The Acting Secretary of State to the Swedish Chargé ( Sjöborg )

Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of July 2, 1919,70 in which you call attention to the fact that the Treaty between Sweden and the United States, concluded July 4, 1827, was terminated on February 4, 1919, and since the agreement of May 29, 1918,71 with regard to commercial relations remains in force only for the period of war, apparently there will be no rules governing the above-mentioned commercial relations between Sweden and this country after peace has been concluded. Accordingly, in view of the inconvenience which might result from this situation you suggest that until a new commercial treaty may be concluded between the two governments, the Treaty of July 4, 1827 be provisionally prolonged, subject to the right of either of the contracting parties to terminate it any time by a three-months’ notice.

In view of the fact, as stated in your note, that formal notice was given by this Government on February 4, 1918,72 which effected an abrogation, as of February 4, 1919, of the Treaty of July 4, 1827, I have the honor to inform you that apparently it would not be possible to renew this Treaty otherwise than in the formal manner provided in the Constitution of the United States which empowers the President to make treaties by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

Accept [etc.]

William Phillips