The Minister in Nicaragua ( Jefferson ) to the Secretary of State

No. 900

Sir: Supplementing my telegram No. 58 of November 19, 11 A.M.74 I have the honor to report more in detail on the conference that took place in Amapala on November 16th and 17th between Presidents Chamorro and Lopez Gutierrez and their Ministers for Foreign Affairs.

Both of the Presidents invited me to be present at the conference and all during my stay there they kept me fully informed as [to] their private conferences. After the terms of the Pact had been agreed to President López Gutiérrez, through his Chargé d’Affaires to Nicaragua, Señor Córdova, who was present at the conference, asked me if it would be convenient for me to sign the Pact as a witness. I replied that I could not do that but would be very glad to use my good offices in the future to see that its provisions were complied with.

The articles of the Pact were submitted to me by Dr. Máximo Zepeda, member of the Nicaraguan delegation, before they were signed for any suggestions that I thought convenient. I suggested [Page 322] that all care be taken not to interfere with the early termination of the boundary question, especially since both Governments had submitted the question to arbitration and had asked the Department of State to use its good offices in helping to bring about an early solution of the question. I also suggested that great care should be taken relative to the wording of the article in regard to Nicaragua’s position concerning the sending of its delegates to the Central American Union Conference which is to be held in Costa Rica, December 1st next;76 that the Nicaraguan Government should carefully observe its obligations in connection with the United States, etc., before subscribing to a pact of a Central American Union.

Attached herewith is a Spanish copy and translation of the full text of the Amapala Pact.

President Jorge Meléndez of El Salvador sent his regrets for nonattendance by Dr. Alberto Echandi, Costa Rican Minister accredited to the Central American countries. It is said that President Melendez’ reason for not coming was due to urgent matters which required his presence at home in connection with the economic and political situation of the country.

The following is a list of some of the prominent men who were present in Amapala during the two days session of the conference:

  • Señor Pedro Quartin, Spanish Minister accredited to the Central American Republics, en route to Costa Rica.
  • Dr. Alberto Echandi, Minister of Costa Rica, and his secretaries, en route to Costa Rica.
  • Dr. Carlos Salazar, representative of Guatemala, en route to Costa Rica.
  • Dr. Salvador Falla, representative of Guatemala, en route to Costa Rica.
  • Dr. Alberto Uclés, representative of Honduras, en route to Costa Rica.
  • Dr. Mariano Vásquez, representative of Honduras, en route to Costa Rica.
  • Dr. Ochoa Velásquez, Vice President of Honduras.
  • Dr. Fontecho, expert of Honduras on the Honduranean–Nicaraguan boundary question.
  • Señor Don Jesus Alvarado, Honduranean Minister of Fomento.
  • Señor Don Eduardo Guillen, Government official of Honduras.
  • Mr. Willing Spencer, American Chargé d’Affaires at Tegucigalpa.
  • Judge Gutiérrez Navas, of Nicaragua.
  • Dr. Máximo Zepeda, of Nicaragua. General Carmela Barberana Díaz.

The gentlemen mentioned in the above list as representatives en route to Costa Rica are the representatives to the Central American [Page 323] Union Conference to be held in San José, Costa Rica, December 1st next.

Apparently during the Amapala Conference a spirit of good feeling prevailed and it is to be hoped that the results thereof will be of mutual benefit to both Governments.

I have [etc.]

Benjamin L. Jefferson

Agreement between President Chamorro and President López Gutiérrez, Signed at Amapala, November 17, 1920 78

In the port of Amapala on the seventeenth day of November one thousand nine hundred and twenty.

We, the undersigned, Presidents of the Republics of Nicaragua, General Emiliano Chamorro, and Honduras, General Rafael López Gutierrez, having met for the purpose of discussing general matters of the policy of both countries and more especially of the peace of the same, and desirous of tightening between their peoples and Governments the fraternal bonds which unite them, have agreed to the following points:

  • First. The Governments of Nicaragua and Honduras, in order to maintain the peace and tranquillity of the two Republics, will fulfill in a strict and effective manner their international and mutual obligations relative to the surveillance and concentration of political exiles who may be in their respective territories so as to prevent said exiles from being able to prepare armed expeditions against one or the other State.
  • Second. The Governments of Nicaragua and Honduras will endeavor to terminate as soon as possible in a definite manner through friendly means the pending difficulties respecting the frontiers, and until that result is arrived at they will respect and maintain the status quo which they fixed, on accepting the mediation of His Excellency the Secretary of State of the United States of America.
  • Third. The Governments of Nicaragua and Honduras, feeling that the Central American family is one, with common interests and aspirations, recognize the necessity and convenience of concluding a treaty for the political union of Central America before the centennial of our independence, and for such a noble end they will give definite instructions to their respective plenipotentiaries to the Central American Conference which will meet in San José, Costa Rica, December 1st next, to the effect that the above-mentioned treaty of union may be concluded.
  • Fourth. The terms of the present act will be communicated to Their Excellencies the Presidents of Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Salvador, inviting them to adhere to its stipulations in so far as may [Page 324] apply to them, and urging them to work jointly with the signatories for the peace and union of these peoples.

In faith whereof and with the assistance of the respective Ministers of Foreign Affairs, we sign and seal the present act on the date ut supra.

Emiliano Chamorro

R. López G.

Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of the Republic of Nicaragua,
Humberto Pasos D.

Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of the Republic of Honduras,
Alberto Uclés
  1. Not printed.
  2. See pp. 168179.
  3. File translation revised.
  4. Published in El Heraldo of Managua, Nov. 18, 1920.