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Treatment of merchant ships supplying belligerent warships–The detention of the “Odenwald”—The “Pisa” case

Joint Resolution to empower the President to better enforce and maintain the neutrality of the United States

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, from and after the passage of this resolution, and during the existence of a war to which the United States is not a party, and in order to prevent the neutrality of the United States from being violated by the use of its territory, its ports, or its territorial waters as the base of operations for the armed forces of a belligerent, contrary to the obligations imposed by the law of nations, the treaties to which the United States is a party, or contrary to the statutes of the United States, the President be, and he is hereby, authorized and empowered to direct the collectors of customs under the jurisdiction of the United States to withhold clearance from any vessel, American or foreign, which he has reasonable cause to believe to be about to carry fuel, arms, ammunition, men, or supplies to any warship, or tender, or supply ship of a belligerent nation, in violation of the obligations of the United States as a neutral nation.

In case any such vessel shall depart or attempt to depart from the jurisdiction of the United States without clearance for any of the purposes above set forth, the owner or master or person or persons having charge or command of such vessel shall severally be liable to a fine of not less than $2,000 nor more than $10,000 or to imprisonment not to exceed two years, or both, and, in addition, such vessel shall be forfeited to the United States.

That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized and empowered to employ such part of the land or naval forces of the United States as shall be necessary to carry out the purposes of this resolution.

That the provisions of this resolution shall be deemed to extend to all land and water, continental or insular, within the jurisdiction of the United States.

Approved, March 4, 1915.

[Page 852]

[1215] The British Ambassador ( Spring Rice ) to the Secretary of State

File No. 763.72111/1869


[1216] The German Ambassador ( Bernstorff ) to the Secretary of State

File No. 763.72111/1801


[1217] The Secretary of State to the British Ambassador ( Spring Rice )

File No. 763.72111/1869


[1218] The Secretary of the Treasury ( McAdoo ) to the Secretary of State

File No. 763.72111 Od 2/10


[1220] The Secretary of the Treasury ( McAdoo ) to the Secretary of State

File No. 763.72111Od2/4


[1221] The British Ambassador ( Spring Rice ) to the Secretary of State

File No. 763.72111Od2/3


[1223] The Secretary of State to the British Ambassador ( Spring Rice )

File No. 763.72111/1869


[1224] The German Embassy to the Department of State

File No. 763.72111/2065


[1225] The British Ambassador ( Spring Rice ) to the Secretary of State

File No. 763.72111/1919


[1226] The German Ambassador ( Bernstorff ) to the Secretary of State

File No. 763.72111Od2/14


[1227] The German Ambassador ( Bernstorff ) to the Counselor for the Department of State

File No. 763.72111/2082


[1229] The Secretary of State to the German Ambassador ( Bernstorff )

File No. 763.72111Od2/14


[1230] The German Ambassador ( Bernstorff ) to the Secretary of State

File No. 763.72111/3067


[1232] The German Ambassador ( Bernstorff ) to the Secretary of State

File No. 763.72111/3139


[1234] The German Ambassador ( Bernstorff ) to the Secretary of State

File No. 763.72111/3158