; suggestion that if the Norwegian Government concurs, the arrangement become effective on November 15.
630
Oct. 16 From the Norwegian Minister
Confirmation of understanding as set forth, and of November 15 as effective date of arrangement.
634

Arrangement Between the United States and Norway Regarding Pilot Licenses To Operate Civil Aircraft, Effected by Exchange of Notes Signed October 16, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Oct. 16 To the Norwegian Minister
Transmittal of reciprocal arrangement (text printed), agreed upon in previous negotiations, for the issuance by the one country of licenses to nationals of the other authorizing them to pilot civil aircraft; suggestion that if the Norwegian Government concurs, the arrangement become effective November 15.
635
Oct. 16 From the Norwegian Minister
Confirmation of understanding as set forth, and of November 15 as effective date of arrangement.
637

Arrangement Between the United States and Norway Regarding Reciprocal Recognition of Certificates of Airworthiness for Imported Aircraft, Effected by Exchange of Notes Signed October 16, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Oct. 16 To the Norwegian Minister
Transmittal of arrangement (text printed), agreed upon in previous negotiations, for the reciprocal recognition of certificates of airworthiness for imported aircraft; suggestion that if the Norwegian Government concurs, the arrangement become effective November 15.
638
Oct. 16 From the Norwegian Minister
Confirmation of understanding as set forth, and of November 15 as effective date of arrangement.
639
[Page LXIV]

PORTUGAL

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Portugal

Date and number Subject Page
1933 July 13 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State
Conversation with the Portuguese Chargé; expressions of U.S. desire for exploratory conversations with respect to the possible negotiation of a reciprocal trade agreement between the United States and Portugal.
640
July 17 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State
Conversation with the Portuguese Chargé who conveyed his Government’s acceptance of suggestion for preliminary conversations respecting a trade agreement; U.S. inquiry as to whether conversations could begin immediately or whether they should await the arrival of the new Portuguese Minister.
640
July 27 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State
Information from the Portuguese Chargé that the new Portuguese Minister will probably arrive in Washington on or about August 10 in order to open the trade conversations.
641
Aug. 4 (1015) From the Chargé in Portugal
Report containing specific suggestions as to tariff reductions or similar concessions which might be requested of Portugal and also which Portugal might request of the United States.
641
Aug. 8 (1020) From the Chargé in Portugal
Foreign Minister’s opinion indicating enthusiasm for the suggested trade negotiations.
644
Nov. 2 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State
Information in response to an inquiry by the Portuguese Minister that the Department hoped to be able to proceed with the reciprocal trade agreement conversations very soon.
644
Dec. 5 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Desire of Portuguese Minister that commercial treaty negotiations be started; his view that Portugal had a right to expect more favorable treatment in the matter of the liquor quota.
645
Dec. 13 Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State
Discussion with the Portuguese Minister concerning the suggested increase in the temporary liquor quota for Portugal and factors to be considered in the permanent trade agreement between the United States and Portugal.
646
[Page LXV]

Representations Regarding Discriminatory Charges in Portuguese Ports

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Sept. 29 (718) From the Minister in Portugal
Note to Foreign Minister, September 28 (text printed), protesting against Portugal’s failure to abolish discriminatory duties as pledged under Decree of September 12, 1931, as evidenced by suspension, on September 19, of Decree No. 20,333 of September 22, 1931.
649
Oct. 20 (159) To the Minister in Portugal
Approval of representations to Portuguese Government with reference to flag discrimination; instructions to inform Department of any developments.
651
Oct. 27 (78/27) From the Portuguese Minister for Foreign Affairs to the American Minister in Portugal
Information that Decree of September 22, 1931, was suspended merely to make place for another act to effect a more equitable distribution of the fuel subsidy.
651
1933 Jan. 4 (1) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Report of reductions in discriminatory duties of 2 and 4 percent, effective January 2.
652
Oct. 18 (22) From the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Report of revocation of decrees imposing discriminatory charges.
652
Oct. 23 (68) From the Minister in Portugal
Report of the conclusion on October 14 of an Anglo-Portuguese agreement, by which the Portuguese Government will abolish flag discrimination with respect to British vessels in Portugal in return for protection in Great Britain of Portuguese wine trade-marks; reasons which would appear to make any representations in the matter inadvisable at present.
652
Oct. 28 (73) From the Minister in Portugal
Impression, after discussion with the Prime Minister, that the question of flag discrimination is of secondary consideration with the Portuguese Government as compared with the negotiation of commercial treaties with the United States, France, and other countries.
654
Nov. 8 (12) To the Minister in Portugal (tel.)
Instructions to delay representations in the matter of the Anglo-Portuguese flag discrimination agreement in view of the opening of U.S.-Portuguese commercial treaty discussions in the near future.
655
[Page LXVI]

RUMANIA

Recognition by the United States of Rumania’s De Facto Sovereignty Over Bessarabia

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Mar. 6 From the Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs to the Secretary of State and the Under Secretary of State
Discussion with the Rumanian Minister, who urged that the United States reconsider its position on the question of Rumanian sovereignty over Bessarabia before making any decision with regard to recognition of the Soviet Union.
656
Mar. 16 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Eastern European Affairs
Rumanian Minister’s suggestion that the United States, in its discussions with the Soviet authorities preceding recognition, take the opportunity to indicate that it would like to see a settlement reached between Rumania and the Soviet Union with respect to Bessarabia.
658
Mar. 29 From the Rumanian Minister
Aide-mémoire, March 28 (text printed), outlining background of Russo-Rumanian dispute over Bessarabia, and expressing view as to possibility for friendly mediation by the United States.
661
Apr. 12 To President Roosevelt
Recommendation for the elimination of the Bessarabian quota and inclusion of that territory in the Rumanian quota in the new proclamation to be issued effecting changes in the immigration quota for the year beginning July 1, which action would have the effect of according American recognition to Rumanian sovereignty over Bessarabia.
(Footnote: President Roosevelt’s approval, April 15.)
680
May 31 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State
Explanation to the Rumanian Minister of proposed action in connection with the Bessarabian quota, provided the Rumanian Government does not continue its policy of discrimination against American trade.
682
June 21 To the Rumanian Minister
Transmittal of copies of the President’s Proclamation No. 2048 of June 16 establishing immigration quotas for the year beginning July 1, in which the Bessarabian quota has been included within the Rumanian quota area and the Rumanian quota increased.
682

Suspension of Payments by Rumania on War Damage Bonds Held by the Romano-Americana, Subsidiary of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey

Date and number Subject Page
1933 June 30 (1087) From the Minister in Rumania
Note to the Acting Foreign Minister (text printed) expressing hope for reconsideration of Rumanian decision to suspend payment of the coupons of the War Damage Bonds issued under an agreement between the Rumanian Government and the Romano-Americana, sent in response to request of the General Manager of the Romano-Americana.
683
[Page LXVII]Nov. 10 (18) To the Minister in Rumania
Suggestion, with reference to the Minister’s note of June 30 to the Acting Foreign Minister, that in case a similar situation should arise in the future the Legation should ask Department for specific instructions.
684
Dec. 18 (50) From the Minister in Rumania
Information that, in response to further requests by the General Manager of the Romano-Americana, a communication dated December 6 (text printed) was sent to the Foreign Minister expressing the view that the company should have been consulted in the matter of suspension of payment on the coupons of the War Damage Bonds and hope that an equitable settlement of the matter can be reached.
(Footnote: Information that no further information on the case is found in the Department files.)
684

Representations Against the Application of the Rumanian System of Import Quotas

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 12 (1048) From the Minister in Rumania
Discussion with a Foreign Office official concerning the unfavorable effect on U.S.-Rumanian commercial relations of the Rumanian system of import quotas.
687
June 8 From the Chief of the Division of Near Eastern Affairs to the Acting Secretary of State
Discussion with Rumanian Minister concerning U.S. attitude that American imports are discriminated against under the Rumanian import quota system.
689
June 15 (12) From the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Telegram sent by the Rumanian Government to the Rumanian Minister in Washington (text printed) instructing him to give categorical assurances of the intention of the Rumanian Government to make no discriminations unfavorable to the United States.
690
Nov. 3 (26) From the Minister in Rumania
Report of representations to the Rumanian Government in several recent instances of discrimination against American firms and American merchandise.
690
Dec. 20 (32) To the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Information that, in connection with the discussions of liquor quota for Rumania, the Rumanian Minister has asserted the nondiscriminatory attitude of the Rumanian Government toward the allotment of import licenses for American products; request for report on the situation.
692
Dec. 27 (33) From the Minister in Rumania (tel.)
Report of improvement in the allotment of import quotas and indication by officials that a favorable change is to be expected, but suggestion that liquor quota agreement be delayed pending receipt of a full report.
693
[Page LXVIII]

SPAIN

Efforts of the Governments of the United States and Spain To Eliminate Mutual Trade Grievances

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 6 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Inquiry by the Spanish Ambassador as to when the President intends to request authorization from Congress to negotiate reciprocal trade agreements.
694
June 27 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State
Information, in reply to inquiry by Spanish Ambassador, that Spain is not included among those countries with which the United States hopes to negotiate trade agreements in the near future.
694
July 14 Memorandum by the Under Secretary of State
Spanish desire for conversations looking toward improved U.S.-Spanish commercial relations with special reference to Spanish exports of grapes and cork.
695
Sept. 28 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
U.S. attitude toward proposed conversations with Spain dealing with commercial relations.
696
Dec. 21 (81) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Spanish resentment because of alleged discrimination against Spanish wines in U.S. wine quota.
697
Dec. 21 (59) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that Spanish attitude shows complete misunderstanding of U.S. quota policy with regard to wines, and that it is open to Spain at any time to make a bargaining suggestion for a larger quota.
697

Representations Against Bills Introduced in the Spanish Cortes To Annul the Contract of the International Telephone and Telegraph Company

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 10 To the Vice President of the International Telephone and Telegraph Company
Acknowledgment of expression of appreciation for recent assistance in the protection of Spanish interests of the company, but anticipation that there may be further difficulties before final settlement of the question is obtained.
698
Feb. 4 (5) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Letter from the Prime Minister to telephone company official, February 2 (text printed), designating Spanish members of the commission which is to consider revision of the telephone contract.
699
Feb. 23 (1088) From the Ambassador in Spain
Designation by the telephone company of its representatives on the joint committee.
699
Apr. 26 (1167) From the Chargé in Spain
Introduction into the Cortes by a Radical Deputy of a draft bill abolishing the tax exemption granted in the telephone contract; hope of telephone company that bill will not reach discussion, but plans to meet such an eventuality.
700
[Page LXIX]May 15 (20) From the Chargé in Spain (tel.)
Information that telephone company official is reporting indirect efforts to impair telephone contract; intention to reiterate previously expressed position of United States should action be required.
701
July 25 (87) From the Ambassador in Spam
Information that, at the suggestion of telephone company official, it was pointed out to the Minister of State, with reference to program of Radical Socialists, one item of which called for the annulment of the telephone company’s concession, that the U.S. position in the matter had not changed since presentation of note of November 23, 1932.
701
Dec. 13 (234) From the Ambassador in Spam
Transmittal of copy of a decree of November 30 providing for the transfer to the Catalan government of the execution of Spanish legislation relating to the telephone company and the company’s service in the Generalidad.
702
Dec. 21 (60) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
General authorization to maintain unchanged position of U.S. Government in event of reintroduction of legislation unfavorable to telephone company’s interests, but request that Department be kept informed of developments.
702

Representations Respecting Discrimination Against American Automobile Trade in Spain

Date and number Subject Page
1933 May 17 (1189) From the Chargé in Spain
Transmittal of text of decree of May 9 concerning intention of Spanish Government to concede to countries with which Spain maintains a favorable balance of trade a temporary arrangement of returns or benefits.
703
June 10 (33) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Unofficial information that Spain will grant 30–percent benefit to French automobiles under the decree of May 9.
704
June 12 (24) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to protest discrimination against American trade should proposed concession be granted to French automobiles.
704
June 26 (37) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that Foreign Minister has been requested to give official confirmation of reported secret agreement granting benefits to French automobiles.
704
July 5 (38) From the American Ambassador in Spain to the Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs
Request for information concerning agreement, if one exists, effecting the reduction of the present Spanish tariff on automobiles of French origin.
704
[Page LXX]July 8 From the Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador in Spain
Suggestion that reports concerning agreement with France, the terms of which were published in full in the Gaceta de Madrid for June 23, may refer to possibility of a French request for reduction of certain customs tariffs under the so called “benefits” policy.
705
Aug. 29 (67) From the American Ambassador in Spain to the Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs
Representations against recent action of Customs head granting tariff advantages amounting to 35 percent to automobiles of French origin, which is a discrimination affecting American trade.
706

Representations To Mitigate Severity of Treatment of Americans Held at Palma for Alleged Attack Upon Civil Guards

Date and number Subject Page
1933 June 16 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Report of arrest of five Americans on chargé of assaulting civil guard; information that since case is under military jurisdiction the efforts of the Consulate General to secure prompt and lenient settlement were unsuccessful, and the intervention of the Embassy will be necessary.
706
June 29 (38) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Written and oral representations to Foreign Minister for provisional release of the five Americans imprisoned at Palma.
707
July 1 (29) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to urge expedition in release of Americans at Palma.
707
July 8 (30) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Request for immediate report in Palma case.
708
July 13 (31) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Advice that concern has been expressed to the Spanish Ambassador with regard to the fate of the five Americans imprisoned at Palma.
708
July 15 (41) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that the military judge in the Palma case has submitted a report hostile to any concession and has refused bail; intention to make an appeal to the Prime Minister in the case.
708
July 18 To the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Instructions to proceed to Majorca with a view to taking all possible action on behalf of the Americans imprisoned at Palma.
709
[Page LXXI]July 21 From the Consul General at Barcelona (tel.)
Information that the Americans have been released under joint bond of 20,000 pesetas and that Consul General is returning to Barcelona.
709
Aug. 1 (91) From the Ambassador in Spain
Information that Palma case will not be closed until finally disposed of by trial or dismissal; observations concerning seriousness of the incident from the Spanish viewpoint.
709
Sept. 7 (42) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to make representations again to the Prime Minister and the Foreign Minister for a speedy and final solution of the case of the five Americans at Palma, in view of public indignation in the United States over their long imprisonment; further instructions, in case accused are tried and sentenced to further imprisonment or payment of an excessive fine, to submit record of trial and other pertinent data for Department’s consideration.
712
Sept. 19 (141) From the Ambassador in Spain
Representations to Prime Minister and Foreign Office officials, who agreed to do everything possible; opinion that there will be no further imprisonment of the five Americans.
713
Oct. 27 (65) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Report from Palma of acquittal of the five Americans subject to review.
714
Nov. 10 (52) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Inquiry, with reference to press reports that Military Auditor refused to approve verdict of acquittal and that case had been referred to the Supreme Court, as to when the Court’s decision may be expected.
714
Nov. 11 (71) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that authorities are endeavoring to speed Supreme Court decision and close incident; belief that acquittal verdict will be sustained.
714
1934 Jan. 11 (2) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that trial has been concluded before the Supreme Court and that decision is expected within 8 days.
715
Jan. 19 (9) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Unofficial report that one of the accused Americans has been acquitted and the other four sentenced to 6 months and 1 day by Supreme Court decision.
715
Jan. 21 (11) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information from Foreign Minister that two Americans were not reimprisoned as result of Court decision (which merely placed accused at disposition of the Court), but because of an accusation that they were planning to escape, and that orders would be sent for their release.
715
[Page LXXII]Jan. 23 (12) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Imprisonment of two other Americans in spite of Government’s representations; information concerning proposed procedure for obtaining pardon of prisoners; request for authorization to send the Consul General at Barcelona to Palma to investigate condition of prisoners.
716
Jan. 25 (13) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that visit of Consul General will not be necessary in view of instructions to prison authorities by Minister of Justice.
717
Jan. 27 (8) To the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Instructions to inform Spanish authorities of pressure being brought upon Department to secure final and satisfactory settlement of the case.
717
Jan. 29 (14) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Information that Foreign Minister is making arrangements to secure a pardon in the near future.
717
Feb. 3 (16) From the Ambassador in Spain (tel.)
Pardon and arrangements for immediate release of the four prisoners.
718

SWEDEN

Preliminary Discussions Respecting a Trade Agreement Between the United States and Sweden

Date and number Subject Page
1933 July 13 (25) To the Minister in Sweden (tel.)
Discussion with Swedish Chargé, who was advised of U.S. willingness to begin exploratory conversations looking toward conclusion of a reciprocal trade agreement.
719
Aug. 3 (28) To the Minister in Sweden (tel.)
Request for report on the commodities on which tariff concessions might be requested from Sweden, and those which Sweden might desire to request from the United States.
719
Aug. 11 (19) From the Minister in Sweden (tel.)
Information in reply to Department’s telegram No. 28 of August 3.
720
Aug. 28 Memorandum by the Chief of the Treaty Division
Discussion with Commercial Counselor of the Swedish Legation as to when proposed reciprocal trade conversations might begin.
720
Oct. 18 Memorandum by the Chief of the Treaty Division
Conversation with Swedish Minister, who expressed his Government’s interest in the continuation of wood pulp and newsprint on the free list and for reduction of duties on matches and certain steel manufactures.
721
[Page LXXIII]Dec. 20 Memorandum by Mr. Harry C. Hawkins of the Treaty Division of a Conversation Between the Swedish Minister and the Assistant Secretary of State
Swedish Minister’s desire for assurances that no action would be taken under the National Industrial Recovery Act which would limit the importation of pulp and paper from Sweden.
722

Refusal of the Swedish State Railways To Pay Dexter and Carpenter, Inc., Judgment Granted by a United States Court

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 25 (4) To the Minister in Sweden (tel.)
Instructions to inquire when Foreign Office reply to Legation’s note of March 10, 1932, concerning the Swedish State Railways case, may be expected.
723
Feb. 17 (657) From the Minister in Sweden
Foreign Office note dated February 9 (text printed), giving a detailed review of the case, and advising that if the submission of the case to a Swedish court is not satisfactory to the United States, the Swedish Government is willing to submit to arbitration or to give serious consideration to any other proposal for settlement, provided the views of the Swedish Government are given sufficient consideration.
723
Apr. 18 (180) To the Chargé in Sweden
Instructions to address note to Foreign Office (text printed) expressing willingness to arbitrate the case, or, preferably, to enter into friendly discussion with a view to reaching a less formal solution of the question.
752
May 15 (15) From the Chargé in Sweden (tel.)
Willingness of Swedish Government to enter into friendly discussion in the Dexter and Carpenter case, while reserving right to eventual arbitration.
754
Aug. 21 (22) From the Minister in Sweden
Report of discussions with representative of Dexter and Carpenter and with Swedish Government official concerning maximum and minimum amounts of payment for settlement of case which would be acceptable to the respective parties; recommendation that amount of $150,000 be accepted by the company as fair and final offer of Swedish Government.
755
Aug. 29 (23) From the Minister in Sweden (tel.)
Information that settlement was agreed upon for $150,000.
757
Sept. 30 (26) From the Minister in Sweden (tel.)
Information that check for $150,000 has been received from the Swedish Government in the Dexter and Carpenter case, and is being forwarded to the Department by registered mail.
758
[Page LXXIV]

Convention Between the United States and Sweden for the Exemption From Military Service of Persons Having Dual Nationality, Signed January 31, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1931 June 23 (283) From the Minister in Sweden
Transmittal of a draft convention proposed by the Swedish Government (text printed) in reply to U.S. suggestion for the conclusion of a treaty covering exemption from military service of persons having dual nationality, and providing for the termination of dual nationality.
758
Sept. 2 (73) To the Minister in Sweden
U.S. objection to article 1 of Swedish draft convention relating to termination of dual nationality, and suggestion for certain additions and changes in phraseology of articles 2 and 3.
760
1932 Dec. 6 (620) From the Minister in Sweden
Foreign Office reply, November 29 (text printed), explaining inability to accept proposed changes in phraseology and expressing the hope that the U.S. Government will be willing to limit the convention to the exemption from military obligations.
761
1933 Jan. 7 (3) To the Minister in Sweden (tel.)
Authorization to sign convention limited to military obligations.
763
Jan. 31 Convention Between the United States of America and Sweden
Text signed at Stockholm.
763

Reciprocal Air Navigation Arrangement Between the United States and Sweden, Effected by Exchange of Notes, September 8 and 9, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Sept. 8 To the Swedish Chargé
Transmittal of reciprocal arrangement (text printed), agreed upon in previous negotiations, concerning the operation of civil aircraft of the one country in the territory of the other, to become effective on October 9.
765
Sept. 9 From the Swedish Chargé
Confirmation of understanding as set forth, and of October 9 as effective date of arrangement.
769
[Page LXXV]

Reciprocal Arrangement Between the United States and Sweden for the Issuance of Pilot Licenses To Operate Civil Aircraft, Effected by Ex-change of Notes, September 8 and 9, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Sept. 8 To the Swedish Chargé
Transmittal of reciprocal arrangement (text printed), agreed upon in previous negotiations, for the issuance by the one country of licenses to nationals of the other authorizing them to pilot civil aircraft; suggestion that if the Swedish Government concurs, the arrangement become effective October 9.
770
Sept. 9 From the Swedish Chargé
Confirmation of understanding as set forth, and of October 9 as effective date of arrangement.
772

Arrangement Between the United States and Sweden Providing for the Reciprocal Recognition of Certificates of Airworthiness for Imported Aircraft, Effected by Exchange of Notes, September 8 and 9, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Sept. 8 To the Swedish Chargé
Transmittal of reciprocal arrangement (text printed), agreed upon in previous negotiations, concerning the acceptance by the one country of certificates of airworthiness for aircraft exported from the other country as merchandise; suggestion that if the Swedish Government concurs, the arrangement become effective on October 9.
772
Sept. 9 From the Swedish Chargé
Confirmation of understanding as set forth, and of October 9 as effective date of arrangement.
774

Reciprocal Extension by the United States and Sweden of Free Entry Privileges for Legation Employees

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Dec. 23 (630) From the Minister in Sweden
Information, in response to Department’s inquiry, that the Swedish Government grants free entry privileges to Legation employees of non-Swedish nationality under terms of a decree of July 1. 1927.
774
1933 Jan. 5 To the Swedish Minister
Information that the Department has arranged for the extension of free entry privileges to employees of the Swedish Legation who are of Swedish nationality, since the Swedish Government already grants such privileges to U.S. Legation employees.
775
[Page LXXVI]

SWITZERLAND

Exemption of Swiss Consuls in the United States From Various Excise Taxes

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 17 From the Swiss Chargé
Acknowledgment of notification concerning the exemption of Swiss Consuls in the United States from various excise taxes provided for by the Revenue Act of 1932; advice that Switzerland does not impose excise taxes on such objects as the use of telegraph, telephone, radio and cable facilities, passage tickets, checks, or electrical energy.
776
Feb. 11 To the Swiss Chargé
Information that inasmuch as Switzerland does not impose excise taxes on such objects as the use of telegraph, telephone, radio and cable facilities, passage tickets, checks, or electrical energy, the exemption of Swiss consular officers in the United States from such taxes is in effect.
777

UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS

Recognition by the United States of the Soviet Union, November 16, 1933

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Sept. 8 To Senator William E. Borah
Opinion as to the effect of U.S. recognition of the Soviet Union on the Far Eastern situation.
778
1933 Feb. 23 (1) From the Military Attaché in Japan to the Assistant Chief of Staff
Report of conversation with Soviet Military Attaché, who expressed opinion that it would be to the interest of the United States and the Soviet Union to reach a friendly understanding.
779
Mar. 3 To Mr. Fred L. Eberhardt
Comments concerning trade relations with the Soviet Union; opinion that U.S. recognition would not materially alter the credit standing of the Soviet Union.
780
[July 27] Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Eastern European Affairs
Discussion of problems pertaining to Russian-American relations which should be settled prior to recognition of the Soviet Government, including Communist world revolutionary activities, repudiated debts and confiscated property, economic and social differences.
782
Aug. 31 From the Assistant Chief of the Division of Eastern European Affairs to the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State
Transmittal of copy of memorandum of July 27 (supra).
788
Sept. 21 To President Roosevelt
Observation, in connection with the question of the extension of loans by U.S. Government agencies to the Soviet Union to facilitate purchases in the United States, that any such loans should be made only as part of a general settlement with the Soviet Union.
789
[Page LXXVII]Sept. 25 From the Chief of the Division of Eastern European Affairs to the Under Secretary of State
Recommendation, in connection with the President’s proposed message to the head of the Soviet State, that it be made clear that the conclusion of any definite agreement for Government financial assistance in facilitating American exports to Russia is dependent upon a general settlement of existing difficulties.
790
Oct. 5 To President Roosevelt
Transmittal of two memoranda, October 4 (texts printed) by Judge Walton Moore, Assistant Secretary of State, and William Bullitt, Special Assistant to the Secretary of State, containing observations in connection with the development of plans for the recognition of the Soviet Union.
791
Oct. 10 From President Roosevelt to the President of the Soviet All-Union Central Executive Committee
Proposal for the opening of exploratory discussions concerning questions outstanding between the United States and the Soviet Union with a view to ending the present abnormal relations between the two countries.
794
Oct. 17 From the President of the Soviet All-Union Central Executive Committee to President Roosevelt
Acceptance of proposal for exploratory discussions with the United States, and designation of M. M. Litvinov as the Soviet representative.
795
Oct. 20 (99) To the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Information concerning arrangements for exploratory discussions between the United States and the Soviet Union; explanation that this action does not, however, constitute recognition.
795
Oct. 21 From the Russian Financial Attaché
Request for discontinuance of present status and the temporary transfer to the Department of State of matters requiring further attention.
796
Oct. 23 (163) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Opinion of Foreign Minister quoted in press interview (text printed) and other comment indicating that the Japanese do not feel that the proposed U.S.-Soviet conversations are directed against Japan.
796
Oct. 24 (166) From the Ambassador in Japan (tel.)
Comment that any publicity in connection with the proposed U.S.-Soviet discussions giving grounds for suspicion of U.S. support of the Soviet Union in the Far East would lead to renewed outbursts on the part of the military faction in Japan.
797
Oct. 24 (41) From the Chargé in Latvia (tel.)
Account of Soviet newspaper comments which attempt to interpret the peace element in President Roosevelt’s message as an offer of support against Japan.
798
[Page LXXVIII]Oct. 24 (312) To the Chargé in France (tel.)
Instructions for issuance of visas to Litvinov and members of his party.
799
Oct. 25 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Eastern European Affairs
Recommendations and considerations in connection with question of Russian governmental indebtedness to the U.S. Government; recommendation that two items representing obligations of the Kolchak government, which was never recognized by the United States, be not presented for payment.
800
Oct. 28 From the Chief of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs to the Secretary of State
Importance of reassuring the Japanese, who are fearful that the conversations between President Roosevelt and Litvinov will relate in part to problems arising in the Par East in consequence of Japanese policy and actions.
801
Undated Joint Communiqué by the Secretary of State and the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs, November 8, 1933
Announcement of opening of discussions concerning relations between the United States and the Soviet Union.
802
Undated Joint Statement by President Roosevelt and the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs, November 10, 1933
Announcement that the President and Mr. Litvinov reviewed the questions previously discussed between the Secretary of State and Mr. Litvinov.
802
Nov. 15 From the Special Assistant to the Secretary of State to President Roosevelt
Summary of discussion with Litvinov concerning debts and claims.
802
Nov. 15 Memorandum by President Roosevelt and the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs
Discussion between Mr. Litvinov and President Roosevelt, the Acting Secretary of the Treasury, and Mr. Bullitt, concerning the amount to be paid by the Soviet Union in settlement of its debt.
804
Nov. 16 From President Roosevelt to the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs
Advice that as a result of the conversations the United States Government has decided to establish normal diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union and to exchange ambassadors.
805
Nov. 16 From the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs to President Roosevelt
Information that Soviet Union is glad to establish normal diplomatic relations with the Government of the United States and to exchange ambassadors.
805
[Page LXXIX]Nov. 16 From the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs to President Roosevelt
Statement of policy concerning respect for the territorial and political integrity of the United States.
805
Nov. 16 From President Roosevelt to the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs
Statement of policy to adhere reciprocally to the engagements set forth in the Soviet note of November 16 (supra).
806
Nov. 16 From President Roosevelt to the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs
Expectation of the U.S. Government that American nationals within the territory of the Soviet Union will be allowed the same freedom of conscience and religious liberty which they enjoy in the United States.
807
Nov. 16 From the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs to President Roosevelt
Statement of policy guaranteeing freedom of conscience and religious liberty to American nationals in the Soviet Union.
808
Nov. 16 From the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs to President Roosevelt
Readiness of Soviet Union to grant to American nationals in the Soviet Union immediatety upon establishment of U.S.- Soviet relations rights with reference to legal protection not less favorable than those enjoyed in the Soviet Union by nationals of the nation most favored in this respect and to include such rights in a consular convention.
810
Nov. 16 From President Roosevelt to the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs
Willingness to negotiate a consular convention as soon as practicable; information that American diplomatic and consular officers in the Soviet Union will be zealous in guarding the rights of American nationals.
811
[Nov. 16] Statement by the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs
Explanation of Soviet policy on the dissemination of economic information.
812
Nov. 16 From the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs to President Roosevelt
Release by the Soviet Union and assignment to the U.S. Government of any amounts which may be due the Soviet Government from American nationals as a result of litigation, or from the claim of the Russian Volunteer Fleet, pending a final settlement of the claims situation.
812
Nov. 16 From President Roosevelt to the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs
Acknowledgment of Soviet note concerning release and assignment of amounts due from claims.
813
[Page LXXX]Nov. 16 From the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs to President Roosevelt
Waiver by Soviet Government of all claims arising out of activities of military forces of the United States in Siberia subsequent to January 1, 1918.
814
Undated Joint Statement by President Roosevelt and the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs, November 16, 1933
Announcement that there has been an exchange of views on problems still outstanding and that there is hope for an early settlement of these questions.
814
Nov. 16 To Mr. Serge Ughet
Notification of withdrawal of U.S. recognition of Ughet as Russian Financial Attaché in view of U.S. recognition of the Government of the Soviet Union.
814
Nov. 17 From the Chief of the Division of Eastern European Affairs to the Acting Secretary of State
Information that, with the knowledge of Mr. Litvinov, some of the records were transferred from the Russian Embassy, over which the Department of State assumed custody recently, to a more convenient place for consultation during the U.S.-Soviet conversations.
815
Nov. 17 To the Russian Consul at Boston (tel.)
Information that status as Russian Consul is considered terminated as of November 16 in view of U.S. recognition of the Soviet Union.
(Footnote: Information that the same notification was sent, mutatis mutandis, to the Russian Consuls General at Chicago and Seattle.)
816
Nov. 17 To All Diplomatic Missions Abroad (cir. tel.)
Instructions to enter into cordial official and social relations with Soviet colleagues in view of U.S. recognition of the Soviet Union on November 16.
816
Nov. 18 (5) From the Secretary of State to the Acting Secretary of State
Press statement (text printed) issued aboard ship, expressing gratification at resumption of normal relations with the Soviet Union.
(Footnote: Information that Secretary Hull was en route to Montevideo to attend the Seventh International Conference of American States.)
817
Nov. 20 To the Soviet Chargé
Intention to recommend to the President the issuance of a proclamation discontinuing the levying of discriminatory tonnage duties on Soviet vessels and the cargoes imported therein upon receipt of satisfactory proof that no discriminatory tonnage duties and imposts are imposed by the Soviet Union upon American vessels or their cargoes.
817
[Page LXXXI]Nov. 21 From the Soviet Chargé
Information that beginning November 21 U.S. vessels have been accorded the preferential rate of tonnage duty, and that no discriminatory duties are levied on produce, manufactures, or merchandise imported in American vessels.
(Footnote: Issuance of reciprocal proclamation signed January 16, 1934, effective as of November 21, 1933.)
818
Nov. 22 (12) From the Acting Secretary of State to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Intention, in view of Litvinov’s impending departure, to issue a statement explaining that while no decision has been reached on the question of debts and claims, conversations will be continued by responsible officers of both Governments.
819
Nov. 22 From the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs to President Roosevelt
Expression of thanks for courtesies extended during visit, and gratification at successful conclusion of mission.
819
Undated Extract from a Radio Address on November 22 by the Assistant Secretary of State
Observations on the U.S.-Soviet conferences and the final agreement resulting in U.S. recognition of the Soviet Union.
819
Nov. 23 From President Roosevelt to the Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs
Acknowledgment of Litvinov’s letter of November 22.
820
Nov. 23 (1716) From the Chargé in Latvia
Summary of the leading editorial in the Moscow Izvestiya of November 20, concerning U.S. recognition of the Soviet Union.
821
Nov. 25 From the Russian Consulate General at New York
Inquiry as to whether to carry on work until the conclusion of a consular convention between the United States and the Soviet Union and the establishment of a Soviet Consulate at New York, or to cease functioning immediately.
824
Nov. 29 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State
Conversation with the Soviet Chargé, who said that his Government would like to appoint a trade commissioner to reside in New York and to be given diplomatic status; reply that this would constitute an exception to the Department’s policy and that the President will be consulted in the matter.
824
Dec. 8 To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
For Bullitt (Appointed Ambassador to the Soviet Union en route to his post) from Moore: Instructions to ascertain certain facts concerning Soviet obligations falling due in Germany in connection with plans for utilization of American-owned German obligations in financing trade with Soviet Union.
825
[Page LXXXII]Dec. 12 To Mr. A. R. Feil
Advice as to status of former Russian Consulate General at New York, and information that that office should not undertake to perform consular functions.
826
Undated Remarks of the American Ambassador in the Soviet Union Upon the Presentation of His Letters of Credence to the President of the Soviet Ail-Union Central Executive Committee, at Moscow, December 13, 1988
Text of remarks.
827
Undated Reply of the President of the Soviet All-Union Central Executive Committee to the American Ambassador in the Soviet Union, at Moscow, December 13, 1933
Text of reply.
828
Dec. 20 To the Soviet Embassy
Nonobjection to the appointment of a Commercial Attaché or Counselor to the Soviet Embassy in Washington upon certain conditions, or to the maintenance by such official of an office and residence in New York.
829
Dec. 21 To the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
For Bullitt from Moore: Request for opinion as to advisability of setting up a special bank or financial institution to effect transfer of American-owned German obligations to the Russians; request for data concerning Soviet maturities in Germany.
829
Dec. 23 (214) From the Ambassador in Germany (tel.)
For Moore from Bullitt: Approval of bank if no other method is practicable; information that list of Soviet obligations is being telegraphed to Washington by Litvinov.
830
Dec. 24 (576) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
From Bullitt: Litvinov’s inquiry as to whether the United States would have any objection if the Soviet Government should join the League of Nations.
830
Dec. 27 (578) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
For the Acting Secretary and Moore from Bullitt: Receipt from Soviet Commercial Attaché in Paris of list of Soviet obligations in reichsmarks due in 1934 with promise that list of dollar obligations will be obtained from Berlin at once.
832
1934 Jan. 4 (2) From the Ambassador in the Soviet Union
Detailed report of visit to the Soviet Union.
833
[Page LXXXIII]

THE NEAR EAST AND AFRICA

EGYPT

Failure of the United States To Conclude a Treaty of Extradition With Egypt

Date and number Subject Page
1931 June 4 (61) To the Minister in Egypt
Transmittal of a draft treaty of extradition for consideration by the Egyptian Foreign Office
841
June 19 Memorandum Prepared in the Division of Near Eastern Affairs
U.S. practices with respect to extradition of its nationals from countries where extraterritorial jurisdiction is exercised.
841
1933 May 8 (215) To the Minister in Egypt
Authorization, in view of objections of the Egyptian Government which could only be met by provisions which would amount to a waiver of capitulatory rights, to inform the Egyptian Government that the United States is not disposed to continue the negotiations for conclusion of an extradition treaty.
843

Discrimination in Favor of British Firms in Awarding Contracts for the Building of Irrigation Works in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Nov. 19 (599) From the Minister in Egypt
Report of confidential decision of the Egyptian Council of Ministers by which the acceptance of bids for the construction of a dam at Gebel Awlia in the Sudan is limited to seven specified British firms; opinion that in view of the special position of Great Britain in Egypt and the Sudan, it would not seem advisable to protest against this action of the Egyptian Government.
845
1933 Jan. 17 (197) To the Minister in Egypt
Instructions to mention informally to the appropriate authorities that, while the United States does not intend to make formal protest in the matter of limitation of bids for the construction of a dam at Gebel Awlia, it can only look with disfavor upon arrangements which prevent American interests from enjoying opportunities in Egypt equal to those accorded to other foreign interests.
846
Apr. 12 (702) From the Minister in Egypt
Informal discussion with the Acting Foreign Minister, who gave assurance that the matter of the Gebel Awlia dam was a special case, adding that the Egyptian Government recognized the equality of all foreign economic interests in Egypt and had no intention of discriminating against American interests.
847
[Page LXXXIV]

Suspension of the Egyptian Government’s Attempt To Regulate Automotive Traffic by Decree

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Mar. 30 (694) From the Minister in Egypt
Abandonment by the Egyptian Government, as a result of the strong and unyielding position of the capitulatory powers, of the collection of certain illegal automobile taxes and suspension or modification of restrictions upon commercial motor traffic.
848
Aug. 4 (782) From the Minister in Egypt
Announcement by the Egyptian Government on July 19 of the suspension of meetings of the Motor Licensing Committee pending decision concerning new draft automobile taxation law; information that through representations by the Legation, a meeting of the Committee was held on July 20 and all pending applications granted, but that it was reported that no further meetings would be held for another 2 months, during which time dealers would be unable to dispose of any trucks owing to impossibility of obtaining licenses for them.
(Footnote: Information that all U.S. objections to the draft automobile taxation law were met by the Egyptian Government and that the law went into effect on July 2, 1934.)
849

ETHIOPIA

Cooperation by the United States in Efforts To Effect a Reform of the Special Court at Addis Ababa

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Apr. 1 (1164) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Note from the Ethiopian Government to the Diplomatic Corps at Addis Ababa, March 31 (text printed), concerning proposals for the reform and reorganization of the Special Court, which makes no important commitments, but is considered sufficient to keep open the negotiations for reform.
851
Apr. 24 (1177) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Note from the Dean of the Diplomatic Corps to the Foreign Minister, April 19 (text printed), containing specific proposals based on the Ethiopian note of March 31.
853
May 1 (1181) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Information that in accordance with request of the Foreign Minister the Diplomatic Corps has consented to the alteration of a phrase in its note of April 19.
855
July 3 (1211) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Designation by Diplomatic Corps and Ethiopian Government, respectively, of committees to meet together to study a law or code of procedure for the better operation of the Special Court.
855
July 26 (1224) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Information that the committees appointed to study a law of procedure for the Special Court have begun their work.
856
[Page LXXXV]Oct. 17 (1264) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Request for permission to join with colleagues in negotiations for reform or reorganization of the Special Court in accordance with memorandum of instructions (text printed) to be given to members of a Diplomatic Corps commission, who will meet with Ethiopian representatives.
857
Oct. 26 (1272) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Transmittal of letter from the British Minister in Ethiopia, October 19 (text printed), advising of his Government’s approval of and comment concerning the Diplomatic Corps proposal for reorganization and reform of the Special Court.
862

Project for Construction of a Dam at Lake Tsana

Date and number Subject Page
1929 Mar. 16 (10) To the Minister in Ethiopia (tel.)
Instructions to inform King Tafari that the J. G. White Engineering Corp. is sending its Vice President, Mr. Henry A. Lardner, to Ethiopia to represent the company in Lake Tsana Dam negotiations.
863
June 21 (18) From the Minister in Ethiopia (tel.)
Information that the King has signed an agreement in the form of a letter to give the White Corp. the entire construction of the Tsana Dam and has invited the company to participate in negotiations with the British Government for a water contract.
863
Aug. 9 (24) From the Minister in Ethiopia (tel.)
Endeavor of King Tafari to have the British Government propose a conference for negotiation of a water contract.
864
Sept. 19 (29) From the Minister in Ethiopia (tel.)
Invitation from King Tafari to White Corp. to send a representative to an Anglo-American conference to complete details of the Tsana project.
864
Sept. 21 (30) From the Minister in Ethiopia (tel.)
Information that White Corp. representative should arrive at Addis Ababa sometime during last 10 days of December.
864
Oct. 4 (42) To the Minister in Ethiopia (tel.)
White Corp.’s acceptance (text printed) of King Tafari’s invitation to send representative to Addis Ababa.
865
1930 Feb. 28 (3) From the Minister in Ethiopia (tel.)
Information that as a result of the Lake Tsana Dam conference the White Corp. has been given an order by the Ethiopian Government to make, in the fall, a survey for a road from Addis Ababa to Lake Tsana and to resurvey the dam site.
865
[Page LXXXVI]1931 Apr. 2 (681) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Suggestion to the Emperor that an Ethiopian-Anglo-American conference be called in September or October to consider the report on the White Corp. survey and to decide upon a final construction contract.
865
Apr. 27 (8) From the Minister in Ethiopia (tel.)
Emperor’s invitation for represenatives of White Corp. to come to Addis Ababa near the end of November for presentation and discussion of the Tsana survey report; information that British will be invited when they ask Foreign Office.
866
May 6 (9) From the Minister in Ethiopia (tel.)
Information that British Chargé was informed by his Government that at the present time the Sudan Government considers it premature to press for a conference.
867
Aug. 11 (785) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Observations concerning White Corp. proposal to make inquiries through the Italian Embassy at Washington with a view to the employment of Italian skilled labor on the Tsana Dam project.
867
1932 Apr. 5 (929) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Plans for the inclusion of the Sudan and Egyptian Governments in Tsana Dam conference with a view to participation by Egypt in the cost of the dam.
868
Nov. 24 (1085) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Ethiopian Government’s issuance of invitation to the White Corp. to participate in a conference on the Tsana Dam project to be held in Addis Ababa in January, in which the Anglo-Sudanese and Egyptian Governments will also take part.
869
Dec. 22 (23) To the Minister in Ethiopia (tel.)
White Corp.’s acceptance of invitation.
871
1933 Jan. 21 (3) From the Minister in Egypt (tel.)
Telegram to the Minister in Ethiopia (text printed), advising of abandonment of British plan for the assumption, initially, by the Egyptian Government of the entire cost of the dam, in favor of a request to the Emperor of Ethiopia for permission for further survey and report by the White Corp.
871
Jan. 26 From the President of the J. G. White Engineering Corporation
Observation, in connection with British-Egyptian position, that a move to start final surveys would be helpful in keeping the project open.
871
Jan. 26 (1125) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Information that British and Egyptian delegates to the conference, while unable to propose a final construction contract, will be authorized to request permission for a further survey by the White Corp., for which the Egyptian Government will provide the estimated cost of $130,000.00.
872
[Page LXXXVII]Feb. 14 (1138) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Opening of Tsana Dam conference; information that British and Egyptian delegates have been asked to submit their proposal to a commission.
873
Feb. 22 (1143) From the Minister in Ethiopia
Information that commission has submitted memorandum of acceptance of Anglo-Egyptian proposal for additional survey of Tsana Dam and road project, with which British and Egyptian delegates and White Corp. representative concur.
875
June 1 (12) To the Minister in Egypt (tel.)
Inquiry from White Corp. as to status of Tsana Dam proposal.
876
June 3 (12) From the Minister in Egypt (tel.)
Expectation that favorable vote will be taken on Tsana Dam project before Parliament closes on June 20.
877
June 23 (13) From the Minister in Egypt (tel.)
Message for White Corp. (text printed) concerning Senate approval of credit.
877
Aug. 19 From the Minister in Ethiopia (tel.)
Information for White Corp. that Egyptian check for $159,153 has been received and will be mailed to them immediately.
877

LIBERIA

Continued Efforts To Obtain Cooperation Between the Liberian Government and the Firestone Interests in the Administrative and Fiscal Reorganization of Liberia as Proposed by the League of Nations Plan of Assistance

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Jan. 13 (16) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Representations by the Liberian Minister to the effect that the refusal of the American Minister in Liberia to receive a note from President Barclay’s secretary in reply to the Minister’s note of December 23, 1932, protesting action of Liberia in violation of the 1926 loan, had made it impossible for Liberia to find a channel for communication with the United States, as there was no Liberian representative in the United States.
878
Jan. 13 (9) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Information that the United States perceives no difficulty regarding communication with the Liberian Government and that the American Minister in Liberia is awaiting a reply by Mr. Barclay to his note of December 23.
879
Jan. 17 (3) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Denial of rumor that the Department has advised Firestone interests and fiscal officers to accept the Liberian violation of the Finance Corp. loan.
879
[Page LXXXVIII]Jan. 17 (5) To the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
For Reber (American representative on the International Committee on Liberia of the Council of the League of Nations): Instructions to inform the League Secretariat or the International Committee on Liberia that representative of the Finance Corp. cannot attend a meeting of the Committee until Liberian legislation contravening the 1926 loan agreement has been repealed.
879
Jan. 20 (27) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Communication from the Liberian Minister (text printed) summing up views of the Liberian Government with regard to U.S. representations against legislation authorizing suspension of payments on 1926 loan, and maintaining Liberian position as to lack of means of communication with the U.S. Government.
880
Jan. 22 (7) To the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
For Reber: Instructions to bring to the attention of the International Committee on Liberia measures being taken by the Liberian Government affecting the Loan Agreement and to ask the immediate assistance of the Committee in bringing pressure on Liberia to respect its engagements.
882
Jan. 22 (17) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Message to Viscount Cecil, President of the International Committee on Liberia (text printed), expressing hope that the Committee will make clear to the Liberian Government its disapproval of recent Liberian measures adversely affecting the Loan Agreement.
883
Jan. 23 (8) To the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
For Reber: Information that the Minister in Liberia has been authorized to send a letter to President Barclay (text printed) advising that the U.S. Government is individually holding Liberia responsible for its recent actions in violation of the Loan Agreement, notwithstanding U.S. cooperation with the International Committee on Liberia.
884
Jan. 25 (17) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Viscount Cecil’s view (text printed), in reply to message transmitted in telegram No. 17, January 22, as to desirability of continued American collaboration with the International Committee, but comment as to difficulties caused by the attitude of the Firestone Corp.
884
Jan. 25 (20) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Reber: Request for instructions as to attitude to be adopted at forthcoming meeting of the International Committee to consider recent developments in Liberia; opinion that Committee’s recommendations to Liberia will be strengthened if it can receive definite information as to Finance Corp.’s plans.
885
[Page LXXXIX]Jan. 26 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs of a Conversation Between the Secretary of State and Mr. Everett Sanders
Secretary’s request for authorization to give assurances to the International Committee on Liberia that as soon as the Liberian legislation violating the loan agreement has been repealed, the Firestone interests will send a representative to Geneva for negotiations.
886
Jan. 28 (11) To the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
For Reber: Information that communication quoted in Department’s telegram No. 8, January 23, was delivered to Barclay and returned unopened to the Legation. Letter from Finance Corp. expressing willingness to send a representative to Geneva upon repeal of Liberian measures in contravention of Loan Agreement, and additional assurance by Firestone interests concerning a moratorium (texts printed). Press release recounting developments in the situation (excerpt printed).
887
Jan. 28 To the President of the Finance Corporation of America
Department’s views with respect to certain conditions concerning which the Finance Corp. desired assurances before sending a representative to Geneva.
888
Jan. 31 (61) To the Minister in Switzerland, at Geneva
Message for Viscount Cecil (text printed) advising that negotiations between representatives of the Firestones and Liberia at Geneva can begin once the illegal actions of the Liberian Government have been withdrawn.
892
Jan. 31 (32) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Reber: Draft telegram from President of International Committee to the Liberian Government (text printed) transmitting an amended statement of the declaration by the Finance Corp.; Committee’s request for assent of Finance Corp. to the new wording.
893
Feb. 1 (14) To the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
For Reber: Disappointment at failure of Committee to express disapproval of Liberia’s actions, and unwillingness to submit draft telegram to the Finance Corp. or to request them to make further concessions.
894
Feb. 3 (39) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Reber: Memorandum from Lord Cecil (text printed) explaining that Committee is unable to express an opinion on the controversy between the Finance Corp. and the Liberian Government except as it affects the establishment of reforms; Cecil’s willingness to redraft telegram within this limitation.
896
[Page XC]Feb. 4 (17) To the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
For Reber: Reply to Lord Cecil (text printed) expressing U.S. support of Firestone position and doubt as to effectiveness of future cooperation unless the International Committee will also impress upon Liberia the necessity for good faith and respect for sanctity of contracts.
897
Feb. 7 (43) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Reber: Information that redraft of Cecil’s telegram to Barclay (text printed) is being sent, pointing out that recent action of Liberia is inconsistent with the scheme of assistance and urging withdrawal of measures taken.
899
Feb. 8 From the President of the International Committee on Liberia
Review of history of Liberian situation and conclusion that the cooperation and financial assistance of the Finance Corp. will be necessary to carry out reforms.
900
Feb. 27 (14) To the Minister in Liberia (tel.)
Designation of Maj. Gen. Blanton Winship as the President’s representative on special mission to Liberia.
904
Apr. 8 (35) From the Special Commissioner for Liberia
Interview with Barclay, who proposed new financial arrangement as only basis for withdrawal of measures in contravention of loan agreement; refusal of Finance Corp. representative to enter into any discussion with the Liberian Government until illegal actions have been withdrawn.
905
Apr. 11 (23) To the Special Commissioner for Liberia (tel.)
Information that Finance Corp. representative, L. T. Lyle, is being authorized to discuss modification of the Loan Agreement provided that the Liberian Government will promise to take no further action to aggravate the situation and that the Special Commissioner will remain in Liberia during negotiations.
906
Apr. 12 (37) From the Special Commissioner for Liberia (tel.)
Information that arrangements have been made for beginning of negotiations in accordance with proposed conditions.
906
Apr. 19 (38) From the Special Commissioner for Liberia (tel.)
Report on progress of negotiations; opinion that Lyle should be allowed to decide for himself when he should talk with the administration if negotiations are to be successful.
907
Apr. 20 (24) To the Special Commissioner for Liberia (tel.)
Information that Lyle will be given instructions enabling him to continue the negotiations.
907
[Page XCI]Apr. 26 (39) From the Special Commissioner for Liberia
Recommendation for acceptance of a proposal by Barclay which he offers to put into effect immediately as a modus Vivendi pending approval by the International Committee; inquiry as to whether to proceed to Geneva for final negotiations.
908
Apr. 29 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Western European Affairs
Discussion with Mr. Harvey Firestone, Jr., as to decision reached with respect to Barclay proposal and as to understanding that a representative of the Firestone interests would be sent to Geneva.
909
Apr. 29 (25) To the Special Commissioner for Liberia (tel.)
Information that final instructions have been sent to Lyle; hope that modus Vivendi may be concluded before Commissioner’s departure; intention to appoint Winship as American member of the International Committee at meeting to be held about May 20–30.
911
May 7 (41) From the Special Commissioner for Liberia (tel.)
Report of progress in negotiations, and information that only three large items remain unsettled; intention to sail May 12, and desire that Firestone interests be adequately represented at Geneva.
911
May 10 (42) From the Special Commissioner for Liberia (tel.)
Further report on negotiations; intention to consolidate progress already made by issuance of a joint communiqué with President Barclay.
912
May 12 (44) From the Special Commissioner for Liberia (tel.)
Joint communiqué (text printed) concerning progress made toward settlement of differences between Liberian Government and Finance Corp., final agreement on points still outstanding to be sought at meeting of International Committee at Geneva.
912
May 15 (113) To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to inform Cecil of completion of General Winship’s mission in Liberia and his departure for Marseilles; suggestion as to advisability of calling an early meeting of the International Committee.
913
May 29 (145) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Winship: Meeting of International Committee and decision to arrange for a discussion of the financial difficulties between the Liberian Government and the Firestone interests, the results to be presented at a second meeting of the Committee in London, on or after June 6.
914
[Page XCII]June 9 From the Special Commissioner for Liberia
Report on London negotiations and disagreement over question of nationality of Chief Adviser; Firestone insistence on an American as Chief Adviser.
915
June 19 (164) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
For Winship: Instructions to try to secure agreement on an American as Chief Adviser in return for other concessions by Firestone, but, if unable to effect a compromise, to adopt a neutral attitude.
917
June 24 (193) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
From Winship: Expectation that modified Plan of Assistance and amended loan contract will be considered at next meeting of International Committee on June 27; recommendation for immediate action by the League Council to submit plan to Liberia for acceptance.
918
June 28 (194) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
From Winship: Committee’s acceptance of a suggestion by Lord Cecil to omit any reference to nationality of Chief Adviser in Committee’s report to the League Council; adoption by Committee (with reservation by Liberian representative) of revised text of Plan of Assistance and annexed report by Ligthart, Financial Adviser to the Committee.
919
June 28 (195) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
From Winship: View as to strong position of amended loan agreement; probability that joint representations by interested Governments will be necessary to bring about Liberian acceptance of Plan of Assistance; opinion as to conditions under which Council would be willing to appoint an American Chief Adviser.
921
June 28 (176) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
For Winship: Request for Winship’s advice and recommendations as to advisability of his returning to Liberia to remain until a decision has been reached on the Plan of Assistance.
922
June 29 (196) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
From Winship: Conclusion that it would be advisable to proceed to Washington for discussion of situation and to return to Liberia later, since it has been provisionally arranged to recommend that special session of Liberian Legislature be convened about August 25.
922
July 26 From the British Embassy
Inquiry as to U.S. attitude toward proposal to recognize the present Liberian administration upon Liberian acceptance of the Plan of Assistance and granting of a political amnesty.
923
[Page XCIII]Aug. 16 To President Roosevelt
Résumé of U.S. policy toward Liberia, and inquiry as to whether to continue with present policy of cooperation with the League of Nations for joint responsibility rather than for the United States to assume exclusive responsibility.
924
Aug. 18 (68) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that British and French colleagues have as yet received no instructions from their Governments for representations urging Liberian acceptance of revised Plan of Assistance.
927
Aug. 19 To the British Embassy
Accord with views set forth in British memorandum of July 26, and suggestion for joint or simultaneous action in making announcement to President Barclay.
927
Aug. 22 (42) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
For Winship: President Roosevelt’s approval of present U.S. policy toward Liberia upon the understanding that it is not intended merely as a protection for Firestone interests.
928
Aug. 24 (71) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
From Winship: Joint U.S.-British representations to Barclay (text printed) promising recognition of present Liberian administration upon acceptance of Plan of Assistance and granting of political amnesty; information that French and German representatives have been urged to seek authorization to make representations concerning the League plan.
928
Sept. 1 (74) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
From Winship: Liberian acknowledgment of U.S.-British joint statement; information that Barclay has agreed to an immediate study of the Plan of Assistance, the amended loan contract, and supporting documents.
929
Sept. 2 (77) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
From Winship: Further information from German and French colleagues concerning attitude of their Governments toward representations to the Liberian Government; British efforts to secure French action.
930
Sept. 8 (78) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
From Winship: Information that Barclay objects to certain features of the plan and is returning it to the League, giving the Liberian representative full powers to accept a modified plan subject to ratification by the Legislation; observations concerning possible alternatives should it prove impossible to obtain Liberian acceptance.
931
Sept. 21 To President Roosevelt
Request for approval of proposed instructions to General Winship, who is en route to Geneva, to meet principal Liberian objections to the Plan of Assistance.
(Footnote: Approval by President Roosevelt.)
933
[Page XCIV]Sept. 22 From Mr. Harvey S. Firestone
Willingness to underwrite cost of Plan of Assistance without insistence on an American as Chief Adviser provided the plan is accepted in the form recommended by the International Committee on June 27.
934
Oct. 5 (98) To the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
For Winship: Authorization to acquiesce in the appointment of a neutral adviser, but instructions to reserve acquiescence until it becomes apparent whether on the basis of this concession the plan will be accepted in the form adopted on June 27.
936
Oct. 6 (220) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Winship: Liberian representative’s submission of statement; summary of Liberian reservations.
937
Oct. 7 (224) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Winship: Discussions with Cecil and the French representative, who believe that with an agreement on a neutral adviser, adjustments could be made not materially altering plan of June 27.
937
Oct. 8 (225) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Winship: Statement to be made at meeting on October 9 (text printed) of American attitude on question of nationality of Chief Adviser.
938
Oct. 9 (226) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Winship: Detailed statement made at Committee meeting, referring to various incorrect statements by the Liberian representative in documents previously submitted to the Committee. Committee’s instructions to Liberian representative to submit alternative draft paragraphs of text of the Plan of Assistance embodying Liberian objections.
939
Oct. 9 (227) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Winship: Summary of statement presented to the International Committee.
940
Oct. 10 (233) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Winship: Liberian representative’s claim that revised plan exceeds the terms of reference, and demand for reopening of the whole question; Cecil’s refusal to consider this contention and request that Liberian representative submit material called for concerning Liberian objections.
942
Oct. 13 (250) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Winship: Opinion that changes adopted in the London text do not modify it essentially, and suggestion that Firestones immediately give their endorsement.
942
[Page XCV]Oct. 13 (106) To the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
For Winship: Information that Firestones are authorizing their representative to give their endorsement of the plan; position of the Firestone Co. on funds for education and on nationality of Chief Adviser.
944
Oct. 13 (255) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Winship: Adoption of Committee’s report to the Council (excerpt printed).
944
Undated Draft Protocol Establishing a Plan of Assistance for Liberia
Text of draft protocol and annex.
(Footnote: Information that this document constitutes Annex III of the Committee’s Final Report to the League Council, October 14.)
945
Oct. 14 (256) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Winship: Résumé of Council meeting at which report of Committee and Plan of Assistance were adopted (the Liberian representative abstaining from voting) and a communication read concerning position of Finance Corp. (text infra).
958
Oct. 14 (257) From the Consul at Geneva (tel.)
From Winship: Text of communication referred to in telegram No. 256, concerning Finance Corp.’s acceptance of Plan of Assistance and its position concerning funds for education.
960
Oct. 18 (304) To the Ambassador m France (tel.)
For Winship: Receipt of telegram of October 17 from the Chargé in Liberia (text printed) informing that a plan is under consideration to send to the United States a commission from the Liberian Legislature to request some form of American Advisership; instructions, provided Winship concurs, to send a telegram to the Chargé (text printed) reiterating American adherence to policy of international cooperation with regard to Liberia and advising that United States would be unable to receive such a commission from Liberia.
961
Oct. 19 From the Consul at Southampton (tel.)
From Winship: Information that Department’s telegram has been forwarded to the Chargé in Liberia, with certain additional comments.
962
Nov. 1 (50) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Written statement to be delivered to Barclay (text printed) expressing confidence that Plan of Assistance will be accepted by the Liberian Government.
962
Dec. 11 (62) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Request for report on situation with regard to consideration of the League plan and for suggestions as to possible action to secure its adoption; inquiry concerning action taken by colleagues.
963
[Page XCVI]Dec. 12 (97) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Suggestion that a formal expression of surprise might be made to Barclay that plan has not been submitted to Legislature for consideration; indication that practically no action has been taken by colleagues.
963
Dec. 14 (63) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Opinion that U.S. position has been made so clear that no further action need be taken at present.
964
Dec. 14 (99) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that League plan has now been submitted to the Legislature.
964
Dec. 27 (100) From the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Information that Legislature has recessed until January 3; probability that a Liberian commission will be created by the Legislature to go to the United States during January; inquiry as to whether to leave an aide-mémoire with President Barclay expressing U.S. position concerning League plan and proposed commission.
965
Dec. 29 (66) To the Chargé in Liberia (tel.)
Opinion that an aide-mémoire would not be advisable, but approval of oral statement to Barclay, making clear that the United States is definitely committed to the policy of international cooperation and could take no official cognizance of proposed Liberian commission.
966

MOROCCO

Reservation of American Rights With Respect to Certain Measures in the French Zone of Morocco

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Dec. 15 (791) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Receipt of communication from the Resident General of France at Rabat explaining his recent declaration of the incorporation of the special tax provided for in article 66 of the Act of Algeciras with the ordinary budget of the French Protectorate; request for Department’s views and instructions as to reply to be made to the Resident General.
967
1933 Jan. 30 (806) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Transmittal of correspondence with the Residency General of France at Rabat with regard to disputes at Tangier Customs over assumption by the Moroccan customs authorities of arbitrary powers in connection with the dutiable appraisement of imported merchandise, particularly American radio sets and flour imported by an American ressortissant; request for Department’s comments and instructions.
968
[Page XCVII]Feb. 8 From the American Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier to the French Resident General in Morocco
Protest and reservations concerning application to American nationals and ressortissants of a dahir of January 30 instituting compensation taxes on certain imported merchandise, in violation of the Act of Algeciras and anterior treaties.
969
Mar. 8 (75–D) From the French Resident General in Morocco to the American Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Explanation that dahir of January 30 applies only to merchandise originating or shipped from countries not enjoying the benefit of the most-favored-nation clause, and that this is specified in the Vizirial Decree of February 20.
970
Mar. 14 From the American Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier to the French Resident General in Morocco
Observation that the terms of the decree of February 20 in no way modify the objectionable character of the dahir of January 30, and reiteration of protest and reservations in note of February 8.
970
Mar. 16 (727) To the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Instructions to address a communication to the Resident General protesting the action of the Protectorate authorities in incorporating the special tax with the ordinary budget as a contravention of article 66 of the Act of Algeciras.
971
Apr. 10 (736) To the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Opinion that it would not be advisable at present to make representations through the American Embassy in Paris against the institution of compensatory taxation under dahir of January 30, but assurance that Department fully supports protests of February 8 and March 14 to the French Resident General.
972
Apr. 12 (834) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Request of French Resident General for U.S. assent to the enforcement of provisions of a dahir and decree of February 6 governing operation of motor omnibus passenger services with respect to American nationals and ressortissants; proposed reply (text printed) refusing assent in view of arbitrary powers of Transport Commission constituted under terms of the dahir and decree which might endanger free competition in regard to such enterprises.
973
May 8 (739) To the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Authorization to make proposed reply to the French Resident General.
975
[Page XCVIII]

MOROCCO

Representations Respecting the Violation of American Treaty Rights To Trade in the Spanish Zone of Morocco

Date and number Subject Page
1933 Aug. 8 (869) From the Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Tangier
Report on regulations of Spanish Protectorate authorities affecting the importation of flour by American ressortissants, and communication to the Spanish Consul General at Tangier, July 20 (text printed), requesting his intervention with the Spanish authorities for a removal of the difficulties; suggestion that Department take up the matter with the Spanish Government through the American Embassy at Madrid.
976
Sept. 1 (875) From the Chargé at Tangier
Report of clearance by Spanish authorities of flour imports of two American ressortissants; observation, however, that questions of removal of illegal trade restrictions and liability for damages to American interests remain unsettled.
981
Sept. 28 (39) To the Ambassador in Spain
Instructions to take up orally and informally with the appropriate Spanish authorities question of regulations in Spanish Zone of Morocco affecting importation of flour, expressing hope that these regulations in violation of U.S. treaty rights will be withdrawn.
983
Oct. 19 (177) From the Ambassador in Spain
Information that representations were made in accordance with Department’s instruction No. 39 of September 28 to the Minister of State, who agreed to look into the matter.
984
1934 Jan. 18 (65) To the Ambassador in Spain
Instructions to inform Minister of State of recent interference at Tangier with an American shipment of prunes and again to request an investigation of alleged impediments to American trade in Spanish Morocco with a view to correction of the situation.
984

SAUDI ARABIA

Provisional Agreement Between the United States and Saudi Arabia With Regard to Consular and Diplomatic Representation, Juridical Protection, Commerce and Navigation

Date and number Subject Page
Feb. (2553) 2 From the Chargé in Great Britain
Transmittal of a memorandum from the Hedjazi Minister in Great Britain, January 29 (text printed), approving, with certain minor modifications, text of draft provisional agreement proposed by the United States relating to consular and diplomatic representation, juridical protection, commerce and navigation.
989
June 16 (83) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Department’s attitude regarding changes suggested by Hedjazi Minister; counterproposals concerning the treatment of consular officers and languages to be used in text
989
[Page XCIX]Sept. 9 (340) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Concurrence of Hedjazi Government with U.S. counterproposals except for languages of text; hope that United States will agree to English and Arabic texts of equal validity.
991
Oct. 18 (255) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Acceptance of Hedjazi proposal regarding language of text; information that text has been changed to conform to change of name of Kingdom of Hedjaz and Nejd to Saudi Arabia.
992
Nov. 3 (472) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Bequest for authorization to send to the Saudi Arabian Minister a proposed draft note (text printed) incorporating undertakings not to claim certain privileges for U.S. consular officers.
993
Nov. 18 (285) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Approval of draft note.
996
Nov. 23 (505) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Information that authorized note was sent to the Saudi Arabian Minister on November 19 and a reply dated November 21 (text printed) was received, advising that subject to the specified undertakings, the Saudi Arabian Government was willing to conclude the provisional agreement.
996
1933 Mar. 14 From the Saudi Arabian Legation in Great Britain to the American Embassy in Great Britain
Memorandum requesting certain alterations in the provisional agreement and expressing desire that the exchange of notes which occurred on November 19 and 21 take place on the same day as the signature of the agreement as an annex to it.
997
Apr. 26 (494) To the Chargé in Great Britain
Inability to accept one of Arabian Government’s proposed changes; information that United States would prefer not to repeat assurances already given in exchange of notes of November 19 and 21.
998
Oct. 17 (113) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Information that Department is satisfied with texts of provisional agreement as submitted and is returning them for signature.
999
Nov. 7 Provisional Agreement Between the United States of America and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Regard to Diplomatic and Consular Representation, Juridical Protection, Commerce and Navigation
Text of agreement signed at London.
999
[Page C]

SYRIA

Assent by the United States to Changes of Frontier Between Syria and Jebel Druse on the One Hand and Trans-Jordan on the Other

Date and number Subject Page
1932 Feb. 17 (235 Pol.) From the Consul at Geneva
Transmittal of copies of League of Nations document containing Protocol of Agreement concluded on October 31, 1931, between the British and French Governments for the settlement of the question of the frontier between Syria and the Jebel Druse and Trans-Jordan, which was approved by the League Council.
1002
Aug. 18 (165) To the Chargé in Great Britain
Instructions to bring to the attention of the Foreign Office the position of the United States that the frontier changes effected by the Anglo-French Protocol have not been approved by the United States as required under the terms of the U.S.-British Convention of December 3, 1924, and consequently are not legally applicable to the United States and its nationals.
(Footnote: The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Embassy in France.)
1004
1933 Jan. 10 (607) From the Chargé in Great Britain
Transmittal of Foreign Office reply of January 4 (text printed), explaining the reasons for alteration of frontiers of the mandated territory and advising that, without prejudice to the question as to whether the step is legally necessary, the British Government is requesting U.S. consent to the frontier changes.
1005
Jan. 19 (3271) From the Ambassador in France
Transmittal of Foreign Office note of January 12 (text printed), advising that French Government sees no objection to requesting U.S. approval of the new boundary line, without, however, prejudging the question as to whether this action is legally necessary.
1007
May 18 (513) To the Chargé in Great Britain
Instructions to inform Foreign Office of U.S. assent to frontier alterations as set forth in the Anglo-French Protocol of October 31, 1931.
(Footnote: The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Chargé in France.)
1009