The Minister in China (Crane) to the Secretary of State

No. 370

Sir: Referring to the Legation’s telegram No. 325, October 17th, 1 p.m.,22 I have the honor to forward copy of a note received from the Minister for Foreign Affairs dated October 12th, 1920, relative to the withdrawal of recognition from the Russian Minister and Consuls in China.

I have [etc.]

(For the Minister)
A. B. Ruddock

The Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs (W. W. Yen) to the American Minister (Crane)

No. 48

Sir: Referring to the withdrawal of recognition from the Russian Minister and Consuls in China I have the honor to recall that on September 24th, 1920, you called upon me and handed to me the copy of a telegram received from your Government,23 the contents of which I have duly noted. I have the honor to observe that the action of this Government in thus ceasing to recognize the Russian Minister and Consuls had no other cause than the fact that those officers had long since lost their proper qualifications and also their power of effective action. Under these circumstances in order to [Page 775] avoid difficulties of all sorts there was no other recourse but to adopt the method followed, which policy was put into effect in the different countries of Europe at a much earlier date. A perusal of the Presidential Mandate of September 23rd24 will show that its terms are most explicit, evidencing that the withdrawal of official recognition from the particular persons hitherto acting as Russian Minister and Consuls is in no way to be confused with a disruption of other relations arising from the treaties between China and Russia. The rights and privileges enjoyed by Russian citizens arising from those treaties have not been totally abolished, nor has this method been followed as the result of suggestions from other Russian sources, a fact that I had the honor to communicate to you orally some time ago. It is noted that the American Government in its telegram expresses its satisfaction with the assurance made by the Chinese Government in respect to these points.

The friendly sentiments entertained by China for Russia at the present time are in no respect less than before and the rights and privileges enjoyed by Russian citizens are still among those to which this Government gives the most zealous protection. My Government has not the slightest desire to avail itself of this moment of Russian weakness to cancel without reason or of its own will to impede in any way the legal and due rights of Russian citizens vis a vis this country.

Referring to the assertion that the Chinese Government has determined to negotiate with the representatives, now in Peking, of another political faction thus jeopardizing in practice the enjoyment of those rights relating especially to commercial matters, I have the honor to state that this statement in no wise accords with the facts. At the present time no negotiations have been conducted with the faction in question in regard to any subject whatsoever and, moreover, my Government is conducting itself in this regard with the utmost circumspection. The American Government as regards this point may feel the utmost confidence.

In communicating these facts to you, Mr. Minister, I have the honor to express the hope that you will telegraph them to your Government.

With compliments.

Seal of the Foreign Office
  1. Not printed.
  2. See Department’s no. 242, Sept. 21, 8 p.m., p. 763, and Legation’s no. 274, Sept. 24, 11 p.m., p. 765.
  3. See telegram no. 273, Sept. 24, from the Minister in China, p. 764.