The Consul General at Canton ( Bergholz ) to the Secretary of State
[Received June 28.]
Sir: In my despatch No. 24 of February 17, 1920,7 I had the honor to enclose the terms presented, as a basis for peace, by the Southern Delegates to the Delegates of the North at the Peace Conference held at Shanghai in February of 1919, which ended in failure due to the Chief of the Northern Delegation, Chu Chi Chien, positively refusing to accept Article 5 which provided that the mandate of ex-President Li Yuan Hung dissolving the legally constituted parliament be declared invalid. Mr. Chu, in objecting to this provision, stated that “it is absolutely impossible for the North to recognize Term No. 5, which provides that the Peace Conference shall declare the invalidity of the mandate of Li and if this is not altered, there is no room for the discussion of the other questions.”
I now have the honor to transmit a Memorandum submitted to me, informally, by the Military Government setting forth the terms the Government considers necessary of acceptance by the North and the South as a basis of a permanent peace.
Although the memorandum may represent the views of the Administrative Council and the principal officials at Canton, it fails to state the terms acceptable to the Military Governors as a condition to their surrendering their offices which make them, practically, the dominant power in the State.
A like despatch has been sent to the Legation at Peking.
I have [etc.]