The Russian Chargé (Ughet) to the Acting Secretary of State

My Dear Mr. Polk: I have the honor to enclose herewith a memorandum relative to certain acts of the Chinese Government prejudicial to Russian interests and it seems of great importance to Russia that some action be taken by the Allied and Associated powers to call to the attention of the Chinese Government the inadmissibility of one-sided violation of the existing treaties with Russia. The principles set forth in this memorandum have been submitted to the Governments of France, Great Britain and Japan.

I avail myself [etc.]

S. Ughet
[Page 755]

The Russian Embassy to the Departments of State


There has recently been exposed certain intentions on the part of China to ignore and violate some of the existing treaties with Russia. This policy of the Chinese Government has for instance revealed itself in the one-sided denunciation of the Russian–Chinese agreement of 1916 concerning the manufacture and sale of alcohol in the parts of Manchuria adjacent to Russia as well as in the sending of troops into autonomous Mongolia exceeding the number fixed by the Russian–Chinese–Mongolian agreement of 1915.5

Moreover the friendly relations of the Chinese Diplomatic and Consular officials with the Bolsheviki, as well as information to the effect that the Chinese Legation in Petrograd transacted negotiations with Voznesensky, representative of the Bolsheviki, regarding the Chinese Railway, causes fear that the Chinese Government may conclude agreements with the Bolsheviki annulling the existing treaties between Russia and China.

Aiming to preserve the inviolability of all rights of Russia in China arising from treaties and considering that such rights can only be altered with the assent of the recognized Russian Government, it is desired that the Allied powers call the attention of China to the fact that treaties between Russia and China concluded prior to the Bolshevik coup d’état can not be one-sidedly annulled, or that the Allies make a joint declaration in which China would participate, stating that treaties concluded with the Bolsheviki are null and void. Such action would in no way prejudice alterations which might be effected in the existing treaties by the Peace Conference and would only tend to strengthen the rights emanating from treaties which would serve as bases for further negotiations.

  1. MacMurray, Treaties, vol. ii, pp. 1324 and 1239, respectively.