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List of Papers

[Unless otherwise specified, the correspondence is from or to officials in the Department of State.]

CUBA

Political Affairs

amendment of the electoral law carried by the conservatives; failure of the united states to dissuade president menocal from approving the amendment—agitation by the liberals to induce supervision of the elections by the united states—concern of the united states over pre-election disorders—president menocal’s statement, october 28, 1920, assuring the cuban people a fair election—delay by the cuban authorities in announcing the results of the election–appointment of general crowder on special mission to cuba

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Feb. 13 (43) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Rumor of proposal by Conservatives of two amendments to new electoral law; desire of Liberals to see this law unchanged.
1
Feb. 20 (31) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
U. S. objections to amending of electoral law unless indispensable to free election. Request for text of such proposed amendments, with Minister’s comments.
2
Mar. 11 (63) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Conservatives’ proposed amendment of art. 120 (text printed) to permit coalition candidates. Liberals’ threat to withhold vote on measure.
3
Mar. 13 (45) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to impress upon President Menocal inadvisability of amending electoral law. Crowder’s concurrence in objection to change.
4
Mar. 25 (54) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to inform President Menocal of U. S. expectation that no amendments will be undertaken, and of reasons for such desire.
4
Mar. 27 (57) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to refrain from presenting to President Department’s Mar. 25, 6 p.m., if amendment is signed as reported.
6
Mar. 27 (78) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Delivery of purport of Department’s Mar. 25 to President. Latter’s claim that exigencies of situation demanded his signature.
6
Mar. 28 (81) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Memorandum of Secretary of State Desvernine (text printed) claiming expediency as well as legality of amendments to electoral law.
7
[Page X]Mar. 30 (59) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to indicate to President Department’s disapproval of undue haste in signing amendments, and anxiety to prevent further tinkering with electoral laws.
9
Mar. 31 (60) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Statement of U. S. policy (text printed) opposing withdrawal of any political party from participation in elections.
9
Apr. 2 (64) From the Minister in Cuba
Supplementary memorandum of Desvernine (text printed) describing amendments, in addition to that of art. 120, as preserving integrity of Crowder laws.
10
Apr. 13 (58) To the Minister in Cuba
Instructions to call attention of Liberal Party to disapproval of withholding vote because of U. S. refusal to supervise elections.
12
May 23 (117) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Conservatives’ nomination of Rafael Montalvo as Presidential candidate.
12
May 27 (119) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Recognition by General Electoral Board of Partido Popular Cubano of Alfredo Zayas as a national party.
13
June 4 (107) To the Chargé in Cuba
Note (text printed) to be made public by President Menocal declining to supervise elections as requested by Liberals, in view of assurances of fair elections, and pointing out remedies under election law for investigation of charges of fraud.
13
July 12 (147) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Nomination by Liberal National Committee of José Miguel Gomez for President.
15
July 17 (114) To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Minister Céspedes’ suggestion of public statement given out by Menocal embodying points made in Department’s instructions of June 4.
15
July 23 (160) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Probability of public statement being made as suggested in Department’s 114, July 17.
15
Aug. 12 (157) To the Chargé in Cuba
Recommendation of Aug. 29 as date upon which President Menocal should publish statement as suggested by Céspedes.
16
Aug. 25 (166) To the Chargé in Cuba
Instructions to publish Department’s June 4 should President fail to make public its purport.
16
Aug. 25 (167) To the Chargé in Cuba
Instructions to issue statement (text printed) as supplementary to no. 166 of Aug. 25, further portraying U. S. impartiality and desire for fairness in approaching elections.
17
[Page XI]Aug. 26 (143) To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to urge upon President importance of making public the purport of Department’s June 4 and thereafter to issue to press statement on U. S. position with respect to approaching elections.
18
Aug. 27 (194) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Nomination of Zayas as coalition candidate. Report that Liberals will send commission to Washington to ask for election supervision or nonintervention in case of revolution.
19
Aug. 30 (197) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Publication of statement by President in form suggested by Céspedes. Confidential statement of U. S. views on necessity for all parties going to polls.
19
Aug. 30 (148) To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Disapproval of sending commission of Liberals to Washington.
20
Sept. 16 (400) From the Minister in Cuba
Interview with President regarding coming elections and U. S. suggestion for presence of General Crowder as observer thereat.
21
Sept. 19 (216) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Request for increase in marines for protection and for intelligence duty, to be centrally located at Camaguey.
22
Sept. 23 (167) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Refusal to supply officers from Marine Corps for intelligence duty. Inquiry as to basis of request for additional protective troops.
23
Sept. 25 (227) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Necessity for additional marines at Camaguey during election period to protect U. S. sugar interests.
23
Sept. 27 (171) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to discuss with President advisability of increasing Cuban or U. S. forces at Camaguey.
23
Sept. 27 (228) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Upholding by Supreme Court of Zayas as legal Presidential candidate of Conservative Party.
24
Oct. 1 (426) From the Minister in Cuba
President’s belief that additional marines are unnecessary, and reluctance to consent to augmentation unless quietly done.
24
Oct. 5 (428) From the Minister in Cuba
Appointment of military supervisors to supersede police chiefs in certain municipalities; Liberal charge that such acts constitute intervention by National Government for political advantage.
25
Oct. 11 (187) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Request for Minister’s personal views and those of owners of plantations regarding need for additional marines during elections.
27
[Page XII]Oct. 13 (241) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Recommendations for additional marines at Camaguey.
27
Oct. 20 (212) To the Minister in Cuba
Instructions to request of President assurances that election returns will be published as received and that public announcement to that effect will be made.
28
Oct. 20 (196) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
President Wilson’s opinion that additional marines or warships sent to Cuba at this time would be inadvisable.
29
Oct. 22 (202) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Recommendation for measures to prevent voters being fraudulently deprived of cards of identity and for issue of circular instructions by President Menocal urging strict impartiality on part of military supervisors during elections.
29
Oct. 25 (207) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to urge President to issue further proclamation detailing procedure in elections and innovations under the new law.
30
Oct. 26 (490) From the Minister in Cuba
President’s willingness to issue statement recommending fair play in elections; defense of appointment of military supervisors and comments on traffic in cards of identity.
33
Oct. 29 (505) From the Minister in Cuba
Statement issued by President to Cuban people (text printed) in regard to coming elections, in accordance with U. S. suggestions.
34
Nov. 10 (535) From the Minister in Cuba
Preliminary information regarding tardy election returns and number of electoral colleges which have failed to report.
38
Nov. 11 From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Resolutions passed by executive committee of Liberal Party (text printed) charging unlawful methods in elections and announcing decision to present case in Washington.
39
Nov. 17 (239) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Refusal to receive Liberal commission since responsibility for fair elections rests with Government and people of Cuba.
40
Dec. 31 To the Judge Advocate General, War Department
Appointment as President Wilson’s personal representative on special mission to Cuba. Instructions on electoral and financial situation.
41
Dec. 31 (276) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Information that Crowder will depart for Cuba as President Wilson’s personal representative on special mission. Instructions to inform President Menocal and arrange for early interview.
43
[Page XIII]

Financial Affairs

financial stringency and heavy withdrawals from the banks–moratorium decreed by president menocal—views and recommendations of the united states—mr. albert rathbone retained by the cuban government as adviser in negotiations for a loan—report by mr. rathbone to president menocal

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Oct. 10 From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Suspension of payments by Banco International; heavy runs on other banks; proposed moratorium to relieve financial stringency.
44
Oct. 12 (449) From the Minister in Cuba
Executive decree no. 1583, Oct. 10, 1920, establishing a bank moratorium (text printed).
44
Nov. 22 (246) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Views regarding cause of financial stringency, statement of opposition to moratorium, and recommendations regarding sound currency and sugar market, for presentation to President.
47
Dec. 10 To the Minister in Cuba
Instructions to facilitate work of Rathbone, retained by Cuba as adviser in connection with proposed loan to be floated in the United States.
49
Dec. 10 (342) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Submission to Cuban Congress of Dolz bill designed to effect economic restoration.
49
Dec. 14 (266) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to notify Rathbone and President Menocal of U. S. opinion that Dolz bill is unsound and would make loan impossible.
50
Dec. 17 (631) From the Minister in Cuba
President’s defense of Dolz bill as based on plan proposed by bankers, and request for Rathbone to submit recommendations for substitute measures to be taken.
50
Dec. 21 (645) From the Minister in Cuba
Rathbone’s report to President Menocal (text printed) regarding economic situation, with recommendations for solution of difficulties.
52

Cable Concessions to the Commercial Cable Company of Cuba, the Western Union Telegraph Company, and the All America Cables, Incorporated

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Mar. 19 (39) To the Minister in Cuba
Instructions to support application of Commercial Cable Co. of Cuba to land Miami-Habana cable at latter city.
58
June 3 (166) From the Chargé in Cuba
Information that desired permission has been granted Commercial Cable Co. of Cuba.
58
June 3 (89) To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to lend assistance to representative of All America Cables.
59
[Page XIV]June 19 (202) From the Chargé in Cuba
Interview with Secretary of Interior, who seems inclined to accede to projects of All America Cables.
59
July 8 (106) To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Inquiry regarding reported concession granted Western Union Telegraph Co. to lay cable from Cojimar to Barbados.
60
July 10 (253) From the Chargé in Cuba
Concession to Western Union Telegraph Co. (text printed) for cable from Cuba to Barbados.
60
Aug. 13 (333) From the Chargé in Cuba
Presidential decrees, nos. 1197, 1200, 1201, and 1202 of July 20, 1920 (texts printed), granting certain concessions to All America Cables for lines along Cuban coast and to mainland.
61
Oct. 14 From the President of the Commercial Cable Company
Executive decree no. 857, May 27, 1920 (text printed), granting concession to company to lay another cable from Miami to Habana.
66
Nov. 11 (232) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to report if any of Barbados-Cuba cable has been laid and to investigate possibility, since application to land Miami end of Barbados-Brazil cable has been withdrawn, that Western Union may attempt to tap cable to Habana beyond U. S. territorial waters.
67
Nov. 13 (298) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Preparation by Western Union to lay cable under permit; no connection outside U. S. territory near Miami.
67
Nov. 29 (326) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Assertion by representative of All America Cables that Legation was to be instructed to request that cable-laying by Western Union be suspended until international aspect be considered. Request for instructions.
68
Dec. 2 (254) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to inquire informally if Western Union has been granted privilege of connecting at Habana proposed Barbados-Habana cable with Habana-Florida cable.
68
Dec. 14 (346) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Probable immediate action by President, should the United States request that suspension of Western Union concession be made.
69
Dec. 14 (347) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Ability of Western Union to connect Barbados-Habana cable with Habana-Florida cable only by virtue of latter concession; impossibility of preventing relay of messages through Habana office.
69
Dec. 24 (360) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
President’s suspension of Western Union permit for landing of Barbados cable at Cojimar.
69
[Page XV]

Rice Importations

refusal by cuban importers to accept american shipments of rice at purchase prices; representations to the cuban government—president menocal’s decree of september 6, 1920, restricting and regulating importations; dissatisfaction of the united states—president menocal’s new decree, november 19, 1920

Date and number Subject Page
1920 June 26 (97) To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to call attention of Government to serious situation caused by refusal of Cuban merchants to accept shipments of rice bought by them.
70
June 28 (232) From the Chargé in Cuba
Interview with secretary to President on rice situation. Recommendations that rice shipments to Cuba be canceled.
70
July 12 (109) To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Protest of Rice Association of California against repudiation by Cuban merchants of rice contracts. Instructions to discuss matter again with Government.
71
Aug. 2 (171) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Proposal to restrict importation of rice to Cuba as solution agreed upon by exporters and importers. Request for instructions.
72
Aug. 7 (131) To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Department’s approval of plan for restricted importation of rice.
73
Aug. 28 (147) To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
U. S. dissatisfaction at delay in reaching solution of rice problem; instructions to stress urgent need for definite action.
73
Aug. 30 (195) From the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Efforts to secure settlement of rice situation by Presidential decree.
74
Sept. 9 (393) From the Minister in Cuba
Executive decree of Sept. 6, 1920, regulating importations of rice (text printed). Unsatisfactory nature of decree because of deviation from plan agreed to by exporters.
75
Sept. 22 (219) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Anti-American character of decree, making more difficult solution of rice problem. Proposed plan of price fixing. Recommendation for firm statement by Department.
79
Sept. 30 (173) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to make representations to President regarding nature of decree of Sept. 6. Inquiry regarding new plan of settlement by price-fixing.
79
Oct. 8 (445) From the Minister in Cuba
Letter sent to President Menocal (text printed) expressing dissatisfaction with decree; confidential agreement between California Rice Association and Cuban Government for remedial measures following elections.
80
Oct. 29 (507) From the Minister in Cuba
Proposal of local representatives of California Rice Association that Department urge Cuban Government to take over rice in connection with pending financing and thus assist Cuban merchants in carrying out contracts.
81
[Page XVI]Nov. 17 (241) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to urge remedial measures suggested, should Government fail to continue rice embargo and other protective acts.
82
Nov. 22 (564) From the Minister in Cuba
President’s new decree, Nov. 19, regarding rice importation, which meets desires of Rice Growers Association.
83

McGivney and Rokeby Construction Company’s Contract of June 23, 1908; Proposal by the United States for Arbitration of Disputes between the Company and the Cuban Government, March 25, 1919; Direct Settlement of the Disputes and Termination of Contract

Date and number Subject Page
1908 June 25 (683) From the Minister in Cuba
Executive decree no. 681, June 22, 1908, granting new contract to McGivney and Rokeby Construction Co. and containing pertinent correspondence between President Roosevelt, Secretary Taft, and Secretary Root (texts printed).
83
1919 Mar. 25 (777) To the Minister in Cuba
Instructions to present to Government the draft protocol for arbitration of company’s claims, and to call attention to U. S. direct interest in their fulfillment and Cuba’s obligation thereto.
92
July 25 (1048) From the Minister in Cuba
Note from Secretary of State (text printed) detailing Cuban objections to proposed arbitration of claim of construction company.
94
Oct. 29 (882) To the Minister in Cuba
Refutation of Cuban argument against arbitration of claim and insistence upon adoption of protocol, lest the United States take refusal into account in other pending matters.
100
Dec. 10 (55) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Statement of Secretary of State that serious consideration is being given claim and inquiry regarding possible U. S. action in case of Cuban refusal to adopt protocol.
103
Dec. 16 To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
U. S. refusal to go into greater detail regarding its position; statement that Cuban reply to U. S. proposal of arbitration is awaited with concern.
103
1920 Mar. 20 (49) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Further representations to Cuba regarding arrangements for arbitration of McGivney and Rokeby claim.
103
Mar. 25 From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Proposal of direct settlement of claim without recourse to arbitration. Favorable reception by President.
105
Mar. 27 (80) From the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
President’s offer to make direct settlement with representative of McGivney and Rokeby.
105
[Page XVII]Apr. 13 (66) To the Minister in Cuba (tel.)
Departure of representative of McGivney and Rokeby Construction Co. for Habana. Instructions to afford proper assistance.
106
Apr. 20 (82) From the Minister in Cuba
Agreement, Apr. 19, 1920, between Cuba and McGivney and Rokeby Construction Co. (text printed), in final settlement of claim, and termination of contract.
106

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

Political and Economic Affairs

progress of reforms under the military government—decision by the united states to initiate measures for withdrawal from the government of the republic; proclamation of december 23, 1920—political and economic embarrassments of the military governor

Date and number Subject Page
1920 June 3 (350) To the Chargé des Affaires in the Dominican Republic
Proposal that Military Governor appoint a commissioner of Dominicans to formulate, for ultimate enactment, certain basic laws regarding elections, education, and sanitation.
110
June 24 (Op–13A 16870–493) From the Acting Secretary of the Navy
Quarterly report of the Military Governor of Santo Domingo for period ending Mar. 31, 1920 (excerpt printed).
111
July 7 (21) To the Chargé des Affaires in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Instructions to request Military Governor to postpone, for the present, appointment of commission.
115
July 16 (590) From the Chargé des Affaires in the Dominican Republic
Memorandum of Military Governor (text printed) expressing opinion that commission of Dominicans to formulate laws would serve no useful purpose.
115
Sept. 1 (Op–13A 16870–526:1) From the Secretary of the Navy
Quarterly report of Military Governor of Santo Domingo for period ending June 30, 1920, and enclosed report for Department of State (texts printed) regarding mission and results of military government.
120
Oct. 2 To the Diplomatic Officers in Latin America
Statement of achievements of U. S. occupation of Santo Domingo with instructions that it be given wide publicity.
132
Oct. 14 To the Secretary of the Navy
U. S. lack of authority, under covention of 1907, to instruct General Receiver of Dominican Customs to segregate funds for amoritization of 1918 bonds as requested by military government.
132
[Page XVIII]Nov. 27 To the Secretary of the Navy
Presidential approval of steps for gradual withdrawal from control of the Dominican Government, including proclamation by Military Governor to that effect, and formation of commission of Dominicans to revise the laws.
136
Nov. 29 From the Secretary of the Navy
Argument of Judge Advocate General of the Navy (text printed) to prove responsibility of Department of State in regard to amortization of 1918 Dominican bonds.
138
Dec. 4 (42) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Proclamation (text printed) to be issued by Military Governor for appointment of commission of Dominicans, with U. S. technical adviser, to revise laws, in preparation for ultimate withdrawal of U. S. occupation.
145
Dec. 11. (43) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Suggestions as to personnel of commission of Dominicans and request for recommendations; request for information on Dominican reaction to proclamation.
146
Dec. 13 To the Secretary of the Navy
Decision that provost courts should be abolished, that Executive Order No. 385 restricting free speech and free press be canceled, and that sentences imposed upon journalists by virtue thereof be remitted; suggested personnel for Dominican commission, with request for Military Governor’s views.
147
Dec. 13 (45) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Names of persons suggested for appointment on commission and for technical adviser. Request for views.
148
Dec. 23 (56) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Recommendations of Minister and Military Governor as to personnel of proposed commission.
149
Dec. 27 (57) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Protest against proclamation by politically-controlled press; possibility of consequent difficulty in securing Dominicans for commission.
150
Dec. 29 (58) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Acceptance of appointment on commission by four popular Dominicans despite press denunciation of any who may agree to serve; recommendations for remaining personnel.
150
Dec. 30 (46) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Final determination regarding appointment of commissioners.
151
Dec. 31 To the Secretary of the Navy
Approval of Military Governor’s requesting Dominican General Receiver of Customs to segregate funds for payment of interest and amortization of 1918 bonds.
151
1921 Mar. 9 From the Secretary of the Navy
Quarterly report of Military Governor of Santo Domingo for period ending Dec. 31, 1920 (excerpt printed).
155
[Page XIX]

Censorship

relaxation of the censorship—trial of journalists for offenses against regulations—executive orders of the military governor, december 6, 1920, defining and prohibiting defamation and sedition; objections by the department of state to the executive orders and the concurrence of the navy department in their annulment

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Dec. 10 To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Instructions to investigate present practice regarding provost courts, control of censorship, and suppression of right of assembly, and to proceed to Washington with report.
160
Dec. 23 To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Instructions to cable extent of reported changes made in modification of censorship.
161
Dec. 25 From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Information regarding regulations which abolish censorship but forbid publication of articles of slanderous or seditious nature.
161
Dec. 27 To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Instructions to bring to Washington text of regulations which forbid publication of articles of slanderous or seditious nature.
161
1920 Jan. 12 (1) To the Chargé des Affaires in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Recommendations for issue of Executive order abolishing censorship but continuing in force regulations regarding defamation and sedition.
162
Jan. 16 (3) From the Chargé des Affaires in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Issue of Executive order embodying provisions recommended.
162
Jan. 22 (542) From the Chargé des Affaires in the Dominican Republic
Executive Order No. 385, Jan. 15, 1920, of the military government of Santo Domingo (text printed) abolishing censorship but prohibiting articles and speeches likely to cause public disorder.
162
July 30 (28) To the Chargé des Affaires in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Inquiry regarding imprisonment and trial of Amerigo Lugo, Fabio Fiallo, and others for infractions of censorship regulations.
164
Aug. 3 (29) From the Chargé des Affaires in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Information regarding arrest of Lugo, Fiallo, and others.
164
Aug. 13 (31) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Recommendation that trials of Lugo, Fiallo, and Flores Cabrera be expedited and sentences made light because of deep concern throughout Latin America.
165
Sept. 2 To the Secretary of the Navy
Unfavorable comment on heavy sentence imposed upon Fiallo; influence on Latin American propaganda against military occupation.
165
Sept. 3 From the Secretary of the Navy
Telegram sent to Military Governor (text printed) ordering suspension of proceedings and sentences in sedition cases pending approval of Washington.
166
[Page XX]Sept. 10 To the Secretary of the Navy
Expression of approbation of step taken suspending all proceedings and sentences.
166
Oct. 8 (38) To the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Inquiry whether sentence has been suspended and defendant released in Fiallo case and whether any similar arrests have been made.
167
Oct. 11 (45) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Detention of Fiallo and others, awaiting word from Navy Department; release of Cabrera on bond.
167
Oct. 13 (46) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Liberation of Fiallo under surveillance for medical treatment.
168
Oct. 23 (49) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic (tel.)
Liberation of other journalists under surveillance.
168
Nov. 16 To the Secretary of the Navy
Inquiry whether information has been received confirming report of imprisonment of Horacio Blanco Fombono, Dominican journalist.
168
Nov. 23 (Op–13 16870–517:9) From the Secretary of the Navy
Military Governor’s report on trial and conviction of Blanco Fombono (text printed).
169
Dec. 9 (642) From the Minister in the Dominican Republic
Executive Orders Nos. 572 and 573, Dec. 6, 1920, of the military government of Santo Domingo regarding sedition and defamation respectively (texts printed).
169
1921 Jan. 3 To the Secretary of the Navy
Expression of regret at terms of Executive Orders Nos. 572 and 573 and transmittal of draft Executive order for revocation thereof, leaving in force portions of order No. 385.
172
Jan. 5 From the Secretary of the Navy
Annulment of Executive Orders Nos. 572 and 573, by new proclamation appealing to best sentiment of Dominican people for cooperation.
173

ECUADOR

Financial Affairs

project for an italian loan of 40,000,000 sucres to ecuador—plan for refunding the ecuadoran foreign debt by banks in the united states

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Oct. 2 From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Italian proposal of loan to Ecuador in return for tobacco monopoly and preferential treatment in other concessions.
174
[Page XXI]Oct. 23 From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Probability of passage of bill in Congress authorizing loan to Ecuador, understood to be offered by U. S. bankers, for public works, service of interest, and amortization of Guayaquil and Quito Railway bonds, etc.
175
Nov. 5 From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Congressional approval of bill authorizing President to make ad referendum contract with Italian Government for loan to Ecuador.
175
Nov. 12 (466) From the Minister in Ecuador
Legislative decree of Oct. 28, 1919, authorizing President to negotiate ad referendum an Italian loan to Ecuador (text printed).
175
Dec. 11 From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Inactive status of U. S. and Italian proposed loans.
179
1920 Feb. 25 (1074) To the Chargé in Italy
Instructions to intimate, if Italian Government is interested in proposed Ecuadoran loan, that the United States disapproves increase of Ecuador’s foreign debt while nation is in default on service of railway bonds guaranteed by Government.
179
Apr. 14 (1581) From the Chargé in Italy
Presentation of U. S. observations as instructed in view of Italian Government approval and support of Ecuadoran loan being considered by Italian bankers.
180
May 19 Memorandum by Mr. Johnson, Division of Latin American Affairs
Conference between U. S. and Ecuadoran officials on small loan to Ecuador and conversion of its present indebtedness.
181
June 19 (33) To the Ambassador in Italy
Request for copy of Accorsi contract with Ecuador and for act of Parliament approving it.
183
June 26 (550) From the Minister in Ecuador
Organization of company under Accorsi project and appointment of commissions to proceed to Ecuador to effect definite contract; possibility of discrimination under terms of agreement.
183
Aug. 4 (106) From the Chargé in Italy
Pro memoria from Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (text printed) affirming Government support of proposed Italian loan to Ecuador.
184
Oct. 8 (35) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Instructions to facilitate mission of A. F. Lindberg in Ecuador as representative of Brown Bros, and Co. and Mercantile Bank of the Americas in negotiations for conversion of foreign debt of Ecuador.
185
Oct. 20 From Mr. C. H. Hand, Jr., of Brown Brothers and Company
Plan for refunding of Ecuador’s foreign debt (text printed).
185
[Page XXII]

Affairs of the Guayaquil and Quito Railway

resumption, on march 6, 1920, of daily deposits for the service of the railway bonds but in insufficient sums—concern of the american government over the ecuadoran government’s delay in remitting the accumulated deposits

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 31 (4) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Inquiry regarding resumption of daily deposits for payment of interest on Guayaquil and Quito Railway bonds.
191
Feb. 3 (6) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s statement that daily deposits have been resumed.
191
Feb. 24 (8) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Substance of Foreign Minister’s note explaining difficulties in securing funds for service of railway bonds; intention of Government to fulfill its obligations; necessity for loan.
192
Feb. 24 (7) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Instructions to cable date of resumption of daily deposits and whether payments now continue.
194
Feb. 29 (9) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Nonresumption of daily deposits; misunderstanding of Foreign Minister’s statement to that effect.
194
Mar. 6 (11) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Explanations regarding misunderstanding of Foreign Minister’s statement.
194
Mar. 10 (9) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Instructions to verify statement made by Ecuadoran Minister that daily deposits have been resumed.
195
Mar. 18 (14) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Information that daily deposits were resumed Mar. 6 in accordance with Executive decrees; total of such deposits; suspension of negotiations for additional loan.
195
Mar. 19 (11) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Instructions to interview officials and report whether daily deposits equal amount due on railway bonds.
196
Mar. 22 (18) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Failure of daily deposits to equal total amount due on railway bonds.
196
Mar. 25 (13) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Inquiry as to proportion of amount due deposited daily; instructions to investigate Government methods of making deposits.
196
Mar. 26 (14) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Instructions to request explanations as to why Guayaquil officials refuse to furnish information regarding daily deposits, and why daily deposits fail to equal amount due.
196
Mar. 28 (20) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Failure of daily deposits to approach amount due, and probability of continued deficit in view of reduced revenue from import duties.
197
[Page XXIII]Apr. 1 (525) From the Minister in Ecuador
Substance of consul general’s telegram on Government methods of deposit; note to Foreign Minister and memorandum of interview with him (texts printed) on failure of Guayaquil officials to furnish requested information and inadequacy of daily deposits; arrangements for making available information on deposits.
198
Nov. 1 (39) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Further inquiry regarding continuance of daily deposits and remittances to London.
202
Nov. 4 (75) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Report of Government deposits on account of railway bonds and salt certificates and failure to make remittances; fear of withdrawal of funds; recommendation for representations.
202
Nov. 22 (617) From the Minister in Ecuador
Exact amount of deposits on account of interest on railway bonds and salt certificates; failure to make remittances because of lack of exchange; assurances by President that sums deposited would not be withdrawn.
202
Dec. 8 (41) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Instructions to interview President, express concern over failure of Ecuador to meet obligations, assure him of U. S. assistance and, if true, make representations against President’s alleged statement favoring possible foreclosure of railway.
203
Dec. 20 (624) From the Minister in Ecuador
Further report on total deposits for service of railway bonds and salt certificates, and of no remittances to London.
204
Dec. 21 (627) From the Minister in Ecuador
Interview with President regarding Ecuador’s failure to meet its indebtedness and President’s willingness to see foreclosure of railway rather than arrange for refunding loan.
204

Cacao Trade

efforts to sustain the credit of the cacao association—measures urged upon the government of ecuador by the government of the united states

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Oct. 27 (37) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Suggestion of continuation of export tax and release of sufficient cacao to cover indebtedness as best means of solving crisis in Ecuadoran cacao dealings with Mercantile Bank of the Americas. Request for views.
206
Nov. 15 (614) From the Minister in Ecuador
Adjournment of Congress without passing 3–sucre-tax extension bill. Letter from assistant manager of Mercantile Bank (text printed) giving survey of situation, stressing necessity for action by Congress for protection of Cacao Assn.
207
[Page XXIV]Nov. 29 (40) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Plan formulated by Ecuadoran Minister and representative of Mercantile Bank in conference with Department officials for Government action to sustain credit of Cacao Assn. Instructions to use good offices in matter.
210
Dec. 13 (79) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Presentation to President of plan for financing Cacao Assn., through act of Congress in extra session.
211
Dec. 13 (42) To the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Instructions to use good offices and urge solution of cacao problem in view of threatened liquidation of association.
212
Dec. 23 (86) From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
President’s refusal to convene Congress in immediate extra session; measures to solve cacao problem as recommended by advisory commission.
212

Petroleum Legislation of October 18, 1919, and November 25, 1920

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Oct. 30 From the Minister in Ecuador (tel.)
Transitory petroleum bill passed Oct. 18, 1919, pending enactment of new law; similarity to Colombian law.
213
1920 Dec. 21 (626) From the Minister in Ecuador
Legislative decree of Nov. 25, 1920 (text printed), modifying transitory law of Oct. 18, 1919, and providing commission to prepare draft of new petroleum law.
213

EGYPT

Proposal by Great Britain to Reconstitute the Mixed Courts and to Transfer to Them the Jurisdiction Exercised by the Consular Courts—Invitation to the Government of the United States to Make Nominations to Fill a Vacancy in the Mixed Court of Appeal

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Mar. 6 (23) From the Chargé in Egypt (tel.)
Transmittal of draft laws regarding reconstruction of Mixed Tribunals; art. 1 (text printed) explaining British plan of transfer to them of jurisdiction hitherto exercised by consular courts.
216
May 7 (25) To the Chargé in Egypt (tel.)
Instructions to suggest Judge Crabitès for Court of Appeals as successor to Judge Tuck, resigned.
216
[Page XXV]May 11 (44) From the Chargé in Egypt (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s noncommitment regarding judgeship appointment since this and related questions have been transferred to London.
216
May 28 (862) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s statement that appointment inadvisable at present and intimation of difficulty of according U. S. representation as a right.
217
June 3 (887) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British suggestion that negotiations regarding judicial reforms proposed for Egypt be conducted in London. Inquiry as to U. S. acquiescence.
217
June 11 (637) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Decision to delay appointment; reservation of rights in that respect and regarding reorganization of Mixed Courts.
218
June 11 (638) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Approval of conducting in London negotiations regarding judicial reforms in Egypt.
218
June 30 (1005) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British proposals (text printed) regarding projected British regime in Egypt. Ambassador’s explanatory comment.
218
July 19 (3171) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Explanations regarding measures contemplated in draft law, such as end of foreigners’ immunity from taxation and local legislation, in addition to reorganization of Mixed Courts and closing of consular courts.
220
Aug. 18 (3304) From the Chargé in Great Britain
British note (text printed) in further exposition of proposed measures of reform in judicial system of Egypt.
222
Aug. 27 (551) From the British Embassy
Assertion that agreement being negotiated between Great Britain and Egypt will not interfere with modification of capitulations and abolition of consular courts.
225
Oct. 14 (3585) From the Chargé in Great Britain
British note (text printed) stating that status quo will continue in Egypt for 6 months and requesting that successor to Judge Tuck be named.
226
Nov. 23 (1038) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Inquiry regarding acceptability of appointment of Judge Crabitès; information that Department’s views on judicial reform will be sent after due consideration.
227
[Page XXVI]

ETHIOPIA

Treaty of June 27, 1914, with the United States

negotiation and signature of a treaty of commerce at addis ababa—notification to prince lidj yassou, december 20, 1914, of ratification by the united states—proclamation of the treaty by president wilson, august 9, 1920

Date and number Subject Page
1914 Apr. 18 (4) From the Consul General at Addis Ababa
Negotiations to secure new commercial treaty with Ethiopia; hesitation on part of Foreign Minister.
229
June 9 (14) From the Consul General at Addis Ababa
Description of consular courts in Ethiopia; Government’s objections to extraterritorial rights and desire that proposed treaty expire in 4 years.
230
Sept. 1 Report of the Consul General at Addis Ababa, temporarily at Washington
Incidents preceding and in connection with the signing of commercial treaty with Ethiopia.
231
Oct. 14 President Wilson to Prince Lidj Yassou of Ethiopia
Transmittal of instrument of ratification of treaty following ratification by and with advice and consent of Senate.
241
Dec. 24 Prince Lidj Yassou of Ethiopia to President Wilson
Acknowledgment of receipt of notification and instrument of ratification.
242
1920 Aug. 11 To President Wilson
Request that treaty of June 27, 1914, with Ethiopia, be now proclaimed. Explanation of delayed presentation for proclamation.
(Footnote: Treaty proclaimed Aug. 9, 1920.)
242
1914 June 27 Treaty between the United States and Ethiopia
Text of treaty of commerce signed at Addis Ababa.
243

Grant of Petroleum Rights to the Anglo-American Oil Company, Limited, under the baghdassarian concession in western harrar

Date and number Subject Page
1920 June 8 (9716) From the Consul General at London
Request that consul at Aden be instructed to accompany oil exploring party (virtually Standard Oil Co.) to Abyssinia. Letter from Anglo-American Oil Co. representative (text printed) describing Baghdassarian concession and requesting U.S. official aid in connection with expedition.
245
July 3 To the Consul at Aden (tel.)
Instructions to proceed to Abyssinia and render proper assistance to Anglo-American Oil party.
248
Sept. 6 (409) From the Consul at Aden
Detailed account of acquiring by the Baghdassarian Anglo-American Oil Co. of new concession to prospect for oil in Harrar province in place of canceled original concession.
248
[Page XXVII]

FINLAND

Termination of Hostilities with Russia

inquiries from the government of finland regarding the policy of the united states toward russian attacks on finland—decision by the united states to refrain from offering advice to the government of finland—conclusion of peace between finland and russia

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Mar. 20 (2) From the Chargé in Finland (tel.)
Chargé’s warm reception by officials; expressions of appreciation of U.S. recognition and assistance; inquiry as to U.S. policy respecting Soviet Russia.
253
Mar. 23 Memorandum by Mr. F. L. Belin, Division of Russian Affairs
Finnish Minister’s statement of Bolshevik attacks on Finnish frontier and request for U.S. advice; U.S. refusal because not in position to furnish money, ammunition, or supplies.
253
May 4 (1540) From the Minister in Norway
Truce between Finland and Russia for purpose of discussing boundary questions; Norway’s interest in boundary regulations in Petsjenga district.
254
May 24 Memorandum by the Minister in Poland, temporarily at Washington
Finnish Minister’s statement on hostile moves of Soviet troops and request for U.S. advice on concluding peace; U.S. unwillingness to give material aid or advice.
255
June 4 (379) To the Minister in Norway
Opinion that no valid arrangement can be made with Soviets regarding boundaries until sanctioned by some recognized government of Russia.
255
Aug. 14 (61) From the Chargé in Finland (tel.)
Continuation of old frontier under armistice between Finland and Russia, with minor exceptions; denial to Russia of navigable access to Gulf of Finland. Paris informed.
256
Oct. 15 (70) From the Chargé in Finland (tel.)
Conclusion of peace between Finland and Bolsheviks. Terms. Paris informed.
256
1921 Jan. 4 (12) From the Finnish Minister
Notification of Dec. 31, 1920, as effective date of treaty of peace between Finland and Russia.
256
Mar. 11 (206) From the Finnish Minister
Cession of Petchenga and its occupation by Finland under treaty.
257
[Page XXVIII]

GERMANY

Continuation in Force of the Armistice between the United States and Germany

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 13 To the Swiss Minister
Statement for Germany (text printed) asserting that armistice between the United States and Germany is regarded as continuing in full force despite deposit of ratifications of Treaty of Versailles.
258

Relations of the American Commissioner with the German Authorities; German Desire for Representation at Washington

Date and number Subject Page
1920 June 8 (588) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Suggestion of Under Secretary of State for unofficial German representation at Washington. Request for instructions.
258
June 18 (515) To the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Instructions discreetly to inform Government that discussion of German unofficial representation in the United States is inopportune.
259
July 31 (911) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Bolshevik representative’s request for equal privileges with U.S. Commissioner. Consequent curtailment of privileges of latter.
259
Aug. 2 (915) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Evident influence of refusal of German representation in America upon privileges of Commissioner at Berlin.
260
Aug. 7 (932) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s intimation of disapproval of existence of U.S. representation at Berlin without privilege of reciprocity.
260
Aug. 9 (920) To the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Request for views on advisability of designating Dresel and Grant-Smith as high commissioners.
261
Aug. 11 (957) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Inadvisability of promotion to high commissioner.
262
Aug. 12 (950) To the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Regret over German request that Commissioner concede privileges to gratify Bolshevik representative’s demands. Instructions to report any similar requests in future.
262

German Protest against the Nomination by the United States of an Arbitrator for River Shipping

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Mar. 16 (715) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Note from Millerand (text printed) requesting in the name of the Allies that a U.S. arbitrator for river shipping be named in accordance with Versailles Treaty.
263
[Page XXIX]Apr. 30 (866) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Nomination of Walker D. Hines as arbitrator. Instructions regarding acceptability of Hines and his rights and duties.
(Instructions to repeat to Hudson in London.)
264
July 31 (910) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
German objections to U. S. arbitrator for river shipping because of U. S. nonratification of treaty. Commissioner’s view that protest should be referred to Conference of Ambassadors, Paris.
265
Aug. 5 (1336) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Dresel: Instructions to point out invalidity of German protest. Inquiry of Embassy whether enemy powers concurred in appointment of Hines.
265
Aug. 10 From the Swiss Chargé
Note from Swiss Foreign Office (text printed) presenting formal German protest against appointment of U. S. arbitrator for river shipping.
267
Aug. 10 (948) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Further explanation of German attitude toward appointment of U. S. arbitrator. Recommendations for firm attitude.
268
Aug. 12 (1538) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Information that Germany had been merely notified of appointment of Hines, and had, in response to request, appointed delegates to confer with him.
269
Aug. 31 To the Swiss Chargé
Note for German Government (text printed) disavowing German protest and criticizing German attitude, affirming appointment of Hines to be in accord with treaty of peace.
270
Sept. 1 (1047) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Further discussion with German Foreign Minister on subject of German protest against U. S. arbitrator.
271
Sept. 8 (1668) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Note sent by Conference of Ambassadors to German Government (substance printed) refusing to admit validity of German argument against U. S. arbitrator in view of terms of treaty and Allied formal invitation.
271
Oct. 1 From the Swiss Chargé
Note from Swiss Political Department transmitting German reply to Conference of Ambassadors (texts printed) stating Germany’s unchanged viewpoint regarding Hines but decision not to protest further.
272
[Page XXX]

Protest of the Associated Governments against German Import and Export Regulations

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Mar. 3 (614) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French note (text printed) setting forth certain bases for negotiations with Germany regarding customs duties and questions in relation to exports and imports. Inquiry as to U. S. adherence.
273
Mar. 16 (539) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to present U. S. views (substance printed) regarding proposed bases for normal trade with Germany.
275
Mar. 22 (778) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis: Note from Belgian, French, and Italian delegates addressed to Conference of Ambassadors regarding proposed bases for negotiations with Germany.
277
Apr. 1 (663) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Further exposition of U. S. views regarding German trade, with stipulation that commercial control should involve no discrimination.
278
May 14 (1148) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Report of Technical Committee appointed to study German commercial regime, submitting certain propositions (text printed) for consideration of Conference of Ambassadors, with aim of requiring German observance of commercial clauses in peace treaty.
279
May 26 (1015) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Necessity for definite information on data examined by Technical Committee in order that Department can render decision. Instructions to obtain such information and make recommendations.
282
June 10 (1274) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Examination of evidence, disclosing German violation of arts. 264–269 of treaty. Draft notification to Germany of its obligations (text printed), to be submitted first for approval of Conference of Ambassadors. Request for instructions.
283
June 16 (1122) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Concurrence in general with spirit and demands of draft note to Germany with slight modifications.
286
July 6 (1361) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Transmittal of notification to Germany; reply (text printed); consideration thereof in Conference of Ambassadors; U. S. opposition to suggestion that question be taken up at Spa.
287
July 15 (1248) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Insistence upon submission for views of the Department any further proposed representations to Germany regarding commercial regime.
289
[Page XXXI]

Occupation of the Rhineland by the Allied and Associated Powers

report of the american observer on the rhineland high commission—dispatch of additional troops by germany into the ruhr basin—french occupation of darmstadt and Frankfort; attitude of the american, british, italian, and belgian governments—appointment of general allen as american observer—use by france of african troops in the rhineland—discussions regarding payment of expenses of armies of occupation—attitude of the associated governments toward provocative speeches by members of the german cabinet in occupied territory—proposed reduction of the american army of occupation

Date and number Subject. Page
1920 Feb. 27 From the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission
French pressure for economic control in occupied territory including separation of territory from rest of Germany and for nullification of civil control; French desire to occupy Ruhr also; report on German military forces and economic and industrial situation in Germany.
289
Mar. 6 From the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission (tel.)
Observer’s lack of sympathy with military occupation and efforts for separation of Rhine territory from Germany and occupation of Ruhr; desire to resign post.
296
Mar. 19 (201) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
German request to be allowed to send additional troops to Ruhr to maintain order. Recommendations that United States join British in approving; French objection unless German troops are withdrawn from Frankfort.
297
Mar. 22 (575) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to join with British colleague if he supports German request; disapproval of French attitude.
297
Mar. 22 (790) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Telegram of Rhineland High Commissioners to their respective governments (text printed) regarding disposition of 1,500 interned soldiers of Reichswehr having taken refuge in British zone near Cologne.
298
Mar. 24 (595) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Approval of attitude of impartial neutrality favored by High Commission; feasibility of using interned troops to maintain order in Ruhr district.
298
Mar. 24 (804) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Proposal in Ambassador’s Conference to refuse German request; request for instructions whether to disclose U. S. views since British Ambassador has not yet publicly supported German request.
299
Mar. 26 (613) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to present U. S. views favoring additional German troops in neutral zone when needed to preserve order and objecting to further occupation of German territory as having no bearing on matter.
299
Mar. 29 (848) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French opinion that Germany should give some guaranty of withdrawal of troops to be sent into neutral zone and that Reichswehr troops in British zone should be disarmed. Statement of U. S. position at Conference of Ambassadors.
300
[Page XXXII]Mar. 29 (253) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Information regarding communist uprisings in Ruhr; Under Secretary of State’s counter-proposal conceding French demand for right to occupy Frankfort area if German reinforcements remain in Ruhr longer than 4 weeks.
301
Mar. 31 (258) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Quieting effect of reinforcements sent into disturbed area with consent of French.
301
Apr. 2 (666) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Restatement of position favoring reinforcements in Ruhr until order is restored, and return with arms of interned Reichswehr troops as emergency measure. Continued opposition to question of French advance into unoccupied Germany.
302
Apr. 2 (885) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Memorandum by Goeppert, German Commissioner, regarding grave situation in Ruhr district and urgent need for and entrance of troops into neutral zone, with understanding that French consent had been obtained. French claim of misunderstanding of position.
303
Apr. 3 (895) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French explanation of alleged misunderstanding and claim that German troops were unauthorized to enter neutral zone; insistence that they be withdrawn.
305
Apr. 4 (272) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
German request that further action be held up in view of restoration of order in Ruhr district and prospect of prompt retirement of German troops.
306
Apr. 4 (273) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
French note to German Chargé intimating contemplated separate action against Germany in view of violation of treaty.
306
Apr. 4 From the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission (tel.)
Concentration of French troops for possible advance on Frankfort and Darmstadt; German denial of violation of spirit of treaty in determining to increase forces. Inquiry as to movement of U. S. forces.
307
Apr. 5 (98) To the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Summary of U. S. attitude regarding issues involved in Ruhr disturbances, for confidential information and to be used as suggestions if desirable.
308
Apr. 5 (903) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Note from Goeppert (text printed) regarding situation in neutral zone, negotiations for occupation, and justification of action taken. Proposed discussion of note in Conference of Ambassadors. German War Department note guaranteeing early evacuation of Ruhr (text printed).
308
Apr. 6 (905) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
From Coblenz: French occupation of Darmstadt, Frankfort, and Hanau, with no sign of resistance.
311
[Page XXXIII]Apr. 6 To the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission (tel.)
The President’s statement to the House explaining independent status of U. S. troops on Rhine and position of U. S. Observer on Rhineland High Commission.
311
Apr. 6 (911) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Further explanations by Millerand regarding situation in neutral zone and French occupation of Frankfort area.
312
Apr. 6 (285) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Germany’s protest to League of Nations and Allies, claiming violation of treaty a matter for League to decide; request for extension of agreement of Aug. 8, 1919, permitting troops in neutral area.
314
Apr. 6 (915) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Goeppert’s note to France (text printed) affirming expectation of early withdrawal of reinforcements in neutral zone and requesting suspension of eventual measures.
315
Apr. 7 (279) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Summary of German note of protest regarding unilateral occupation of Frankfort area without consulting League of Nations (excerpts printed).
315
Apr. 7 From the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission (tel.)
Identical telegrams by each high commissioner to his Government (text printed) regarding internment of Red troops in British zone, prospective arrival of many more, and problem of their repatriation.
317
Apr. 7 (560) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British and Italian disapproval of French action in sending troops across the Rhine; calling of British Cabinet to consider what action may be taken; request for U. S. views. Paris informed.
317
Apr. 8 (359) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Recapitulation of U. S. attitude toward Ruhr Valley question as already presented to France and decision to make no further protests at this time.
318
Apr. 8 (713) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Request for Ambassador’s impressions regarding situation arising out of Ruhr Valley question and information regarding action contemplated by other nations.
319
Apr. 8 To the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission (tel.)
War Department’s opinion that General Allen should have free hand to dispose of forces for preserving order in area under his control.
319
Apr. 9 Memorandum by the Secretary of State
Interview with Italian Ambassador: Italian advocacy of retirement of French troops from Ruhr and substitution of diplomatic and civilian missions for present military missions in Germany.
319
Apr. 9 To the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission (tel.)
U. S. approval of British action toward Red troops and hope that early repatriation can be effected.
320
[Page XXXIV]Apr. 9 (59) From the Ambassador in Belgium (tel.)
Belgian decision to participate in measures of occupation taken by France, with provision that these must end as soon as Reichswehr troops are evacuated.
320
Apr. 9 (60) From the Ambassador in Belgium (tel.)
Belgian decision to send battalion to join French forces, while deploring French precipitate action on the Rhine.
321
Apr. 9 (580) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British emphatic note of protest against French occupation and instructions to British Ambassador to withdraw from Conference of Ambassadors pending assurances of joint action in the future.
321
Apr. 9 (950) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Note from Goeppert to President of Peace Conference (text printed) repeating request for extension of time limit for evacuation of German troops in Ruhr under agreement of Aug. 8, 1919.
322
Apr. 9 (954) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French assurances of future cooperation with Allies and of withdrawal from Frankfort area as soon as unauthorized German forces are evacuated.
323
Apr. 12 (737) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to call attention to possibility of serious consequences as result of French occupation and necessity for evacuation as soon as German troops not needed for maintaining order are withdrawn.
324
Apr. 13 To the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission (tel.)
Expression of appreciation of Observer’s services and request that he withhold his resignation for the present.
325
Apr. 15 (999) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French reply denying necessity for increase in German forces to maintain order in Ruhr and expressing willingness to withdraw French troops as soon as German forces in excess of those allowed by agreement are withdrawn.
325
May 17 To the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission (tel.)
Decision to relieve Observer as requested and appoint General Allen as successor.
(Footnote: Assumption of duties by General Allen on June 3.)
327
May 22 From the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission (tel.)
Observer’s efforts to maintain civilian control of occupation as desired by President Wilson. Inquiry whether character of U. S. participation will be changed under Allen.
327
May 27 To the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission (tel.)
Restriction of Allen’s interests to zone occupied by U. S. forces; assurance that appointment will not constitute departure from principles enunciated by President Wilson.
328
[Page XXXV]June 12 (1106) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Inquiry as to conduct of African troops used by France in German occupied territory, in view of many letters of protest received.
329
June 25 (1325) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
German agitation and accusations against African troops employed in French occupation; lack of official denial of charges by France. Recommendation that French be told of ill effect of persistent and undenied reports.
329
June 29 (1185) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to Ambassador to carry out his recommendations.
330
July 28 From the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission (tel.)
German offer to pay past and present expenses connected with U. S. representation on High Commission.
330
July 30 To the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission (tel.)
Inquiry as to details of German offer.
331
Aug. 2 From the Observer on the Rhineland High Commission (tel.)
Details regarding proposed payment of expenses of U. S. representation on High Commission.
331
Aug. 10 (1521) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Conclusions of Reparation Commission regarding liquidation of cost of armies of occupation, including U. S. Army, certificate for latter based on agreement of June 28, 1919, instead of peace treaty.
331
Oct. 1 (1527) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Boyden: Suggested form for U. S. certificate of expenditures for army of occupation, based on armistice agreement rather than Versailles Treaty or agreement of June 28, 1919.
333
Nov. 26 (1344) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Telegram to French Ambassador from his Government (text printed) protesting against provocative speeches made by German Ministers in occupied territory, and calling for joint representations by U. S., British, and Belgian colleagues. Request for instructions.
335
Nov. 28 (1349) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Views, concurred in by British Ambassador, that representations to Germany should be separate and more moderate than those advocated by French.
335
Dec. 4 (1974) To the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Inadvisability of U. S. representations to Germany jointly with Allies; suggestion of separate, discreet, informal representations to German Foreign Minister if desirable.
336
Dec. 4 (1381) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Draft representations agreed upon by French, British, and Belgian representatives (text printed) to be presented separately to Germany regarding provocative speeches of German Ministers.
336
[Page XXXVI]Dec. 7 (1393) From the Commissioner at Berlin (tel.)
Information that discreet, informal representations were made to Foreign Minister; latter’s reply in justification of action.
337
Dec. 15 (2013) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Exposition of U. S. technical legal position regarding army costs as compared with position of Allies; recommendation that arrangements be made whereby U. S. interests may stand on same footing with those of Allies.
338
Dec. 17 From the French Ambassador
Draft instructions to Commissioners (text printed) for proposed measures to be taken should provocative speeches be repeated by Germany Ministers. Request for U. S. cooperation.
340
Dec. 23 (1720) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Information regarding strength of U. S. forces in occupied territory and proposed reductions, substance of which may be communicated to German authorities in accordance with request.
341
Dec. 28 To the French Ambassador
Refusal to join in official representations to Germany regarding Cabinet’s provocative speeches in occupied territory. Promise to make separate unofficial statement to Germany if U. S. Commissioner approves.
342
Dec. 28 (1732) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Allen: Information regarding French request to join in official representations to Germany. Instructions for informal action should occasion arise.
343
1921 Jan. 11 (28) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Boyden: Argument to substantiate U. S. claim to collect costs of occupation in Germany pursuant to armistice agreement and irrespective of U. S. ratification of peace treaty.
343
Jan. 11 (32) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
From Allen: Refusal to join in signing representations to German Commissioner; acceptance of Allen’s suggestion that only President of High Commission sign.
346

Unofficial Representation of the United States on the Reparation Commission

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 11 (105) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis also: Minutes of Organization Committee of Reparation Commission (excerpt printed) extending invitation to Rathbone, U. S. Treasury representative, to assist unofficially at meetings of Commission.
346
[Page XXXVII]Jan. 24 (254) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis also: Summary of inaugural sitting of Reparation Commission, dealing with questions of personnel and organization, including unofficial representation of the United States.
347
Mar. 20 (568) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Rathbone: Early departure of Boyden to relieve Rathbone of reparation work. Continuation of Bayne on Committee of Jurists as unofficial U. S. representative.
348
Apr. 1 (875) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Treasury: Details regarding transfer to Boyden of duties as unofficial representative on Reparation Commission.
348
May 5 (1094) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Arrangements for quarters, salaries, expense accounts, etc., of U. S. unofficial representatives on Reparation Commission.
349
May 29 (1044) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Approval of scheme for meeting expenses of U. S. representation on Reparation Commission; instructions to report estimate of monthly expenses.
350
July 1 (1343) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Details of financial arrangement with Commission for sharing expense allowances for unofficial representatives and for Americans working directly for Commission; estimate of monthly expenses.
351
July 8 (1219) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Approval of plan for expense allowances and other financial arrangements.
353

Negotiations Relating to German Reparations

problems arising under articles 235 and 260 of the treaty of versailles—the question of the sale to the netherlands of ships built in germany–relation of the reparation commission to the conference of ambassadors—discussions regarding determination of the amount of Germany’s liability—the spa conference—attitude of the united states toward the percentage agreement and the coal protocol—evaluation of german ships allocated to great britain—proposed conference at geneva—meeting of technical experts at Brussels; decision of the united states not to be represented

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 23 The Unofficial Representative on the Reparation Commission to the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury
Dissenting opinion of Bayne (text printed) concerning powers of Reparation Commission over neutral securities of German nationals.
353
Feb. 7 (404) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis also: Request for views regarding sale of ships building in Germany for the Netherlands, in preparation for consideration of matter by Reparation Commission.
360
[Page XXXVIII]Feb. 14 (356) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Rathbone: Warning during Peace Conference that sale of ships to Dutch could not be recognized. Instructions not to object to demand on Germany for ships but to maintain U. S. view that war-time bona fide transfers of merchant ships are valid.
361
Feb. 17 (493) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis: Reparation Commission’s letter to German delegation (text printed) demanding explanation of delivery of ship to Netherlands and requiring assurances that other ships will not sail pending hearing of all parties concerned; Rathbone’s efforts in preventing prejudgment of case.
362
Feb. 23 (397) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Rathbone: Concurrence in views and action taken regarding ships built in Germany for sale to Dutch; instructions to acquiesce in demand for surrender of ships.
364
Mar. 2 (453) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Rathbone: Approval of Bayne’s dissenting opinion regarding art. 235 of treaty and further arguments in support of his brief.
365
Mar. 2 (613) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis: Proposed letter from Reparation Commission (text printed) requiring that German-owned securities in neutral countries be used for purchase of food and raw materials if Germany is to receive credit against 20 billion marks for additional funds spent for food and supplies.
366
Mar. 15 (534) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Department and Davis to Rathbone: Instructions to make strong protest against broad construction of art. 235 as unjust forcing of Germany to sell securities at a sacrifice and as undesirable precedent; willingness to inform powers of position by note if necessary.
368
Mar. 18 (552) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Rathbone: Instructions to present U. S. view that value of German deliveries of ships and resources must be credited on account of 20 milliard marks reparations. Arguments sustaining this viewpoint.
370
Mar. 18 (750) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Treasury: Delivery to Germany of letter on use of neutral securities and German reply (text printed) explaining impracticability and unproductivity of such measure; reference of question to finance section; difficult position of U. S. representative.
371
Mar. 20 (767) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis: Argument that German payments for imports of food and supplies are not deductible from 20-billion-mark obligation.
375
Mar. 20 (769) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis: Information that U. S. interpretation of art. 235 of treaty has been repeatedly set forth to Reparation Commission.
376
[Page XXXIX]Mar. 22 (779) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis: Question whether Reparation Commission should report to Conference of Ambassadors as demanded in case of supplying list of violations of treaty.
376
Mar. 25 (815) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis: Proposed request that Germany submit in accordance with art. 260 list of interests in Russia, China, Turkey, Austria, Hungary, and Bulgaria, and that Allied Powers indicate interests they wish to acquire; request for instructions.
377
Mar. 26 (617) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Department and Davis to Rathbone: Opinion that Conference of Ambassadors cannot properly demand report from Reparation Commission; instructions to submit information as matter of courtesy.
379
Mar. 31 (652) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Rathbone: Assent to proposed request for listing by Germany of interests and indication by Allied Powers of those desired; insistence that any property taken over be disposed of openly at highest price and that German property in China be not transferred.
380
Apr. 9 (951) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis also: Discussion by Reparation Commission of U. S. views regarding procedure and manner of disposing of properties.
381
Apr. 14 (760) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Decision not to furnish list of interests desired. Recommendations regarding method of taking over and disposing of German interests.
381
Apr. 14 (765) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: U. S. interpretation of terms of treaty as regards reparations and duties of Commission; preparation of note for Allies setting forth U. S. views.
382
Apr. 16 (1005) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Delivery of letter to Germany requesting list of securities subject to art. 260. Discussion of best method of disposition of such property.
384
Apr. 17 (799) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Rathbone and Boyden: Delay in preparation of proposed note to Allied Governments; danger of creating precedent for governmental interference with decisions of Reparation Commission; indication of ignoring by Allies of U. S. unofficial views. Request for opinions.
384
Apr. 21 (1034) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Disapproval of sending U. S. note to Allies under present conditions; no tendency to ignore U. S. unofficial views; general improvement in situation.
385
[Page XL]May 3 (876) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Clarification of situation and postponement of suggested note of protest to Allies.
386
May 12 (1138) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Necessity for definiteness and reduction of reparations; French reluctance to adopt this policy; question of U. S. share of reparation payments and possibility of reducing army of occupation.
386
May 18 (1169) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Commission’s informal request of Governments interested for report on claims in order that regulations for their presentations may be formulated.
389
May 20 (1178) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Recommendation that no formal reply be made at present to Commission’s request for report on U. S. claims. Request for estimated value of property held by Alien Property Custodian.
389
May 22 (986) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Opinion that German liability should be fixed at capacity to pay; discussion of possible U. S. claims against Germany and status of alien property fund in connection with payment thereof.
390
May 28 (1036) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Boyden: Estimated value of property held by Alien Property Custodian; inability to estimate U. S. claims at present.
392
June 3 (886) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Invitation to send U. S. representatives to approaching Allied-German conference at Spa.
393
June 21 (661) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Inadvisability of accepting invitation to send representatives to Spa Conference.
393
June 26 (56) To the Ambassador in Belgium (tel.)
Instructions to report all available information regarding results reached at Hythe and Boulogne conferences.
394
June 30 (91) From the Ambassador in Belgium (tel.)
Report on discussion of disarmament and indemnity percentages at Hythe and Boulogne conferences.
394
June 30 (693) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to repeat to Berlin Department’s telegram no. 661; presence of Boyden at Spa in connection with Reparation Commission.
395
July 1 (1344) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Inquiry regarding alleged report of subcommittee, largely American, containing estimated claims of Allied countries and percentages of indemnities.
395
[Page XLI]July 2 (1202) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Dulles’ record of estimated claims and informal agreement as to percentages of indemnities; formal Wilson–Lloyd George–Clemenceau agreement of Apr. 30, 1919, on subject (text printed).
396
July 8 (57) To the Ambassador in Belgium (tel.)
Information for Boyden regarding U. S. adherence to agreement of Apr. 30, 1919, in settlement of reparation problems and instructions to transmit to him Ambassador’s no. 91 of June 30.
397
July 21 (1427) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Personal impressions of Spa Conference, with information covering coal protocol and reparation percentages agreement. Sent also to Dresel.
398
July 29 (1465) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Summary of coal protocol together with 2d annex (text printed); observations on negotiation and signature of protocol.
403
July 30 (1457) From the Chargé in France
Agreement between Allies for settlement of certain questions as to application of treaties of peace and complementary agreements with Germany, Austria, Hungary, and Bulgaria (text printed).
406
Aug. 2 (1491) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Comments on and interpretation of terms of inter-Allied percentage agreement; U. S. legal rights as to costs of army of occupation.
415
Aug. 5 (1507) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Summary of Boulogne amendment to coal protocol; necessity for German approval of amendment and annexes to protocol; formal statement for record (text printed) of U. S. priority rights regarding army costs.
417
Aug. 13 (1541) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Proposed sale by Lord Inchcape of German ships to British nationals pursuant to provisions of Spa inter-Allied agreement. Recommendation for U. S. approval of method of sale but not valuation established thereby for treaty purposes.
419
Aug. 14 (1556) From the Chargé in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Reparation Commission’s approval of British suggestion to appoint an American as chairman of committee for distribution of Upper Silesian coal. Recommendation that appointment be made if Dresel approves.
420
Aug. 18 (1573) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Acceptance by Reparation Commission, with reservation regarding valuation, of proposal for sale of British share of ships to British nationals under direction of Inchcape for account of Great Britain.
420
[Page XLII]Aug. 27 (1616) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Proposal of protest for record (text printed) stating wherein Spa agreement violates terms of treaty and invades prerogative delegated to Reparation Commission. Request for suggestions.
421
Aug. 28 (1420) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Insistence upon formal recognition that evaluation of ex-German ships is under exclusive jurisdiction of Reparation Commission, after which ships may be disposed of by respective governments.
422
Aug. 31 (1423) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Instructions to emphasize principle of valuation of ships by Reparation Commission and Germany’s right to receive full credit for value as of date when delivered to Allies.
423
Aug. 31 (1424) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Decision that there be no U. S. official representation on administrative bodies, such as Silesian Coal Commission, which merely carry out stipulations of treaty.
(Footnote: Boyden’s determination to make no appointment to Silesian Commission.)
423
Aug. 31 (1429) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Proposed redraft of Spa agreement protest (text printed). Explanation of changes.
424
Sept. 1 (1436) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Discussion of terms of coal protocol and recommendations as to its administration including U. S. claims for army costs.
426
Sept. 1 (1437) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Inquiries and comments as to interpretation of certain articles of inter-Allied percentage agreement; insistence that no change be made in treaty without consulting the United States.
428
Sept. 1 (1438) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Further inquiries with view to safeguarding Germany’s rights as regards issue of German bonds in connection with coal advances.
429
Sept. 1 (1440) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Approval of efforts to insure that Germany will be credited with full value for deliveries; exposition of U. S. priority claim on reparation funds for army costs.
430
Sept. 3 (1647) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Commission’s approval of Inchcape’s sale of ships with reservation of right of evaluation for treaty purposes.
431
Sept. 9 (1676) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Reasons why original draft protest on Spa agreement should not be changed. British proposed resolution (text printed) promising protection of interests of parties to Versailles Treaty not signatory to Spa agreement.
431
[Page XLIII]Sept. 10 (1681) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Plan of submitting German Spa proposals to Reparation Commission instead of Geneva conference. Desirability of unanimous recommendations for definite figure on reparations based on economic capacity of Germany rather than on damages.
433
Sept. 10 (1682) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Further comments on question of securing payment of cost of army of occupation.
434
Sept. 10 (1683) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Explanation in reply to Department’s 1437 regarding certain articles of inter-Allied percentage agreement.
434
Sept. 11 (1685) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Acceptance of British resolution proposed by Bradbury.
435
Sept. 13 From the British Ambassador
Memorandum of British Embassy (text printed) inquiring reasons for alleged U. S. opposition to proposed conference on reparations at Geneva between Allies and Germany and regarding alleged U. S. protest against Spa agreement, both advanced as French objections to Geneva conference.
435
Sept. 23 To the British Ambassador
Memorandum (text printed) outlining U. S. position regarding Geneva conference and emphasizing U. S. views of importance of Reparation Commission and desirability of fixing German liability at reasonable sum; dropping of U. S. proposed protest on Spa agreement following adoption of British proposal by Reparation Commission.
437
Oct. 6 (1541) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Instructions to transmit to Embassy at London, for information of British Foreign Office, Ambassador’s 1681 and following despatch on subject: approval of establishment of definite amount of reparations by Reparation Commission, whether pursuant to Geneva conference or otherwise.
440
Oct. 19 (1535) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
For Davis: British appreciation of U. S. position as set forth in telegram 1681 from Paris and Department’s 1541.
440
Nov. 18 (1933) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
French note to British Ambassador (text printed) proposing successive conferences on reparations by experts at Brussels, by ministers at Geneva, by Reparation Commission, and finally by Supreme Council.
441
Nov. 19 (1939) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Instructions as to U. S. representation at Brussels in view of change in arrangement by designation of experts by Governments instead of by Reparation Commission.
442
Dec. 3 (1976) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Probable meeting of Brussels conference on Dec. 13; expression of desire by Allies for U. S. participation.
443
[Page XLIV]Dec. 10 (1684) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Objections to U. S. representation at Brussels conference.
444
Dec. 13 (2006) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) requesting U. S. unofficial representation at Brussels meeting of Allied experts.
444
Dec. 15 (1700) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Instructions to present U. S. refusal to be represented at Brussels conference.
445

Deliveries of German Dyestuffs and Chemicals under the Treaty of Versailles

policies of the associated governments—appointment of a dye expert for the united states—allied agreement of september 15, 1919—distribution of dyes among the associated powers-statement on february 10, 1920, of american views on the delivery and distribution of dyestuffs and chemical drugs—arrangements between the department of state and the textile alliance

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Aug. 10 (3601) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Decision of dye experts not to begin operation of annex VI of treaty without U. S. consent but to make German dyes available for French, Italian, and Belgian domestic use. Recommendations for appointment of U. S. dye expert.
445
Aug. 21 (2908) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Disadvantages of importing dyes through old German agencies; inquiry whether dye sales by Reparation Commission can be anticipated by purchase of vat colors directly from German producers.
447
Aug. 23 (3870) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Concurrence in views as to method of securing dyestuffs; possibility of the United States procuring dyes together with France, Italy, and Belgium prior to operation of annex VI.
447
Aug. 28 (2978) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Presidential appointment of Dr. Charles H. Herty as U. S. dye expert at Paris.
448
Aug. 28 (2984) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Desire to import 6 months’ supply of vat dyes; request for confirmation of understanding that purchases may be effected only through official channels.
448
Sept. 6 (4069) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Discussion of dyestuff situation in Reparation Committee; belief that dyes are procurable only with Committee’s approval. Request for U. S. attitude on delivery of dyes in anticipation of annex VI.
449
[Page XLV]Sept. 8 (3062) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Herty also: Withholding of import licenses for procuring dyes through old German agencies, despite urgent need, in order to await clarification of situation upon arrival of Herty.
451
Sept. 19 (4270) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Telegram from American Embassy, London (text printed), quoting Allied resolution of Sept. 15, 1919, for immediate sale of dyestuffs, to be credited to reparation fund. Anticipation of German opposition. Request for comments on Allied resolution and for suggestions as to future action.
452
Sept. 27 (3262) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Approval of Allied resolution. Inquiry of actual date of delivery of dyes under plan, in view of urgent need. Willingness to designate Textile Alliance as intermediary between consumers and sellers if plan is put into operation.
454
Oct. 1 (4474) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Proposal to Germany by Interim Reparation Commission of Allied resolution for securing dyestuffs; necessity for permission of Rhineland Commission before impounded stocks can be removed from Germany. Recommendations that purchase be made only through inter-Allied channels.
456
Oct. 3 (3325) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
War Trade Board to Herty: Issuance of allocation certificates authorizing purchase of vat dyes through any commercial channels available; announcement of negotiations for securing dyes at treaty prices.
458
Oct. 6 (4551) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Herty to Gar van: Agreement with Germany on dye stocks and prices; offer of German cartel to supply additional dyes to the United States to supplement dyes available under agreement. Criticism of W. T. B. announcement regarding allocation certificates and prices. Request for instructions regarding treaty dyes.
459
Oct. 7 (3361) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Herty also: Inability of Department or Herty to contract for additional dyes from German cartel; departure of Fleisch, of Textile Alliance, with power to make commitments. Defense of W. T. B. policies.
461
Oct. 8 (4572) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: German acceptance of arrangements proposed by Interim Reparation Commission; arrangements to fill orders through Rhineland Commission; further reasons why W. T. B. action in issuing permits freely was unfortunate.
463
Oct. 9 (3383) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Explanations for Herty and others regarding W. T. B. action and Department’s policies in respect to credits toward reparations; wisdom of Fleisch’s handling purchases as private commercial affair.
464
[Page XLVI]Oct. 12 (4633) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Terms of plan for partial distribution of treaty dyes to Allies and the United States; necessity for definite word of U. S. needs, since no commitments have been made either for treaty dyes or for dyes from German cartel.
466
Nov. 7 (5062) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Rathbone to W. T. B.: Approval by dye experts of partial distribution pursuant to Allied resolution of Sept. 15; proposal for control commission to check on German dye production; request for statistics on 1913 German dye exports as basis for distribution of remainder of treaty dyes.
468
Nov. 15 (3785) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
W. T. B. Section to Rathbone: Instructions to give notice of acceptance of German cartel offer to Herty. Outline of proposed method of payment including interest.
469
Dec. 24 (1903) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to W. T. B. and Davis: Submission for U. S. approval of definite percentage for each nation in distribution of dyes to be impounded from daily production until end of February 1920.
472
Dec. 29 (9457) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Rathbone: Approval, with modifications, of percentage figures as basis for distributing dyes for limited period; willingness to have modified percentage figures control distribution of remainder of treaty dyes.
473
1920 Jan. 6 (43) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to W. T. B. and Davis: Further modification of percentages and formal acceptance by dye experts; request for U. S. approval in view of concessions received.
474
Jan. 7 (34) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Rathbone: Instructions to transmit letter from Polk to chairman of German peace delegation (text printed) in modification of statement regarding exclusive agency of Textile Alliance for importing dyes.
476
Jan. 13 (94) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
W. T. B. to Rathbone: Acceptance of percentages for distribution of daily dye production; inquiries regarding number of dyes to be produced and fulfilling of orders for U. S. share of reparation dyes and daily dye production.
477
Jan. 15 (157) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to W. T. B. and Davis: Program for manufacture of dyes by Germany; inability as yet to place orders against daily production percentage; continued placing of orders under Herty option; difficulties in shipping U. S. dyes.
478
Jan. 24 (256) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to W. T. B. and Davis: No assurance that all German factories will fill cartel orders; suggested ruling binding all Allies not to order dyes beyond amount needed for home consumption.
478
[Page XLVII]Jan. 31 (252) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
W. T. B. and Davis to Rathbone: U. S. approval of plan limiting allotments of dyes to actual domestic needs of Allies and suggestion for additional measures of like nature.
479
Jan. 31 (324) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to W. T. B. and Davis: German proposal of plan for supplying bona fide needs of Allies while disregarding treaty clauses; subcommission’s recommendation for 3 months’ trial of plan. Textile Alliance agreement (text printed) for purchase of cartel dyes.
481
Feb. 10 (325) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
W. T. B. and Davis to Rathbone: Views and recommendations concerning entire question of delivery and distribution of dyestuffs and chemical drugs under paragraphs 1 and 2 of annex VI of Versailles Treaty.
483
Feb. 17 (494) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to W. T. B. and Davis: Comments on Department’s 325 regarding delivery and distribution of dyestuffs.
486
Feb. 26 (425) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
W. T. B. and Davis to Rathbone: Explanations regarding Department’s 325 as to rate of exchange, guaranty against reexportation, etc. Inquiries regarding rates of exchange for remaining stock of reparation dyes and for chemical drugs.
488
Mar. 10 (505) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
W. T. B. to Rathbone: Inquiries regarding prevailing rate of exchange and prices at which commodities under annex VI will become available.
489
Mar. 18 (743) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to W. T. B. and Davis: Reply to inquiries regarding prices and rate of exchange; agreement with Germany (text printed) regarding price of daily production; discussion of reparation credit to be given Germany for dyes and chemicals.
490
Mar. 24 (594) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
W. T. B. and Davis to Rathbone: U. S. insistence on rights in disposal of 1,200 tons dyestuffs as unused part of allotment; view that nations should only draw sufficient dyestuffs for domestic use.
493
Mar. 29 (851) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to W. T. B. and Davis: Necessity for immediate, definite, paid-up order if remaining 1,200 tons dyestuffs would be secured to the United States. Efforts to extend time limit for placing order.
494
Apr. 7 (703) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
W. T. B. to Rathbone for Perret: Plans for Textile Alliance to purchase privately 1,200 tons dyes on certain conditions.
495
[Page XLVIII]Apr. 10 To the Textile Alliance, Inc.
Authorization to buy 1,200 tons reparation dyes, available to people of the United States from impounded German stocks. Conditions governing purchase.
(Footnote: Telegram no. 723, Apr. 9, to the Ambassador in France, for Boyden and Perret, quoting terms of agreement with Textile Alliance.)
495
June 7 (1080) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
W. T. B. to Boyden for Perret: Instructions to notify Reparation Commission and cartel of arrangements made for purchase by Textile Alliance of 1,200 tons reparation dyes.
498
June 26 (1170) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden for Perret: Further terms of agreement with Textile Alliance for purchase of 1,200 tons German dyes under supervision of Department of State. Abandonment of plan for drug allocation.
(Footnote: Telegram B–91, Aug. 26, to Boyden, outlining Department’s policy in respect to options on German drugs.)
499
July 12 (1385) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Recommendation that cash price of dyes be turned over to Reparation Commission as soon as received.
501
July 13 (1242) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Authorization to offer to Reparation Commission cash price of reparation dyes as soon as received.
501
July 30 To the Textile Alliance, Inc.
Authorization to undertake, upon certain terms and conditions under three existing options for impounded stock and daily production, purchase of German dyes for U. S. consumption and for foreign resale; Alliance’s accountability to Department of State.
501
July 30 (1315) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Boyden: Instructions to give notification (text printed) that Textile Alliance, Inc., of New York has been empowered to order and receive all German dyes to which the United States is entitled from impounded stock and daily production.
505
Nov. 8 To Dr. Areli H. Jacoby
Appointment as technical adviser to the Unofficial American Delegation to the Reparation Commission at Paris to represent U. S. interests in reparation dyestuffs.
506
Dec. 29 (1735) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden for Perret: U. S. unwillingness to be committed to any dyestuffs agreement because of uncertainty as to future dye situation.
507
[Page XLIX]

Status of German Ships Taken Over During the War by the United States and Latin American Countries

disposition of the united states to support the claims of brazil, cuba, and uruguay to german ships if made under the Wilson–lloyd george agreement of may 1919—claim of the united states to title to german ships taken in its own harbors—purchase from peru of a former german ship by the united states shipping board

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Dec. 23 (9418) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Rathbone also: Brazil’s request for U. S. aid in disposition of German ships taken over during war; instructions to support Brazilian claim if made under terms of Wilson-Lloyd George agreement.
507
1920 Jan. 5 (40) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis: Minutes of meeting of Organization Committee of Reparation Commission (text printed) precluding powers from entering into negotiations for purchase of German ships in Brazil before decision is received from Commission; interpretations of Wilson–Lloyd George agreement and annex III of Versailles Treaty. Request for views.
508
Jan. 12 (85) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Department and Davis to Rathbone: U. S. recommendations to Brazil concerning ex-German ships; extent of U. S. support of Brazilian claim; possibility of the United States basing its claim to ex-German ships solely on international law.
510
Jan. 12 To the Brazilian Embassy
Disposition of the United States to support claims of Brazil to German ships if made under Wilson-Lloyd George agreement (text printed).
511
Jan. 17 To the Brazilian Chargé
U. S. determination to abide by decision of Organization Committee of Reparation Commission regarding ex-German ships seized by Brazil; repeated recommendations that claim be based on Wilson-Lloyd George agreement or international law.
514
Jan. 17 (165) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis also: Belgian message (text printed) inquiring as to proposed sale by the United States of 30 German liners seized during war. View that change of title should not be effected until U. S. position on treaty is settled and matter of ownership established.
516
Feb. 2 (262) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Rathbone: Explanation regarding bids requested for German liners; opinion that the United States acquired good title by seizure of vessels.
516
Feb. 25 (566) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis also: Proposed notice of Maritime Service (text printed) calling upon governments to submit claims of beneficial ownership in enemy vessels; inquiry as to U. S. claims.
517
[Page L]Feb. 25 (420) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Department and Davis to Rathbone: Legal basis for claim to ships taken under resolution of May 12, 1917; insistence upon unquestionable character of title.
518
Feb. 28 (590) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis also: Acknowledgment of instructions regarding support of U. S. claim to independent title; inquiries as to attitude to be taken regarding Brazilian ships.
519
Mar. 2 (454) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Department and Davis to Rathbone: Approval of proposed notice with reservation that claims received which relate to ships seized in U. S. ports should be transmitted to this Government; U. S. legal interest in certain other claims.
520
Mar. 4 (635) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis also: Form of proposed notification (text printed) for U. S. approval. Inquiry as to necessity of presenting claims to Commission in view of position taken.
521
Mar. 8 (488) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Department and Davis to Rathbone: Accord with views as to validity of U. S. independent title to ships seized; U. S. attitude to be taken if treaty is ratified; interpretation of art. 297, the basis for Brazilian claim.
522
Mar. 8 (490) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Department and Davis to Rathbone: Approval of proposed notification with change in wording; further comment and explanation of U. S. position regarding ships.
(Footnote: Telegram of Apr. 9 from Rathbone announcing publication of notice regarding filing claims against ex-German ships.)
524
Mar. 9 To the Cuban Minister
Discussion of status of ex-German ships acquired by Cuba, and suggestion that Cuba adhere to Wilson–Lloyd George agreement in order to participate in advantages thereof.
525
Mar. 12 (517) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Rathbone also: Information as to U. S. attitude toward acquiring by Brazil of title to vessels as reprisal for sinking by Germany of Brazilian vessels, and diplomatic support to be given.
528
Mar. 20 (763) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis also: Postponement of consideration of Brazilian ship question until arrival of Brazilian delegates.
(Footnote: Conclusion of negotiations between France and Brazil, ships being recognized as property of Brazil on basis of art. 297 of treaty.
529
Apr. 16 (991) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis also: Inquiry as to U. S. policy regarding reported sale of ex-German ships and regarding German request for return of ships between 1,000 and 1,600 tons under treaty provisions. Question of authenticity of list of U. S. shipping losses as submitted to Maritime Transport Executive.
529
[Page LI]Apr. 23 (1046) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis also: French full acceptance of Wilson–Lloyd George agreement, and its embodiment in Anglo-French shipping agreement.
530
Apr. 24 (839) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Department and Davis to Boyden: Information regarding ships sold by Shipping Board and position to be taken in regard thereto; incomplete figures regarding ship losses.
530
May 7 (1109) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis also: Message from Green of Maritime Service in London (text printed) announcing exclusion from ships subject to return to Germany of ex-German ships between 1,000 and 1,600 tons held in the United States.
531
May 8 (1118) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Recommendation for acceptance of Wilson–Lloyd George agreement to facilitate handling of ex-German tonnage.
532
May 12 (919) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Inability to obtain congressional action at present regarding agreement; reasons why U. S. delayed decision should not affect Allied action in settling ship question.
532
May 15 (1161) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Concurrence in views regarding possibility of immediate allocation of ships by Allies; acquiescence in delay of action on Wilson-Lloyd George agreement.
533
May 29 (1218) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Suggested form of statement to be presented to Commission (text printed) regarding protection of U. S. interests in distribution of ships.
534
June 7 (1077) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Department and Davis to Boyden: Approval of statement to be presented to Commission with slight change.
535
June 16 (1124) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Instructions to ascertain status of Uruguayan claims filed with Commission in view of Uruguay’s request for U. S. support.
535
June 23 (94) To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Inquiry regarding report that Cuba has taken over ex-German ships under art. 297 of treaty allegedly with U. S. support.
536
June 24 (1321) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Postponement of decision as to Uruguayan claim to ownership of ex-German ships pending full discussion of entire question; arrangements for U. S. representative to follow case.
536
[Page LII]July 1 (1189) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Instructions to take favorable attitude toward Uruguayan claim if made under Wilson–Lloyd George agreement.
(Footnote: Report on Aug. 3, 1922, that these vessels have been dropped from consideration by Commission.)
537
July 9 (107) To the Chargé in Cuba (tel.)
Instructions to investigate alleged statement of President of Cuba that the United States would support Cuban claim to ex-enemy ships under art. 297.
537
July 13 (263) From the Chargé in Cuba
Denial by President Menocal of alleged statement regarding U. S. views on Cuban seizure of ex-enemy ships; explanation of Cuban position regarding ex-German ships.
538
Aug. 27 (1408) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Boyden: Desire of Shipping Board to purchase the Callao, German ship taken over by Peru. Inquiry whether action has been taken by Commission in regard to ships seized by Peru.
539
Sept. 21 (1736) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis: Green’s opinion (text printed) as to status of Callao; belief that ex-enemy vessels seized by South American countries will be permitted to be held by those countries.
540
Oct. 1 (1528) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Boyden: Further information regarding charter, sale price, and title of Callao. Request for views.
540
Oct. 22 To the U. S. Shipping Board
Suggestion that, in purchase of Callao, guaranty of title be given, so worded as to indicate U. S. intention not to interfere in case claims are made by Allies.
541
Oct. 30 (1596) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Davis to Boyden: Transfer by Peru of ex-German ships to Emergency Fleet Corp. under guaranty. Request for opinion as to whether Peru should now present claim to title.
(Footnote: Telegram of July 15, 1921, from Boyden, announcing Commission’s decision excluding ex-German ships in Peru from cession under Versailles Treaty.
542
[Page LIII]

Tank Ships of the Deutsch-Amerikanische Petroleum Gesellschaft

claim by the standard oil company of new jersey to beneficial ownership—provisional exemption of the tankers from allocation among the associated powers; cancelation of the exemption by the supreme council—refusal by the united states shipping board to release the “imperator” and seven other german ships pending a decision on the tankers; release of the eight german ships—proposals for a provisional allocation of the tankers—agreement of june 7, 1920, between the reparation commission and the united states

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Aug. 13 (9028) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Situation with regard to 9 tankers lying in German ports and exempted from allocation by Brussels Agreement because registered in name of Deutsch-Amerikanische Petroleum Gesellschaft, a German subsidiary of Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey, which claims beneficial ownership.
(Sent also to London.)
542
Sept. 16 (3151) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Instructions to endeavor to secure dispatch of D. A. P. G. steamers to the United States for transporting oil to Germany, notwithstanding withdrawal of exemption from allocation by Allied Naval Armistice Commission as reported by U. S. representative (text printed).
544
Sept. 16 (3145) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Instructions to press for decision by Supreme Council to permit utilization of tankers pending final disposition under treaty in view of Brussels Agreement and decision of Scapa Flow committee.
545
Sept. 23 (3214) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Instructions to urge that Supreme Council overrule decision of Supreme Economic Council that tankers be sent to Firth of Forth for allocation.
546
Sept. 28 (4409) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Decision of Supreme Council (text printed) canceling exemption allowed by Brussels Agreement, permitting ships to make one voyage, and reserving question of allocation for Reparation Commission.
547
Sept. 30 (3286) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Objections to decisions of Supreme Council as to disposition of tank steamers. Desire for reconsideration by Supreme Council with view to their exemption or provisional allocation to the United States.
548
Sept. 30 (4447) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Lack of justification for action of Shipping Board in refusing to turn over Imperator and other ships pending release of D. A. P. G. tankers. Request for information on situation.
549
Oct. 6 (3360) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Conversations with British Embassy regarding detention of Imperator and other ships and question of D. A. P. G. tankers. Instructions to urge settlement of tanker situation and to have tankers held in Hamburg pending decision.
550
[Page LIV]Oct. 16 (3451) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Shipping Board’s telegram to London (text printed) regarding retention of Imperator group until tankers are released to the United States. Department’s disavowal of responsibility for message and opinion.
553
Oct. 22 (3532) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Memorandum for Supreme Council (substance printed) outlining bases for exemption or provisional allocation of D. A. P. G. tankers to the United States; informal oral statement (substance printed) presenting Shipping Board proposition for simultaneous release of Imperator group and tankers and expressing nonaccord with such proposition.
554
Oct. 27 (4844) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Opinion that Council would not sit as court and pass on tanker question, which is purely legal. Suggestion for arbitration or reference to Reparation Commission for settlement.
560
Nov. 4 (3669) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Further discussion with Counselor of British Embassy on situation regarding tankers and Imperator group.
561
Nov. 5 (3674) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Reasoning leading to concurrence in view that Reparation Commission should settle tanker question; desire that meanwhile tankers shall retain exemption of Brussels Agreement or be allocated to the United States.
563
Nov. 11 (5108) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: British proposal that D. A. P. G. tankers should be held pending decision of Reparation Commission. Objection to operation by German crews because of idle British seamen.
567
Nov. 14 (5200) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: Proposal of Supreme Council that Imperator group be released and that in return D. A. P. G. tankers be held at Firth of Forth pending decision by Reparation Commission.
567
Nov. 15 (3779) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Transmittal of Shipping Board’s proposition (text printed) for release and operation of both tankers and Imperator group for use if deemed advisable.
569
Nov. 18 (5261) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
From Polk: British representations to Supreme Council (text printed) regarding U. S. detention of Imperator group, and formal request to have ships delivered to British agents without delay.
571
Nov. 19 (3809) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Standard Oil and Shipping Board objections to proposal of Supreme Council (text printed) and repetition by Shipping Board of its’ proposal for simultaneous release of tankers and Imperator group.
573
[Page LV]Nov. 23 (5371) From the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Request for views on plan for 9 Standard Oil tankers to remain under U. S. management to supply oil to Germany and secondarily to serve Allied countries until final allotment by Commission.
574
Nov. 20 (3834) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
For Polk: Shipping Board’s decision (text printed) to deliver Imperator to British at once and others of group as soon as tankers are received in United States.
575
Dec. 4 (3961) To the Commission to Negotiate Peace (tel.)
Standard Oil’s insistence that tankers be operated under U. S. flag and willingness to make certain voyages and advance certain credits as requested in mission’s no. 5371.
575
Dec. 13 (9334) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Department and Davis to Rathbone: U. S. willingness for Reparation Commission to pass on ownership of tankers if the United States ratifies treaty and is represented and if U. S. beneficial interest will not be impaired. Necessity for other impartial tribunal if treaty is not ratified.
576
Dec. 19 (898) From the British Ambassador
British representations regarding failure to deliver remaining 7 vessels of Imperator group and insistence that question of these ships and D. A. P. G. tankers are unrelated subjects.
578
Dec. 26 To the British Ambassador
Information that 7 vessels of Imperator group will be delivered to British representatives at once.
578
1920 Jan. 9 (75) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone and Dresel to Davis also: British proposal that tankers make specified voyages under British and Allied Maritime Transport Executive flags pending final decision on ownership by Reparation Commission or other impartial tribunal if the United States does not ratify treaty.
579
Jan. 9 (79) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis also: French and Italian qualified acceptance of British proposal.
583
Feb. 3 (273) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Rathbone: Reply to British proposal, with counterproposal that British plan be followed essentially with exception of substitution of American for British operation.
584
Feb. 27 (438) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Rathbone: U. S. refusal to agree to temporary allocation of tankers other than to the United States; further counterproposal (text printed) to British plan.
586
Mar. 13 (529) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Rathbone also: French claim to tankers. For Wallace: Instructions to call attention to Standard Oil’s controlling influence in D. A. P. G. and U. S. refusal to consent to indemnifying another power or its citizens at expense of the United States for losses inflicted by Germany.
588
[Page LVI]Mar. 15 (712) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Rathbone to Davis also: Nonreceipt of alleged French protest. French and Italian attitude regarding operation of tankers. Submission of U. S. counter-proposals to respective governments.
589
May 14 (934) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Boyden: Extent of concessions which can be made in response to Allied suggested changes in U. S. counter-proposal.
590
May 19 (1172) From the Ambassador in France (tel.)
Boyden to Davis also: Comments on concessions offered by Department; suggestion acceptable to British (text printed) for partial modification of U. S. counter-proposal.
592
May 26 (1006) To the Ambassador in France (tel.)
For Boyden: Acceptance of suggested modification with slight change; further discussion of terms of counter-proposal.
595
June 11 (1677) From the Ambassador in France
Agreement between Reparation Commission and the United States in regard to tankers of the D. A. P. G. (text printed).
597

GREAT BRITAIN

Release of American Goods Seized by Great Britain during the War

preliminary negotiations between the consul general at london and the british procurator general—american proposals of december 13, 1917, july 12, 1918, and august 28, 1919—british consent to release in “proper” cases—american reservations regarding the order in council of march 11, 1915—report of the secretary of state to the president, march 3, 1921

Date and number Subject Page
1917 May 29 To the Consul General at London (tel.)
Request for list of cases pending in prize court involving U. S. interests and for views as to procedure for equitable adjustment in view of U. S. entry into war.
601
June 14 To the Consul General at London (tel.)
Instructions to include in report cases in hands of procurator general which have not been presented to prize court.
601
June 15 (4321) From the Consul General at London
Transmittal of partial list of pending cases; suggestions as to procedure for liquidation; procurator general’s objection to any general scheme for effecting releases without waiver of claims for damages.
601
Sept. 11 (4753) From the Consul General at London
Written negotiations with procurator general (excerpts printed) reiterating U. S. refusal to waive claims for damages in connection with release of parcels of needles held by British prize court.
602
[Page LVII]Sept. 25 (4822) From the Consul General at London
Complaints against British refusal to extend to the United States same treatment accorded Allies in matter of detained goods and against narrow view of prize court principles taken by authorities; renewal of suggestions in no. 4321 for settlement of pending cases.
606
Oct. 11 From the Consul General at London (tel.)
Message from admiralty marshal (text printed) affirming British willingness, if requested, to give same advantages to U. S. interests as are afforded Allied Governments concerning release of seized goods.
608
Nov. 2 (5026) From the Consul General at London
Note from procurator general’s office (text printed) transmitting list of U. S. cases pending in British prize court.
609
Nov. 20 To the Consul General at London (tel.)
Instructions to report conditions under which releases of goods have been made to Allies.
609
Nov. 21 (2240) To the Consul General at London
Adherence to views of note of Oct. 21, 1915, and refusal to waive right to claim damages in connection with release of goods; willingness to permit U. S. citizens to waive rights if they so desire.
609
Nov. 22 From the Consul General at London (tel.)
Method of liquidating cases when French goods are seized; British suggestion for joint committee to liquidate outstanding cases.
610
Dec. 13 (5601) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Instructions to seek equitable and expeditious settlement regarding U. S. goods seized by Great Britain.
611
1918 Jan. 9 (5373) From the Consul General at London
Correspondence with procurator general (texts printed) on conditions attached to release of needles, indicating British refusal to consider claims other than those advanced at prize court hearing, and U. S. objection thereto.
612
Feb. 27 (2415) To the Consul General at London
View that it may not be British purpose to make release of goods contingent upon agreement to waive right of invoking diplomatic intervention.
614
May 31 (10360) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
British readiness to release U. S. goods upon intimation that no claims would be advanced in connection therewith, based on alleged invalidity of Order in Council of Mar. 11, 1915.
614
July 12 (180) To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions on U. S. views regarding validity of Order in Council of Mar. 11, 1915; willingness to agree that no subsequent claims will be made in particular cases where owners agree to British conditions.
616
[Page LVIII]Aug. 15 (786) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to address communication to Foreign Office based on Department’s 180.
617
Aug. 27 (1418) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Transmittal of Foreign Office reply to Department’s 180, with request for instructions.
617
Sept. 3 (9821) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Foreign Office note (text printed) offering to release certain U. S. goods if accepted in full discharge of any claims that might be made in prize court.
617
Sept. 21 To the Consul General at London (tel.)
Instructions to ascertain steps required to establish ownership of goods with view to effecting delivery at earliest possible moment.
619
Sept. 28 From the Consul General at London (tel.)
Suggestions as to best method of establishing title to U. S. goods detained by British and of securing delivery.
619
Oct. 4 To the Consul General at London (tel.)
Approval of disposing of each case by procurator general with individual guarantee by U. S. owner. Inquiry whether proposed settlement extends to goods other than those on list, and as to funds collected.
620
Oct. 10 From the Consul General at London (tel.)
Limitation of proposal to goods or proceeds on list. Passage of title to enemy in cases where remittances have been made.
620
Oct. 19 (6942) From the Consul General at London
Refusal of procurator general to reimburse U. S. owners for money deposited with prize court for invoice value of detained goods where payment had been made in Austria or Germany as well.
621
1919 Jan. 27 (7352) From the Consul General at London
Correspondence with procurator general’s office (texts printed) disclosing disinclination of British to refund deposits made in prize court for release of U. S. goods, despite close of war, holding Stigstad case irrelevant.
623
Feb. 27 From the Consul General at London (tel.)
Inquiry as to accuracy of procurator general’s understanding that the United States agrees that release of goods to claimants precludes any further claims.
627
Mar. 11 To the Consul General at London (tel.)
Instructions to request of Embassy a copy of Department’s 180 giving U. S. attitude.
628
Aug. 16 (8267) From the Consul General at London
Information regarding disposal of mail detained in Great Britain.
628
[Page LIX]Aug. 28 (5885) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Note for Foreign Office (text printed) urging release of U. S.-owned goods and moneys detained by British authorities, quoting Viscount Grey’s note of Mar. 15, 1915, in support of claim.
629
Nov. 21 (6200) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to propose amicable settlement with U. S. claimants out of court as means of promoting good feeling in commercial circles.
630
Nov. 21 To the Consul General at London (tel.)
Instructions to cable list of all pending cases involving U. S. interests in vessels or cargoes seized and to state best method of effecting prompt settlement.
631
Nov. 26 From the Consul General at London (tel.)
Reply to request for complete list of cases; suggestion that Foreign Office be requested to urge procurator general to make settlement immediately on equitable bases.
631
Dec. 1 To the Consul General at London (tel.)
Information that matter of deposits has been taken up with Foreign Office. Request for list of cases and amounts deposited.
631
Dec. 10 (3510) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) consenting in proper cases to release of goods or proceeds and of deposits, with understanding that acceptance will effect final settlement of claims.
632
Dec. 29 (8949) From the Consul General at London
Plan for release of east-bound goods upon presentation of necessary documents and of west-bound goods and deposits upon evidence of payment having been made.
632
1920 Jan. 14 (9036) From the Consul General at London
Representations to procurator general and reply (texts printed) regarding application to prize court for settlement of case of A. Lorsch & Co., Inc., contrary to agreement with Foreign Office.
633
Jan. 17 From the Consul General at London (tel.)
Efforts to have procurator general take directions from president of prize court and make precedent of Lorsch case in order to facilitate informal settlement in similar cases.
634
Feb. 2 To the Consul General at London (tel.)
Inquiry whether procurator general has obtained instructions from president of prize court on Lorsch case applicable to similar claims.
635
Feb. 5 From the Consul General at London (tel.)
Efforts to obtain views of president of prize court prior to decision of test case. Explanation of British reference to peace treaty in connection with settlement of title to property.
635
[Page LX]Feb. 9 (127) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to seek expeditious method of settling claims without recourse to prize court in cases where principles involved are similar.
635
Mar. 2 (9272) From the Consul General at London
Reply of president of prize court (text printed) indicating early release for U. S. goods not “enemy owned” and possibility of release of “enemy owned” goods following few test cases. Procurator general’s determination to press for further definition of “enemy owned”, with consequent delay.
636
Mar. 19 (480) From the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) replying to Ambassador’s representations regarding detention of U. S.-owned goods, giving assurance of release upon receipt of documentary proof of U. S. ownership.
639
Mar. 23 (646) To the Chargé in Great Britain
Instructions to inquire whether detained goods, pronounced enemy-owned according to law of prize, are releasable if proved to be U. S. property according to municipal law, and to present claim of Crucible Steel Co.
639
June 4 From the Consul General at London (tel.)
Prize court arrangement for speedy action on three selected cases as precedent with view to concluding outstanding business.
641
July 15 From the Consul General at London (tel.)
Hearing of test cases in prize court; court’s decision to release proceeds under conditions to be announced later. Advisability of U. S. claimants applying promptly for reimbursement.
641
July 23 (9946) From the Consul General at London
Press report of judgment of prize court in cases of the United States and other vessels (text printed), permitting release of U. S. goods or proceeds subject to payment of proper expenses and insurance.
641
Sept. 17 (3441) From the Chargé in Great Britain
Foreign Office note (text printed) announcing decision of test cases on basis of municipal law, but excluding Crucible Steel case from scope of decision, and assuming that concessions will be accepted as settlement of all questions regarding Order in Council of Mar. 11, 1915.
643
Dec. 27 (1103) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
U. S. willingness to accept concessions as settlement of some but not all questions arising under Order in Council.
645
1921 Mar. 3 To President Wilson
Report listing measures taken on behalf of U. S. citizens growing out of interference by British authorities with U. S. commerce, submitted in reply to Senate Resolution 438 (text printed).
646
[Page LXI]

Claim against the United States Arising Out of the Delay in Delivering the “Imperator” and Other Ex-German Ships; Proposal of the United States for Concurrent Examination of American Claims against Great Britain

Date and number Subject Page
1920 July 15 (436) From the British Ambassador
British claim in respect of cost of crews’ wages and subsistence and reconditioning vessels of Imperator group while detained by the United States.
648
Aug. 18 To the British Ambassador
Acknowledgment of receipt of British claim and inquiry whether British Government is now ready to adjust U. S. claims against Great Britain arising from numerous detentions of vessels and interrupted voyages.
648

Exploitation of Petroleum in Palestine and Mesopotamia

representations by the united states on behalf of existing american interests in palestine—san remo agreement, april 24, 1920—exposition by the government of the united states of its views on the obligations of the british government as mandatory to apply the principle of equal treatment to the nationals of the united states

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Feb. 4 (104) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to cite alleged inequalities and to obtain British assurances of nondiscrimination in operation of oil policy in Palestine and Mesopotamia.
649
Mar. 17 (280) To the Chargé in Great Britain (tel.)
Standard Oil rights in Palestine; instructions to urge that U. S. rights be protected in proposed Turkish treaty and that the United States be informed of negotiations.
650
June 18 (3061) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Note sent to Foreign Office (text printed) alleging advantages to British interests and suggesting principles to be applied in occupied or mandated regions to assure equality in law and in fact to commerce of all nations.
651
July 26 (3193) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
Memorandum of agreement at San Remo between French and British (text printed) regarding petroleum interests in certain countries.
655
July 26 (785) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Note for Foreign Office (substance printed) restating views expressed on May 12 and making representations regarding San Remo Agreement.
658
July 30 (805) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to repeat Department’s 785 to Paris Embassy for oral transmission to Foreign Office of such parts as deemed advisable.
659
Aug 4 From the Consul General at Berlin
Historical antecedents of the concession granted the Turkish Petroleum Co. in vilayets of Mossoul and Baghdad, and note of Grand Vizier (text printed) consenting to said lease.
660
[Page LXII]Aug. 11 (1205) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
British note (text printed) setting forth policy in mandated territory and categorically denying preferential treatment; criticism of U. S. oil policy; attitude toward U. S. mandate principles and concurrence in views that consideration must be given rights legally acquired before war.
663
Aug. 13 (1520) From the Chargé in France
Aide mémoire sent to Foreign Office (text printed) expressing U. S. disapproval of San Remo Agreement.
667
Nov. 23 (1040) To the Ambassador in Great Britain
Note for Foreign Office (text printed) replying to British note, setting forth U. S. views on mandates, requesting to be consulted on drafting of mandates for Mesopotamia and Palestine, and continuing to object to San Remo Agreement.
668
Dec. 1 (681) To the Ambassador in France
Instructions to transmit to Foreign Office copy of Department’s note of Nov. 20 to Great Britain and to request interpretation of tripartite agreement signed at Sevres, in light of above-mentioned note.
(Similar instructions to Ambassador in Italy.)
674
1921 Jan. 14 (2036) From the Ambassador in France
Foreign Office note (text printed) setting forth French point of view in defense of tripartite agreement signed at Sevres.
674

Consular Jurisdiction in Palestine: Refusal by the United States to Acquiesce in the Jurisdiction of the Local British Courts over American Citizens

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Oct. 16 From the High Commissioner in Turkey
Instructions sent to consul at Jerusalem (text printed) asserting continuance in effect of capitulations in Palestine until the United States agrees to their abrogation or modification. Request for confirmation of views.
675
Dec. 9 (1214) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Information regarding arrest and detention for trial by local court in Jerusalem of Dana, U. S. citizen, for running over and killing Jewish woman. Instructions to request that prisoner be delivered to U. S. consul, who has been instructed to hold Dana for consular court.
676
Dec. 30 (3985) From the Ambassador in Great Britain
British note (text printed) inquiring whether U. S. Government objects to trial of Dana by British provisional civil administration of Palestine pending coming into force of treaty and mandate, which will end capitulations.
677
1921 Jan. 5 (11) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Report that Dana was not to blame for accident and that case will be dropped.
678
[Page LXIII]

The Anglo-Japanese Alliance: Representations by the United States Government to the British Government Regarding a Possible Renewal of the Alliance

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Oct. 2 (6038) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Inquiries as to rumors of negotiations for renewal of Anglo-Japanese Alliance and as to British attitude toward Japan’s “special interests” in eastern Asia. (Repeated to the Ambassador in Japan for information.)
679
1920 Undated [Rec’d Mar. 25] (65) From the Chargé in China (tel.)
Report from Chinese Minister in Great Britain that Japanese envoys are negotiating for renewal of Anglo-Japanese Alliance. (Repeated to the Chargé in Great Britain.)
679
Apr. 28 (694) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Indecision as to continuing of Anglo-Japanese Alliance.
680
May 10 (471) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions informally to suggest modification of terms of Alliance, if renewed, to indicate that it is not aimed at America and that it will safeguard rights of China and “open door” policy.
680
May 21 (833) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Information that suggested modification of terms of Alliance will be presented informally.
681
May 24 (543) To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Instructions to Ambassador to use his own discretion in urging unofficially Department’s suggestions.
682
June 7 (900) From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
Presentation of Department’s suggestions; assurance that they will be considered and that Alliance will not be aimed at the United States.
682
June 11 (590) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Summary of press comments on question of renewal of Anglo-Japanese Alliance.
682
June 22 (150) To the Minister in China (tel.)
Instructions to verify report of China’s formal protest to Great Britain against renewal of Anglo-Japanese Alliance.
684
June 28 (150) From the Minister in China (tel.)
Chinese protest against mention of China in Anglo-Japanese Alliance when renewed.
685
July 10 (9887) From the Consul General at London
Statement in Parliament by Bonar Law (text printed) that negotiations are not being continued for renewal of Anglo-Japanese Alliance.
685
July 26 (364) From the Chargé in Japan (tel.)
Japanese communiqué (text printed) stating Japan and Great Britain have notified League that the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, if renewed, will not be inconsistent with Covenant of League of Nations.
685
[Page LXIV]

Employment of British Cable Ships in Illegal Attempt by the Western Union Telegraph Company to Land Cables on Florida Coast

refusal by the united states government to grant the western union telegraph company permission to land a cable at miami from Barbados—efforts by the british authorities to deter british cable ships from attempting to land the company’s cable on the florida coast

Date and number Subject Page
1920 July 17 To President Wilson
Recommendation that War, Navy, and Justice Departments cooperate to prevent illegal landing by Western Union of cable at Miami for purpose of connecting with British cable at Barbados.
686
July 20 From President Wilson
Authorization for cooperation of Departments to prevent Western Union from landing cable pending discussion of whole question in international conference on communications.
687
July 30 To the British Ambassador
Request that British steamer Colonia be warned against landing cable at Miami for Western Union as license has been withheld.
687
July 31 Memorandum by Mr. William R. Vallance of the Office of the Solicitor for the Department of State
Conference of officials of Department designated by the President to discuss steps to prevent landing of Western Union cable at Miami.
688
Aug. 5 Memorandum by Mr. P. L. Boat of the Office of the Third Assistant Secretary of State
Interview with member of British Embassy staff, disclosing British orders to Colonia to cease all operations pending instructions from Foreign Office.
690
Aug. 5 To the Secretary of the Navy
Request that British ship be prevented from connecting cable with any existing cables within 3-mile limit and that any cable landing at Miami or Key West be likewise prevented.
691
[Aug. 7] Memorandum by the Third Assistant Secretary of State
Telephone conversation with British Chargé reaffirming inadvisability of laying cable inside or outside U. S. territorial waters.
693
Aug. 9 From the Acting Secretary of the Navy
Compliance of Colonia with wishes of British Ambassador. Request for decision as to disposition of American tug, Robert Clowry, which carries enough cable to extend from shore to beyond 3-mile limit.
694
Aug. 10 To the Secretary of the Navy
Opinion, pursuant to directions by the President, that landing of shore-end of cable by Robert Clowry should be prevented.
694
[Aug. 16] Memorandum by the Third Assistant Secretary of State
Conference between officials of Departments interested regarding activities of Colonia in proceeding to lay cable outside territorial waters and U. S. precautions to maintain status quo at Miami.
695
[Page LXV]Dec. 11 To the Secretary of the Navy
Department’s consideration of proposed laying of two cables by Cuban-American Telephone & Telegraph Co. and Commercial Cable Co. between Florida and Cuba; warning that cableship Stephan also has on board 205 miles of cable for Western Union.
696
Dec. 11 From the Secretary of the Navy
Recommendation that British Government be requested to direct cableship Stephan not to lay Western Union cable within territorial waters of the United States without express permission.
697
Dec. 20 Memorandum by the Third Assistant Secretary of State
Request for British guaranty that Western Union cable will not be laid within U. S. territorial waters, suggesting its removal from Stephan in England.
697
Dec. 29 (841) From the Secretary of the British Embassy
Assurance that Stephan will not carry cable for Western Union.
698
Dec. 30 To the Secretary of the Navy
Notice that Stephan will not carry objectionable cable and that permit has been given Cuban-American Telephone & Telegraph Co. to lay cables connecting Key West with Habana.
698

American Allegations of Interference with Cablegrams Passing through Great Britain

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Nov. 2 (713) From the British Ambassador
Denial of allegations of British interference with U. S. cablegrams and request for specific complaints in view of influence of allegations on allocation of ex-German cables at Communications Conference.
699
Dec. 21 To the British Ambassador
Transmittal of confidential memorandum of specific complaints; importance of keeping cable facilities to and from the United States free from foreign censorship and control.
700
1921 Mar. 10 (209) From the British Ambassador
Explanations regarding alleged delay in transmission of cablegrams through Great Britain and justification of British system. Request for permission to publish correspondence.
(Footnote: Publication of correspondence by Great Britain in 1921.)
701
[Page LXVI]

GREECE

Recall of King Constantine

defeat of venizelos at the polls, and plebiscite calling for the return of king constantine—question of the recognition of king constantine by the united states

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Oct. 27 (234) From the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Summons to throne of Prince Paul, younger brother of deceased King, on condition that Constantine and son renounce throne; arrangement for temporary regency.
705
Nov. 2 (241) From the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Acceptance of throne by Prince Paul conditional upon approval in plebiscite. Request of Venizelists for vote of confidence at coming elections instead, as approval of invitation to Prince Paul.
705
Nov. 15 (250) From the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Defeat of Venizelos at elections and his retirement; probable recall of British Minister if Constantine returns to power.
706
Nov. 18 (253) From the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Semirevolution in preparation for recall of Constantine as King; British and French disapproval of return; request for instructions as to U. S. policy.
706
Dec. 6 (263) From the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Victory of Constantine in plebiscite; abstention of Venizelists and Labor Party from voting.
708
Dec. 21 (271) From the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Return of Constantine amid popular enthusiasm; announcement of his policies; attitude of foreign missions.
708
Dec. 28 To President Wilson
Information regarding political situation in Greece; inquiry as to attitude to be taken and whether further advances should be made to Greece by U. S. Treasury.
709
Dec. 30 (106) To the Minister in Greece (tel.)
Approval of extending recognition to King Constantine upon assumption of office.
710

Notice Given by the Greek Government of the Denunciation of the Treaty of 1837 with the United States; Notice Withdrawn—Agreement Amending Article XVII of the Treaty

Date and number Subject Page
1919 [Feb. 28] (416) From the Greek Chargé
Notice of denunciation of commercial treaty of 1837, effective as of Mar. 1, 1920, with proposal that it be extended for periods of 3 months thereafter until peace is signed and other conventions concluded.
710
Mar. 25 To the Greek Chargé
Acknowledgment of denunciation; inability of Executive to agree to extension of treaty for 3–month periods after its termination.
712
Oct. 28 To the Greek Chargé
Suggestion that notice of denunciation be withdrawn so that treaty shall remain in force until 12 months after new notice is given or until its provisions are modified by new treaty.
713
[Page LXVII]1920 Jan. 23 (4) From the Greek Minister
Notice withdrawing denunciation of treaty of 1837.
714
Jan. 24 (82) From the Greek Minister
Notice of termination of treaty of 1837, effective Jan. 26, 1921.
714
Feb. 10 To the Greek Minister
Acknowledgment of cancelation of former denunciation of 1837 treaty, and acceptance of its subsequent denunciation, effective as of Jan. 26, 1921.
715
May 18 To the Greek Minister
Proposal of negotiations for brief treaty amending art. XVII of treaty of 1837 by extending latter treaty until replaced or until 3 months after denunciation by either party.
715
Oct. 8 (1761) From the Greek Chargé
Authorization for Chargé to conclude treaty according to U. S. proposal.
716
Oct. 18 Y–5 Agreement between the United States and Greece
Agreement modifying Treaty of Commerce and Navigation of Dec. 22, 1837.
(Footnote: Failure of agreement to come into force.)
716

GUATEMALA

Fall of the Estrada Cabrera Government

revolutionary agitation against president estrada cabrera–efforts by the united states to allay factional discord-request from both factions for mediation by the diplomatic corps-proclamation of reforms issued by the president on the advice of the united states government-outbreak of factional hostilities, and resignation of the president-inauguration of the herrera government and its recognition by the united states

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 3 (1) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Distribution of Unionist pamphlets, signed by men of means and good standing, aimed to bring about downfall of President Estrada Cabrera.
718
Jan. [6] (2) From the Chargé in Guatemala (tel.)
Hostile acts of President against new political party; assurances by latter of compliance with law.
719
Jan. 24 (19) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Arrest of five prominent men in Unionist Party.
719
Jan. 26 (20) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Spread of Unionist movement; belief that trouble will ensue; request for warships close by.
719
Feb. 2 (24) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
President’s statement that present opposition is outgrowth of German influences in Guatemala during the war; his determination to crush it.
720
[Page LXVIII]Feb. 3 (25) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Rumor of subterfuge planned by President as excuse to kill leaders of opposition party. Renewed request for warships.
720
Feb. 6 (8) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to make representations to President against summary trial and execution of political leaders. Dispatch of three destroyers to nearby waters.
720
Feb. 7 (26) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Disclosure in interview with President of anixtey of foreign missions over conditions.
721
Feb. 9 (27) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
President’s assurance (text printed) that political trials will be conducted according to laws of country.
721
Feb. 26 (12) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Warning against any act which might be construed as participation in purely domestic affairs.
722
Mar. 1 (31) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
President’s hostility to Unionist Party, manifested in message to Congress. Gatherings of rival parties.
722
Mar. 9 (18) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to impart to President, in view of recent imprisonments, unfortunate impression upon America created by efforts to suppress normal political activity. Instructions to indicate to Unionists U. S. displeasure at any violence.
722
Mar. 12 (38) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Violent disruption by secret police of peaceful demonstration by Unionists, causing casualties.
723
Mar. 12 (39) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Unionists’ intention to depose President; notice that Legation can have no further communication with party seeking to overthrow, by force, legally constituted authority.
724
Mar. 16 (43) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Unofficial good offices of diplomatic corps at request of both factions; presentation of demands by Unionists; Government’s concession to essential demands; further negotiations.
725
Mar. 16 (44) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
President’s proposal to submit matter to decision of the United States. Unionists’ distrust of any guaranty which President might give. Request for instructions.
726
Mar. 17 (45) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Continuation of efforts for settlement, committees of each party conferring separately with diplomatic corps.
726
Mar. 17 (20) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Advice to President Estrada Cabrera to observe five points in reform program covering constitutional and political rights.
727
[Page LXIX]Mar. 18 (21) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Proposal for proclamation by President Estrada Cabrera embodying reforms suggested; statement to be published by Legation when proclamation is issued (text printed) expressing belief reforms will be made and deploring any revolutionary measures.
727
Mar. 19 (22) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Further suggestions regarding proposed proclamation subsequent to interview with Guatemalan representatives.
729
Mar. 21 (46) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
President’s unwillingness to include demands of Unionists as well as Department’s suggestions in his proclamation, as urged by Minister. Unionists’ desire to impeach President.
729
Mar. 22 (24) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Inquiry as to remaining points desired in proclamation; permission to insist that measures be included in proclamation if they contain nothing which will undermine respect for constituted Government.
730
Mar. 22 (47) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
President’s failure to carry out promised reforms; distrust and condemnation of his policy on part of majority of people. Renewed request for warships.
731
Mar. 24 (48) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Five additional points of policy agreed upon by Unionists and Government to be announced simultaneously with proclamation.
732
Mar. 26 (26) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Arrangements for stationing U. S. ships in waters of Guatemala. Request for further information regarding situation, in view of the release of political prisoners and President Estrada Cabrera’s desire to accept Department’s plan.
733
Mar. 26 (50) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Inadequacy of President’s proclamation as now drafted. Final agreement between Unionists and Government committees; doubt that terms will be carried out.
733
Mar. 29 (52) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Four additional points in agreement, signed by Unionists and Government. President’s consent to include all Department suggestions in proclamation. Present political situation.
734
Mar. 30 (54) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Claim that the President is insane and that his resignation is only peaceful remedy.
736
Mar. 31 (28) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Necessity of proclamation’s containing first three of Department’s suggestions. Request for text of proposed proclamation, points objected to by President, and statement of policy to be announced with proclamation.
736
[Page LXX]Apr. 1 (29) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Belief that President should be permitted to finish his term if he issues proclamation agreeing to carry out desired reforms. Request for information concerning designados.
737
Apr. 1 (56) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Unionists’ charge of Presidential violation of agreement of Mar. 27 and decision to demand his resignation. Certainty of impeachment upon his refusal.
737
Apr. 5 (61) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Unionists’ note to diplomatic corps (text printed) promising maintenance of peace and warning of possibility that President will counterfeit a revolution to forestall impeachment proceedings.
738
Apr. 6 (60) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Issue of Presidential proclamation and U. S. declaration according to instructions; notification to Unionists; immediate exhibition of bad faith by President.
739
Apr. 7 (30) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Further warning against interference in Guatemalan domestic affairs and statement of policy regarding landing of marines.
739
Apr. 8 (63) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Consideration by Assembly of impeachment charges against President and charges of insanity; failure of Army to carry out order to dissolve Assembly.
740
[Apr. 8?] (64) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Names of designados of Guatemala.
741
Apr. 8 (65) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Declaration by Assembly of insanity of Estrada Cabrera and election of Herrera as President.
741
Apr. 8 (67) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Legislative decrees deposing Estrada Cabrera and appointing Herrera as President, and Herrera’s decree naming Cabinet (texts printed).
741
Apr. 9 (34) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Inquiry regarding constitutionality of impeachment proceedings, election of Herrera, and reported asylum given Herrera in Legation. Warning against recognition without instructions.
742
Apr. 10 From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Fighting between adherents of Estrada Cabrera and Unionists; bombardment of city by former; arrival of Legation guards.
743
Apr. 11 (66) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Further bombardment of city; protest to Estrada Cabrera by diplomatic corps; admission of family of Herrera to asylum in British Legation.
744
[Page LXXI]Apr. 11 (35) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Authorization to offer good offices in proposing armistice and conference on board U. S. ship or in Legation in endeavor to prevent bloodshed.
744
Apr. 12 (68) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Denial of granting asylum in Legation to Herrera. Inconclusive evidence of legality of election of Herrera. His character and standing.
745
Apr. 12 (69) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Suspension of hostilities and conference of Unionists, Foreign Minister, and diplomatic corps in Legation; agreement proposed by Foreign Minister (text printed) calling for resignation of Estrada Cabrera, assignment of power to first designado, and nullification of acts of Assembly.
745
Apr. 12 (36) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Importance of immediate armistice. Advice to Unionists to proceed in accordance with Constitution in order to secure recognition of future government.
746
Apr. 14 (70) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Renewal of armistice from day to day though constantly broken; tender of good offices.
746
Apr. 14 (71) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Terms of surrender of Estrada Cabrera (text printed); plan for his transfer to military academy for safety.
747
Apr. 15 (72) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Surrender of Estrada Cabrera and army and assumption of power by provisional government.
748
Apr. 16 (74) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) announcing establishment of Herrera government and restoration of order; desire for cordial relations.
749
Apr. 16 (39) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Authorization, if so requested, to furnish to Estrada Cabrera escort to coast and passage on U. S. ship.
749
Apr. 17 From the Guatemalan Minister
Notification by Foreign Minister (text printed) regarding Herrera’s assumption of power and appointment of Cabinet with support of whole country; request for U. S. recognition.
750
Apr. 17 (40) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Inquiry whether provisional government is established in accordance with Guatemalan Constitution; suggestion that general political amnesty be declared.
750
Undated [Rec’d Apr. 20] From the Guatemalan Minister for Foreign Affairs (tel.)
Announcement of assumption of Presidency by Herrera and desire for U. S. support in reorganization of country.
751
[Page LXXII]Apr. 20 (78) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Naming of Carlos Herrera as first designado by called session of Congress and subsequent designation as President; indecision as to legality of procedure; success of efforts to restore peace and quiet.
751
Apr. 24 (81) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Herrera’s decree calling for Presidential elections (text printed).
752
Apr. 24 (82) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Detention of Estrada Cabrera as prisoner pending investigation of title to large estate, presumed to belong in large part to Guatemala.
752
May 24 (50) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Request for immediate report on situation and opinion whether life of Estrada Cabrera is in danger.
753
Undated [Rec’d May 27] (93) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Removal of Estrada Cabrera to ordinary police station and institution of trial proceedings; assurance that his life will be spared together with lives of most of his generals.
753
June 5 (100) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Recognition of new government by various nations. British and French intention to await U. S. action.
753
June 19 (105) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
French decision to recognize Herrera government.
754
June 21 (55) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Authorization to communicate U. S. recognition of Herrera government.
754
June 26 (106) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Enthusiastic reception of news of U. S. recognition.
755
Aug. 29 (125) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Herrera victory by overwhelming majority in fair and quiet election.
755

Treatment of Formerly German-Owned Property

Date and number Subject Page
1920 June 11 (390) To the Minister in Guatemala
Sale of stock of Empresa Electrica de Guatemala to Electric Bond & Share Co.; refusal of former German manager to transfer stock to new owners. Instructions to inquire into matter.
755
July 3 (59) To the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Instructions to make effort to stay proceedings for annulment of sale of Empresa Electrica until arrival in Guatemala of Innes, representative of Electric Bond & Share Co.
756
[Page LXXIII]July 14 (59) From the Minister in Guatemala
Interview with Foreign Minister, who gives assurance that no steps will be taken regarding Empresa Electrica in absence of Innes.
756
July 31 (399) To the Minister in Guatemala
U. S. attitude toward sale of German property now in hands of Guatemala, in view of termination of war.
757
Oct. 4 (138) From the Minister in Guatemala (tel.)
Guatemalan program concerning disposal of German properties, conditional upon U. S. approval.
758

HAITI

Execution of the Treaty of September 16, 1915, and Supplementary Agreement

reports from the minister in haiti and the financial adviser charging failure of the haitian government to observe the terms of the agreement of august 24, 1918—complaints by the haitian government alleging arbitrary interference by the american treaty officials—suspension of the salaries of the haitian president and high officers of state by order of the american minister—insistence by the united states upon cooperation in legislation—withdrawal of the order suspending salaries

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Dec. 11 (376) From the Minister in Haiti
Refusal of Legation to recognize validity of certain Haitian laws passed without U. S. approval in accordance with agreement of Aug. 24, 1918; modus operandi with President to prevent recurrence of situation.
760
1920 July 21 From the Financial Adviser of the Government of Haiti
Haitian disapproval of section 15 of the retrait and of other measures designed to regulate import and export of foreign currency and to maintain the gourde as legal tender; suspension of consideration of budget pending settlement of dispute in favor of Financial Adviser.
762
July 30 From the Haitian Chargé
Foreign Secretary’s note (text printed) complaining of arbitrary interference by U. S. officials in preventing vote on budget, demanding certain legislation, and insisting on dismissal of Cabinet.
767
July 30 From the Haitian Chargé
Request for investigation of facts in connection with demands of U. S. officials in Haiti.
768
Aug. 3 To the Haitian Legation
Aide mémoire defending acts of U. S. officials and inquiring reasons for Haitian refusal to enact measures previously agreed upon and adoption of legislation contrary to spirit of treaty of 1915.
769
[Page LXXIV]Aug. 5 (46) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Suspension of salaries of Haitian President and other high officials until cooperation in accordance with treaty provisions is attained.
770
Aug. 5 (58) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Inquiry as to alleged insistence by U. S. officials upon resignation of Cabinet; instructions to keep Department fully informed.
771
Aug. 6 President Dartiguenave to President Wilson (tel.)
Protest against suspension of salaries.
771
Aug. 6 (60) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Expression of surprise at order for suspension of salaries without prior reference to Department. Inquiry as to authority under treaty for such action.
771
Aug. 7 (61) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to limit action to threat to suspend salaries, unless measure has already become effective.
772
Aug. 9 (47) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Explanations regarding alleged demand for resignation of Cabinet and suspension of salaries upon Haitian failure to cooperate with U. S. officials.
772
Aug. 9 (48) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Further explanation of suspension of salaries, ordered under provisions of art. 5 of treaty.
773
Aug. 12 (63) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Suggestion that suspension of salaries be withheld for 30 days if Haiti is inclined to cooperate in carrying out purposes of treaty. Instructions to send copies of laws and keep Department informed.
774
Aug. 12 (64) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Note verbale for President (text printed) regarding necessity for closest cooperation in fulfillment of provisions of treaty; authority given Minister to suspend action on salaries for 30 days in hope of manifestation of desire to cooperate.
774
Aug. 20 (53) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Proposal submitted to President for restoration of salaries for July with 30 days granted for action on approved legislative program; Haitian refusal to accept salaries with attached conditions.
776
Aug. 21 From the Haitian Chargé
Memorandum from Foreign Office (text printed) defending action on the law concerning acquisition of real estate, which was objected to by U. S. officials.
777
Aug. 21 (54) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Refusal of Government to assume obligation of enacting at special session of Council of State the complete program demanded; consequent refusal to authorize payment of salaries.
780
[Page LXXV]Aug. 23 From the Haitian Chargé
Haitian note (text printed) expressing willingness to cooperate in carrying out U.S. directions for best interests of Haiti, but objecting to conditions imposed in note verbale.
780
Aug. 26 (69) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
U. S. intention to inform Haiti of program essential for carrying out provisions of treaty, in view of formal assurances of cooperation, holding in abeyance demand for modification and transfer of bank charter.
781
Aug. 27 To the Haitian Chargé
Desire that certain laws passed in violation of agreement be suspended pending U. S. approval and that certain other laws be at once enacted, thus permitting renewal of cooperation.
782
Sept. 8 From the Haitian Chargé
Haitian note (text printed) replying to note verbale and commenting individually on items in proposed legislative program.
783
Sept. 8 (340) To the Minister in Haiti
Decision to send Rear Admiral Knapp to Haiti as U. S. military representative, in order to settle controversy.
796
Sept. 8 To the Military Representative in Haiti
Information regarding situation in Haiti and instructions as to program desired.
797
Sept. 10 (65) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Lack of evidence of change of attitude by Government. Necessity for removal of anti-American influence in Cabinet.
800
Sept. 20 (67) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Assurances by President that legislative demands enumerated will be met; order for payment of suspended salaries, 30 days being allowed for carrying out program.
800
Sept. 23 (8) From the Military Representative in Haiti
Favorable report on situation in Haiti; memorandum of interview with President (text printed).
800
Sept. 27 To the Haitian Chargé
Interpretation of agreement of Aug. 24, 1918, as requiring U. S. approval of all legislation, as set forth in modus operandi agreed upon with President in November 1918. Request for Haitian assurance of similar interpretation.
806
Oct. 2 (1850) From the Military Representative in Haiti (tel.)
For the Secretary of the Navy also: Failure of Haitians to take steps to meet legislative demands; plan to hold up salaries until program is entirely accomplished.
808
Oct. 4 (352) To the Minister in Haiti
Arrangement for transfer of control of Haitian Customs Receivership to Bureau of Insular Affairs; recommendation for Customs Board in Port-au-Prince to hear appeals from decisions of Receiver General.
808
[Page LXXVI]Oct. 8 (88) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Opinion that salaries should be paid at once; instructions to inquire reasons for delay in carrying out agreement if program has been accepted by President.
810
Oct. 11 (73) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Authorization for immediate payment of September salaries; presentation to Council of State of legislative requirements after 3 weeks’ delay on part of President.
810
Oct. 14 (93) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to withdraw definitely and finally the order suspending salaries in order to avoid appearance of coercion.
(Footnote: Minister’s compliance with instructions Oct. 19.)
811
Oct. 16 (357) To the Minister in Haiti
Inapplicability of art. 5 of treaty as basis for withholding salaries of Haitian officials.
811
Oct. 18 (94) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to forward to Department modifications suggested in laws under consideration and to notify Haiti of U. S. intention not to insist upon repeal per se but only upon such changes as are deemed necessary.
813
Nov. 1 From the Haitian Chargé
Declaration that no modus operandi was concluded with the United States. Interpretation as to restricted application of agreement of Aug. 24, 1918, but willingness, nevertheless, to give Legation all bills interpreting treaty of 1915.
813
Nov. 12 (1500) From the Military Representative in Haiti (tel.)
For the Secretary of the Navy also: Request for instructions as to whether case of alleged theft and smuggling by customs employee should be tried by provost court or by civil court.
815
Nov. 17 (105) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Decision that civil court should try customs official.
816

Financial Affairs

proposed modifications in the charter of the new national bank; reluctance of the haitian government to accept the modifications

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Feb. 4 Department Memorandum
Conference between Department officials, Financial Adviser of Haiti, and New York bank official to discuss modifications of concession of National Bank of Haiti (text printed) in event that stock and assets should be purchased by National City Bank of New York.
816
Mar. 13 (28) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to urge approval of proposed changes in charter of National Bank which were communicated by Haitian Minister to his Government.
818
[Page LXXVII]Mar. 26 (23) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
President’s reply that proposition must be submitted to Legislature; his disapproval of prohibition of importation of U. S. gold.
819
May 13 (44) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to explain advantages to Haiti of proposed bank reform and to urge its ratification without further delay.
819
May 21 (34) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
President’s charge that delay is caused by lack of full powers on part of bank representatives; tentative acceptance by Government of all propositions except two, modification of which is desired.
820
June 12 (37) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
From McIlhenny: Acceptance of modification of charter by Haiti and approval of its transfer to new corporation when signed by qualified persons.
821
July 16 From the National City Bank of New York
Objections to Haitian proposal for additional amendments; request for approval of transfer of charter forthwith in present form with understanding that original amendments become operative when Haiti gives consent to transfer of contract.
821
July 16 (39) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
From McIlhenny: Refusal of Haiti to accept modifications of charter; consequent temporary suspension of discussion of budget.
822
July 23 Department Memorandum
Minutes of conference with New York bank official recording U. S. approval of National City Bank’s proposal with understanding that future consideration will be given Haitian subordinate modifications if acceptable.
823
July 24 (55) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
For McIlhenny: Information as to U. S. approval of National City Bank’s proposal and instructions to press for modification of contract prior to its transfer as being more desirable for Haitians.
823
July 28 (42) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
From McIlhenny: Urgent request that alternate proposal of National City Bank be dropped as weakening U. S. position in negotiations.
824
Aug. 5 (59) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
For McIlhenny: Inability to withdraw consent to National City Bank proposal. Summary of aide mémoire sent to defend refusal of U. S. officials to consider budget.
825
[Page LXXVIII]

execution of the contract of retrait, april 12, 1919: insistence by the united states that the Haitian government give effect to article 15 restricting the importation and importation of non-haitian currency

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Mar. 9 (26) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to urge Government to issue arrêté for carrying out provisions of art. 15 of the contract of retrait restricting importation and exportation of non-Haitian currency.
826
Mar. 29 (32) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Inquiry whether Haiti has issued arrêté as requested.
826
Apr. 5 (25) From the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
President’s instructions to Haitian Chargé in Washington to confer with Financial Adviser on arrêté, not yet issued.
827
Apr. 8 (36) To the Chargé in Haiti (tel.)
Interview between Haitian Chargé and Financial Adviser. Instructions to inform President of constancy of U. S. position and to urge him to sign arrêté.
827

correspondence with the british and french governments regarding the organization and powers of the claims commission provided for by the protocol of october 3, 1919, between the united states and haiti

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Nov. 13 From the French Ambassador
Suggestion for appointment of French representative and of a disinterested third party on new claims commission for settlement of such French claims as are not already arbitrated by protocol of Sept. 10, 1913, between France and Haiti.
827
1920 Apr. 22 From the French Ambassador
Inquiry whether U. S. views coincide with French regarding settlement of French claims in Haiti.
828
May 6 To the British Appointed Ambassador
Decision to nominate British subject to serve on Commission for consideration of British claims in Haiti, in view of British reservations.
828
May 12 From the British Appointed Ambassador
Withdrawal of reservation regarding reduction by Commission of admitted claims but insistence upon right for adjustment through diplomatic channels failing satisfactory settlement otherwise.
829
Oct. 29 To the French Chargé
Department memorandum (text printed) offering to nominate French representative to serve on Commission for consideration of French claims in Haiti and reserving to France the right to present disputed claims through diplomatic channels.
829
Dec. 14 From the French Ambassador
French acceptance of U. S. plan of procedure conditional upon exclusion of cases already arbitrated and certain other specific terms to be defined in exchange of notes. Request for resumption of service on foreign and internal debt of Haiti.
833
[Page LXXIX]Dec. 26 From the French Ambassador
Desire that Gluck claim already adjudicated by Haitian court, be referred to Claims Commission for execution of judgment only.
835
1921 Jan. 17 To the French Ambassador
U. S. concurrence in French conditions regarding adjustment of claims, and suggestion that notes be exchanged with Haiti instead of with the United States.
836

financial arrangements looking toward the service of the public debt

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Apr. 15 From the French Ambassador
Predicament of French holders of bonds of Haitian internal debt and of certificates of indebtedness of Haitian Government because of nonpayment of interest.
837
Apr. 30 To the French Ambassador
Necessity for loan to liquidate Haitian debts; inadvisability of appointing Claims Commission until loan is secured for payment of awards; assurances that refinancing of Haiti is receiving earnest attention.
837
Aug. 21 (68) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
For McIlhenny: Inquiries as to possibility of paying arrears of interest on foreign debt from available surplus on hand.
838
Aug. 27 (56) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
From McIlhenny: Request that Haitian Government supply funds to pay interest and amortization now due on foreign debt.
838
Sept. 4 (61) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
From McIlhenny: Haitian Government’s approval of transfer of sum to meet interest due and amortization of foreign debt. Its purpose to capitalize interior debt and to abrogate protocol of Oct. 3, 1919, regarding loan.
839
Sept. 9 (341) To the Minister in Haiti
Proposed monthly segregation of revenues for payment of current interest and amortization of public debt as priority claim. Belief that loan can then be floated on favorable terms.
839
Oct. 16 (78) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Financial Adviser’s concurrence in Department’s plan with suggestions for minor changes.
841
Oct. 19 (95) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Department’s approval of changes and wish that plan be put in operation at once.
842
Dec. 21 From the French Ambassador
Representations regarding alleged Haitian failure to pay coupons on 1910 bonds and subsequent purchase of many bonds at substantial discount.
842
[Page LXXX]1921 Jan. 17 To the French Ambassador
Assurance that funds have been deposited with certain firms for prompt payment of interest and amortization of three foreign loans; efforts made to float loan to take care of internal debt.
843

negotiations with the haitian government regarding the flotation of a loan

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Sept. 13 (75) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Objections to payment of pecuniary claims, except those enumerated in art. III of protocol, prior to submission to Claims Commission. Recommendations for early functioning of Commission.
845
Oct. 9 (72) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
From McIlhenny: Haitian Government’s authority to float external loan under certain conditions, impossible of acceptance in view of Department’s intructions.
845
Oct. 13 (91) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions for Financial Adviser to gather all material relevant to Haitian debts and proceed to Washington for consultation.
846
Oct. 21 (354) To the Minister in Haiti
Instructions to inform Acting Financial Adviser that Financial Adviser’s absence should not prevent resumption of budget discussions.
847
Nov. 1 (96) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Instructions to inform President that certain internal funded debts may be paid without submission to Commission; recommendations for $15,000,000 short-term loan and issue of bonds as collateral and for refunding of internal debt.
847
Nov. 13 (90) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Haitian counter-proposition for modification of amount of loans and bond issue and suggestion that interest in arrears on certain interior loans be ordered paid.
848
Nov. 16 (104) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
U. S. willingness to accept Haitian suggestion of modified short-term loan under certain conditions. Advantages of prompt action.
849
Nov. 23 (95) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Explanatory statement from Department of Finance (text printed) reiterating acceptance of U. S. modified plan conditionally and urging payment of interest in arrears on internal debt.
850
Nov. 29 (108) To the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Financial Adviser’s intention to proceed to negotiate with banks for flotation of loan, pending Haitian authorization, on assumption that bond issue for collateral may be increased if banks consider Haitian proposal insufficient.
851
[Page LXXXI]Dec. 7 (100) From the Minister in Haiti (tel.)
Foreign Office note (text printed) insisting upon retention of Haitian estimate for bond issue and stating that, when this is accepted, authorization for loan will be given.
852

HONDURAS

Revolutionary Disorders on the Frontiers of Honduras: Representations by the United States Deprecating the Toleration of Revolutionary Activities against Neighboring States

Date and number Subject Page
1920 Jan. 8 (4) From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Foreign Minister’s request for U. S. good offices to prevent revolutionary activities against Honduras reported as proceeding from Nicaraguan border.
854
Jan. 9 (5) From the Consul in Chargé of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Confirmation of report as to revolutionary activities; Government’s request for interrogation of Nicaraguan Government on matter and for presence of U. S. naval vessel off north coast.
854
Jan. 13 (6) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to urge Government measures to prevent Nicaraguan territory from being used as base for revolutionary activities against Honduras.
855
Jan. 15 (8) From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Reported failure of revolutionary attempt; denial by Nicaraguan President of any connection therewith; his efforts to apprehend revolutionists.
855
Jan. 16 (2) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Steps taken and further measures suggested by Government to prevent revolutionary activities against Honduras.
855
Jan. 24 (7) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Telegram from Tegucigalpa (text printed) regarding Honduran threat to send troops into Nicaragua to apprehend revolutionists if Nicaragua fails to halt their activities. U. S. representations to Honduras against such a course. Instructions to urge Nicaragua to prevent raids from its territory.
856
Jan. 26 (11) From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Honduran proposal to send Foreign Minister to Nicaragua as special envoy to ask apprehension of revolutionists and permission for Honduran troops to cross border if necessary.
857
Jan. 30 (3) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President’s objection to proposed Honduran invasion of Nicaraguan territory; consent to send small guard to prevent raids on border.
857
Jan. 31 (8) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to investigate persistent reports that Nicaraguan President is permitting revolutionary plots against Honduras, and if true, to make representations.
858
[Page LXXXII]Feb. 2 (4) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
President’s reassertion of aloofness from Honduran affairs and insistence upon investigation of situation by U. S. Legation guard.
858
Feb. 2 (13) From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Inauguration of President López; apparent cooperation by Salvador and Nicaragua with Honduras regarding border affairs.
859
Feb. 7 (8) To the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to make full report as to whether revolutionary activities on the border have ceased.
859
Feb. 18 (20) From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Note from Government (text printed) stressing critical border situation and requesting U. S. counsel as to means to prevent open war with Nicaragua.
859
Feb. 20 (21) From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Declaration of martial law in south including Tegucigalpa. Recruiting of troops for Nicaraguan boundary service.
860
Feb. 25 (16) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that request has been made of Navy Department to send marines from Managua to investigate situation on border.
860
Feb. 25 (14) To the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Instructions to urge importance of refraining from any action which might lead to conflict pending investigation of situation by Legation guard in Nicaragua.
861
Feb. 25 (24) From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Renewed activities of Honduran revolutionists, operating from Nicaraguan territory.
861
Mar. 3 (17) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Inability of Navy Department to send marines to border; request for views and recommendations as to best method of ascertaining facts regarding disorders.
861
Mar. 11 (19) To the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Telegram from U. S. Legation at Managua (text printed) in explanation of alleged supplying of arms to Honduran revolutionists and President Chamorro’s orders to effect concentration of revolutionists.
862
Apr. 27 From the Honduran Minister
Request that orders be issued to prevent export of arms from the United States to Salvador by certain Hondurans planning to start expedition into Honduras.
863
May 4 (18) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to investigate reported activities aiming at armed invasion of Honduras and, if true, to take energetic action with Government.
(Sent, mutatis mutandis, to Chargé in Salvador and repeated to consul in charge of Legation in Honduras for information.)
863
[Page LXXXIII]May 4 (14) From the Chargé in Salvador (tel.)
President’s denial of contemplated invasion of Honduras, counter-allegation of Honduran aid to Salvadoran revolutionaries, and assurance of desire to settle diplomatically all differences.
863
May 8 (15) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Probability that President and Honduran Minister can arrange to quell Honduran bandits on border; suggestion of former that Honduras grant general amnesty to all exiles.
864
May 10 (40) From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Request for Department action regarding Honduran charge that Salvador is preparing to invade Honduras because of alleged aid to revolutionaries.
864
June 2 (21) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Instructions to make representations against invasion of Honduras by armed rebels from Nicaraguan frontier and to urge preventive measures in future.
865
June 9 (18) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Information that report of invasion was exaggerated; President’s desire to be rid of Honduran exiles.
865
July 9 (374) To the Chargé in Honduras
Belief of Honduran Minister that Honduran revolutionists in the United States plan a revolt, probably aided by General Christmas. Instructions to confirm reports and to check on movements of Christmas.
866
July 11 (49) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Apprehension of revolution because of loss of financial credit and weakness of Government.
867
July 12 (37) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Note verbale for Foreign Office (text printed) deprecating toleration of revolutionary activities against neighboring states, stressing international obligations, and urging constitutional government.
(Sent, mutatis mutandis, to Managua and San Salvador.)
867
Undated [Rec’d July 29] (25) From the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Telegram sent to Legation at Tegucigalpa (text printed) stating Nicaraguan President proposes cooperation between military forces on border to end invasions by Honduran exiles.
868
Aug. 2 (32) To the Minister in Nicaragua (tel.)
Approval of cooperation between military forces of two Governments, except provision permitting forces of one Republic to enter territory of the other.
869
Sept. 21 (48) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Inquiry as to stability of present Government, as to advisability of changes in Cabinet, and whether recommendations of Financial Adviser have been adopted.
869
[Page LXXXIV]Sept. 23 (50) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Inquiry regarding reported uprisings in Honduras by revolutionists from Nicaraguan and Salvadoran territories.
869
Sept. 25 (65) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Failure of revolutionary movement; report on Cabinet situation; Government’s serious financial straits and disposition to adopt Financial Adviser’s recommendations for reorganization.
870
Sept. 25 (15) From the Chargé in Honduras
Government’s arrest of leaders of projected revolution, thus blocking all further activities.
871
Sept. 28 (64) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Lack of evidence of serious revolutionary activities on borders; President’s doubt as to Nicaragua’s friendliness but satisfaction with cooperation of Guatemala and Salvador.
871

Appointment of Arthur N. Young as Financial Adviser to the Government of Honduras

Date and number Subject Page
1919 Dec. 15 To the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Suggestion for U. S. expert to prepare report on Honduran financial system with view to placing finances on satisfactory basis.
872
Dec. 26 From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Request by President-elect that Department suggest suitable person as financial expert for service in Honduras.
872
1920 Mar. 23 (20) To the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Proposal of Prof. E. W. Kemmerer as financial expert; inquiry as to compensation.
873
Apr. 17 (38) From the Consul in Charge of the Legation in Honduras (tel.)
Compensation offered Kemmerer.
873
May 28 (32) To the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Kemmerer’s inability to accept; proposal of Dr. A. N. Young as substitute. His qualifications.
873
June 3 (47) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Honduran acceptance of Young as Financial Adviser under same conditions as previously offered.
874
June 9 (368) To the Chargé in Honduras
Biographical sketch of Young, who sails July 24.
874
Aug. 5 (680) From the Chargé in Honduras
Arrival and reception of Young. Interview with President on reforms in administration of Government with view to reduction of expenses.
875
Sept. 29 (19) From the Chargé in Honduras
Young’s memorandum of conversation with President (text printed) on financial situation and proposed program of reform.
876
[Page LXXXV]Nov. 3 (77) From the Chargé in Honduras (tel.)
Publication of acuerdo fixing War Department expenditures at greatly reduced figure for November. Plans for consideration of economies in other Departments.
877

Treatment of Formerly German-Owned Property

Date and number Subject Page
1920 May 29 To the Honduran Minister
Offer of assistance in securing experienced business man to manage port facilities at Amapala if Honduran Government decides to take over control or delegate it to some strictly regulated agency.
878
Dec. 30 To the Honduran Minister
Acknowledgment of Honduran reply, which expresses Government’s desire to act in accord with the United States, stating that bill will be submitted to Congress designed to establish State monopoly of Amapala facilities.
878
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