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List of papers by countries, incoming papers chronologically under date of issue1

CIRCULARS, PROCLAMATIONS, AND EXECUTIVE ORDERS

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
July 31 To Ambassadors, Ministers, and Principal Consular Officers in European Countries (telegram). Instructions re emergency passports; advice and financial assistance to American citizens abroad. 24
Aug. 1 To the Ambassadors and Ministers in Europe (telegram). Instructions re emergency passports; advice and financial as-sistance to American citizens abroad. 721
1271 Aug. 4 By the President of the United States. Proclamation of neutrality in war between Austria-Hungary and Servia, between Germany and Russia, and between Germany and France. 547
1272 Aug. 5 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Proclamation of neutrality in war between Germany and Great Britain. 547n
2011 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Executive order_ _ _ _ Prohibits the transmitting or receiving for delivery by means of radio, messages of an unneutral nature, or the rendering of any unneutral service to any belligerent. 668
1273 Aug. 7 By the President of the United States. Proclamation of neutrality in war between Austria-Hungary and Russia. 547n
Aug. 10 To the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the other Ambassadors and Ministers in Europe. Consular registration certificates 721
1274 Aug. 13 By the President of the United States. Proclamation of neutrality in war between Great Britain and Austria-Hungary. 547n
1275 Aug. 14 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Proclamation of neutrality in war between France and Austria-Hungary. 547n
Aug. 15 Public circular issued by the Department of State. Neutrality; contraband; seizure of ships and cargo. 274
[Page CLXXIII] Aug. 17 To the American Consuls at all Seaports (telegram). Instructions to report capture of merchant vessels. Consuls to give informal notice of claim of owner and select representative for him. 305
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To Diplomatic and Consular Officers of the United States of America entrusted with the interests of foreign governments at war. Instructions regarding the handling of foreign interests. Attitude should be that of impartial amity; friendly offices should be performed in accordance with wishes of both parties. 740
1276 Aug. 18 By the President of the United States. Proclamation of neutrality in war between Belgium and Germany. 547n
Aug. 19 From the President of the United States. An appeal to citizens of the United States, requesting their assistante in maintaining neutrality during the European war. 551
1277 Aug. 24 By the President of the United States. Proclamation of neutrality in war between Japan and Germany. 547n
1278 Aug. 27 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Proclamation of neutrality in war Between Japan and Austria-Hungary. 547n
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassadors and Ministers in Belligerent Countries (telegram). Messages relating to military or naval operations received by American diplomatic officials for transmission from one belligerent to another should be transmitted through the Department. 742
1280 Sept. 1 By the President of United States. Proclamation of neutrality in war between Belgium and Austria-Hungary. 547n
2042 Sept. 5 Executive order_ _ _ One or more high-powered radio stations to be taken over by the United States Government in communication with stations in Europe, including code and cipher messages. 678
Sept. 11 From the Secretary of State to whom it may concern. Statement concerning chartering, manning, and sailing of Red Cross ship, its destination and purpose. Assurances given by British and French that ship will not be molested. 830
Sept. 12 To the Ambassadors and Ministers in European Countries (telegram). Explicit directions for persons applying for American passports and consular registration certificates. Warning against issuance to persons not Americans, who are seeking to evade military service in their own country. Special certificates to be granted to wives of persons declaring intention of becoming American citizens. 722
Sept. 19 To the Diplomatic Representatives of Belligerent States. Encloses a statement of the general rules to be followed by this Government in dealing with cases involving the status of [Page CLXXIV]armed merchant vessels visiting American ports and with cases of merchant vessels suspected of carrying supplies to belligerent warships from American ports. 611
Sept. 19 Memorandum issued by the Secretary of State. Sets forth policy of United States regarding merchant vessels in her ports. Defines “base of operations for belligerent warships.” This Government is not under obligations to prevent shipments to other neutral ports which may be bases of supplies to belligerents. 618
Sept. 22 To the Diplomatic Representatives of Foreign Governments. Transmits copy of instructions and regulations issued by the Navy Department for the operation of the radio station at Tuckerton, New Jersey. 678
Oct. 3 To the Diplomatic Representatives of Belligerent States. Has granted permission for passage through United States of reservists who are returning to their respective countries, provided this does not amount to military enterprise on United States territory. Each Government must give assurance that its citizens will not become public charges in this country. 567
Oct. 5 To the Ambassadors and Ministers in Belligerent Countries (telegram). Correspondence re lists of prisoners or the affairs of subjects entrusted to your care may be transmitted direct to American Ambassador or Minister. All other communications must be sent through the Department. 744
Oct. 7 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Pursuant to proclamation of the President, prayer offered in churches for speedy restoration of peace in Europe. 118
Oct. 13 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Governing board of Pan American Union conveys to belligerent countries, through the Secretary of State of the United States, hope for peace, universal sympathy, and regrets over disturbance of commercial interests of world. 118
Oct. 15 From the Secretary of State. Public circular regarding neutrality and trade in contraband. 573
1286 Nov. 6 By the President of the United States. Proclamation of neutrality in war between Great Britain and Turkey. 547n
1287 Nov. 13 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Proclamation setting forth rules and regulations for the use of the Panama Canal by vessels of belligerents and the maintenance of neutrality in the Canal Zone. Annex: Text of an [Page CLXXV]agreement between the United States and Panama of October 10, 1914. 552
Nov. 13 Executive order_ _ Rules governing the granting and issuing of passports in the United States. 724
Nov. 22 To all Seaport Consuls (telegram). Instructions to report complete information regarding vessels arriving from the United States, with view to ascertaining whether portions of cargo have been transferred to belligerents at sea. 634
Nov. 25 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Re reporting of names of consignors and consignees of cargo in United States ports. 639
Nov. 28 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Further instructions regarding vessels arriving from American ports in ballast or with cargo; requests reports on vessels supplied at sea. 641
Dec. 3 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Further instructions re reports on shipping. 642
Dec. 21 To American Diplomatic and Consular Officers. New instructions, in pursuance of the passport regulations of November 13, 1914, concerning the preparation of applications for Departmental and emergency passports and the issuance of the latter. 728
Jan. 11, 1915. To all Seaport Consuls (telegram). Instructions to report upon suspected cases of violation of neutrality. Collectors to continue vigilance. 651

ARGENTINA

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
356 Sept. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 27] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Argentina. Relates incidents which have occurred and have increased anti-German spirit: Alleged execution of honorary Vice Consul of Argentine Republic by German troops in Belgium, violent action of survivors of Cap Trafalgar when interned; and dispute with commander of British fleet over the limit of the territorial waters of River Plate. 682
362 Oct. 24 [Rec’d Nov. 27] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Argentina. The manner in which neutrality measures are being carried out in Argentina is causing dissatisfaction amongst belligerents. All merchant vessels are allowed to depart with bunkers full of coal; vessels embark with arms, ammunition and supplies, some having been converted into auxiliary cruisers; wireless stations are in full operation by Germans. 690
Oct. 29 See Germany, No. 489, Oct. 24_ _ _ 259
[Page CLXXVI] Nov. 9 To the Argentine Minister. Statement of policy pursued by Government regarding detentions by British of vessels carrying alleged contraband. 432
Nov. 9 [Rec’d Nov. 10] From the Argentine Minister. The attitude of Argentina identical with that of the United States. Proposal to adopt uniform interpretations and methods of procedure. 433
Nov. 13 To the Argentine Minister. Attitude of two Governments is identical but interests in same vessels may not be identical; therefore cannot make joint representations to British Government in particular cases. Government of United States will cooperate with Argentina in these matters. 435
Nov. 18 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Argentina (telegram). Minister for Foreign Affairs considers it important that Argentine Minister’s suggestion concerning mediation of Pan American Union re neutral shipping in South American waters be adopted. 437
371 Nov. 18 [Rec’d Dec. 18] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Argentina. To prevent the suspension of navigation in South Atlantic it is proposed that Pan American Union effect the closing of these waters to naval warfare, arranging with belligerents for protection of neutral shipping. 438
Nov. 18 To the Argentine Legation. Memorandum giving a detailed account of detentions and seizures of American vessels by British, of the protests raised, and of the claims presented. 438
377 Nov. 24 [Rec’d Dec. 28] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Argentina. Report concerning Argentine neutrality. 703
380 Dec. 11 [Rec’d Jan. 7, 1915] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Government officials jubilant over fact that Pan American Union accepts suggestion of Naón. Business men anticipate no more trouble, as German ships in South Atlantic have been destroyed. 452
383 Dec. 22 [Rec’d Jan. 18, 1915] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Re Argentine neutrality; execution of Argentine official in Belgium; battle of Falkland Islands and sovereignty of those islands; escape of officers and men interned on the Cap Trafalgar. 710
[Page CLXXVII]

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
July 13 [Rec’d July 27] From the Vice Consul General at Budapest. War between Austria-Hungary and Servia, unavoidable Servia unavoidable. Army being mobilized. Cordon being drawn around Servian frontier and in Bosnia. News suppressed and sale of horses to foreigners forbidden. 16
147 July 13 [Rec’d July 30] From the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary. Conditions in Austria-Hungary influenced by assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand. Archduke’s death heavy blow; practical head of army with long years of training; moving spirit of navy; closest friend of Kaiser. Conditions unstable, decline of market values, slackening of domestic industries. Emperor’s health affected thereby. New heir, Charles Francis Joseph, adequate to task; well trained in army. 22
171/res. July 24 [Rec’d July 27] From the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador. Demands made of Servia as result of assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, and because of the stirring up on the part of the Servian Government of the Slav population in the southern part of the Monarchy. 17
178/res. July 26 [Rec’d July 28] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Servia’s answer to ultimatum of Austria-Hungary unsatisfactory. Diplomatic relations broken off. Servia mobilizing. 17
July 27 Rec’d July 28] From the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). War in Balkans certain. Germany gives moral support to Austria. Italy neutral. Montenegro and Roumania aid Servia. Bourse closed. Martial law. War loan of 300 million crowns planned. 18
July 28 [Rec’d July 29) _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Transmits Austria-Hungary’s formal declaration of war against Servia. 19
July 31 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Extremest military muster of realm, including Landsturm. 24
Aug. 1 From the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador (telegram). Inquires whether United States is disposed to assume protection of Austrian and Hungarian interests in Russia, France, Great Britain, and Montenegro. 732
_ _ _do_ _ _ __ To the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador (telegram). Accepts charge of Austrian and Hungarian interests in Russia, France, Great Britain, and Montenegro. 733
Aug. 2 [Rec’d Aug. 3] From the Vice Consul General at Budapest (telegram). Hostilities against Servia extensive. Servia offers stubborn resistance. Prices advance 50 per cent. Situation extremely bad. 33
[Page CLXXVIII] Aug. 3 From the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). Movement of troops toward Russia. Imperial family and nobility working for Red Cross. Great enthusiasm. 36
Aug. 4 To the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). Good offices of President Wilson in interest of European peace. 42
The same to Ambassadors in Russia and Germany and on August 5 to Ambassadors in France and Great Britain.
Aug. 5 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 824n
Aug. 6 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 216n
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ See France 475n
[Enclosure] Aug. 7 [Rec’d Aug. 8] From the Emperor of Austria-Hungary to the President (telegram). Will accept with thanks mediation when honor of flag will permit and when objects of war are attained. 50
Aug. 7 From the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador. No cabling nor direct mail shipping possible between United States on one side and Austria-Hungary and Germany on other. Request that postmaster address mail “via Rotterdam” and intrust to Dutch ships. 531
Aug. 9 [Rec’d Aug. 10] From the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). Government agrees to exemption from military law of vessels conveying Americans home, provided other belligerents also exempt them. 477
Aug. 10 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Austria-Hungary declared war against Montenegro on August 9. 52
Aug. 10 To the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador. Postmaster General informs Department that mail is dispatched by the steamship line which will most expeditiously deliver it at its destination. 532
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the other Ambassadors and Ministers in Europe. Consular registration certificates_ _ 721
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 11] From the Ambassador in Austria Hungary (telegram). Austria-Hungary has given French Ambassador passports. 53
Aug. 13 [Rec’d Aug. 14] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Austro-Hungarian military forces instructed to observe Declaration of London if other nations do so. 217
Aug. 15 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 479
Aug. 17 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ See Germany 6n
Aug. 19 To the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary. Re advisability of sending American warship to Turkey. 759n
[Page CLXXIX] Aug. 20 To the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). British see no objections to German vessels in American ports being used to bring back stranded Americans. Instructions to ask if Austria-Hungary is willing to agree with British view. 482n
Aug. 23 From the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). Austria-Hungary adheres to Declaration of London on condition of reciprocity. 218
Aug. 26 From the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador (telegram). Commander of Empress Elizabeth (Austrian vessel) ordered to join with German Navy in war between Japan and Austria. 177
Aug. 27 See Great Britain 825n
Sept. 4 See Germany 828n
17 Sept. 7 [Rec’d Sept. 8] From the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). Austria-Hungary wishes British Government notified that they will treat as absolute or conditional contraband those objects and materials enumerated in Art. 22 and 24 of the Declaration of London. 222
Sept. 9 From the s Austro-Hungarian Ambassador (telegram). Servian Sokol in Chicago invites collections for Servian war fund. Requests that authorities prevent this breach of neutrality. 581
Sept. 15 See Belgium 7n
Sept. 24 See Germany 831n
X–13/xiv Sept. 25 [Rec’d Sept. 29] From the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador. Attention is again called to Servian appeals in Chicago for contributions to Servian war fund. Requests that propaganda be stopped and money refunded. 581
17—X Sept. 28 [Rec’d Sept. 30] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Servian Sokols of United States belong to Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. These have been invited by Servian Consul to join Servian Army, a violation of neutrality. United States Government is asked to take steps to prevent it. 562
Oct. 9 [Rec’d Oct. 12] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Copies of peace treaties received and submitted to Government. 10
Oct. 12 [Rec’d Oct. 15] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Canadian Government takes precautions to prevent Austrians and Hungarians from leaving Canada; therefore facilities for passage through United States unnecessary. 568
118 Oct. 13 To the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador. Re appeals in Chicago for contributions to Servian war fund. Department of Justice, after careful consideration, finds nothing which constitutes a violation of neutrality. 582
Oct. 24 See Germany, No. 489 259
[Page CLXXX]124 Nov. 5 To the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador. Re Servian propaganda in Chicago. Decision rendered by Attorney General in which he finds no violation of penal laws in general nor of neutrality laws. 582
258 Nov. 8 To the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). Apprehension in America will be greatly relieved if Germany will make public declaration that cotton in neutral vessels will not be detained nor molested. 291n
281 Nov. 14 [Rec’d Nov. 15] From the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). Austro-Hungarian Government desires that no unofficial correspondence leave Austria-Hungary without passing censor and no private correspondence be sent through diplomatic or consular channels. The Consul General at Budapest protests opening of his official correspondence. Suggests issuance of instructions on the subject. 541
239 [Enclosure] Nov. 17(?)[Rec’d Dec. 15] Memorandum of the Austria-Hungarian Foreign Office. Re the attitude of Great Britain and France in regard to the Declaration of London. 267
305 Nov. 24 [Rec’d Nov. 26] From the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). Requests instructions regarding issuance of passports to minor children of naturalized parents or of declarants. 727
305 Nov. 25 To the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassadors in Great Britain, Germany, France, Japan, Turkey, and the Minister in Servia; on December 4 to the Ambassador in Russia. Suggestions for establishing uniform regulations for transmission of American official correspondence in belligerent countries. 542
327 Dec. 3 To the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). Passports and financial assistance may be extended to minor children of American-born parents not naturalized or of declarants. 728
334 Dec. 8 [Rec’d Dec. 9] From the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary (telegram). Austria-Hungary agrees to in violability of diplomatic and consular correspondence. 543
351 Dec. 16 [Rec’d Dec. 17] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Cotton non-contraband, conditional upon reciprocity of enemy states. 293
353 Dec. 17 [Rec’d Dec. 18] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Since catastrophe to Austro-Hungarian forces in Servia, war has become unpopular. 152
[Page CLXXXI]

BELGIUM

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Aug. 2 From the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Great uncertainty and timidity in financial circles. 30
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 3] From the Consul General at Antwerp (telegram). Germany refused permission to enter Belgium. Martial law declared. Antwerp in state of siege. Thousands of Americans present. 35
Aug. 3 From the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Germany demanded privilege of sending troops through Belgium. Upon refusal, Germany invaded Belgium. Engagement at Visé with many fatalities. 35
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Belgian group Interparliamentary Union requests neutral countries to take steps to safeguard peace and respect for treaties. 36
Aug. 3 [Rec’d Aug. 4] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Germany tries to justify her acts in Belgium by claiming France intended violating Belgian neutrality. German Minister remains in Belgium. Belgium temporizing until England makes known her position. 39
Aug. 4 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ King to lead army. German note virtual declaration of war. England to support Belgium. 41
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Regrets telegram from parliamentary group received after war was declared. 41
Aug. 4 [Rec’d Aug. 5] From the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Has promised to keep keys and seal of German Minister, who has been handed his passports. Duties at Legation heavy, will Department arrange that some other power protect interests of Germany in Belgium? 735
Aug. 5 Memorandum of the office of the Secretary of State. Belgian Government announces that Germans have violated Belgian neutrality and entered her territory. Belgium will resist by force. 45
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Capital may be removed to Antwerp. Diplomatic corps may follow. 45
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 5] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Diplomatic Corps to move to Antwerp. Best for legations to remain in Brussels, especially those entrusted with protection of interests of belligerent powers. 47
Aug. 5 To the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Cannot refuse to take charge of German interests if requested. Sufficient help will be supplied. 736
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 824n
Aug. 6 To the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Move Legation if desirable 46
[Page CLXXXII] Aug. 6 From the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Legation can render more service by remaining at Brussels. 47
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 216n
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ See France 475n
Aug. 7 To the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Minister directed to use own judgment about remaining in Brussels. 49
Aug. 9 From the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Had received from The Hague a telegram, purporting to be from German Government, proposing that Belgium allow Germany to hold Liége as base of operations against France, and requiring Belgium to detach herself from France, offering in return protection from further attack from Germany. The proposal an insult and a repetition refused by Belgium. Had refused to present this to Belgian Government, but confidentially allowed the Minister of foreign Affairs to read it. 51
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Belgian Government would reject Germany’s proposal, if presented. 52
Aug. 10 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Germany’s proposal to Belgium authentic. Answer was indignant refusal. 53
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 10] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Belgian Government sees no occasion for making agreement with other powers to refrain from interference with Americans returning home. This covered in Hague convention. 476
Aug. 15 See Great Britain 479
Aug. 17 See Germany 6n
Aug. 17 [Rec’d Aug. 18] From the Minister in Begium (telegram). Government removed to Antwerp. Legation will remain in Brussels to take care of German and British interests. Spanish Minister remains also, protecting French and Russian interests. Our Consul General in Antwerp recognized in a pseudo-diplomatic capacity. 65
Aug. 18 To the Belgian Minister (telegram). Large number Belgian reservists desire to return to their country through the United States. Asks if Minister wishes the Department to make arrangements for their passage. 565
Aug. 19 To the Minister in Belgium (telegram). His course of action approved. 67
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 217
[Page CLXXXIII] Aug. 20 [Rec’d Aug. 24] From the Belgian Minister. In 1839, Prussia, France, England, Austria, and Russia became guarantors of the treaty which made Belgium an independent and perpetually neutral state. Germany has broken her treaty and invaded Belgium; therefore it is duty of Belgium to resist. 71
Aug. 20 [Rec’d Sept. 2] From the Minister in Belgium (telegram). German troops have occupied Brussels. Small force in city; troops encamped outside. Opposition by Belgians abandoned to prevent loss of life and destruction of art treasure. 86
Aug. 21 To the Minister in Belgium (telegram). President advises Legation to move to Antwerp in order to be in immediate touch with Belgian Government. 69
Aug. 24 [Rec’d Aug. 25] From the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Will make every effort to move Legation to Antwerp as soon as possible. Brussels is surrounded by armies and Antwerp at present inaccessible. Ministers of Spain and 17 other neutral powers still in Brussels. By remaining in Brussels the Embassy and staff have rendered great service to the city and to the Belgian Government. 73
Aug. 25 To the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Department accepts judgment of Ambassador concerning moving Legation from Brussels. 76
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 26] From the Consul General at Antwerp (telegram). Antwerp calm. Communication cut off. German women and children expelled but no bodily harm done to them. 793
Aug. 28 [Rec’d Aug. 29] From the Belgian Minister. Austria-Hungary has declared war on Belgium. 83
Sept. 4 To the Belgian Minister. Acknowledges receipt of Belgian note protesting against violation of neutrality by Germany. 88
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Consul General at Antwerp (telegram). Diplomatic and consular officers should confine communications to statements of facts and not express opinions. 793
953 Sept. 5 [Rec’d Sept. 8] From the Belgian Minister. Communications enclosed in which Germany again offers to spare Belgium as much as will be consistent with her plan of campaign against France, and in which Belgium, with the approval of her allies, reiterates her defiance. 97
[Page CLXXXIV] Sept. 15 To the Minister in Belgium (telegram). The same to the Ambassadors in Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia. United States has just signed peace treaties with Great Britain, France, Spain and China; in all, has treaties with more than two-thirds of population of globe. Desires treaty with Belgium also. 7
Sept. 16 Remarks of President Wilson to the Belgian Commission. Welcomes representatives of the King of Belgium with pleasure; expresses warm sympathy and friendship for Belgian people; predicts a day of reckoning when the opinion of mankind will pass final judgment upon wrongs committed. 796
Sept. 18 To the Belgian Minister. Arrangements made for Belgian reservists to pass from Montreal through United States to take steamer. 566
Sept. 23 To the Minister in in Belgium (telegram). Forwards communication from the German Government signifying the willingness of Germany to observe the neutrality of African colonies in free-trade zone according to treaties. 112n
Sept. 24 -------------------- See Germany ----------------------- 831n
Undated [Rec’d Sept. 29] From the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Reports of excesses are in spirit true. Will make a comprehensive report later. 799
Sept. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 1] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ German authorities in Brussels are willing to spare monuments at Antwerp if Belgians agree not to use them for military purposes. 799
Oct. 4 From thy Consul General at Antwerp (telegram). Whitlock reports that Belgium accepts German proposition relative to protection of historical monuments. 802
Undated [Rec’d Oct. 7] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Bombardment has been announced. Suggests intercession of United States to prevent carnage and destruction. 803
Oct. 8 To the Consul General at Antwerp (telegram). Regrets that there is no opportunity for the United States to intercede in matter of bombardment of Antwerp. Information about monuments communicated to the Minister at Brussels. 803
41 Oct. 10 From the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Germans request Spanish and American Ministers to notify Antwerp of intended bombardment of city. Germans have been furnished with list of buildings containing art treasures. 803
34 Oct. 12 To the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Approves his action regarding bombardment of the city. 804
[Page CLXXXV]21 Oct. 16 [Rec’d Oct. 19]. From the Minister in Belgium to the President (telegram). Civil population of Belgium facing starvation. Plea to President to find some way to help. 811
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Minister in Belgium (telegram). It is necessary to extend relief work to the whole of Belgium. Committee has been organized. Assurances of German Government that food will not be taken by military. Also necessary to secure permission of England. 811
39 Oct. 19 To the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Importation of foodstuffs for poor of Belgium has been approved by Germany; Embassy in London so advised. 812
Oct. 19 [Rec’d Oct. 20] From the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Acknowledges receipt of Department’s circular regarding agreement not to consider hospital supplies as contraband. Belgian Government has not yet replied. 835
40 Oct. 20 To the Minister in Belgium (telegram). Relief plan approved. Ambassador at London to render assistance. 813
Oct. 24 _ _ _ _ _ _ See Germany, No. 489 259
12 Nov. 16 [Rec’d Dec. 7] From the Minister in Belgium. Belgium formerly interested in peace treaties but has no time at present for calm and careful consideration. 11

BRAZIL

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Sept. 14 To the Ambassador in Brazil (telegram). Steamer Robert Dollar given provisional certificate of registration as American vessel by American Consul General at Rio de Janeiro. Reported that vessel denied clearance by Brazilian authorities. Instructions to investigate and request release. 492
Sept. 16 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ Action of Brazilian authorities sets aside that of American authorities and assumes position of a belligerent captor toward steamer Robert Dollar . 493
Sept. 21 [Rec’d Sept. 22] From the Vice Consul General at Rio de Janeiro (telegram.) American steamer Berwind sailed from New York with coal cargo; master told to follow instructions of supercargo. Coal transferred to Cap Trafalgar and Eleanore Wörmann at sea. Arrived in Rio de Janeiro reporting engagement between the former and a British ship. 620
Undated [Rec’d Sept. 22] From the Consul General at Rio de Janeiro (telegram). British Legation awaiting instructions from London before closing register of steamer Robert Dollar . 494
[Page CLXXXVI] Sept. 23 From the Consul General at Rio de Janeiro (telegram). Provisional register delivered to steamer Robert Dollar , and order to sail given. 494
461 Sept. 23 [Rec’d Oct. 13] From the Ambassador in Brazil. Delay in sailing of steamer Robert Dollar due to misunderstanding of instructions caused by delayed telegram. Full explanation given. 497
466 Oct. 7 [Rec’d Oct. 27] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Brazilian Government has difficulty in maintaining neutrality, sentiment favoring France except in the south, which is pro-German. Merchant vessels occasion considerable embarrassment; secret wireless stations transmit much information. 683
Oct. 29 -------------------- See Germany, No 489, Oct. 24. 259

BULGARIA (See Roumania)

CHILE

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
550 Nov. 7 [Rec’d Dec. 12] From the Ambassador in Chile. German squadron, composed of Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and, Nurnberg, engaged British squadron near island of Santa Maria. Good Hope and Monmouth destroyed; Glasgow and Otranto escaped. London press has charged Chile with unneutrality. British Government satisfied with explanation of Chilean Minister for Foreign Affairs. German transport Prince Eitel was ordered to leave Valparaiso. 696
Nov. 13 [Rec’d Nov. 17] From the Chilean Minister of Foreign Affairs to the Chilean Minister at Washington (telegram). Chancellor Muller has requested of British Minister the establishment of a neutral zone from American coast to Cape Verde meridian. Forwards Chilean memorandum regarding the adoption by American countries of new rules to insure the protection of their neutrality and commerce. 435
Nov. 21 From the Vice Consul at Valparaiso (telegram). The Sacramento reports that the cargo was taken by Germans from the French sailing vessel Valentine, which was sunk. 634
Nov. 26 ----do------ Reports irregularities aboard the Sacramento. 640
[Page CLXXXVII] Nov. 28 To the Vice Consul at Valparaiso (telegram). Instructions to investigate and report amounts and kinds of cargo supplied to German vessels at sea. 640
Dec. 19 From the Ambassador in Chile (telegram). New neutrality regulations have been issued. Protests have been made to Germany against violation of Chilean neutrality. 701
Dec. 21 [Rec’d Dec. 22] From the Chilean Ministry for Foreign Affairs to the Chilean Embassy at Washington (telegram). Transmits text of the decree of Chilean Government containing regulations for the coaling of vessels in Chilean ports. 704
Dec. 22 To the Chilean Ambassador. Acknowledges receipt of communication re establishment of neutral zone in Atlantic from American coast to meridian of Cape Verde. Pan-American Neutrality Commission will consider the suggestion. 451
Dec. 29 [Rec’d Dec. 30] From the Ambassador in Chile (telegram). Notification of the Foreign Office that unless the Sacramento leaves within 24 hours, both ship and crew will be interned 650
Dec. 30 To the Ambassador in Chile (telegram). Re the Sacramento. Instructs Consul to withhold ship’s papers and refuse to discharge crew. 650

CHINA

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
July 31 [Rec’d July 30] From the Chargé d’Affaires in China (telegram). British naval vessels in China dismantled and crews sent to Weihaiwei anticipating hostilities with Germany. 21
Aug. 3 -----do--------- Withdrawal of British and German naval forces from Yangtze leaves responsibility of protecting foreign interests to Americans and Japanese. Requests that one of the larger United States vessels be left at Shanghai. Proposal to neutralize all foreign settlement concessions in China. 161
----do----- -----do--------- Request for instructions as to whether to encourage Chinese in proposing to belligerent powers not to engage in hostilities on Chinese territory or adjacent leased territory. 162
Aug. 6 -----do--------- Chinese request United States and Japan to suggest that belligerents maintain neutrality throughout their jurisdiction in China. Wishes that attitude of German Government be made known. 162
[Page CLXXXVIII] Aug. 7 To the Chargé d’Affaires in China (telegram). Legation is authorized to participate in arrangements to neutralize foreign settlements in China not including leased areas. 163
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Department asks for report on nationality and number of troops withdrawn from Chinese railways and those remaining. 163
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Memorandum received from Chinese Minister here re neutralization of Chinese territory. Matter under consideration. 163
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Chargé d’Affaires in China (telegram). German Chargé d’Affaires states that Japan is bound by treaty to assist Russia and Great Britain in case of war with Germany. 164
Aug. 8 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Troops in Chinese territory, other than American forces, negligible. Japanese preparing to assist in protecting foreign interests. 164
Aug. 11 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Japanese Chargé states Japan is ready to take Kiaochow. 166
Aug. 12 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Chinese are basing hopes upon the rumor that the United States is sending fleet to aid China. Requests authoritative information. 168
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Chargé d’Affaires in China (telegram). United States is not sending reinforcements to its Asiatic Fleet. 168
Aug. 13 [Rec’d Aug. 12] From the Chargé d’Affaires in China (telegram). From Chinese sources: Japan seeking to cooperate with Great Britain against Tsingtao and upon some pretext planning to occupy South Manchuria and Fukien as well as Kiaochow. 169
Aug. 19 ----do------- German Chargé discusses informally with China the immediate retrocession of Kiaochow. Chinese Government warned against such action. Desires information from Department. 172
-----do------ To the Chargé d’Affaires in China (telegram). United States refrains from expressing any opinion upon retrocession of Kiaochow to China. 173
Aug. 20 [Rec’d Aug. 19] From the Chargé d’Affaires in China (telegram). Japan advises China to remain passive as regards Kiaochow. Chinese propose that United States secure the retrocession of leased territory to China. 173
Aug. 20 To the Chargé d’Affaires in China (telegram). Department unable to comply with Chinese proposal that United States secure retrocession of leased territory to China. 174
Sept. 3 From the Chargé d’Affaires in China (telegram). German, Japanese, and British forces are disregarding neutrality of China. China unable to prevent it. 177
[Page CLXXXIX]362 [Enclosure] Sept. 3 From the Chinese Minister of Foreign Affaires to the American Chargé d’Affaires. Re Chinese neutrality 188
362 Sept. 10 [Rec’d Oct. 20] From the Chargé d’Affaires in China. China declares herself unable to preserve neutrality in regions necessary for the passage of belligerent troops. Germany protests against Chinese Government’s acquiescence in violations of proclaimed neutrality, thus incurring liability for damage to German interests. China has looked to United States for assistance in vain. United States forces used for police duty should only be brought up to full strength, nothing more. Encloses note of September 3 on this subject from Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs. 186
Sept. 12 To the Chargé d’Affaires in China (telegram). Directed to ascertain truth as to statement that Japanese will expel Germans from neutral districts in China. 178
Sept. 15 From the Chargé d’Affaires in China (telegram). Press reports untrue; Germans not expelled from Chinese neutral territory. 178
Sept. 28 [Rec’d Sept. 29] ----do------ Japanese forces have taken mines and occupied Weihsien. 181
Sept. 29 -----do----- Japan has formally notified China that she is compelled to take possession of Shantung Railway as far west as Tsinan. 181
-----do----- -----do----- Japanese Minister declares that Shantung Railway, being German property, is subject to seizure. 181
Sept. 30 From the Minister in China (telegram). British Legation has urged its Government to restrain Japanese from seizing Shantung Railway. 182
Oct. 2 [Rec’d Oct. 1] -----do------ China will not oppose Japan, but regrets occupation of Shantung Railway and extension of hostilities; requests “United States to ask Great Britain to restrain Japan in her military operations. 183
406 Oct. 12 [Rec’d Nov. 14] From the Minister in China. Forwards extracts from the Peking Gazette: Japanese official reply to China re seizure of Kiaochow-Tsinan Railway; speeches in the National Assembly of Liang Ch’i-ch’iao, General Hsu, Chao Wei-hsi, Wang Yi-tang, and General Tsai Ao stressing need for patriotism and military strength to oppose Japan; editorial comments thereon. 191
[Page CXC]192 Nov. 4 To the Minister in China. China could hardly hope to keep leased territory from being involved in war, but open ports with cosmopolitan population should be excluded by general consent from military operations. United States Navy Department will increase number of vessels in Chinese waters. United States anxious to promote welfare of China by peaceful methods but could not be expected to entangle herself in international difficulties. 189
Dec. 18 From the Minister in China (telegram). Controversy between Japanese and Chinese, each claiming right to appoint officers in Tsingtao. Six regiments of Japanese troops stationed at Mukden. 204
Dec. 23 ----do---------- Japanese demand appointment to Tsingtao customs of 49 officials taken from Japanese customs administration. This will break up Maritime Customs Service. 204
Dec. 30 To the Minister in China (telegram). Desires to know if China has informed British Government of Japan’s demand regarding Tsingtao customs officials. 204
Jan. 2, 1915 From the Minister in China (telegram). British Legation was informed unofficially of Japan’s demands in China, and has made informal representations to Japanese. 205

COLOMBIA

No. Dates From and to whom Subject Page
Oct. 3 [Rec’d Oct. 17] From the Consul at Barranquilla. Grant [Gaunt?], Captain in British Navy, recently visited Barranquilla and Santa Marta, in search of evidence of breach of neutrality at wireless stations. 681
Nov. 13 From the Colombian Legation. Quotes decrees to prove that Government has tried to prevent unneutral acts. Possible that belligerents have built concealed stations for wireless on uninhabited coasts. 685
Nov. 14 To the Chargé d’Affaires in Colombia (telegram). British and French complain that neutrality is not enforced in Colombia. Charge use of wireless stations by Germans. Requests facts. 686
Nov. 15 [Rec’d Nov. 16] From the Colombian Government to the Colombian Legation at Washington (telegram). Cartagena radio station has been put in charge of expert Government operator and foreign employees dismissed. Great Britain asks that station be closed. Asks if United States stations are closed. 686
[Page CXCI] Nov. 16 To the Chargé d’Affaires in Colombia (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Minister in Ecuador. United States is not trying to control action of other governments. French and British only asked United States to use moral influence to bring about neutrality. 687
116 Nov. 18 [Rec’d Dec. 12] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Colombia. Reports that Colombian Government is enforcing neutrality. British inspector of wireless stations satisfied. 627
Nov. 21 [Rec’d Nov. 22] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Colombia (telegram). Correspondence of the United States, disclaiming any interference to enforce neutrality in South America, has been published in Colombia and received with satisfaction. 689
Nov. 25 [Rec’d Nov. 27] From the Secretary of the Colombian Legation. Encloses cable messages of November 19 and 24 in which Ministry of Foreign Affairs claims that Colombia follows the same neutrality regulations as the United States. 690
117 Nov. 21 [Rec’d Dec. 17] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Colombia. Encloses newspaper clippings on subject of Colombia’s failure to observe neutrality, Washington represented as about to enforce observance; also copy of a note addressed to Colombian Minister on November 19 explaining the attitude of United States, which had quieting effect. 699
Dec. 1 [Rec’d Dec. 2] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Colombia (telegram). Newspapers publish statements that United States will permit European nations to enforce compliance with neutrality regulations in South America. 692
120 [Enclosure] Dec. 1 [Rec’d Jan. 4, 1915] From the Colombian Minister of Foreign Affairs to the American Chargé d’Affaires. Inquiring the policy of United States if European nations should send expedition to South America to enforce neutrality. 708
120 Dec. 11 [Rec’d Jan. 4, 1915] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Colombia. Captain Gaunt reports that wireless station at Cartagena is in operation under German influence, and wireless outfits on German interned ships are used with mufflers. German Minister has closed the station. Encloses note from Colombian Minister of Foreign Affairs of December 1, and the reply December 5, both bearing upon this subject. 706
[Page CXCII]

DENMARK

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
796 Aug. 1 [Rec’d Aug. 14] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Denmark. Copy of Denmark’s declaration of neutrality transmitted. Only partial mobilization for defense of Copenhagen, in order not to antagonize Germany. 60
797 Aug. 3 [Rec’d Aug. 19] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Parliament enacted precautionary measures; punishment against violations of neutrality; conserving currency of country; strict harbor regulations. Partial mobilization. 67
Aug. 5 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Denmark (telegram). Denmark declares neutrality_ _ _ _ 45
Aug. 6 [Rec’d Aug. 8] From the Danish Minister. Notification that waters around Denmark have been mined. 453
Aug. 7 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Denmark (telegram). Denmark has mined her waters and is mobilizing. 48
Aug. 12 [Rec’d Aug. 14] From the Danish Minister. Notification that Danish waters have been more extensively mined. 456
Oct. 16 See Norway 390n
Oct. 19 From the Minister in Denmark (telegram). Danish have no objection to exportation through Denmark to Germany of cotton from United States if on through bill of lading. 390
813 Nov. 27 [Rec’d Dec. 28] From the Minister in Denmark. Re procuring release of cotton on steamers Hellig Olav, Van Leer , and Frederick held up by Danish Government. Owing to scarcity of cotton in. Denmark, certain shipments detained. Cargoes on Frederick and Triton released, to be reexported to Germany. 401
Dec. 15 From the Danish Minister. Protests against interference with trade. 360n

ECUADOR

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Nov. 14 To the Minister in Ecuador (telegram). British and French Governments complain that neutrality proclamation is not enforced in Ecuador. Charge that Galápagos Islands are German base for naval supplies. Requests facts. 686
Nov. 15 From the Ecuadorian Minister (telegram). Inquires whether British and French Ambassadors have complained against violation of neutrality of Ecuador. 686
Nov. 16 To the Minister in Ecuador (telegram). United States is not trying to control action of other governments. French and British only asked United States to use moral influence to bring about neutrality. 687n
[Page CXCIII] Nov. 17 To the Ecuadorian Minister (telegram). Newspapers have misrepresented the intention of the United States in matter of neutrality. 688
Nov. 19 [Rec’d Nov. 20] From the Minister in Ecuador (telegram). Ecuador weak from revolution, but doing all in its power to preserve neutrality. If charges are true concerning Galápagos Islands, will protest to Germany. 688
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ecuadorian Minister. Requests exact copy of complaint made by France and Great Britain against Ecuador. 688
Nov. 25 From the Minister in Ecuador (telegram). Minister for Foreign Affairs proposes that all American Republics promulgate a statement declaring that in respect to the neutrality of each one of the American nations, all are interested. 689
84 Nov. 26 [Rec’d Dec. 26] From the Minister in Ecuador. Thorough investigation has been made of reports of Ecuador’s failure to enforce neutrality. Wireless stations at Guayaquil used by German Consul in person. Newspapers misrepresentations aroused excitement but publishing of note from the Department soon quieted this feeling. Encloses his statement published in El Dia on November 19. 702
Dec. 3 [Rec’d Dec. 5] From the Ecuadorian Minister. Ecuador proposes that belligerents be induced to declare the seas that wash coasts of America a neutral zone, in order to exclude warlike operations. Quotes cablegram from the Ecuadorian Minister of Foreign Affairs of November 30, declaring that Ecuadorian Government did not know that Germans were using Galápagos Islands for a naval base. 694
Dec. 8 To the Ecuadorian Minister. It is not customary to give copies of communications. Restates that British and French allege infraction of rules of neutrality by Colombia and Ecuador and request that the United States use moral influence to prevent this. 695
Dec. 22 [Rec’d Dec. 23] From the Minister in Ecuador (telegram). Investigations of the charges of the use of Galápagos Islands by Germans for naval base have disclosed the fact that German, English, and Japanese vessels have been at the islands and have bought cotton and provisions but no coal. 701
[Page CXCIV] Dec. 25 [Rec’d Jan. 2, 1915] From the Ecuadorian Minister. Reports that no violation of nutrality has been committed on Ecuadorian islands. 706
16 Jan. 13, 1915 To the Ecuadorian Minister. Department has communicated ’substance of note re neutrality of Ecuador to the French and British Embassies. 709

EGYPT

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Aug, 7 [Rec’d Aug. 8] From the Vice Consul General at Cairo (telegram). British Army of Occupation renders Egypt liable to attack by enemies of Great Britain; consequently, Egypt claim protection of Great Britain. 49
57 Aug. 7 [Rec’d Sept. 1] From the Vice Consul General at Cairo. Forwards Journal officiel announcing neutrality of Egypt. Protection by British Army of Occupation. Theoretically Egypt is vilayet of Ottoman Empire. Egypt rule by Great Britain since 1882 in order to have military control of Suez Canal. Troops from India to guard against Turkish attack. 84
Aug. 13 From the Vice Consul General at Cairo (telegram). Great Britain has declared war against Austria. Diplomatic relations between Egypt and Germany have ceased; similar action will be taken against Austria. 56
Nov. 2 From the Consul General at Cairo (telegram). General commanding British Army of Occupation in Egypt ordered to assume military control and protection of Egypt. 128
82 Nov. 5 [Rec’d Dec. 7] From the Consul General at Cairo. Martial law proclaimed in Egypt in order to hold natives under more rigid control. Many transports have passed through Suez Canal. Camels from India detained. West boundary unprotected. Khedive and notables in Constantinople. 144
Nov. 7 From the Consul General at Cairo (telegram). British General in Egypt assumed sole burden of defending Egypt against Turkey; asked no assistance of Mohammedans. 129
Dec. 11 [Rec’d Dec. 12] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Prince Hussein, uncle of Khedive, about to be proclaimed by British as Sultan of Egypt. 150
Dec. 12 To the Consul General at Cairo (telegram). Instructions to deal with Khedive as a de facto official. 150
Undated [Rec’d Dec. 20] From the Diplomatic Agent at Cairo (telegram). Prince Hussein proclaimed Sultan of Egypt by King George. Capitulations no longer in harmony with development of country. Changes to be made after the war. 153
[Page CXCV]

FRANCE

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
July 28 From the Ambassador in France (telegram). Situation in Europe gravest in history. Civilization threatened. Laboring classes against war. Fear Germany. Suggests strong plea from United States for moderation and delay. 18
July 29 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Stock Exchange action deferring settlements for 30 days has quieting effect upon market. French hopeful of confining hostilities to present belligerents. 20
July 31 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Allard Bank closed, failed to get money from Russia, Germany, or England. Bank of France refused assistance. Other banks suspend payments. Rumors of mobilization. Permission to issue emergency passports requested. 25
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ German Ambassador in France instructed to ask French Government if it will maintain neutrality. German Ambassador in Washington has asked United States to take charge of German Embassy in France in event of negative reply. 25
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Will accede to a German request that United States take over German interests in France, but only with the understanding that we will do the same for other countries. 26
Aug. 1 From the Ambassador in France (telegram). No hope of avoiding hostilities. Some changes in cabinet. 28
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Orders for mobilization to-night. 29
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Thousands of Americans unable to secure passage home. Suggests that foreign-built ships owned by Americans be allowed to fly American flag to transport these citizens to United States. 474
Aug. 2 [Rec’d Aug. 3] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Reported hostilities between Germany and France; neither desirous of being first to declare war. German Ambassador still in France. 33
Aug. 4 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Martial law proclaimed. German Ambassador has left Paris, turning over Embassy to United States. Raids by French aeronauts in German territory and violation of Belgian neutrality by Germans. 40
[Page CXCVI]661 [Enclosure] Aug. 4 From the French Minister of Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador. Official notification of hostilities between France and Germany, and French protest against the violation of neutrality of Belgium and Luxemburg and the attack upon France contrary to existing treaties. 113
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the French Chargé d’Affaires (telegram). French Government refuses to recognize the legality of a bill pending before Congress to facilitate the acquisition by American nationals of foreign-owned vessels. 485
Aug. 5 See Austria-Hungary, Aug. 4 42
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in France (telegram). Transmits statement from Judge Gary: 30,000 Americans desirous of returning home. Lack of food, etc., make it imperative that they leave. American Government urged to secure facilities for immediate transportation. 474
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Consul at St. Pierre (telegram). Requests authorization to protect Western Union telegraph cables as neutral property. 503
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 824n
[Enclosure] Aug. 6 [Rec’d Aug. 7] From the President of France to the President (telegram). France appreciates interest of United States in the destiny of France; message proof of mutual love of peace; France not the aggressor, notwithstanding numerous provocations. 48
Aug. 6 _ _ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 216n
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in France (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassadors in Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, and the Minister in Belgium. Instructions to ascertain if French Government will agree not to molest vessels bringing American citizens home. 475
Aug. 7 From the Ambassador in France (telegram). Placing of American-owned but foreign-built vessels under American flag regarded in France as likely to assist Germany. 485
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in France. Instructions to secure assurance of Liberian neutrality. 712n
Aug. 8 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ The bill before Congress does not cover the subject of transfer of ships of belligerents to citizens of United States. This will be governed by principles of international law. 485
[Page CXCVII] Aug. 8 [Rec’d Aug. 11] From the French Chargé d’Affaires. Protests against reported decision of United States Government that all that could be utilized for the army, either men or supplies, will be considered as contraband. Such policy would be in violation of neutrality and would result in economic dangers. 557
Aug. 10 [Rec’d Aug. 12] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Statements of Germany as to who started hostilities, challenged by French Chargé. Germans claim French aviators threw bombs over German territory and also violated Belgian territory. French protest to German Government against violations of French territory, violation of Luxemburg, and ultimatum to Belgium. Germany trying to shift responsibility for war. 54
Aug. 11 [Rec’d Aug. 13] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Austrian troops on the French-German frontier constitute an operation against France. Diplomatic relations severed. 55
Aug. 11 To the Consul at St. Pierre (telegram). Submarine telegraphic cables outside territorial waters of neutrals may be cut by belligerents. 503
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Submits for consideration of British Government alternative suggestions for receiving and transmitting wireless and cable messages by belligerents. 670n
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 11] From the Ambassador in France (telegram). French Government will respect neutrality of Liberia. 712
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Requests instructions concerning the granting to individuals holding first papers a certificate of identity to secure a permis de sejour pending opportunity to return home. 722
Aug. 12 From the French Chargé d’Affaires (telegram). Difference shown between wireless and cable messages, citing advantage of wireless in immediate communication with vessels at sea. Cutting of Germany’s cable an advantage gained by war; not the part of a neutral power to reestablish that condition. 671
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Certificates of identity may be issued to persons holding first papers, if seven years have not elapsed and permanent residence abroad has not been acquired. 722
[Page CXCVIII] Aug. 13 [Rec’d Aug. 17] From the French Chargé d’Affaires. French Government, through Sir Edward Grey, presented a virtual declaration of war on Austria-Hungary, declaring that the latter had sent troops through Germany to menace the French frontier and had declared war with Russia, the ally of France. 64
1367 Aug. 13 To the French Chargé d’Affaires. This country will not unnecessarily restrict commerce of its citizens with countries at war. Transmits instructions to collectors of customs; also President’s proclamation, in which it is shown that there is no resistance to reservists in army of any belligerent wishing to leave this country for military service. 557
Aug. 14 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Inquiry when France will sign peace treaty. 5
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Instructions to ascertain if Amber cans stranded in Genoa can be transported home on Moltke and König Albert unmolested. 477n
Aug. 14 [Rec’d Aug. 17] From the French Chargé d’Affaires. Requests that authorization be given Commissioner of Immigration at Montreal to permit French reservists to proceed individually to New York to take ship abroad. 565
Aug. 15 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Department considering chartering. German vessels now in American ports for transporting stranded Americans home. Instructions to ascertain if British are willing to extend every facility to such ships. 478n
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 479
Aug. 16 [Rec’d Aug. 17] From the Ambassador in France (telegram). French suspicious of German ships and prefer to wait until England takes the lead regarding repatriation of Americans. 481
Aug. 17 [Rec’d Aug. 18] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Re neutralization of German vessels in New York Harbor, France would oppose it. In Declaration of London Germany refused to accept the principle. 481
Aug. 19 See Great Britain 217
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in France (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in Germany. Statement of conditions in Turkish waters and inquiry as to advisability of sending American battleships to protect Christians. 759
[Page CXCIX] Aug. 20 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassadors in Germany and Austria-Hungary. British see no objections to German vessels in American ports being used to bring back stranded Americans. Instructions to ask if French are willing to agree with British view. 482
Aug. 20 [Rec’d Aug. 211 From the Ambassador in France (telegram). French Government objects to 1 using German ships to repatriate American citizens; does not interpret “philanthropic mission” according to Hague convention to include such an act. French, English, or any 1 neutral ships suggested instead. French Government offers to transport Americans. 482
Aug. 20 [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the French Chargé d’Affaires. Government informed that Austro-Hungarian shipowners are trying to get certificates of Federal nationality for vessels sold to American citizens. Such flag transfers could not be recognized by French Government. 489
Aug. 20 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Instructions to ask French Government upon what grounds demands upon Liberia are based. 714
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 221 From the Ambassador in France (telegram). French do not approve of using German ships to transport Americans. Advice to Department to avoid use of German ships if possible. 483
Aug. 24 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ French request Liberia to exercise censorship over operations of German wireless station. Willing that same treatment be accorded French station if Germans request it. 715
Aug. 25 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Department considering chartering of German ships for return of stranded Americans. 484
Aug. 26 From the Ambassador in France (telegram). French Government replies that conditions in Orient are due to German agitation which tends to provoke Mussulman fanaticism. French warships would aggravate situation. Suggestion of America favorably received. 761
Aug. 27 [Rec’d Aug. 28] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Germans have broken through lines of the Allies south of Lille and probably at Sedan. French Government contemplating moving to Bordeaux. Request for instructions for Legation. 79
Aug. 27 See Great Britain 825n
Aug. 29 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Ambassador to use own judgment about moving Embassy. 83
[Page CC] Aug. 30 From the Ambassador in France (telegram). British troops withstood German troops for three days but fell back for lack of French reinforcements. French troops have arrived and conditions are more hopeful. French Government removing gold from Paris. 84
Undated [Rec’d Sept. 1] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ French reply to the request for protection of Red Cross ship: four conditions imposed as precaution. 826
17 Sept. 1 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Instructions to ask French authorities at Havre to remit port duties on Red Cross ship. 827
18 Sept. 2 [Rec’d Sept. 3] From the Ambassador in France (telegram). Thanked by President of France for decision to remain in Paris; he considers it a restraining influence against destruction of art treasures by enemy. France will not accept any terms of peace. 86
Sept. 2 To the French Ambassador. Acknowledges letter of August 20, 1914, re certificates of ownership of American vessels. 489
25 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Instructions to protest the attitude of France concerning Red Cross ship, and urge that vessel will not be molested during voyage and stay in French ports. 827
Sept. 3 [Rec’d Sept. 4] From the Ambassador in France (telegram). French Government will observe Declaration of London with certain reservations, additions, and modifications, text of which is transmitted. 222
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the French Ambassador. Purchase of German ships by United States during war contrary to Declaration of London. Command of sea has enabled English and French to make these vessels worse than useless to Germany. This disadvantage United States would turn to advantage and profit for Germany. 490
47 Sept. 4 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). British Ambassador authorized to sign peace treaty. French treaty ready, United States Government having accepted all changes suggested by France. Spanish Ambassador instructed to sign. Twenty-two treaties already signed. 6
1376 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the French Ambassador. Announces removal of restrictions preventing French reservists in Canada from entering United States in transit to mother country. 566
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ See Germany 828n
[Page CCI] Sept. 6 From the Special Agent in France (telegram). French disposed to aid Red Cross. 829
Sept. 7 [Rec’d Sept. 8] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Foreign Office issues safe-conduct papers to Red Cross ship. Ship must come to Brest only and not bring any Germans who were or are officers. 829
49 Sept. 8 From the Ambassador in France (telegram). France arranging to sign treaty on same day as Great Britain. 7
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Proposal of mediation sent to Germany. It at least gives nations opportunity to explain their attitude, and fixes responsibility for continuation of war. 99
53 Sept. 8 [Rec’d Sept. 9] From the Ambassador in France (telegram). Telegram from German General Staff advises Americans to leave Paris. Reply: If Germans enter Paris they are expected to protect American property and that of other countries entrusted to her care. 100
59 Sept. 9 [Rec’d Sept. 10] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ France’s reply to proposals of mediation: France not the aggressor and cannot accept mediation. Will continue struggle to the end. Agreement of Entente powers not to make separate peace. 101
Sept. 10 From the President of France to the President of the United States (telegram). Denounces German charges that French and British have used dumdum bullets; Germany herself has used them since beginning of war and has committed other atrocities already complained of. 794
Sept. 15 [Rec’d Sept. 17] From the French Ambassador. Calls attention to fact that three German steamers are loading large quantities coal in Manila. That port a center of indirect replenishment for German warships. Requests United States to take measures to prevent this. 618
Sept. 19 From the President to the President of France (telegram). Expresses appreciation of confidence placed in the United States and declares that the time will come when those responsible for the war will bear the burden of the judgment of the world. 798
Sept. 21 [Rec’d Sept. 23] From the French Ambassador. American steamer Riopasig sailed from Manila to Guam with cargo of coal. Thought to have resupplied a German warship. Such acts are contrary to neutrality. 621
[Page CCII] Sept. 23 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Forwards communication from the German Government signifying the willingness of Germany to observe the neutrality of African colonies in free-trade zone according to treaties. 112n
Sept. 24 See Germany 831n
Sept. 25 To the French Ambassador. American citizens claim letters to friends in Germany have not reached their destination. Request that some course be taken to prevent this delay or loss of mail. 533n
163 [Enclosure] Sept. 28 From the French Foreign Office to the American Ambassador in France (telegram). Germany having already started hostilities in the Congo basin against the French and Belgian possessions France can no longer abide by the treaties. 117
Sept. 28 [Rec’d Sept. 30] From the French Ambassador. Regrets that American letters have not reached Germany. Such mail should be sent on Dutch steamers. 534
1388 Sept. 29 To the French Ambassador. American steamer Riopasig was seized while approaching the Philippines and held at Sandakan as prize of war. 621
Oct. 2 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Acknowledges note of protest against purchase by United States of German ships. 495
1389 Oct. 5 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Elmshorn and Bechum have taken coal at Manila for first time during war. 623
704 [Enclosure] Oct. 6 [Rec’d Oct. 20] From the French Minister of Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador. Transmits notification that, automatic mines having been laid by Austria-Hungary in the Adriatic, France is obliged to take similar measures. Danger zone specified. 462
Oct. 10 [Rec’d Oct. 12] From the French Ambassador. French Government accepts conditions imposed for passage of its citizens through United States. 568
6 Oct. 17 [Rec’d Nov. 23] From the Consul at Roubaix. Had suggested that officials of Roubaix, Tourcoing, and Lille send a delegation to the German army requesting them not to fire on the cities. Idea not considered feasible. Had himself, upon suggestion of prefect of Lille, called attention of German general to fact that these cities carry on large trade with United States and asked that they be spared. 805
Oct. 22 From the French Ambassador. French Government protests against transfer of German ships Chatham and Standard to American flag as being contrary to Declaration of London. 500
Oct. 24 See Germany, No. 489 259
[Page CCIII]234 Oct. 30 From the Ambassador in France (telegram). Reply of French Government to suggestion re hospital supplies: Agreement between belligerents cannot be advantageous; likely to be broken at convenience; only peace time convention adequate. 836
220 Oct. 31 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Harbison Walker Refractories Co. requests permission for exportation of chrome ore from New Caledonia. Natural Products Refining Co. and E. J. Lavino & Co. make same request. Instruction to ascertain views of Foreign Office. 421
221 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ France requested to give assurance of neutrality of foodstuffs for Belgian relief. 814
231 Nov. 4 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Inquires whether French Government has given assurance of recognition of neutrality of goods shipped to American Commission for Relief in Belgium. 815
248 Nov. 5 From the Ambassador in France (telegram). Question of neutrality of food-stuffs for Belgium is under consideration. 815
Nov. 7 To the French Ambassador. Acknowledges receipt of note relative to transfer to American registry of German vessels Standard and Chatham. 501
267 Nov. 11 From the Ambassador in France (telegram). Instructions have been sent to the French Minister at The Hague to offer no objection to the transit of foodstuffs through Netherlands from United States. 816
277 Nov. 14 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ As chrome ore in New Caledonia is for use of Army and Navy, it cannot be exported to United States. 425
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the French Ambassador. Transmits at request of German Government a copy of the White Book regarding alleged breach of the Geneva convention by French troops and irregulars. 805
275 Nov. 17 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). The British Government is cooperating with the American Embassy in sending supplies to Belgium. Definite assurance from France desired. 818
286 Nov. 20 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Instructions to cooperate with Swiss Minister in protesting rigors of censorship of commercial telegrams. 517
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in France. Investigation of prison conditions. 754n
299 Nov. 22 From the Ambassador in France (telegram). Reports that French Government authorizes telegrams in code over certain lines. Specific directions given. 517
[Page CCIV]303 Nov. 25 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Natural Products Refining Co. needs 2,000 tons chrome ore; quantity so small, it cannot affect supply for Army or Navy. 427
310 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ ------------------- See Austria-Hungary, No. 305 542
Nov. 30 From the Special Agent in France (telegram). Transmits note from French Minister for Foreign Affairs for information of the Ottoman Government: Ottoman warships bombarded two unprotected towns before war was declared. If any French subject is molested in Ottoman Empire, France will hold officials personally responsible. Case of Eyoub Sabri and Fuaddibra explained. 783
Dec. 1 From the Counselor for the Department of State to the French Ambassador. British do not interfere with shipments of cotton. French have caused undue detentions of cargoes, causing great expense. A statement of French Government regarding immunity is desired. 292
349 Dec. 4 From the Secretary of the Embassy in France (telegram). French Government may grant request to ship chrome ore if assurance is given for home consumption only. 428
345 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Chargé d’Affaires in France (telegram). Foreign Office unwilling to give definite answer but thinks no trouble will be encountered in supplying Belgians with food. 820
356 Dec. 7 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Instructions to bring to attention of Foreign Office that commercial and official messages to Rome are intercepted by French. Italians make similar complaint. 522
360 Dec. 9 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ American importers will give any bond required to secure chrome ore. 429
361 Dec. 10 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Instructions to bring to attention of Foreign Office that telegrams to Italy via French cables have not been delivered. 523
Dec. 13 [Rec’d Dec. 14] From the French Ambassador. French give same assurance concerning shipments of cotton as British. 293
386 Dec. 15 To the Ambassador in France (telegram). Protests capture of Standard Oil steamers by French. Their offer to pay the value of cargo not satisfactory to United States. 363
403 Dec. 24 From the Ambassador in France (telegram). French Government authorizes export of chrome ore from New Caledonia under certain conditions. 431
8 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Consul at Roubaix. Instructions to avoid intervention and observe proclamation of neutrality. 808
[Page CCV]428 Jan. 5, 1915. From the Ambassador in France (telegram). British and French lists correspond. 270
1423 Jan. 13, 1915. To the French Ambassador. In reply to complaint against Ecuador for non-observance of neutrality, the enclosed notes of December 1 and 25 from the Ecuadorian Minister will furnish an explanation. 708n

GERMANY

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Feb. 19 From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Public opinion is against signing of peace treaty. 4n
July 15 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Seventeen peace treaties already signed providing for investigation of all disputes prior to war. Form of British and French treaties agreed upon to be signed after submission to self-governing colonies for ratification. Germany urged to ratify on same day. 3
July 18 From the Ambassador in Germany. No chance of Germany’s signing peace treaty. 4
July 27 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Possibility of matters being arranged without general European war. 16
July 30 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Germany’s efforts for peace fruitless. General European war certain. 21
July 30 [Rec’d July 31] From the Consul General at Hamburg (telegram). Imperator will not sail 23
July 31 From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Russia’s mobilization makes war inevitable. United States asked to take over Russian and French Embassies. Food prices doubled. Requests food, gold, and navy vessel for Americans desiring to leave Germany. 23
July 31 [Rec’d Aug. 4] From the German Chargé d’Affaires. United States is urged to protect interests of Germany in Russia and other countries. 733
Aug. 1 From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Foreign Minister asks if United States will take over German embassies in France, Russia, and any other countries with which Germany may be at war. State Department is asked a second time for instructions and for gold and ships for stranded Americans. Germans think Japan will attack United States.
[Page CCVI] Aug. 1 To the German Embassy (telegram). United States will extend diplomatic and consular protection to German interests in Russia with understanding that same services will be rendered to other governments if requested. 732
Aug. 2 From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Third request for instructions as to United States taking over German embassies in countries with which Germany is at war. Asks permission to take over any embassies in Germany if requested. 30
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the German Chargé d’Affaires (telegram). Germany at war with Russia since August 1. 33
Aug. 3 [Rec’d Aug. 4] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ France has attacked German territory several times since August 1. Germany declares war on France. 40
Aug. 4 _ _ _ _ See Austria-Hungary 42n
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Germany proposes that if Great Britain remains neutral, no attack will be made on north coast of France by. German fleet nor on French merchant marine, provided German merchant marine is not molested. Great sums voted for war, amid great enthusiasm. 42
Aug. 5 _ _ _ _ See Great Britain_ _ _ _ 824n
Aug. 6 _ _ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain_ _ _ _ 216n
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ See France_ _ _ _ 475n
Aug. 7 [Rec’d Aug. 9] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Foreign Office announces that German ports are strewn with mines. [The exact terms of this note, not received until 1920, state that ports of departure of fleets hostile to Germany have been mined.] 454
Aug. 7 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Instructions to secure assurance of Liberian neutrality. 712n
Aug. 8[Rec’d Aug. 9] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). German Government will observe neutrality of Liberia. 712
Aug. 9 From the German Government. States reasons for invasion of Belgium and offers to sign agreement to spare that country as much as will be consistent with efforts to wage war with France. 97
Aug. 9 [Rec’d Aug. 14] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Germany asks permission to send telegrams in cipher via Tuckerton. 673
Aug. 10 [Rec’d Aug. 11] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Forwards German list of articles of contraband. Inquires attitude of other countries. 216
Aug. 11 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Instructions to ascertain views German Government as to possibility of circumscribing area of hostilities and maintaining status quo in Far East. 167
[Page CCVII] Undated [Rec’d Aug. 11] From the German Chargé d’Affaires. Submits, for transmission to German Foreign Office in cipher, proposals to United States Government that all belligerents be permitted to send and t receive messages via Sayville I and Tuckerton, under censor, or that Germany be allowed to use English and French cables. 669
Aug. 13 [Rec’d Aug. 14] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Germany does not seek war with Japan; proposes that England, Japan, and Germany reciprocally agree that hostilities in the Pacific be circumscribed. 169
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 13] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ German Government agrees to refrain from interfering with American transports on condition that other belligerents do likewise. 478
[Enclosure] Aug. 14 [Rec’d Aug. 15] From the Emperor of Germany to the President (telegram). Claims that Prince Henry extracted promise from King George V that England would remain neutral in a war on the Continent. Later, message from Grey that England would interfere only in case France was likely to be crushed. Because of Russia’s complete mobilization Germany forced to act. Germany would promise not to touch France if England would guarantee French neutrality. Declaration by England that she must protect Belgium’s neutrality. Germany claims France ready to attack Belgium. 60
Aug. 15 [Rec’d Aug. 16] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Many Japanese leaving Germany 170
Aug. 15 See Great Britain 479
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Hamburg-American Line and German Government have agreed that vessel in New York port may sail around north of Scotland for Germany to take Americans home. Department requested to secure consent of other belligerent powers. 479
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Instructions to ascertain if German Government is willing that other German vessels transport Americans from other European ports. 480
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the German Chargé d’Affaires (telegram). Suggests that censorship of wireless stations be suspended while question under consideration. 671
[Page CCVIII] Aug. 17 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary and the Ministers in Belgium, Spain and Greece. Eighteen peace treaties ratified; four more to be ratified soon. Again urging Germany to sign before Congress adjourns. 6
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Germany Chargé d’Affaires (telegram). It is expected that the question of wireless will be settled tomorrow. No license for operation of Tuckerton has been taken out under act of August 13, 1912. 671
200 Aug. 18 [Rec’d Sept. 8] From the Ambassador in Germany. Germany demanded that Russia recall her order of mobilization. Martial law in Germany. Enthusiastic crowds calling for war. United States asked to take charge of German affairs in Russia and France. Germany declares French began war. Russians in Germany insulted and imprisoned. England has declared war. Americans in Germany taken for English, arrested. Violence toward English; friendliness to Americans. Embassy assisting Americans to leave. Hostility toward Italy for declaring neutrality. German victories only published. 91
Aug. 19 See Great Britain 217
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Instructions to inquire whether German Government has any connection with wireless stations at Sayville or Tuckerton. 673
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Germany. Statement of conditions in Turkish waters and inquiry as to advisability of sending American battleships to protect Christians. Requests that communication be forwarded to Austria-Hungary. 759n
Aug. 20 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Re possible stock of dyestuffs, etc., available for United States; also possibility of traffic on Rhine. Requests information. 406
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ British see no objections to German vessels in American ports being used to bring back stranded Americans. 482n
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Message concerning detention of German subjects by Great Britain should not be made through good offices of United States. 739
[Page CCIX] Aug. 21 [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). No hope for peace treaty 6
Aug. 21 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Transmits proposition of Haniel, for consideration on of German Government, for the transmission of plain messages of neutral character and cipher messages if they are made known to an American official. This to be temporary arrangement pending final decision. 674
Aug. 22 [Rec’d Aug. 26] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). The German Government invokes the good offices of the United States in securing neutralization of the colonies in free-trade zone, as of Congo Act of 1885; claims that England has committed two hostile acts within free-trade zone. 77
Aug. 22 [Rec’d Aug. 23] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Austria requests United States to transmit following message to the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador in Tokyo: H. M. S. Empress Elizabeth should disarm, crew to proceed to Tientsin. 176
Aug. 22 [Rec’d Aug. 24] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Germany will apply Declaration of London if other belligerents will do so. 218
Aug. 22 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Germany refuses to comment on proposal of United States to send warships to Turkish waters. 760
Aug. 23 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Telegram sent to Ambassador in Great Britain on grounds of common humanity. Action brought about consent of Germany to release English, if England takes reciprocal measures. 740
Aug. 24 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Department prefers not to transmit message concerning disarmament of Empress Elizabeth. 176
Aug. 24 [Rec’d Aug. 25] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). German Government will recognize as neutralized the ships chartered to repatriate Americans, provided other belligerents do the same, and provided ships return to same status. 484
Aug. 25 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Requests full explanation of attitude of Foreign Office on subject of American ships in Turkish waters. 761
206 [Enclosure] Aug. 27 [Rec’d Sept. 16] From the German Foreign Office. Memorandum relative to the application of the Declaration of London in the present war. 224
Aug. 27 See Great Britain. 825n
[Page CCX] Aug. 28 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). United States not a party to the ratification of Congo Act of 1885, therefore is not in position to take action in the matter of neutralization of colonies of free-trade zone, as requested by German Government. 80
Aug. 28 [Rec’d Aug. 29] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Germany desires to know attitude of England and France toward Declaration of London; also attitude of United States toward detention of neutral vessels by England. 220
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Germany cites cases where England and France have not observed Declaration of London, and asks if American Government acquiesces in such violations. 221
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Transmits message for the German Chargé d’Affaires: German Government willing to accept terms of telegraphic communication, provided censorship applies equally to all belligerents. Certain codes recommended. Use of French and English cables out of question as German messages would be held up. 676
Aug. 30 [Rec’d Aug. 31] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ German Government is not connected with wireless stations at Tuckerton or Sayville. 677
Aug. 31 From the German Ambassador (telegram). Calls attention to the fact that White Star liner remained in New York Harbor 24 hours. 605
Sept. 1 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Calls attention to the fact that the British steamer Merion, armed with six cannons, stayed several days at Philadelphia, taking freight for Liverpool. 605
206 Sept. 2 [Rec’d Sept. 16] From the Ambassador in Germany. Germany is walking through French, English, and Russian armies; will soon be sending Zeppelins to England. United States should consider that Germany will demand French colonies v in West Indies and near Nova Scotia, and possibly French Pacific Islands. One million two hundred thousand volunteers newly enrolled. Emperor at the front. Assistant Secretary Breckenridge arrived. Maj. Ryan now in charge of transportation. 105
A1108/14 Sept. 3 [Rec’d Sept. 4] From the German Ambassador. Germany, in case of victory, will not seek expansion in South Africa. 87
Sept. 3 To the German Ambassador (telegram). Department, satisfied that Adriatic is merchantman, has allowed clearance. 606
[Page CCXI] Sept. 3 [Rec’d Sept. 4] From the German Ambassador. Has been informed that a Belgian delegation will lay before the President the documentary evidence of alleged German atrocities. Germany protests against them as groundless. 793
23 Sept. 4 [Rec’d Sept. 5] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Large quantities of dyestuffs, etc., ready for shipment from Rotterdam under Dutch flag. 409
Sept. 4 To the German Ambassador (telegram). Department, satisfied that Merion is a merchant vessel, has advised clearance. Ammunition taken off and guns dismounted. 606
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassadors in Great Britain, France, Russia, and Austria-Hungary. Instructions to request again assurances that the Red Cross ship will not be molested but assisted on voyage. 828
55 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Instructions to request Foreign Office to order German consul at New York to give up the Hamburg’s papers so she may clear. 828
47 Sept. 6 [Rec’d Sept. 7] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Germany approves plan of American Red Cross; ship will not be molested. Transmits message from Foreign Office to German Consul General at New York authorizing him to issue ship’s papers to Hamburg. 829
Sept. 7 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Bernstorff expresses the opinion that the Kaiser will consider mediation if the other nations interested will do so. Make inquiry of Kaiser. If reply favorable, other nations will be approached. 98
53 [Enclosure] Sept. 7 [Rec’d Sept. 8] From the Emperor of Germany to the President (telegram). Protests against use of dumdum bullets by French and English, and against the guerrilla war-fare of the Belgian populace. 794
88 Sept. 8 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). United States is considering violation of Declaration of London by England and France but declines to express an opinion as to legality of their removal of Germans of military age from neutral vessels as prisoners of war. 223
87 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ British have decided to adhere to the Declaration of London with modifications and additions in quoted memoranda and order in council. 223
[Page CCXII] Undated [Rec’d Sept. 10] From the Minister in Denmark (telegram). Forwards note from German Foreign Office to the German Ambassador: Japanese reported ready to expel all Germans from Chinese neutral territory; requests United States to protest to Japanese Government. 177
Sept. 10 [Rec’d Sept. 12] From the German Ambassador. No blockade of German ports. Assertions that North Sea is infested with German mines incorrect. Directions given for safe route; pilots supplied for certain ports. 459
110 Sept. 12 From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Proposal of mediation presented to Kaiser informally. No reply. 102
130 Sept. 12 [Rec’d Sept. 13] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Foreign Office states that Great Britain, France, and Russia agree to abolish capitulations if Turkey remains neutral. Turkey proclaims abolition of the capitulations. Germany claims that rumors were spread by Great Britain, France, and Russia, that this was done at the instance of Germany, in order to place the blame on her in the eyes of neutrals. 104
149 Sept. 14 [Rec’d Sept. 16] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Chancellor of Germany replies to offers of mediation: War was forced upon Germany; after conquering France, Germany will have to face England and Russia; Germany can only accept a peace which will guarantee rest and security. 104
148 Sept. 14 [Rec’d Sept. 15] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ German Ambassador in Turkey now thinks it would be well for a neutral warship to be sent to protect foreigners on Turkish coast. 767
141 Sept. 14 [Rec’d Sept. 16] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Specimens of dumdum bullets have been sent to the United States at the request of the German Government. 796
Sept. 15 See Belgium 7n
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Consul General at Berlin (telegram). Report on minerals and dyestuffs, and their exportation; and on the most available and cheapest routes from Berlin and surrounding country. 409
[Page CCXIII] Sept. 15 [Rec’d Sept. 16] From the German Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. Attention called to purchase in the United States of horses by England, and munitions of war by Japan and Russia. 572
182 Sept. 16 [Rec’d Sept. 17] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). German Government renews its request that United States take action toward neutralization of African colonies within free-trade zone. A refusal will compromise the neutrality of the United States. 106
Sept. 16 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Inform Foreign Office that reports of expulsion of Germans from certain districts in China unfounded. 178
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Counselor for the Department of State to the German Ambassador. Nothing can be done to prevent traffic in contraband of war under neutrality laws or treaties. 573
173 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Transmits reply of the President to the note of the Emperor re dumdum bullets. 797
186 Sept. 17 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Unless cyanide can be obtained, mining companies will be forced to shut down. Requests lifting of embargo on shipment to United States, if one exists. 410
820 Sept. 17 [Rec’d Oct. 3] From the Consul at Aix-la-Chapelle. Enclosed joint statement of American newspaper men who have investigated reported atrocities of the German army. 799
192 Sept. 18 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Inquiry into request for neutralization of African colonies. Difference between a proposal of the United States on behalf of Germany and one made on her own initiative as a neutral. 107
191 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Government will take no action in the matter of dumdum bullets. Ambassador’s refusal to be drawn into discussion is approved. 797
228 Sept. 19 [Rec’d Sept. 20] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Turkish fleet being manned by Germans. Soon to join war. 111
227 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Cyanide may be exported to United States and Mexico, provided none is re-exported. 410
236 Sept. 20 [Rec’d Sept. 22] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Germany wishes United States to act as messenger merely to convey proposal to other powers concerning neutralization of African colonies. 111
271 Sept. 22 [Rec’d Sept. 23] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Later decision that cyanide and dyestuffs can be shipped only in United States vessels to prevent seizure by England. 410
[Page CCXIV] Sept. 23 [Rec’d Sept. 25] From the German Ambassador. Riley E. Scott, an ex-Lieutenant in United States Army, has offered his services to France or her allies for the purpose of dropping bombs from aeroplanes. 561
Sept. 24 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). The same to the Ambassadors in Great Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Japan, and to the Minister in Belgium. King of Spain suggests that American and Spanish representatives in various European courts make joint request that arrangements be made between belligerent countries as to what constitutes hospital supplies and that such supplies in transit be considered neither contra-band nor conditional contraband. Instructions to follow this suggestion. 831
33 Sept. 25 From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Rumored that England has threatened to declare war on Holland if Dutch ships carry goods beneficial to Germany. Suggests that American ships come direct to Rotterdam. 411
316 Sept. 25 [Rec’d Sept. 26] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Foreign Office declares itself ready to allow shipments to United States on Dutch, American, or Italian vessels for distribution in United States and Mexico only If any shipments are seized, vigorous protests must be made. 412
288 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Divergence of views concerning exports. Fear that goods may be taken by England, or reshipped. Meantime American ships could be used. 412
310 Sept. 25 [Rec’d Sept. 27] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Re issuance of passports to persons who have lived in the United States three years and declared intention of becoming American citizens, and who have sojourned abroad less than six months. 723
Sept. 26 [Rec’d Sept. 28] From the German Ambassador. Russian Minister of War assured German Military Attaché that Russia had not given orders for mobilization, although orders had gone forth two days before. 114
265 Sept. 26 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Asks if potash is in same category with cyanide. Conference called to arrange sending of American ship to Rotterdam. 411
319 Sept. 26 [Rec’d Sept. 27] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Suggests that, to satisfy Germany, Department obtain assurances from England and France that non-contraband goods consigned to America will not be interfered with. Departments of Commerce and Labor to see that goods are used only in United States. 413
[Page CCXV]272 Sept. 27 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Peace treaties with Great Britain, France, and Spain ratified. Treaties with Russia, Sweden, and Greece to be signed in few days. If Germany and Austria will agree to similar treaties success of plan will be complete. Will be gratified to make treaty with them. 8
Sept. 29 To the German Ambassador. Great Britain, France, and Spain just ratified treaties of peace. Preparing treaties with Russia, Sweden, and Greece. Austria and Germany have already approved principle. United States will consider any change in detail. Desires early signature. 8
297 Sept. 30 To the Ambassador in Germany. No communication of any information should be made to another country except through American Ambassador or Minister accredited to that country. 744
Oct. 1 From the German Ambassador (telegram). Requests copy of last treaties to send to Germany. 9
Oct. 5 Memorandum by the Secretary of State. German Ambassador expressed interest in peace treaties; will endeavor to induce German Government to sign one.
413 Oct. 5 [Rec’d Oct. 6] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Real reason for prohibition on dyestuffs, etc., to force United States to send shipments of cotton and other goods needed in Germany. Congress could authorize manufacture dyestuffs, etc., under patents. There is a German mining-cyanide factory at Perth Amboy. 413
Oct. 6 To the German Ambassador. The bomb dropper who tendered his services to France would be acting contrary to the wishes of the President but would not be violating the neutrality laws. 562
338 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Instructions not to issue passports to declarants. They may register and request permission of German Government to depart. 724
345 Oct. 7 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ American vessel, Matanzas, under, ballast to arrive at Rotterdam for cargo destined for New York; guaranteed for home consumption. 414
370 Oct. 9 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ German cruisers have sunk British ships carrying American cargo to United States. Requests information as to whether Germany will hold proceedings of prize adjudication; if so, when and where. 330
[Page CCXVI]234 [Enclosure] Oct. 10 Memorial of the German Foreign Office. Re position of England and France with respect to the Declaration of London. 263
377 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Steamer Matanzas chartered by private interests. Plans now on foot to send outgoing cargoes. 414
378 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Matanzas sailed before recommendations as to raw cotton were received. All other boats sent for dyestuffs, etc., will carry cotton. 415
478 Oct. 12 [Rec’d Oct. 13] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Hostilities between Turkey and Russia to begin soon. Turkish Fleet to attack Russian Fleet in Black Sea. 118
399 Oct. 12 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Steamer Nieuw Amsterdam from Switzerland for America carrying coal-tar dyes held by German Government. Ryndam also detained. Suggests that these cargoes be transferred to the Matanzas. 415
505 Oct. 14 [Rec’d Oct. 13] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). German Government must have guarantee that goods shipped on Matanzas will not be reexported. 416
A. 1638/14 Oct. 14 [Rec’d Oct. 15] From the German Ambassador. Steamer Alexandria, sold to American company, has applied for American registration and clearance. Neither has been granted. A guard has been placed on board to prevent ship’s leaving. Requests an investigation of action of authorities. 625
515 Oct. 15(?)[Rec’d Oct. 16] From the German Foreign Office (telegram). Memorandum protesting against American policy regarding armed merchantmen. No guarantee that arms carried for defense will not be used for offensive purposes. Armed merchantmen should be treated as warships. 613
435 Oct. 17 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Awaiting reply of Foreign Office to request for information regarding admission of food into Brussels. 810
541 Oct. 17 [Rec’d Oct. 18] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). German Government approves plan to supply Belgium with food. 810
448 Oct. 19 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). This Government cannot make guarantee demanded. Foreign Trade Adviser arranging for shipment of cotton to Germany, in conjunction with German Embassy. 416
[Page CCXVII]14 Oct. 20 To the Consul at Aix-la-Chapelle. Acknowledges communication re atrocities committed by Germans on Belgian-French frontier. Instructions to discontinue all investigations. 804
234 Oct. 21 [Rec’d Nov. 9] From the Ambassador in Germany. Forwards memorial of German Foreign Office of October 10 protesting the attitude of the British and French Governments respecting the Declaration of London. 263
J. No. A 1775 Oct. 21 [Rec’d Oct. 22] From the German Ambassador. Tugs F. B. Dalzell and G. I. Dalzell said to have supplied British cruiser Essex with fresh meat off the United States coast. Requests investigation. 658
280 [Enclosure] Oct. 22 From the German Foreign Office. Notification of additional contraband list. 266
Oct. 23 From the German Embassy. _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ 266n
489 Oct. 24 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). The same to the Ambassadors in Austria-Hungary, France, Russia, Argentina, and Brazil, and the Minister in Belgium. Inform German Government United States withdraws suggestion for adoption of Declaration of London by belligerents; but will insist upon rights. 259
634 Oct. 26 [Rec’d Oct. 27] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Netherland Government has placed embargo on exportation of cotton; however shipments in transit to Germany are permitted. Denmark has no prohibition against such exportation, so far as Germany knows. 392
498 Oct. 26 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Instructions to discuss with German authorities proposal that Anderson go to Germany to study condition of British prisoners there, and make report to Berlin concerning German prisoners in England. 751
504 Oct. 27 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Germany’s attitude in matter of indemnity for destruction of cargo affects insurance. 330
167 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Germany. Instructions to transmit to German Government enclosed communications re historic buildings. 805
514 Oct. 28 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). British state that cotton is not on contraband list; it may be shipped to Germany in neutral vessels. Cotton shipments to Russian ports desired. Is cotton on German free list? 290
J. No. A 1883 Oct. 29 From the German Ambassador. Requests explanations of conduct of Japanese warship off Honolulu port. 661
[Page CCXVIII]662 Oct. 29 [Rec’d Oct. 30] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). German prize ordinance No 28 of September 30, 1909, provides that articles for sick shall not be treated as contraband. 835
Oct. 30 To the German Ambassador. United States naval constructor reports Geier in bad condition and further time necessary to make her seaworthy. Government allows three weeks for repairs, at end of which, if still in port, she will be interned. 584
683 Oct. 31 [Rec’d Nov. 1] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). German Government satisfied about arrangements to ship dyestuffs, etc. 416
Oct. 31 [Rec’d Nov. 2] From the German Ambassador. French and Russian armies are arranging to purchase rifles in the United States. Requests that Government intervene. 574
689 Nov. 2 [Rec’d Nov. 3] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Germany is willing that British representative inspect camps in Germany and would like for some one from Embassy to inspect German camps in England. Anderson’s report on three camps received. Requested report on Newcastle not received. Schwarzschild doing volunteer work in England. 752
718 Nov. 3 [Rec’d Nov. 4] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Suggestion that there should be international agreement as to supplying food and clothes for prisoners. Great difference exists in treatment in different countries. Suffering reported in French and German camps. 752
724 Nov. 4 [Rec’d Nov. 5] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Prize adjudication provided for all vessels and cargoes destroyed. Prize court to be held in Hamburg shortly. 336
1108 Nov. 5 To the German Ambassador. Gives explanations in case of Japanese cruiser Hizen. 661
572 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Department will be glad to submit any proposals to other belligerents looking to an arrangement for supplying prisoners. 753
Nov. 7 To the German Ambassador. Investigation shows Locksun to be a tender for the Geier. She will be interned in Honolulu if she does not leave immediately. 587
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Reply to German protest against policy regarding armed merchantmen. Belligerents asked to prevent their armed merchant vessels from entering United States ports. 613
590 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Belgian Commission requests of Germany umolested passage of ships to Holland carrying food and clothing for Belgium. 815
[Page CCXIX]581 Nov. 8 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). The same to the Ambassador in Austria-Hungary. Apprehension in America will be greatly relieved if Germany will make public declaration that cotton in neutral vessels will not be detained or molested. 291
Nov. 9 To the Consul General at Hamburg (telegram). Instruction to keep Department posted as to when prize court proceedings are held. 343
608 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Instruction to obtain information as to procedure to be followed by those presenting claims before prize court. 343
785 Nov. 9 [Rec’d Nov. 10] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Re treatment and exchange of English and German prisoners. Asks permission to communicate direct to London, message to be repeated later to Department. 746
821 Nov. 11 [Rec’d Nov. 16] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Cotton will not be declared con-contraband unless other belligerents declare it so. 291
108 Nov. 11 [Rec’d Nov. 30] From the Consul General at Hamburg. No American prize cargo has been brought into port yet. Will keep Department informed. 348
J No A 2116 Nov. 11 [Rec’d Nov. 12] From the German Ambassador. Calls attention to an announcement in the Daily Consular and Trade Reports of the Department of Commerce, of opportunities to deliver war material to the English Government. Inquires as to whether activities of go-betweens also include delivery of war materials. 575
J. No. A 2171 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the German Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. Protests the internment of Locksun in Honolulu. 588
A 2190 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the German Ambassador. Protests the internment of officers of Geier. Cites instance of different treatment of British Major Robertson. Charges Discrimination against Germany. Requests that officers and their orderlies be permitted to travel freely. 588
822 Nov. 12 [Rec’d Nov. 13] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Forwards instructions as to how a claimant shall proceed before prize court. 344
1121 Nov. 12 To the German Ambassador. In view of situation in Mexico and of European war, Secretary of War has absolutely discontinued sale of rifles to any one. 575
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the German, British and Japanese Ambassadors. Reports interning of the Geier and Locksun in Honolulu. 588
624 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Instructions to observe circular instructions of October 5 in transmission of lists of prisoners. 746
[Page CCXX]261 Nov. 13 [Rec’d Nov. 30] From the Ambassador in Germany. Transmits copy of German reply of November 7 to protest of the British against laying of mines. Germany denies violation of Hague conventions. 467
Counter-protests against blockading of North Sea to neutral trade by British.
837 Nov. 13 [Rec’d Nov. 15] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Germany requires consular officers of neutral states to leave correspondence to foreign countries unsealed. Official correspondence may be sent in Embassy pouches. 541
271 [Enclosure] Nov. 14 [Rec’d Dec. 7] From the German Foreign Office to the American Embassy. Relative to regulations for navigation in the German bay of the North Sea. 470
Nov. 16 From the Counselor for the Department of State to the German Ambassador. Defense of action of United States in internment of Locksun. 589
656 Nov. 17 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Approves his action in calling attention of consular officers to service regulations. 542
Nov. 17 [Rec’d Nov. 18] From the German Ambassador. Germany cannot avail itself of America’s offer to permit reservists to pass through ports, as Britain has withdrawn promise not to seize persons on neutral vessels who are liable to military service. 569
677 Nov. 20 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Requests safe passage for British as well as American ships bound for Rotterdam with food for Belgium; permission of German military asked for Americans to distribute food. 819
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Investigation of prison conditions. 754n
A 2453 Nov. 21 [Rec’d Nov. 23] From the German Ambassador. Protests internment of Locksun as a “part of warship” Geier. 590
1133 Nov. 23 To the German Ambassador. Re tugs F. B. Dalzell and G. H. Dalzell. Thorough investigation has failed to prove that these vessels have furnished supplies to British warships. 662
899 Nov. 23 [Rec’d Nov. 24] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). German Government will not interfere with neutral or unneutral ships bound for Holland with food for Belgium, but unneutral ships should carry an American certificate and a pass from the German Ambassador in Washington. 819
280 [Enclosure] Nov. 23 [Rec’d Dec. 14] From the German Foreign Office. Notification of additional list of articles of contraband. 266
[Page CCXXI]709 Nov. 27 -------------------- See Austria-Hungary, No. 305 542
Nov. 25 To the German Ambassador. Gives basis for retention of Geier officers interned in San Francisco. This case not analogous to that of British Major Robertson. 590
950 Nov. 29 [Rec’d Nov. 30] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Rumors that German Government, displeased by sale of American war materials to England and France, may place difficulties in way of exportation of dyestuffs. 417
1000 Dec. 4 [Rec’d Dec. 5] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Employment of British vessels transferred to American registry in trade between Germany and America not valid per se, but Government ready to waive invalidity of such change in case of trade exclusively between Germany and United States. 502
995 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Messages sent from neutral countries to New Orleans and Memphis concerning shipments of cotton not delivered. Government urged to take steps to secure unhampered transmission of messages. 521
1005 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ The sale by Americans of munitions of war to Allies is the cause of bitter feeling in Germany. Boycotting of American goods already beginning. 578
10078 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the German Ambassador. Acknowledges receipt of note of 1st instant, and concurs in proposals for provisioning Belgium. 820
J. No. 10107 Dec. 5 [Rec’d Dec. 6] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Calls attention to violations of the Geneva and Hague conventions by France and Great Britain. 806
10106 Dec. 5 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ German consuls instructed to issue, upon production of American testimony, safe-conducts to unneutral ships carrying food for Belgium. 820
1035 Dec. 8 [Rec’d Dec. 9] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). German and Austrian buyers anxious for cotton, but want assurance of American Government that it will not be subject to capture en route. 402
1036 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Shipment on Matanzas of full cargo of dyestuffs. Release will be made of amount of dyes damaged on Sun as soon as this amount is established. 417
Dec. 10 [Rec’d Dec. 11] From the German Embassy. Makes inquiry concerning United States protest against British practice of seizing American ships. 362
[Page CCXXII]1155 Dec. 10 To the German Ambassador. Full explanation regarding placing of guard on the Alexandria lying in harbor of San Francisco. 643
Dec. 11 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Further discussion of subject of Internment of Locksun. Cites award of the Alabama Claims Commission, which seems to establish the principle for the treatment of tenders. Tug Dalzell American vessel and not subject to internment. 592
806 Dec. 12 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Instructions to request German Government to use its influence with Turkish Government to modify its attitude toward British and French non-combatants within Turkish borders. 786
1099 Dec. 15 [Rec’d Dec. 16] From the Ambassador in Germany. Aluminum and nickel added to German list of conditional contraband. 268
825 Dec. 15 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Every encouragement given cotton shippers. Cargoes going through to Germany and transshipments through neutral ports. Mines in North Sea only difficulty. 403
J. No. A 2985 Dec. 15 [Rec’d Dec. 16] From the German Ambassador. The position taken by the United States concerning the occasional coaling of German warships in United States ports is untenable. Encloses memorandum of German Government on the subject claiming a breach of accepted rules of neutrality on the part of United States in detriment to Germany. 646
1148 Dec. 19 [Rec’d Dec. 21] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Germany willing for Anderson to visit German camps on condition that some one from American Embassy visit German prisoners in England. Of utmost importance that same privilege be accorded to Germany, to prevent neutrality of United States being questioned in Germany. 754
J. No. A3180 Dec. 21 [Rec’d Dec. 22] From the German Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. The Mallina and Tremeadow, which served as tenders to British cruisers, are now demanding to be allowed to coal in Panama. Their case is identical with that of the Locksun. 653
867 Dec. 22 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Statement of situation in Turkey. Instructions to say to German Foreign Office that in view of control which Germany exercises in Turkey, it will be difficult for her to disclaim responsibility if massacres occur. Hopes that Germany will send instructions to prevent them. 789
[Page CCXXIII] Dec. 23 From the Counselor for the Department of State to the German Ambassador. British S. S. Mallina and Tremeadow are accorded the same treatment as that given belligerent war, vessels. 653
Dec. 24 From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Half-month dyestuff supply released for shipment on Berwind. 417
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the German Ambassador. Defends policy of the United States against charge of unneutrality in treatment of belligerent shipping. Requests specific cases of complaint with promise of investigation. 647
1195 Dec. 26 [Rec’d Dec. 28] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Zimmermann has given assurance that German military authorities will not requisition food supplies in Belgium while Commission is sending in food, and for a reasonable time after last delivery. 823
Dec. 28 To the German Embassy. In reply to German note of December 10, regarding seizure by British, cites protests to British Government. Regrets the necessity to interpose objections to acts of belligerents in disregard of the rights of neutrals. 376
1210 Dec. 28 [Rec’d Dec. 31] From the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Special certificates required for unneutral ships carrying food and clothing to Belgians. 823
Dec. 30 To the Ambassador in Germany (telegram). Department will inquire whether England has any objections to Germany’s appointing some one to visit German detention camps in England. 756
Jan. 6, 1915 To the German Ambassador. Winchester Repeating Arms Co. denies having made any sale of arms or ammunition to belligerents. Remington Arms-Union Metallic Cartridge Company furnishes proof that charges of sales to belligerents are untrue. 808
1184 Jan. 15, 1915 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce is not at the disposal of agents of foreign governments; object of Consular and Trade Reports is to advise Americans of trade opportunities. The Government is not assisting in sale of contraband, but observing strict neutrality. 579
[Page CCXXIV]

GREAT BRITAIN

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
394 [Enclosure] July 27 [Rec’d Aug. 6] From the Liberian Minister in Great Britain to the American Ambassador. Requests protection of United States in preserving the neutrality of Liberia. 711
July 28 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Inquiries whether offer of good offices of United States would be acceptable in Europe under Article 3 of Hague convention. 19
394 July 28 [Rec’d Aug. 6] From the Ambassador in Great Britain. Liberian Minister anticipates trouble for Liberia because both French and Germans own cable stations on Liberian soil. Encloses copy of a letter of July 27 from the Minister on the subject. 711
250 July 29 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Good offices of United States offered to Sir Edward Grey. 19
Undated [Rec’d July 30] From the Consul at Gibraltar (telegram). Garrison mobilized 20
July 30 From the Vice Consul at Kingston, Jamaica (telegram). Jamaica forts manned, regiments sent to Kingston. German cruiser near. 21
13 July 30 [Rec’d Aug. 14] From the Consul at Georgetown, British Guiana. Forwards copy of Official Gazette containing proclamation of the Governor ordering instant mobilization. 56
138 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Consul at Cardiff. British Admiralty has taken over coal for use of navy. Shippers indemnified. News of its destination censored. 57
July 31 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Great Britain has proposed in vain an ambassadorial conference in Europe to avoid war; desires to know if United States has offered good offices at Vienna, St. Petersburg, or Berlin. 24
13 July 31 [Rec’d Aug. 14] From the Consul at Cork. Report of military and naval activity in the south of Ireland; Queenstown Harbor transferred to military authority. The harbor had been guarded by England against “gun-running” by the Irish for purposes of insurrection. International situation engulfed this issue. Troops hurried to harbor; ships placed on guard; supervision of traffic tightened up; and searchlights used as precautionary measure. 58
Aug. 1 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Anticipates war between Germany and Russia. Crowds flocking from Continent, detained because of canceling of transatlantic ships. British troops concentrating in North Sea. 28
[Page CCXXV]
Aug. 1 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). United States anxious to avert war. President asks if British can suggest any way for mediation. 29
258 Aug. 3 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). In opinion of British Foreign Office, no chance for mediation in European affairs. 37
259 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Czar gave assurances that Russia would not fight unless attacked. Germany’s answer was declaration of war. British believe Germany and Austria planned war long ago and now deliberately carrying it out. Germany the aggressor. Thousands of Americans besiege the Embassy seeking to return home. 38
Aug. 3 [Rec’d Aug. 4] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Complete mobilization of forces, including territories. Expeditionary force to be sent to Continent. 41
263 Aug. 4 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Germany’s answer to England’s ultimatum expected hourly. German and Austrian Ambassadors preparing to leave, turning over their interests to United States. 43
265 Aug. 4 [Rec’d Aug. 5] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Ultimatum to German Government: Germany must withdraw her demands on Belgium and respect treaty insuring her neutrality. Designs of Germany to acquire Belgium, Holland and Denmark. Germany has already asked Sweden to join German side. 44
252 Aug. 4 From the British Chargé d’Affaires. According to the treaty of Washington and Hague Convention No. XIII, a neutral government is bound to prohibit its citizens from fitting out a belligerent vessel for purposes of war, and to prevent departure of such vessel from its jurisdiction. Probable that Germany will attempt to use United States ports in this manner. 593
254 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Kronprinz Wilhelm sailed from New York without passengers, having made preparations for war in United States waters. Similar preparations are being made by other German vessels. This is a breach of the laws of neutrality; asks Department to take steps to prevent it. 594
[Page CCXXVI]253 Aug. 4 From the British Chargé d’Affaires. Wireless telegraph stations at Sayville, Long Island, and Tuckerton, New Jersey, have been sold to a German company and are operated as intelligence bureaus for German Navy. Suggests that United States take them over and operate them for all belligerents alike or else close them entirely. 667
Aug. 5 See Austria-Hungary, Aug. 4 42
269 Aug. 5 [Rec’d Aug. 4] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). War declared between Great Britain and Germany. Large British force landed in Belgium. French and English Fleets in North Sea to engage German Fleet. 43
271 Aug. 5 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ A state of war exists between Great Britain and Germany. 44
278 Aug. 5 [Rec’d Aug. 6] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Forwards British list of absolute and conditional contraband. 215
265 Aug. 5 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ German merchant vessels, warned by wireless from Sayville, have escaped British war vessels. 668
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassadors in France, Germany, Russia, and Austria-Hungary, and the Ministers in Belgium and Servia American Red Cross offers to British Red Cross a unit consisting of three doctors and twelve nurses, with hospital supplies. Like offer made to all belligerents. 824
284 Aug. 6 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Rumored that Austria will not join Germany against England, also that Italy may join France and England. Jewish banks forced to help England, France, and Russia. Most important that no belligerent power have wireless on our shore and no belligerent warships leave our ports disguised as merchantmen. 46
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegrams). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassadors in Russia, France, Germany, and Austria-Hungary, and the Minister in Belgium. United States recommends that the laws of naval warfare laid down by the Declaration of London, 1909, shall be applied in the present conflict. 216
[Page CCXXVII]283 Aug. 6 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Transmits resolutions from the American relief committee requesting European Governments to refrain from interference with vessels transporting American citizens to United States. 475
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructions to ascertain if British Government is willing to agree not to molest vessels bringing American citizens. 475
287 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain. German ships leaving American ports constantly, provisioned and armed to prey upon British commerce. British Government will make claims for full value of goods destroyed. 596
298 Aug. 7 [Rec’d Aug. 8] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Interview with Sir Edward Grey: England at war only to preserve her place among the nations; will welcome mediation when favorable opportunity arrives; appreciates offer. 50
299 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ President’s message delivered to King, who expressed his appreciation and the hope that his offer of mediation might later be accepted. 50
296 Aug. 7 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Transmits telegram from G. H. Adhere asking that Embassy be authorized to pass S. S. Viking under United States flag to carry 400 Americans to New York. Requests explicit instructions. 476
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram) No German vessels have left American ports since declaration of war, so far as known to United States Government. 596
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Communicates the Executive order of August 5 re radio messages. 669
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassadors in France and Germany. Instructions to secure assurance of Liberian neutrality. 712
304 Aug. 8 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). British Government has been informed by Embassy at Washington that the United States observes efficient and complete neutrality in every respect. 596
[Page CCXXVIII]259 Aug. 9 From the British Chargé d’Affaires. British merchant vessels are armed for defense only. British merchant vessels cannot be converted into men-of-war in foreign ports. Germans claim right of conversion on high seas; their vessels adapted for conversion should be interned in absence of binding assurances. 598
Aug. 10 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Has received information that belligerent powers are scattering contact mines in Channel. Inquire whether there is any foundation for this statement. 454
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Under United States law Viking cannot be registered as American ship. Department considering asking belligerent governments to permit unmolested voyage for Americans returning home. 476
323 Aug. 11 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Neutralization of Pacific Ocean hardly possible, but status quo in China should be maintained. Grey anxious to prevent disturbance in China. 165
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Grey’s desire to preserve the status quo of China gratifying to United States. Inquiry of other nations as to attitude on subject. 166
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Japan unable to refrain from war with Germany. The Anglo-Japanese treaty binds both parties to respect neutrality and integrity of China. 167
333 Aug. 11 Admiralty gives assurance that mines will not be laid in navigable waters except at entrance to ports to be defended. German mine-laying ship, destroyed by Amphion, was laying a line of contact mines to extend across North Sea. 455
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Chargé d’Affaires. Communicates telegram from Foreign Office warning shippers that Germans are scattering mines indiscrimately about the North Sea. 455
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). An attempt is being made to put all belligerents on same footing as regards cable and wireless messages. 669
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in France. Submits for consideration of British Government alternative suggestions for receiving and transmitting wireless and cable messages by belligerents. 670
[Page CCXXIX] Undated [Rec’d Aug. 12] From the Consul General at Vancouver (telegram). Requests instructions as to whether military reservists are permitted transit through United States. 564
264 Aug. 12 From the British Chargé d’Affaires. Notice regarding armed merchantmen sent to other neutral countries. 598
267 Aug. 12 [Rec’d Aug. 13] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Calls attention to fact that Austria-Hungary is probably equipping merchantmen in United States waters for conversion into warships at sea. Similar notice sent to other neutrals. 599
350 Aug. 13 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Notification that war exists between Great Britain and Austria. 56
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Department desires full facts of report re diverted steamers and reasons and basis for British Government’s action. Names of vessels and cargoes specified. Attention called to great loss entailed. 304
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Chargé d’Affaires. States that if Germans are scattering mines indiscriminately in the North Sea, as reported, he hopes that England will not retaliate in like manner. Is loath to believe that a signatory of the Hague convention will disregard its treaty obligations in such manner. 455
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Consul General at Vancouver (telegram). Passage through United States of individual reservists is not prohibited; organized and armed forces not entitled to such transit. 564
Aug. 14 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Inquiry as to when Great Britain will sign peace treaty. Others awaiting action of Great Britain and France.
Aug. 14 [Rec’d Aug. 15] From the British Embassy. Encloses telegram from British Government stating that British will endeavor to keep a channel open for trade subject to naval exigencies. 457
Aug. 14 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassador in France. Instructions to ascertain if Americans stranded in Genoa can be transported home on Moltke and König Albert unmolested. 477
280 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Chargé d’Affaires. A recapitulation of various points of advantage of wireless over cable messages. Two German wireless stations in United States great danger to British shipping. 672
[Page CCXXX]376 Aug. 15 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Promises definite answer soon as to signing of peace treaty. War causing delay.
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandts, to the Ambassador in France. Department considering chartering German vessels now in American ports for transporting stranded Americans home. Instructions to ascertain if British are willing to extend every facility to such ships. 478
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassadors in Great Britain, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, and the Minister in Belgium (telegram). United States regards vessels chartered for the purpose of returning stranded Americans home as neutralized under the Hague convention. Instructions to ask Government for declaration to this effect. 479
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructions to request of British Government a more reasonable attitude with respect to censorship of cable messages. Capacity of company cut 50 per cent by unreasonable demands as to signatures and addresses, and cost to sender increased. 505
387 Aug. 17 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Liberian Minister transmits letter from President of Liberia setting forth the situation concerning cable lines. 713
Aug. 18 From the British Chargé d’Affaires. Great Britain and Japan deem it necessary to preserve the independence and integrity of China and to protect shipping in adjacent waters. 171
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 18] From the Consul General at London (telegram). Marshal of prize court states neutrals can obtain possession of their property not contraband by applying to the procurator general. Proof of ownership required. 305
405 Aug. 18 [Rec’d Aug. 19] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). British will pay claims for loss by diversion, when established. 305
404 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Declaration of London forbids sale of belligerent ship in neutral port for use under neutral flag. Grey saw no objection to the trip to repatriate Americans, provided ships were manned by American officers and returned to former place and condition. 481
403 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Transmits cipher telegram from Gerard advising British Government not to allow any German subjects to leave British domain until arrangements have been made for British to leave Germany. 739
[Page CCXXXI] Aug. 19 To the Ambassadors in Great Britain, France, Russia, and Germany, and the Minister in Belgium (circular telegram). Press Government for reply as to willingness to observe Declaration of London. Austria-Hungary willing to adopt it if enemy will do so. 217
413 Aug. 19 [Rec’d Aug. 20] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). United States asked to ascertain the attitude of Germany and Austria-Hungary as to Declaration of London. 217
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Chargé d’Affaires. Grey’s reply to protest of United States against indiscriminate mine laying: Not breach of Hague convention. Unless England adopts the methods of Germany, British commerce will be impeded while Germany receives immunity. 457
Aug. 19 To the British Chargé d’Affaires. No precedent and no general practice of nations on point of conversion at sea. United States is not bound to assume attitude of insurer, and does not hold herself responsible for damage to British shipping. United States is as solicitous of its neutral duties as of its neutral rights. 599
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). To comply with Gerard’s suggestion would be an unneutral act. 739
Aug. 20 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ American shippers desire release of grain cargoes diverted to England and of the funds resulting from sale of cargoes. Money thus tied up blocks trade. 306
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Grey seemed puzzled and surprised at our wish to exact from him a pledge which would give Germans license to use mines and bind English not to use them. 458
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Chargé d’Affaires. Reply to the British claim of United States breach of neutrality: Affair of Kronprinz Wilhelm occurred before British declaration of war with Germany; other vessels mentioned have been under surveillance of authorities to prevent their leaving American waters. 602
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Acknowledges receipt of communication of August 9 re armed merchantmen. 603
[Page CCXXXII]442 Aug. 21 [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Grey has discussed question of purchase of German ships in American ports. Money paid for them would aid Germans in building new ships. If purchased and set afloat they might lend aid to Germany. 489
Aug. 21 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). United States has not proclaimed Liberian neutrality. French Government asks Liberia to close German wireless station. Wilson’s proclamation sent Howard as guide in taking necessary measures for preserving Liberian neutrality. 714
446 Aug. 21 [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). British give assurance respecting neutrality of Liberia. They rely upon Liberia to take steps to protect her neutrality. 715
Aug. 22 To the British Chargé d’Affaires. Acknowledges receipt of memorandum of August 18 regarding the protection of foreign interests in Far East by Great Britain and Japan. 174
483 [Enclosure] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Foreign Office. Note and memorandum re Declaration of London. 218
Aug. 23 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). This Government considers that all cargoes afloat before the outbreak of hostilities are not subject to adjudication as prize; it is only an act of justice for British to direct release of them. Where should claims be presented for ships taken to British ports not in England proper? 306
Aug. 23 [Rec’d Aug. 24] From the British Ambassador. Telegram from Foreign Office states Admiralty has not yet laid any mines but is endeavoring to keep sea routes open for peaceful commerce. S. S. Maryland and Broberg have been destroyed in North Sea by mines scattered by Germans. These contact mines do not become harmless after a certain number of hours. 458
Aug. 23 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructions to make representations to British Government looking to removal of embargo on repetition requests in international telegraph service. 506
[Page CCXXXIII]419 [Enclosure] Aug. 23 [Rec’d Sept. 4] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador. The Government is unable to modify censorship regulations of telegraph messages to the extent desired. 508
471 Aug. 24 [Rec’d Aug. 25] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Great Britain supports French request that Liberia close German wireless station or prohibit cipher and unneutral messages. Liberian citizens caught in Germany by war unable to secure money to return home. Loan of $2,000 asked of United States. 716
289 Aug. 25 [Rec’d Aug. 26] From the British Ambassador. British armed merchantmen will frequently visit United States. Assurances given that they are armed solely for self-defense and will under no circumstances attack any vessel. 604
483 Undated [Rec’d Aug. 26] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Transmits Foreign Office note of August 22 regarding Declaration of London, in which England agrees to adopt Declaration subject to certain modifications and additions; also text of order in council specifying those modifications and additions. 218
420 Enclosure] Aug. 26 From the British Secretary for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador. Re proceedings in British prize courts. 312
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 27] From the Consul General at London (telegram). Persons seeking cargoes other than enemy cargoes on captured ships may obtain release on submitting proof of ownership to procurator general, if submitted prior to issuance of writ in prize-court action. Subsequent thereto an order by court for release is necessary. When a writ has been issued, an appearance to such writ should be entered by a solicitor at Admiralty marshal’s office within eight days thereof. 307
420 Aug. 27 [Rec’d Sept. 9] From the Ambassador in Great Britain. Transmits note of August 26 from Foreign Office concerning proceedings in British prize courts and notice of rules governing prize court which appears daily in the Times newspaper. 311
Aug. 27 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Department asked to inform all foreign missions that British censorship regulations require all telegraph messages to go open unless sent by diplomatic missions to Government at Washington, which messages may be in code. 506
[Page CCXXXIV] Aug. 27 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ambassadors in France, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Russia. American Red Cross has taken over Prinz Joachim for purpose of carrying units and supplies to all countries at war, manned by Americans and flying American and Red Cross flags; to return in thirty days with privilege of similar voyages. Requests assurance that ship will not be molested. 825
Aug. 28 To the Consul General at London (telegram). Are ships captured and taken to British ports required to apply to procurator general in London, or will prize courts be held in other British ports outside of London? Owing to interrupted communication and great number of ships seized, impossible to present claims in short time required. 308
504 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). A special committee has been appointed to deal with all cases on their merits. It will sit daily at the Board of Trade. No difficulty in regard to release of cargoes when question of prize is not involved. 308
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Immense number shipments were afloat prior to declaration of war. Under principles of international law and justice, neutral cargoes under such circumstances cannot be confiscated, and cannot rightfully be subject to adjudication and condemnation as prize. United States hopes that British will facilitate release of American-owned cargoes that were afloat before war, and give sufficient time and opportunity for them to establish their rights. 309
503 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). British Government will consent to use of German ships for repatriation of Americans, provided these ships carry no cargo from Italy and that they be interned for the remainder of the war. 484
508 Aug. 29 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Conveys text of statement issued by British Government regarding diverted cargoes and dealings with such cargoes. 310
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Ambassador. Acknowledges receipt of note of British Ambassador of August 25 giving assurances that armed merchantmen will not be used for offensive purposes. 604
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Liberia should not discriminate in favor of either French or German station. 716
[Page CCXXXV] Aug. 29 From the British Ambassador. British and French consider that nothing less than the presence of a United States warship in Liberian waters would enable Liberia to fulfil its obligations of neutrality. 716
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the British Ambassador in Washington (telegram). British Government agrees to arrangement to place any ship under American control for Red Cross use. 825
514 [Enclosure] Undated [Rec’d Aug. 30] From the British Foreign Office to the American Ambassador (telegram). Re alternative proposals for the transmission of telegraphic communications. 677
Aug. 30 [Rec’d Aug. 31] From the British Ambassador. Communicates telegram from Grey: Iceland trawler struck by mine 25 miles off the Tyne. Numbers of German trawlers appear to have been engaged in laying these mines. 459
301 Aug31 [Rec’d Oct. 3] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Requests that United States take charge of British affairs in Turkey in case of war between the two countries. 116
428 [Enclosure] Aug. 31 [Rec’d Sept. 15] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador. Requests United States to inquire if Germany and Austria-Hungary have specified the articles which they intend to treat as contraband. 224
Sept. 1 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). British Government asks if Germany and Austria-Hungary have specified the articles which they intend to treat as contraband of war. 221
Sept. 1 [Rec’d Sept. 8] From the British Ambassador. German warships Leipzig and Nürnberg are lying off the coast of California and are in communication with the German Consul. 655
17 Sept. 1 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructions to ask British authorities to remit port duties of American Red Cross ship: suggests that ship can bring home American citizens. 826
25 Sept. 2 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Instructions to bring to attention of Foreign Office the repeated request of Western Union Telegraph Company to still further modify censorship regulations with reference to code addresses and signatures. 507
558 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Difficulties in telegraphic service now adjusted. 507
[Page CCXXXVI] Sept. 2 From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the British Ambassador at Washington (telegram). Denial that Adriatic carries troops. 605
565 Sept. 3 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). If Germans enter Paris, Emperor will dictate peace terms. Bureaucracy must be struck a swift, final blow at any cost. All Europe condemning German methods. Rumored that Germany is preparing a Zeppelin raid on London. All Americans urged to leave England. 87
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Consul General at London (telegram). President Admiralty division prize courts gives ruling concerning seat of prize courts. Time extended for presentation of claims. List of courts authorized to act as prize courts under Prize Courts Act of 1894. 311
302 Sept. 4 [Rec’d Sept. 5] From the British Ambassador. British Government protests United States policy of detaining armed merchantmen. Merion will land her guns; Adriatic sailed carrying passengers. 606
Sept. 4 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ See Germany 828n
66 Sept. 5 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructions to ask if restrictions on cipher messages between business firms would be removed if copy of the code is deposited with British censor. 508
601 Sept. 5 [Rec’d Sept. 6] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). British reports from Turkey confirm fear of anti-Christian uprisings. British would welcome presence of American warships in Turkish waters. 765
621 Sept. 7 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ No peace proposals will be entertained until militarism is crushed. 99
Sept. 7 [Rec’d Sept. 10] From the British Ambassador. Data concerning passenger list and cargo of Adriatic give assurance of peaceful commercial voyage. 607
Sept. 8 To the Ambassadors in Great Britain and France (telegram). Proposal of mediation sent to Germany. It at least gives nations opportunity to explain their attitude, and fixes responsibility for continuation of war. 99
Sept. 9 From the British Ambassador. Memorandum citing precedents for arming of merchantmen for defense only entitled to status of peaceful trading vessels. 607
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ German merchant vessels with offensive armament continue to obtain supplies of coal from United States and to prey upon British shipping in Atlantic. British trade with United States thus jeopardized. 608
[Page CCXXXVII]636 Sept. 10 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). England has exhausted every honorable means to preserve peace. Any terms that England will agree to must end militarism forever. Germany will propose terms that Allies can not accept, thus making it appear that Allies are responsible for continuing the war. 100
87 Sept. 10 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Quotes telegram from Grey: An executive committee appointed to deal expeditiously with detained cargoes. 313
644 Sept. 11 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Enumeration of German atrocities in France and Belgium. 795
446 [Enclosure] Sept. 14 From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador. British argument re cargoes in custody of prize court. 316
446 Sept. 15 [Rec’d Sept. 28] From the Ambassador in Great Britain. Forwards note of September 14 from British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, giving British argument re cargoes in custody of prize court. 315
450 [Enclosure] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador. Acknowledges appeal of Western Union Telegraph Company and promises to give it attention. 510
675 Sept. 15 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Suggests that a committee of inquiry be appointed by the Carnegie Peace Foundation to investigate alleged atrocities. 795
315 Sept. 16 From the British Ambassador. The Vaterland is ready to sail from New York with 17,000 tons coal on board, probably to be converted into an armed cruiser on the high seas. Requests investigation. 609
Undated [Rec’d Sept. 17] From the Consul General at London (telegram). Procurator general states certain goods will be released upon payment of freight to London. 313
Sept. 17 To the British Ambassador. Vaterland has 5,000 tons of coal and no cargo; has no intention of sailing soon. 609
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Ambassador. Ships of Hamburg-American Line might be able to effect their departure from neutral ports unless there is a United States naval force on hand to prevent. 610
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Ambassador. Ships in New York stationed for patrol duty. No German vessels are leaving the United States with enough cargo to excite suspicion. The Pisa has a large cargo coal and provisions, but apparently has no intention of sailing. 610
[Page CCXXXVIII]700 Sept. 18 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). British will grant all courtesies requested for Red Cross ship. 831
701 Sept. 19 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Foreign Office regrets delay of telegrams. Instructions given to interfere as little as possible with genuine business. 509
467 Sept. 19 [Rec’d Oct. 5] From the Ambassador in Great Britain. Transmits note from the American Minister in the Netherlands requesting information regarding the regulations and authorization under which British officials are opening the mail of the American Consular Service, some under official seal. 535
162 Sept. 21 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructions to investigate report that mail on Noordam was seized or held up by British. 533
Sept. 22 To the Consul General at London (telegram). Department considers British Government not entitled to collect freight on cargo on diverted, detained, or seized vessels sailing before the war. Instructions to press for release of American goods, free of charges. 314
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Embassy. Radio messages between German warships and German Consul picked up but not transmitted. Unlicensed stations ordered closed and no other unneutral messages received. 656
Sept. 23 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). The same to the Ambassador in France and the Minister in Belgium. Forwards communication from the German Government signifying the willingness of Germany to observe the neutrality of African colonies in free-trade zone according to treaties. 112
470 Sept. 24 [Rec’d Oct. 5] From the Ambassador in Great Britain. Sealed letter from Germany to Hull, England, opened and found to contain directions for sending mail to Germany through United States consular mail. Announcement in American Bulletin to this effect. British object to forwarding mail “under cover of United States representatives. 536
Enclosure 1: Protest of September 18 from United States Minister in the Netherlands against opening official mail. Enclosure 2: Protest of September 19 from Consul at Sheffield against opening consular mail.
Sept. 24 [Rec’d Sept. 25] From the British Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. Re the fact that a British warship requested supplies from the United States by wireless. British ships have been instructed not to do this. 656
[Page CCXXXIX] Sept. 24 See Germany 831n
Undated [Rec’d Sept. 25] From the Consul General at London (telegram). Procurator general disposed to release cargoes upon payment of freight with protest; final judgment reserved until later, when reimbursement will be made if decided in our favor. 314
66 Sept. 25 [Rec’d Oct. 7] From the Consul General at London. Dutch ships arrested in order to prove that they carried no contraband. Managing director of Holland-America Line hopes for support of United States in efforts of Netherlands to prevent further interference from British Government. Large shipments of cotton expected. Some may find its way to Germany. 320
Sept. 25 To the British Ambassador. The same to the French Ambassador. American citizens claim letters to friends in Germany have not reached their destination. Request that some course be taken to prevent this delay or loss of mail. 533
334 Sept. 25 [Rec’d Sept. 26] From the British Ambassador. Requests permission for British Army reservists in Canada to pass through United States in order to embark for Great Britain. 566
Sept. 26 To the Ambassador in Great Britain. United States wishes belligerents to accept Declaration of London as definite naval code, in order to prevent misunderstandings. The changes proposed by Great Britain deny the rights of and impose greater hardships upon neutrals. Action of Great Britain inconsistent with policy of her statesmen in former wars. As changed by order in council, Declaration of London cannot be accepted by United States, as it would fail to safeguard interests of her citizens and those of other nations. 225
476 [Enclosure] Sept. 26 [Rec’d Oct. 12] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador. Protests against methods of German Navy in laying mines in North Sea. 461
Sept. 26 [Rec’d Sept. 28] From the British Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. British Consuls instructed not to raise difficulties in case of transfer of ships to American flag if already owned by Americans. Understanding is that ships will not trade with Germany. 494
[Page CCXL]210 Sept. 26 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Protests against hardships endured by many commercial houses on account of suppression of cable messages between the United States and neutral countries. 509
500 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Ambassador. Re the status of armed merchant vessels in neutral ports. 612
218 Sept. 28 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructs Ambassador to protest against changes in Declaration of London as they are certain to arouse resentment in America. The Declaration represents the limit of restrictions to which our people will submit. 232
Sept. 28 [Rec’d Oct. 1] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the British Ambassador at Washington (telegram). Declaration of London has not been ratified; doctrine of continuous voyage has been part of international law, upheld by United States courts; proclamation departing from the Declaration of London should be judged by rules of international law accepted by courts and applied in previous wars; British wish to prevent foodstuffs and war material going to Germany; cargoes have been bought not confiscated; willingness to come to an agreement. 236
Sept. 28 To the Consul General at London (telegram). Instructions to appear before Bonar Law’s committee for expeditious settlement of matter of freight, making plain the Department’s attitude. American interests advised to pay with protest, to avoid further delay; all freight collected to be reimbursed if decided in our favor. 315
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Consul General at London (telegram). Two Dutch steamers brought to Plymouth because of copper in cargo. Dutch liners required to give proof that goods are for Dutch consumption. 316
753 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Foreign Office wishes to be informed about arrangements for repatriation of British subjects in Germany. Request that Gerard be instructed to make all arrangements through American Embassy, not through any private agency. 743
758 Sept. 29 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ British wish to avoid any action which will give offense to United States. Purpose is to prevent enemy from receiving food and material for military use. Discussion of whole matter proposed. 233
[Page CCXLI] Sept. 29 Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State. Took up with the British Ambassador modifications of the Declaration of London. Ambassador admitted that the inclusion of foodstuffs in absolute contraband was contrary to British tradition, and that it was better to get the Netherlands to place an embargo thereon. 233
763 Sept. 30 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). England agrees to make a new list of absolute contraband and to prepare a new order in council, in which she will endeavor to meet the wishes of United States so far as possible; has accepted Netherland assurance that embargo will prevent exportation of foodstuffs. 235
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Transmits proclamation of September 21 specifying additional articles which are to be treated as contraband of war. This to take the place of any other order in council. 236
Sept. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 1] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the British Ambassador at Washington (telegram). Has proposed to United States Ambassador that a new British proclamation of contraband be issued to supersede previous ones, with no mention of Declaration of London along the lines suggested by the United States. Cargoes containing copper and petroleum will be detained when consigned to Krupps. Relying upon Netherland embargo, foodstuffs will be considered noncontraband. 237
Undated [Rec’d Sept. 30] From the Consul General at London (telegram). Inquiries concerning cargoes captured and taken to French ports should be addressed to Prefect Maritime of district where ship is detained. Cases go to prize court at Bordeaux. 317
226 Oct. 1 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). A summary of the correspondence between United States and Great Britain on the subject of the Declaration of London. British appreciate consideration shown by President in not making formal protest. 238
227 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Instruction of September 26 re Declaration of London and order in council is not to be presented to Foreign Office until he is notified; the information is for his own use in informal discussions. 239
228 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Expresses gratification over proposed new order in council, but desires to see text before approving or suggesting changes. 240
[Page CCXLII]229 Oct. 1 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Are full address and signature still necessary on Department’s telegrams to London and beyond? 510
Oct. 1 [Rec’d Oct. 2] From the British Embassy. The Alexandria, belonging to Kosmos Line and flying German flag, has been bought by the Northern and Southern Steamship Corporation, whose local manager is manager of the Kosmos Line, which operates steamers between Hamburg and San Francisco via South American ports. Thought Alexandria, changed to American registry, engaged in supplying coal to German cruisers. 622
Oct. 2 To the British Ambassador. United States hopes that a naval code will be adopted by all nations. Germany and Austria have agreed to the adoption of the Declaration of London. The order in council prevents this Under the Declaration a belligerent has the right to add to the list of absolute or conditional contraband. Suggests that Great Britain and France accept Declaration and then modify lists. 240
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Memorandum by the Acting Secretary of State of a conference with the British Ambassador. The Ambassador thought that the British Government did not realize that Germany and Austria had promised to abide by the Declaration of London; great advantage to have uniform code of naval warfare. Will submit the United States proposals to Grey by telegram. 241
Oct. 2 [Rec’d Oct. 3] From the British Ambassador to the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (telegram). Britain urged to accept Declaration of London in order that all belligerents may agree on conditions. Permissible that list of conditional and absolute contraband be added to, also that embargoes be arranged with neutral countries. 242
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the British Ambassador at Washington (telegram). German mine laying and sub-marine activity forces England to adopt countermeasures. Mine laying has been ordered in certain specified areas, and shipping warned. 460
Oct. 2 From the Counselor for the Department of State to the British Ambassador. Re transfer to American flag of vessels already owned by Americans. Objections taken to instructions not to trade with Germany. This an interference with legitimate rights of neutrals. 495
[Page CCXLIII] Oct. 2 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). No change in censorship regulations. 510
776 Oct. 3 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ A new order in council will be drawn up, specifying added articles of conditional and absolute contraband. Special arrangements made with Netherlands concerning embargoes on foodstuffs. Mines laid in English Channel by British makes safe route from American to Holland around Scotland. 243
246 Oct. 4 To the Ambassador sin Great Britain (telegram) Repetition of arguments for adopting Declaration of London. 243
Oct. 4 [Rec’d Oct. 5] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the British Ambassador at Washington (telegram). Mail for Germany returned as undeliverable; postal communication suspended. 534
514 Oct. 5 To the British Ambassador. United States will take over British affairs in Turkey in case war is declared. 116
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructions to direct attention of proper authorities to subject of release of Robert Dollar , as suggested by British Ambassador at Washington in message to his Government. 496
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Grey and chief censor agree to avoid undue interference with telegrams between the United States and neutral countries. 511
Undated [Rec’d Oct. 5] From the Vice Consul at Kingston, Jamaica (telegram). British authorities in Jamaica ask that vessels under the American flag carry no Germans or Austrians liable to military duty, thus avoiding need for search. 563
Oct. 5 From the Counselor for the Department of State to the British Ambassador. British cruisers Lancaster and Suffolk in proximity to New York Harbor give impression of interference with American commerce. 657
85 [Enclosure] Oct. 6 From the Procurator General to the American Consul General at London. Re Great Britain’s contention for freight and other charges on diverted and detained vessels. 327
268 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Encloses copy of telegram to American Consul General, Sydney, asking if embargo can be lifted so far as United States is concerned. 418
[Page CCXLIV] Oct. 6 [Rec’d Oct. 7] From the British Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. Expression “instructions not to trade with Germany” misconstrued; explanations given. 496
269 Oct. 6 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Telegram from American Minister in Peking states that United States commander of China expedition reports that official telegrams are held up. Request that orders be given Hongkong authorities to avoid repetition of this. 511
783 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Belgian committee formed at Brussels under patronage of Spanish and American Ministers to import, foodstuffs for poor of Brussels. Requests authorization of the United States Government. 809
789 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Grey assents to the suggestion concerning hospital supplies and asks that Spanish and American Governments define them and submit the definition to all belligerents, together with the proposal that they will not be considered contraband. 832
Oct. 7 From the Consul General at London (telegram). Re seizure of shipment of wood alcohol. Protests procurator’s claim for freight and incidental expenses while in port. Suggests that American position be restated. 319
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Vice Consul at Kingston, Jamaica (telegram). American vessels are under no duty to refuse to ship belligerent seamen or citizens of belligerent countries. 561
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. Re presence of Lancaster and Suffolk in proximity to New York Harbor. Instructions have been issued to British Admiralty to take steps to prevent repetition of such incidents. 658
79 Oct. 8 [Rec’d Oct. 19] From the Consul General at London. S. S. Sturmfels , from Calcutta to New York, with miscellaneous goods on board, has sought refuge in the Italian Red Sea port of Massaua. Permission asked of Great Britain for ship to continue journey. Necessary to obtain assent of Germany also. 383
[Page CCXLV] Oct. 8 To the British Ambassador. Acknowledges note suggesting presence of United States warship to preserve neutrality of Liberia. 717
800 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Requests to know if unimportant communications of details and routine work must also go through Department, thus causing delay. 744
806 Oct. 9 [Rec’d Oct. 10] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Draft of new order in Council containing lists of conditional and absolute contraband submitted to United States for approval. 244
284 Oct. 9 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Foreign officers may send by any route feasible unimportant communications of detail work, etc. 745
362 [Enclosure] Oct. 10 [Rec’d Oct. 27] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador. Places blame for detention of the Robert Dollar upon Brazilian authorities. 501
Oct. 12 From the British Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. British are under false impression that United States has proposed articles to be placed on lists of contraband. 247
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Consul General at London (telegram). Seizure of shipments of cotton-seed products has resulted in serious injury to American commerce and produces spirit of antagonism to British Government. Satisfactory understanding respecting our commerce with neutrals should be given. 322
85 Oct. 12 [Rec’d Oct. 26] From the Consul General at London. Advises shippers to accept terms under protest, with view to reimbursement. 326
821 Oct. 12 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). United States mail on board Noordam not interfered with by British officials. Request for specimen of envelope opened. 534
[Enclosure] Undated [Rec’d Oct. 13] From the British Government. The Anglo-Japanese Alliance antedates the agreement with the French and Russian Governments, therefore British Government must act in mutual agreement with Japanese as regards the war. 184
302 Oct. 13 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Denial that additions of petroleum and motors to contraband list were suggested by United States. Spring Rice made suggestion. 247
300 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Holland-America Line will not accept goods for shipment unless consigned to Netherland Government. Situation unsatisfactory. Further protests. 322
[Page CCXLVI]826 Undated [Rec’d Oct. 13] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Commercial telegrams passed unless delivery entails some transaction detrimental to Great Britain. To notify sender of non-delivery would be to defeat object of censorship. 511
Oct. 14 [Rec’d Oct. 15] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the British Minister at Stockholm (telegram). Swedish vessels asked to call at British ports and give assurance that cargoes of which exportation is prohibited, will be landed at port of destination and not exported. This to avoid search at sea. 323
313 Oct. 14 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructions to insist upon notification to sender of non-delivery of message. Failure to do this inflicts great hardship and unnecessary expense. 512
307 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Spanish Ambassador at Washington has had no instructions re hospital supplies and prefers that Spanish Ambassador at London be conferred with List of hospital supplies from. Red Cross enclosed for submission to British Foreign Office. 834
Oct. 15 [Rec’d Oct. 16] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Shipping controversy academic. Life of English-speaking civilization is at stake. Friendly relations with England are in jeopardy; also our usefulness in bringing about peace. 248
323 Oct. 16 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Suggests that England, France, and Russia adopt Declaration of London without amendments, thus making effective the German and Austrian acceptance. Later Britain can proclaim additions to list of contraband. If military supplies are discovered en route through a neutral country to Germany, that neutral would be subject to the rules governing trade with the enemy. 249
324 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ The United States is bound to recognize the rights of neutrals; proposed order in council does not accept the Declaration of London without change; this unsatisfactory to other belligerents. Objections enumerated. 250
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the President to the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Urges Ambassador to use persuasion in effecting an understanding concealing commerce. United States has pointed out a way of accomplishing it with least friction. 252
[Page CCLXVII [CCXLVII]] Oct. 17 [Rec’d Oct. 20] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the British Ambassador at Washington (telegram). Repetition of reasons why Britain will not adopt Declaration of London. Requests United States not to protest against order in council, but to act on merits of each particular case of detained vessels. 254
Oct. 17 [Rec’d Oct. 19] From the British Ambassador. Memorandum concerning German oil steamships Chatham and Standard sold to Standard Oil Company. British Government entitled to seize these ships. 499
864 Oct. 19 [Rec’d Oct. 20] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Declaration of London forbids addition to contraband list of articles such as rubber and iron, ore, now necessary for manufacture of war materials. Therefore Britain can not accept it. To do so and then issue a proclamation contradicting a part of it would be impossible. Britain will issue an order in council which will disturb neutral commerce as little as possible, reserving right to stop cargoes of contraband evidently destined for enemy. United States can make claim for damages. 253
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the British Ambassador at Washington (telegram). British will accept Declaration of London on general terms, making exceptions in draft proclamation already submitted, solely to prevent contraband reaching enemy. United States asked not to make formal protest. 255
Oct. 19 From the Consul General at London (telegram). British Government said to be ready to declare cotton as conditional contraband. 285
341 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Germany approves plan to supply population of Belgium with food. Authorization to proceed with plan. 812
Oct. 20 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Grey’s proposal should be accepted as an emergency plan, thus throwing responsibility on British Government. Preferable to a break with Great Britain. United States Government upheld doctrine of continuous voyage during Civil War, which Grey now wishes to establish. Request that House be sent to confer with Grey. 255
866 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain. Grey has learned that arrangements are in progress by which general correspondence with Germany shall pass through American Consulate General at Rotterdam. Requests that this be stopped. 538
[Page CCXLVIII] Oct. 20 [Rec’d Oct. 22] From the British Ambassador. Transmits communication of the British Consul General at San Francisco concerning the Alexandria, changed to United States registry under name of Sacramento. Has loaded cargo of coal and potatoes consigned to a German company in Valparaiso. A high price was paid for the coal, yet there is no market in Valparaiso. 627
358 Oct. 20 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Authorization to aid in obtaining permission from British to ship foodstuffs to Belgium. 812
Oct. 21 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Grey gives reasons why British reject Declaration of London: (1) Parliament considers it unsatisfactory; (2) Article 28 excludes rubber, metallic ores, and hides from treatment as contraband; (3) Holland a base for military supplies for Germany. Britain considers Declaration advantageous to Germany. 256
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Consul General at London (telegram). Every insurance company in London and Liverpool and member of Lloyd’s agrees to insert clause excluding risk liability from any claim arising from capture or detention of ship by British or Allies. 324
362 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). The John D. Rockefeller, American ship carrying illuminating oil to Copenhagen, detained by British. Requests release. 324
373 Oct. 22 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ United States withdraws its request that belligerents adopt Declaration of London. Insists that its rights be defined by existing rules of international law. Reserves right to protest in case of violation. 257
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Ambassador. The John D. Rockefeller’s cargo consigned “to order.” Destination has been ascertained and vessel ordered released, with assurance that oil will not be re-exported. Necessary that ships carry papers showing destination and names of owner and consignee. Fuel and lubricants declared conditional contraband. 324
[Page CCXLIX]375 Oct. 22 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Steamer Brindilla, owned by Standard Oil Company, carrying oil to Alexandria, Egypt, detained by British at Halifax. Seizure unjustified. Requests release. 325
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Ambassador. Memorandum re Chatham and Standard. These ships owned and controlled by American capital, a question of change of registry, not of ownership. 499
378 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructions to report any opening of United States official mail in pouches under seal. This not approved by our Government. 538
893 Oct. 23 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Grey expresses satisfaction that United States will not offer protest against new order in council but will reserve right to enter protest where rights are considered violated. Promise to consider all cases in friendly spirit. 258
894 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Overwhelming military business absorbs Government. Difficult to get information or attention of Foreign Office. 258
379 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Requests release of steamer Platuria, owned by Standard Oil Co. and carrying oil to Denmark. 325
887 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). United States Steel Products Co. urges Embassy to have British Government raise embargo on shipments of manganese ore from India to United States; also for release of two steamers of ore held in Bombay. 418
892 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Grey States that code messages from Tilson and Rowell to Philippines detained at Hongkong. These took unusual route. British Government expresses regret and promises to facilitate transmission of such messages. 512
Oct. 24 [Rec’d Oct. 25] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ New order in council to be issued after conference with France; to be published in United States as soon as possible. Urge upon British Government prompt action and publicity of facts in every case of detention of vessels. 259
391 Oct. 24 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Increasing complaints of Americans against Great Britain for interference with legitimate commerce. Great Britain asked to declare that American-owned cotton in neutral ships be unmolested. 288
[Page CCL]393 Oct. 24 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). British underwriters will not insure unless owner warrants goods free of capture. American companies follow same course. It is hoped British will take steps to relieve situation. Much adverse criticism in this country. 289
903 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Release of steamer Brindilla ordered. 326
Oct. 24 [Rec’d Oct. 27] From the British Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. Moore, San Francisco, supplying coal to German cruisers at Guaymas by means of steamers chartered by him and consigned to his agent at Guaymas. Railroad plant used for storing coal. Has already coaled the Leipzig in this way. Desires that this be brought to attention of the proper Government Department. 627
[Enclosure] Oct. 25 From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (telegram). Assurance that cotton will not be seized; not on contraband list. Copper destined for Krupp detained. No cargo taken without payment; that for neutral countries allowed to proceed. 290
Oct. 25 [Rec’d Oct. 26] From the British Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. Remarks upon the general question of contraband and the attitude of the British Government. The demand for mineral oils by neutrals in touch with belligerents has greatly increased; evidence is that these are transmitted to belligerents. Neutrals making arrangements to guarantee that these goods will not be re-exported. 328
911 Oct. 26 [Rec’d Oct. 27] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Grey makes positive declaration that cotton is not contraband. No ship has been detained. 289
Oct. 26 From the British Ambassador. Grey authorizes assurance that cotton will not be seized; not on contraband list. Copper destined for Krupp detained. No cargo taken without payment; that for neutral countries allowed to proceed. 290
912 Oct. 26 [Rec’d Oct. 27] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Detained ship Platuria has on board 1,500,000 gallons oil. Will be released if Denmark gives assurance that oil will not go to Germany. 329
910 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Food sent to Belgium should go to Commission of Belgian Relief, which has guarantee of German military commander not to confiscate it. Money of no use American committee should consult with Hoover, chairman of the commission. 813
[Page CCLI]407 Oct. 27 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Permission given to assist United States Steel Products Co. in effort to lift embargo on ore. 419
405 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Confirmation desired of advices that cable addresses and short signatures may be used. 513
Oct. 27 [Rec’d Oct. 28] From the British Ambassador. Gives assurances that any British reservists who may become public charges in United States will be permitted to return to Canada. 568
Oct. 27 From the Counselor for the Department of State to the British Ambassador. United States Government is not under obligations to prevent shipments of naval supplies to a neutral port, although this port may be used as a base for naval operations. Attention called to the report that a British ship with cargo of coal for Southern Pacific Railroad of Mexico was seized by the British and part of its coal removed. The ship was then sent to British Columbia, causing a loss to the company of $30,000. 628
418 Oct. 28 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). United States cannot foretell the effect of new order in council, and does not waive the right to protest against the inclusion of any article in list of contraband. 260
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Announcement that mine field has been discovered off north coast of Ireland. Shipping warned. British ship bound for Montreal sunk; also Dutch ship. 463
369 Oct. 28 [Rec’d Oct. 30] From the British Ambassador. Protests against continued presence of Geier in a United States harbor. Locksun alleged to be supplying German warships with coal in Honolulu Harbor. Grounds for detaining her under charges of false declaration of destination. 584
Oct. 29 To the British Ambassador. Turpentine and rosin not on list of contraband. Desires a statement from British Government regarding immunity of these products from seizure. 298
948 Oct. 30 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). British are fearful that order to refrain from giving out information concerning sailing of vessels may assist United States citizens in carrying on contraband trade with belligerents. 332
945 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Foreign Office states that private individuals telegraphing to England are allowed to use registered cable addresses. Signatures may be abbreviated. 513
[Page CCLII]944 Oct. 30 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Grey states that as a rule senders are not informed of stoppage of messages. Same rule applies to British and American senders. 513
938 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Requests Department to instruct Ambassadors at Berlin and Vienna to discontinue sending private mail through official channels. 539
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Ambassador. Notification of Government’s intention to fix definite period for repairs to Geier, after which time, if unable to leave, she will be interned. Locksun detained for investigation. 585
433 Oct. 31 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Protest against detention of American steamer Kroonland laden with copper and rubber consigned to neutrals, and of American shipments of copper on Italian steamers bound for neutral countries. 333
37 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Consul General at London. Approves action of Consul General in asking permission for safe-conduct of S. S. Sturmfels . This case to set precedent. 383
439 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Carnegie Steel Co. wishes embargo lifted on manganese ore from India. 420
371 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Ambassador. Representations have been made to customs officials that the Berwind-White Coal Mining Company is under suspicion of chartering neutral ships to supply German cruisers. The Amistà was allowed clearance for Montevideo via Barbados, but never arrived there. Systematic way in which neutral ships have left American ports to supply German cruisers is a source of grave anxiety to the British Government. Requests that preventive measures be taken. 629
Nov. 1 [Rec’d Nov. 2] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ British Government has no present intention of interfering with turpentine and rosin. Lists of contraband published; may be consulted. Final decision for prize courts. 299
447 Nov. 2 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Order not in unfriendly spirit. Trade, whether contraband or non-contraband, is legitimate, and within neutral rights. 333
964 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). The Kroonland detained, not seized; investigation and report promised. British Government has found evidence that copper on Italian steamers was for belligerents; will buy the cargoes. 335
[Page CCLIII] Nov. 2 From the British Ambassador. Shipments of military stores to Denmark increase daily, in many cases forwarded directly to Germany. Encloses copy of telegram of October 31 from Grey to British Minister in Denmark, inquiring how case stands regarding Platuria and Knudsen. These vessels have been released. 335
Nov. 2 [Rec’d Nov. 7] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the British Ambassador at Rome (telegram). Instructions to induce Italian Government to prevent reexport of copper on board Regina d’Italia. Large shipments of copper consigned to Italian bank by German agent. British willing to buy it. 339
Undated [Rec’d Nov. 2] From the Consul General at Sydney, Australia (telegram). Minister is being urged to modify restrictions on exports to United States. 421
966 Nov. 2 [Rec’d Nov. 3] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Re S. S. Kassala and Waddon . Special licenses will be issued by Government of India for export of ore, if United States will give assurances that it will be used at home. 421
961 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Germans laid mine fields north of Ireland from ships flying neutral flags, directly in path of transatlantic liners. 463
Nov. 2 To the British Ambassador. Investigations into case of the Amistà will be made. Department will ascertain whether consignee expected such shipments. United States resents suggestions that vigilance in neutral duties has been relaxed. 631
549 Nov. 3 [Rec’d Nov. 16] From the Ambassador in Great Britain. Transmits revised British list of articles of contraband; also order in council of October 29 defining attitude of Britain toward Declaration of London together with modification of same. 260
455 Nov. 3 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructions to ascertain attitude of British Government concerning shipments of goods through Italy to Switzerland. 394
454 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ American interests desire lifting of embargo on wool and rubber. 422
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Consul General at Sydney, Australia (telegram). Instructions to inquire whether shipments of wool might be allowed to United States with guarantee against reexport. 422
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Consul General at Singapore (telegram). Inquire as to grounds of embargo on rubber and whether shipments would be allowed to United States with guarantee against reexport. 422
[Page CCLIV]375 Nov. 3 [Rec’d Nov. 4] From the British Ambassador. Transmits letter from Grey recommending that certain routes be followed for ships trading with Norway, Denmark, and Holland. North Sea must be considered a military area Shipping should take English Channel according to explicit directions laid down. 463
969 Nov. 3 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). French Minister at The Hague threatens to protest against transit of foodstuffs through Netherlands without approval of French Government. 814
978 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ International Commission for Relief of Belgium, with Hoover as chairman, has completed arrangements to insure that food for starving Belgians will not be diverted. Relief given by various European governments and individuals. Recommends that Hoover be consulted as to amount of food, the kind needed, and how to ship it. 814
550 Nov. 4 [Rec’d Nov. 16] From the Ambassador in Great Britain. Clippings from British newspapers concerning attitude of the United States in present crisis. 131
992 Nov. 5 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). War exists between Turkey and Great Britain. United States has taken charge of Ottoman interests in England. 129
1000 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Kroonland allowed to proceed, her copper brought into the prize court. Giovanni released, copper discharged. Regina d’Italia allowed to proceed, copper, not consigned to Italian firm, placed in prize court. 337
Nov. 6 To the British Ambassador. Request that Great Britain will not interfere with shipments of tobacco. 303
Nov. 6 [Rec’d Nov. 7] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the British Ambassador at Washington (telegram). Large shipments of copper and rubber passing through Italian ports to Germany. Large purchases also through Rotterdam, Amsterdam, and Copenhagen by houses working on German account. British must stop contraband trade in copper. 338
1005 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Grey negotiating agreement with neutral countries bordering on Germany and Austria for the regulation of neutral commerce with object of preventing contraband from reaching enemy and of giving least possible trouble to neutral trade. 395
[Page CCLV] Nov. 6 From the Consul General at London (telegram). Exports of wool permitted only when shown that such wool is for manufacture of goods for Allied Governments 423
1006 Nov. 6 [Rec’d Nov. 7] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Reasons for imposing embargo to insure abundant supply for Great Britain and Allies, and to prevent war material from reaching enemy through neutral countries. Neutrals must give guarantee that such goods will not be reexported. 423
Nov. 7 To the British Ambassador. Protests against fate of Rockefeller, Platuria, and Knudsen; requests that visit and search be made at sea with greatest expedition possible. 339
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Ambassador. British Government has no intention of interfering with shipments of tobacco in neutral bottoms, sent to any European country. 303
495 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructions to render all possible assistance to Muir and Company in claim for wheat on Miramichi, held in prize court in London. 337
Nov. 8 [Rec’d Dec. 15] From the Consul General at Cape Town. Birkenfels with cargo from New York to Australia held up at port in British South Africa. Suggests taking matter up with British Government. 385
490 Nov. 8 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Argentina is desirous of knowing course pursued by United States regarding detained cargoes. Instructions to confer unofficially with Argentine Minister at London. 432
Nov. 9 [Rec’d Nov. 11] From the British Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. Forwards copies of telegrams sent by Grey to British Ministers at Christiania, Stockholm, and Copenhagen and to Ambassador at Rome, containing information as to arrangements with neutral governments for putting fewest possible hindrances in way of neutral trade while at same time carrying out necessary measures of restriction. 341
1029 Nov. 9 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Transmits statement from Grey: Great scarcity of copper in Germany; their agents bringing it in by carefully organized plan to supply German arms factories; swollen trade in Italy an artificial one. 342
1027 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Urges that French Government send as soon as possible permit for transshipment of foodstuffs for Belgium through Holland. 816
[Page CCLVI]511 Nov. 10 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Repeats protests against seizure and detention of copper and requests release. 344
513 Nov. 11 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Rosenthal Brothers of Columbus purchased wool skins prior to embargo. English and O’Brien of Boston purchased 600 bales of wool prior to embargo. Both give assurance of home use. Instruction to ask if goods can be shipped. 423
518 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Wool urgently needed by United States. If it cannot be obtained, prices of American woolen goods, which British may desire, will be excessively high. Instructions to press for definite statement regarding supply of wool. 424
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Embassy. German liners in American ports are ready to sail; are to operate with fast German cruisers in Pacific against Allied forces. Charges that the United States is responsible for losses to shipping and trade which may ensue. 614
516 Nov. 12 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Has not intended to authorize Ambassador to negotiate with other neutral ministers for agreements as to shipping. Conversations relating to free movement of American commerce to neutral countries being conducted in Washington. 395
526 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ It seems not to the interests of British to cripple American manufacturers and depress British interests in colonies. Hopes that permits will be allowed for excess over needs of Great Britain. 425
523 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Instructions to present to Foreign Office protests of Danish firms conducting business with American houses as English censorship of commercial cables is ruining business. 515
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Ambassador. Reports interning of the Geier and Locksun in Honolulu. 588
Nov. 13 [Rec’d Nov. 14] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Restatement of British attitude as to detained vessels and seized cargoes. 345
1057 Nov. 13 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Has not negotiated with other neutral ministers for agreements as to shipping. Encourages neutral ministers to tell of their negotiations with British Government only to keep informed. 396
[Page CCLVII] Nov. 14 [Rec’d Nov. 16] From the British Ambassador. Requests transmission of enclosed message through United States Consul General at Beirut stating that it is not the habit of the British to fire on open towns unless attacking an armed force of the enemy. Great Britain will hold responsible any officer who orders killing of British subjects in cold blood. 782
1060 Nov. 14 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). The report that Germans have been stopping food for needy Belgians is untrue. 816
540 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). The President does not think it wise to appoint a Government committee for the management of Belgian relief. 817
Nov. 15 From the British Ambassador. Communicates rules issued by the Brazilian Government relative to the treatment of merchant vessels in Brazilian ports. Grey desires to know if the United States is willing to issue similar rules. 632
Nov. 16 To the British Embassy. Regarding sailing of German liners from American ports, United States is maintaining customary vigilance. 615
Nov. 16 [Rec’d Nov. 17] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Bitterness exists between British and German Governments concerning treatment of prisoners. German Government expects him to visit camps in person and furnish from German funds necessities for prisoners. Requests instructions. 753
Undated [Rec’d Nov. 17] From the Consul General at London (telegram). Foreign Office states that cotton-seed cake is conditional contraband and will be treated as such, and under order in council will be liable to seizure if consigned to order or to an enemy. 346
558 Nov. 17 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Explanation regarding conferences with other neutral ministers satisfactory. 396
1078 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Arrangement being drawn up by which rubber, hides, ore, and wool can be sent to United States upon satisfactory guarantee against reexportation. 425
1079 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Grey states all meat, wool, and skins are required by British on account of war; preembargo contracts cannot be filled. 426
[Page CCLVIII]1083 Nov. 18 [Rec’d Nov. 19] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). General French believes that Germans have done their utmost; a slow victory for Allies now probable; German commanders know they will be beaten; Allies will insist upon enormous indemnity to Belgium, which Germans will not grant until hopelessly defeated. Germany putting out “feelers” for peace. 132
562 Nov. 18 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Norwegian steamer Uller, chartered by American corporation, with full cargo cotton detained by British at Kirkwall. Detention not justified; people are persuaded that Great Britain not friendly to American trade. 346
564 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Inquires concerning the agreement Italy has made with Great Britain to prevent reexportation of goods to Germany. 347
144 Nov. 18 [Rec’d Dec. 14] From the Consul General at London. Permission for Sturmfels to continue journey denied. Letter received by Lloyd’s indicating line of conduct which cargo interests should follow in order to recover property contained in German ships seeking refuge in Italian ports. 384
1092 Nov. 19 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). British Government regrets that it cannot raise embargo on meats from Australia. 426
551 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Ambassador. British Government required to furnish guarantee that reservists en route through United States will depart without expense to the country. 569
1104 Nov. 20 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Uller was not detained for cotton. More information later. 348
582 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Daily increase in number of protests against British suppression of commercial telegrams, both in United States and neutral countries in Europe. Instructions to cooperate with Swiss Minister in protesting rigors of censorship. 516
391 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Ambassador. Requests that, in event the Berwind prepares to put to sea, again with supplies, she be detained according to United States rules. The fact has been established that she coaled the Cap Trafalgar at sea. 633
577 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Further investigations inadvisable. Grants permission to lend personal aid and to expend money furnished for amelioration of distress in every way possible. 754
[Page CCLIX]1117 Nov. 23 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Proposal re neutralization of African free-trade none not practical since hostilities have been begun by German forces. This to be communicated to German Government. 134
Nov. 23 To the British Ambassador. United States refuses to be governed by rules issued by Brazilian Government regarding treatment of merchant vessels. 634
397 Nov. 23 [Rec’d Nov. 24] From the British Ambassador. Continued supplying of German cruisers by United States ships a matter of gravest anxiety to Great Britain. United States can not repudiate all responsibility. Requests careful investigation of Olson and Mahony. 636
176 [Enclosure] Nov. 24 [Rec’d Dec. 15] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador. The Alfred Nobel will be placed in prize court. 365
594 Nov. 24 [Rec’d Dec. 7] From the Ambassador in Great Britain. Forwards copies of lists of articles, the exportation of which is prohibited by Norway, Sweden, and Denmark under agreement with Great Britain. 400
Nov. 24 From the British Embassy. Memorandum stating that the Chilean is about to sail ostensibly for South American port with large quantities of supplies. There are strong suspicions of her intention to assist in belligerent operations against peaceful commerce. 637
Nov. 24 [Rec’d Nov. 25] From the British Ambassador. Regrets inaccuracy of statements regarding the Italian S. S. Amistà . 638
Nov. 25 To the British Ambassador. British proclaim unwrought copper as absolute contraband. List of conditional contraband contains materials for telegraphs, etc. Explanation asked. Manufacturers entitled to know what treatment to expect for shipments of manufactured copper. 282
153 Nov. 25 [Rec’d Dec. 7] From the Consul General at London. Attention of procurator general has been called to promise that seized cargo will be disposed of by special committee without reference to prize court. Forwards procurator general’s reply of November 21. 358
[Page CCLX]1138 Nov. 25 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Joint protests to Grey regarding suppression of commercial telegrams between United States and Switzerland; also between United States and Denmark. Protests referred to Prime Minister. 518
620 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ See Austria-Hungary, No. 305 542
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Ambassador. Re the movements of the Italian S. S. Amistà . 638
559 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Acknowledges note regarding Olson and Mahony. Cases have been brought to the attention of the Treasury Department. 638
560 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Attention of Attorney General has been called to the case of the Berwind, with view to such action as will prevent owner from again using United States ports in supplying belligerent war vessels at sea. 639
628 Nov. 27 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructions to report whether British Government has mined River Tyne and Firth of Forth. 467
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the British Embassy. Coal was transferred from the Mazatlan to the Leipzig, notwithstanding bond to the contrary. Would like to know, if possible, what action has been taken by United States authorities. 641
176 [Enclosure] Nov. 28 [Rec’d Dec. 15] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador. Re the Fridland and Björnstnerne Björnson. 365
640 Nov. 28 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Plumbago supply in Ceylon greater than English demand. Inquire attitude of British Government concerning shipments to America. 427
1163 Nov. 30 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). No further decisions can be given by Foreign Office re reexportation of shipments to Italy until new Italian decree has been tested. 348
Dec. 1 To the British Ambassador. Quotes a communication from the British Consul General at Philadelphia to an American firm urging that ships proceeding to Scandinavian ports call at British ports to avoid search at sea. Advantage of this not clear to Department. 349
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Embassy. Memorandum stating that request has been made of the Treasury Department that the Chilean be refused clearance until it be clearly shown that the cargo will not be transferred to war vessels at sea. 642
[Page CCLXI] Dec. 2 [Rec’d Dec. 3] From the British Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. Defends British attitude on seizure of cargo. 352
660 Dec. 2 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Request for lifting of embargo to be repeated. 427
667 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ War Risk Bureau anxious for reply. Steamers delayed, awaiting information as to whether River Tyne and Firth of Forth have been mined. 469
664 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Transmission of telegram from Madrid Embassy, requesting relief from censorship interference with messages regarding importations of cotton to Spain. 519
1183 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Grey asks for special instances of difficulties in censorship of cable messages; assures us that messages are stopped only for good reasons. 520
Dec. 2 [Rec’d Dec. 3] From the British Ambassador. Transmits substance of a memorandum of November 29 addressed by British Foreign Office to the Chilean Minister in London on the subject of new neutrality rules which the Chilean Government proposes for all American Governments. These rules are supplemented by a fourth suggestion by the British. 693
680 Dec. 3 To the Ambassador to Great Britain (telegram). Denial of justice and the illegality of British policy in continuing to seize cargoes despite the agreement with Scandinavian countries to forbid reshipment. 353
678 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Specific instances useless in settling general question of censorship of cables; however, protest forwarded from Western Union stating that French had made arrangements for facilitating communications, and claiming that British seem to discriminate against American cables. Instructions to make further representations to Foreign Office. 520
679 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Galveston Cotton Exchange claims interference of cables is hampering cotton trade. Instructions to bring this to attention of Foreign Office. 521
[Page CCLXII]684 Dec. 4 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram) Copper from steamer Sif for Stockholm detained at Glasgow and from steamer Sigrun held at Newport. Desires to know grounds for seizure. 355
176 Dec. 4 [Rec’d Dec. 15] From the Consul General at London. Is making representations to procurator general and Foreign Office as to reasons for seizure of certain ships and detention of cargoes. Encloses copies of replies of November 24 and 28 from Foreign Office to American Ambassador; also his own letter of December 4 to the Ambassador at London describing the situation and stating that vessels have been placed in prize court. 364
681 Dec. 4 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Authorities in Ceylon willing to release plumbago under proper guaranty. Ascertain whether bond filed with British Embassy here against exportation from United States will be acceptable. 428
1194 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Transmits British instructions of November 21 regarding safe trade routes and the supplying of pilots in English waters. 469
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Ambassador. Instructions have been sent to the Commissioner of Immigration at Montreal permitting reservists of Great Britain to pass through United States en route to the United Kingdom. 570
Dec. 5 From the Consul General at London (telegram). No settlement can be obtained for cargoes of packing companies except through prize court decisions, and they are four months behind time. Re cases of the Alfred Nobel, Björnstjerne Björnson , and Fridland. 355
187 [Enclosure] Dec. 5 [Rec’d Dec. 21] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador. Regarding treatment of seized vessels. 367
687 Dec. 5 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Difficulties have arisen regarding shipments of cotton to Switzerland through Italy. Swiss government requests British to adjust matter. 400
688 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Transmits a specific instance of cable interference for attention of British authorities: Undelivered messages to Galveston Cotton Exchange. 522
1202 Dec. 6 [Rec’d Dec. 7] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Scandinavian Governments have not yet forbidden reexportation of copper. 356
[Page CCLXIII]1199 Dec. 6 [Rec’d Dec. 7] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Transmits text of proposed working arrangement whereby difficulties of trade and shipping may be removed. Grey asks that United States shippers ship to some definite consignee and not “to order.” British agree to wool, rubber, etc., entering United States provided it is not reshipped to enemy. 356
1209 Dec. 7 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Has been informed that copper shipped to neutrals goes to German concerns in neutral disguise for reshipment to Germany. Copper very high in Germany. Sweden has put copper on prohibited export list. 359
1201 Undated [Rec’d Dec. 7] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Re telegrams regarding “working arrangement,” embargoes, and interference with ships and cargoes. 428
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Certain telegrams have been stopped because thought to have concealed cipher messages. Discussion of subject promised. 522
708 Dec. 7 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Fore River Company planned to build submarines for one of Allies. Mr. Schwab laid plans of company before Department. President declared it a violation of the spirit of neutrality. Company then announced it would not build submarines for any belligerent. 578
1209 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Forwards copy of note received from Grey for transmission to Constantinople: British Government surprised at Turkish threat since Turkish warship bombarded two unprotected towns before declaring war; will hold Ottoman Ministers responsible for any molestation of British subjects. 784
1220 Dec. 8 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Re cotton held in Italian ports consigned to shipper or to order and destined for Switzerland. 401
1222 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Transmits telegram from Bliss at Beirut stating that British noncombatants including women have been ordered to interior as hostages, pending release of detained Ottomans. 785
714 Dec. 9 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Hopes soon to make definite response to proposed working arrangement for facilitating trade. 361
Dec. 9 [Rec’d Dec. 11] From the British Ambassador. Re further revision of neutrality rules proposed by Chilean Government for general adoption on the American continent. 695
[Page CCLXIV]1240 Dec. 11 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Suggests that if United States accepted proposed working arrangement, it incorporate a stipulation that British Government shall promptly inform us of the detention of every American ship and the reason therefor. 362
187 Dec. 11 [Rec’d Dec. 1] From the Consul General at London. Forwards note of Grey of December 5 on subject of seized shipments; quotes Article 43 of Declaration of London and asks how goods can be detained for adjudication when it is not liable to condemnation. 366
737 Dec. 11 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Arrangements for Denmark to adopt same system of trade as used in Holland. 402
Dec. 11 [Rec’d Dec. 21] From the Consul General at London. Transmits Admiralty circular of November 30 regarding navigation on the North Sea and English Channel, with instructions concerning mines, general and particular passages, pilots, blockaded ports, etc. 470
739 Dec. 11 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Confusion and expense caused by interruption of cable service. Influence on financial conditions in cotton States disastrous. Asks permission to use cotton codes. 524
1245 Dec. 11 [Rec’d Dec. 12] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Has had a conference with Grey and the head censor, who deny alleged discrimination against America, and disclaim knowledge of interference with certain telegraph messages. Telegraphic route must be known before specific messages can be investigated. 525
1247 Dec. 11 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Grey denounces bill introduced in Senate to prohibit exportation of munitions of war to belligerents, and calls this unneutral act. 578
1255 Dec. 13 [Rec’d Dec. 14] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Forwards statements of Grey re disposition of ships and cargoes consigned to neutral countries, which had been seized by Great Britain. 362
Dec. 14 [Rec’d Dec. 31] From the Consul General at London. A committee has been appointed by the British Government to receive and consider claims made by British, Allied, or neutral parties against ships or cargoes which have been condemned by prize courts and to provide for them out of prize funds. 378
[Page CCLXV]1259 Dec. 14 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Grey states that certain companies have sold their supply of manganese to the German Government. Their shortage will not be supplied by Great Britain. 429
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Mr. Hitchcock did not consult the President nor the Department in regard to the resolution to prohibit sale of munitions of war to belligerents. 579
763 Dec. 15 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Burdens of nations not at war growing greater. Aggrieved firms presenting their claims to members of Congress. Instructions to bring matter to attention of Foreign Office. 526
84 Dec. 16 To the Consul General at London. Re seizure of shipments made prior to a knowledge of the latest order in council. In this case the order in council should not apply. 366
771 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Quotes, telegram from Threefoot Bros. & Co., of Meridian, Miss., regarding messages in advance of large shipments of cotton. 527
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Embassy. Transmits copy of letter from Department of Justice stating failure to find any facts in case of Mazatlan constituting a violation of Federal penal laws. 645
Dec. 17 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). British Government announces that cotton code may be used. 527
Dec. 17 [Rec’d Dec. 18] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Subject of censored telegrams taken up with Danish and Swiss Ministers and Italian and Spanish Ambassadors. Censor refuses to notify sender of interrupted messages, saying it would defeat the object of censorship. 527
434 Dec. 18 [Rec’d Dec. 19] From the British Ambassador. Because of the war initiated by Turkey against Egypt, Great Britain considers the suzerainty of Turkey over Egypt to be ended. Protection of Egypt undertaken by Great Britain, and a High Commissioner appointed who will also be Minister for Foreign Affairs. 152
1297 [Enclosure] Undated [Rec’d Dec. 18] From the British Foreign Office (telegram). Schneefels captured by British while on way to the United States. Ship will continue voyage and deliver cargo to owners. United States asked to protect the vessel, now considered British prize. 386
1291 Dec. 18 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Transmits memorandum from the British Government showing regulations regarding the use of codes in foreign telegrams. 528
[Page CCLXVI]432 Dec. 18 [Rec’d Dec. 19] From the British Ambassador. Defense of British ships which have been accused of violation of neutrality in the Canal Zone. Statement by Sir C. Mallet concerning the Mallina. Regulations for enforcing neutrality in the Canal Zone delayed in reaching Great Britain. 651
Dec. 19 [Rec’d Dec. 21] From the British Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. Subject of unwrought copper will be studied and decision rendered. 284
1307 Dec. 21 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Forwards reply of Foreign Office to note claiming undue delay in releasing vessels carrying cotton. 369
1308 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Would United States merchants agree to export only what is needed for consumption in each country? Would United States object to appointment of a trustee to whom proper apportionment of goods could be shipped? 404
1309 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Chief censor sending daily report of stopped telegrams. 529
Dec. 21 [Rec’d Dec. 24] From the British Ambassador. Fifty thousand commercial telegrams pass through censor’s hands per day, a few of which are delayed or stopped. Reasons for stopping messages will be given. 530
Dec. 21 [Rec’d Dec. 23] From the British Embassy. Reviews the case of the Mazatlan and inquires whether the United States will take further action in matter. 645
441 Dec. 22 [Rec’d Dec. 23] From the British Ambassador. Resinous products, camphor and turpentine, have been added to list of absolute contraband. 300
1319 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Grey denies that American cotton is stopped while Egyptian cotton is allowed to proceed. 404
806 Dec. 22 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Permission asked for Aryan to sail with wool; both wool and ship owned by American citizens; reasonable assurances against reexportation will be given. 429
815 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Hides from Melbourne guaranteed against reexportation; instructions to secure export. 430
804 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Business firms in Manila suffering serious loss owing to delayed telegrams. Compañia General de Tobacos Filipinos desires to use code signature. 529
808 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Hopes there will be good results from discussion of censorship of telegraph messages. Suggests that British arrange with French for better facilities for cabled communications. 529
[Page CCLXVII]1318 Dee. 22 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Messages from United States stopped because they said that a British ship had been sunk, which was untrue. 530
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Counselor for the Department of State to the British Ambassador. Further protests against the hovering of British warships in vicinity of American ports. 662
819 Dec. 23 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Hopes that British Government will modify existing embargo to permit shipments of crude rubber from British colonies. Form of guaranty given. American-owned rubber now held in London and Liverpool. 430
1325 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Ambassain Great Britain (telegram). No wool allowed to be exported from Great Britain or colonies. 430
1326 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Re hides from Melbourne. British Government awaits our answer to proposed arrangement. 431
1330 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ British Government prefers that subject of delayed telegrams in France be taken up direct with French, and not through British authorities. 530
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Embassy. Case of the Mazatlan still under consideration. 646
Undated [Rec’d Dec. 24] From the Consul General at London (telegram). Transmits British amended list of absolute and conditional contraband of December 23. 269
825 Dec. 24 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Objects to seizure of steamers Ellen and Sandefjord and requests release. 370
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Ambassador. Regrets that resinous products have been added to absolute contraband list. Many ships have sailed with this cargo. Case similar to that of copper and other products. 371
830 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Restriction of trade to home consumption not practicable nor fair to American commerce. 405
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the British Embassy. The Gladstone (now Chilean) left Newport News bound for Chilean ports, owners taking oath that cargo would be discharged at port of consignment. 649
448 Dec. 25 [Rec’d Dec. 28] From the British Ambassador. Re British violation of quarantine regulations in the Canal Zone. Time to become familiar with new regulations had not been allowed. The Protesilaus fitted with wireless but was dismantled in port. The Mallina ordered to leave port before receiving clearance papers. British anxious to conform to neutrality regulations in the Canal Zone. 654
[Page CCLXVIII]836 Dec. 26 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Makes a full statement of views of the United States Government on present condition of American foreign trade resulting from seizures and detentions. Maintains an inconsistency and lack of consideration on part of British. 372
841 Dec. 27 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Embassy reports irritation in Italy against Great Britain for interference with trade. 376
1342 Dec. 28 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Acknowledges communication of December 26. Grey will not return to London until December 30. 377
1351 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ No hope that Great Britain will grant requests until answer received to the proposed working arrangement. 431
1340 Dec. 28 [Rec’d Dec. 29] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ British naval authorities will facilitate voyage of relief ships which carry whole cargoes of food for Belgium. Ships should not contain other cargo. All ships for Belgium must be reported to the British Ambassador in Washington. 823
851 Dec. 29 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). Instructions to request British Government to permit examination of condition of German prisoners in England in return for German permission. 755
1368 Dec. 30 [Rec’d Dec. 31] From the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). The United States is criticized for protests, which are attributed to German propaganda, and for failure to protest against Belgium’s treatment; is also accused of a desire to make money out of England’s misfortune. 377
1374 Dec. 31 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Grey will reply to note [of December 26] “in the same tone.” 379
209 Dec. 31 [Rec’d Jan. 12, 1915] From the Consul General at London. Explanations of British action as to goods shipped before declaration of war. Specific case of lumber of George W. Howe & Co. consigned to J. H. Müller & Son of Hamburg. Apparent intention of authorities to weigh minutely every evidence of ownership. 381
5 Jan. 1, 1915 From the British Ambassador. Upholds British decision that rosin and turpentine are contraband, as being “articles from which ammunition is manufactured.” 379
Jan. 2, 1915 To the British Ambassador. Acknowledges note explaining irregularities in observance of regulations in the Canal Zone. 655
[Page CCLXIX]1386 Jan. 2, 1915 From the Ambassador Great Britain (telegram). Permission will be given to an impartial person from the American Embassy in Berlin to visit British camps where German prisoners are kept. 756
1394 Jan. 4, 1915 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ With regard to request of Compañia General de Tabacos Filipinos for permission to use code signature in telegrams exchanged with Barcelona, British Government cannot grant request. 531
730 [Enclosure] Jan. 5, 1915 [Rec’d Jan. 23] From the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to the American Ambassador. Giving ultimate disposition of S. S. Ellen, Tellus , and Sandefjord . 382
Jan. 9, 1915 [Rec’d Jan. 12] From the British Ambassador to the Counselor for the Department of State. Assurances given that ships will not approach Ambrose Lightship nearer than six miles. 663
944 Jan. 12, 1915 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (telegram). The Schneefels will be treated as any other merchant vessel. 387
610 Jan. 13, 1915 To the British Ambassador. The same to the French Ambassador. In reply to complaint against Ecuador for non-observance of neutrality, the enclosed notes of December 1 and 25 from the Ecuadorian Minister will furnish an explanation. 708

GREECE

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
June 15 To the Greek Minister of Foreign Affairs (telegram). President Wilson’s plan for peace treaties accepted in principle by thirty-four countries; Great Britain, France, Norway, and Uruguay to accept soon. Copy of treaties sent to Greece. 3
132 July 31 [Rec’d Sept. 4] From the Consul at Saloniki. Epirus struggling for autonomous government. European concert declared Albania independent; opposed by Greece. Epirotes received religious freedom from Mohammedans; took possession of greater part of Albania. Concentration of troops in Macedonia under French direction against Bulgaria. Refugees in and around Saloniki approximately half million; cholera reported. War imminent. 88
Aug. 2 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Greece (telegram). Greece’s attitude dependent upon Bulgaria and Turkey. Bombardment of Belgrade by Austria. 32
[Page CCLXX] Aug. 3 [Rec’d Aug. 17] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Greece (telegram). Mobilization expected. Fleet near Dardanelles. Coal for Government sufficient; supply for private use for 15 days only. 63
Aug. 17 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ See Germany 6n
Aug. 20 [Rec’d Aug. 21] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Greece (telegram). Greece willing to sign peace treaties with United States but with no other country. Government requests regulations concerning neutral commerce. Greece to remain neutral unless Turkey or Bulgaria enter war. 68
43 Sept. 11 [Rec’d Sept. 29] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Greece. Greece as well prepared for war as possible. Public opinion pro-French. Germany striving to win over Greece. 115

GUATEMALA

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Aug. 9 [Rec’d Aug. 10] From the Guatemalan Minister. Note from President Cabrera tendering good offices. 53
Aug. 17 To the Guatemalan Minister. The Secretary of State acknowledges with pleasure the receipt of memorandum of President of Guatemala looking to conclusion of European war. 65

ITALY

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
131 July 31 [Rec’d Aug. 24] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Italy. Italy bound to Germany and Austria by the Triple Alliance; in reality, antagonistic to Austria for holding Italian-speaking provinces on the Adriatic. She is opposed to war and wishes to remain neutral. 72
Aug. 1 [Rec’d Aug. 2] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Italy (telegram). Despite existing treaties, Italy can not declare war in support of Austria, her enemy and her rival in Adriatic and Balkans. Fleet mobilizing at Gaeta. Financial situation good. 29
Aug. 2 [Rec’d Aug. 3] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Italy to remain neutral. Treaties require her support for defense, not for aggression; was not consulted by Austria. Export of food prohibited. Stock exchanges closed. 37
Aug. 3 [Rec’d Aug. 4] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Two hundred thousand called to colors, not considered mobilization. Maneuvers on sea. Navy has one million lira available for munitions of war. 39
1166 Aug. 4 [Rec’d Aug. 6] From the Italian Chargé d’Affaires. Italy intends to remain neutral 46
[Page CCLXXI] Undated [Rec’d Aug. 11] From the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). Suggested to the Minister for Foreign Affairs the mediation of the President. Reply: The time may come; Italy will be glad to exchange views. 54
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 13] From the Consul General at Genoa (telegram). German liners Moltke and König Albert in Italian port. Suggests Department arrange with England for them to carry stranded Americans home. 477
1267 Aug. 13 [Rec’d Aug. 14] From the Italian Chargé d’Affaires. By Royal decree of August 6 territorial waters have been fixed at six nautical miles, for purposes of neutrality. 664
Aug. 15 To the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). Instructions to ascertain if German ships, chartered for the sole purpose of transporting Americans to the United States, may enter Italian ports for this purpose. 480
Aug. 19 From the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). Italy preparing to take sides against Austria. 67
Aug. 22 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Italy making great preparations quietly. Troops sent to northeast border; factories running night and day; Government buying stores and coal from United States. Roumania dangerous, Turkey restless, Islam threatening, British sending 20,000 Indians to Egypt, Japanese seeking medicaments. 69
Aug. 23 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Following for Navy Department: Italy to declare war on Austria; fleet at Taranto; Abruzzi, Commander in Chief; Austrian vessel sunk; French-English fleet near Corfu. 70
Aug. 25 [Rec’d Aug. 26] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Greek Minister inquires about rumored mediation services. German Ambassador thinks it too early for peace; that reported German victory practically decides the war. Germany would not claim territory of France but transfer of colonies only. Mobilization of Italy denied. Germany bitter towards Japan. 78
1426 Sept. 8 [Rec’d Sept. 10] From the Italian Chargé d’Affaires. Quotes text of articles of the Royal decree of August 6 respecting the limits of territorial waters in bays, bights, and gulfs for purposes of neutrality. 664
18 Sept. 24 [Rec’d Sept. 25] From the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). War between Greece and Turkey imminent. Italy cannot long continue neutral. 112
Oct. 12 [Rec’d Oct. 29] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ New Minister of War appointed from the army; Government holds to neutrality while preparing for war. Minister for Foreign Affairs ill. A new minister may mean a new policy. 124
[Page CCLXXII] Oct. 16 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ See Norway 390n
Oct. 22 From the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). Italy reported to have landed troops at Avlona. 120
54 Oct. 31 [Rec’d Nov 2] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Foreign Office does not prohibit goods from being shipped through the Kingdom from one foreign country to another, provided it is not placed in warehouses. In latter case agreement must be reached with customs authorities. 394
1837 Nov. 6 [Rec’d Nov. 9] From the Italian Ambassador. Requests acceptance of United States Government of the limit set by Royal decree to territorial waters for purposes of neutrality. 665
Nov. 9 From the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). Harry S. Cavanaugh, representing American Trade Agency, Rome, protests stoppage of cable communication with American firms. 514
81 Nov. 10 To the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). Grey has promised to facilitate transmission of commercial messages sent in plain language and agrees that code addresses may be used where registered. 514
87 Nov. 17 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Instructions to obtain a favorable statement on two points: Consignment of cotton for German ports via Netherlands, and shipments of cotton consigned to Netherland concerns for reexportation to Germany. 398n
Nov. 19 [Rec’d Dec. 7] From the Ambassador in Italy. Transmits despatches presenting opportunities in Italy for American enterprise. Italian Government has provided additional funds for military purposes. Need for grain and guns. Italy and England have agreed to protect North African colonies. Conviction prevails that the power that wins will next attack America and that America will have to step in to save civilization. 143
Nov. 27 From the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). Continued complaints that commercial telegrams to American companies are undelivered. Business much disturbed. 519
Nov. 28 To the Italian Ambassador. The United States does not accept the limit of territorial waters set out in the Royal decree of August 6, 1914. The principal nations generally recognize territorial jurisdiction to extend over three nautical miles. Important that any change should be recognized by principal maritime powers. 665
[Page CCLXXIII] Nov. 30 From the Consul General at Genoa (telegram). Goods entering Italy marked “to order” are considered for Italy and not for reshipment. Many bales of raw cotton are tied up in Genoa. Government urged not to hold goods shipped before decree was published. Otherwise American shippers suffer great losses. 399
95 Dec. 2 From the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). British Ambassador in Italy states that his Government and French Government are taking up matter of censoring commercial telegrams. American cooperation requested. 519
98 Dec. 4 To the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). Cotton non-contraband. Shipments made before publication of decree and tied up in Genoa should be allowed reshipment. Italian Government asked to give favorable consideration. 399
98 Dec. 5 [Rec’d Dec. 6] From the Ambassador in Italy. Grey informed Swiss Minister in London that instructions will by given immediately to allow cotton to be exported to Switzerland and other neutrals without interdicting its reexportation. 400
Dec. 10 From the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). Continued complaints received of delay in cable messages: One from Royal Servian Commission, regarding supplies from New York amounting to $5,000,000; another from American Vice Consul, Rome, about 10,000 tons wheat. 523
110 Dec. 12 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ No difficulty now in shipping cotton through Italy to named final destination. Shipments destined for Switzerland released. Complaint still regarding censorship commercial cables. 403
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Italian Ambassador. The United States, while maintaining its position on the three-mile limit of territorial waters, has notified its vessels of the extent of territorial waters of Italy, as set forth in decree of August 6 1914. 666
114 Dec. 14 From the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). Italy asks our aid to obtain assurances from England that commercial telegraph messages to America will not be held up. 526
116 Dec. 15 To the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). Complaints received regarding delivery of telegraph messages; investigate. If Italian censors are detaining messages, protest to Foreign Office. 526
[Page CCLXXIV] Dec. 23 From the Ambassador in Italy (telegram). Strong resentment against England and France because of interruptions to commerce. 156
141 Dec. 30 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Cotton can be shipped freely; no embargo on reexportation. 406

JAPAN

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Aug. 10 From the Ambassador in Japan (telegram). German Ambassador says England has called on Japan for assistance under treaty of alliance. Rumors that Atlantic Fleet of United States on way to Far East to protect China. 165
Aug. 11 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ German Ambassador anticipates proposition from Japan for neutralization of Orient. This desirable for Germany, as German resistance hopeless. 166
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Ambassador in Japan (telegram). Department is making inquiry of Germany respecting the possibility of circumscribing area of hostilities in Far East. 167
Aug. 12 From the Secretary of the Navy. Forwards cablegram from naval attaché at Tokyo: Japanese Fleet mobilizing; strong feeling against Germany. 168
Aug. 15 [Rec’d Aug. 16] From the Ambassador in Japan (telegram). Transmits Japan’s ultimatum to Germany. Minister for Foreign Affairs states that Japan is not animated by self-interest and seeks no territory in China; intimates that less danger of disturbance if China could borrow money from United States. German Ambassador declares that Germany cannot concede Japan’s demands, and prepares to leave. 170
Aug. 19 To the Ambassador in Japan (telegram). Forwards note to Japanese Government: United States regrets impending war between Germany and Japan, but is gratified that Japan is acting in alliance with Great Britain, intending to restore Kiaochow to China, preserving equal opportunity of commerce for all nations with China, according to previous agreement with United States. Requests to repeat to Peking. 172
Aug. 23 From the Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs to the Japanese Ambassador (telegram). Notification of Japanese declaration of war against Germany. United States requested to take charge of Japanese interests in Germany. 174
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Imperial rescript of the Japanese Emperor. Declaration of war against Germany. 175
[Page CCLXXV] Aug. 24 From the Ambassador in Japan (telegram). Japan agreeable to the proposal that the Empress Elizabeth, Austrian war vessel, be disarmed and interned. 176
Aug. 26 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Satisfactory arrangements have been made concerning Austrian war vessel. 176
Aug. 27 [Rec’d Sept. 23] From the Ambassador in Japan. Transmits letter from the General Agent of the Great Northern Steamship Company asking if it would be an unneutral act to carry Austrian reservists from Shanghai to the United States, and reply thereto. 559
114 Aug. 29 [Rec’d Sept. 23] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Austria proposes internment of Kaiserin Elizabeth at neutral Chinese port. Diplomatic relations between Austria and Japan severed. Has taken over Austrian interests. 180
119 Sept. 1 [Rec’d Sept. 23] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Forwards Japan’s declaration of war with Germany. General conviction existed that war is inevitable and Government supported by press. Opinions differ as to return of Kiaochow to China. Special session of Diet called to vote war budget. 179
Sept. 12 To the Ambassador in Japan and the Chargé d’Affaires in China (telegram). Directed to ascertain truth as to statement that Japanese will expel Germans from neutral districts in China. 178
Sept. 15 From the Ambassador in Japan (telegram). Expelling of Germans from China denied. 178
127 Sept. 22 [Rec’d Oct. 13] From the Ambassador in Japan. Special session of Diet voted appropriation for construction of ten destroyers. Quotes speech of Minister for Foreign Affairs: England had requested Japan to furnish assistance under terms of alliance; Japan did her duty; appreciates prompt compliance of United States with her request that she take over her interests in Germany and Austria-Hungary. 184
Sept. 24 To the Ambassador in Japan. Approves advice given steamship companies against transporting reservists of belligerent armies. 560
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ See Germany 831n
Oct. 1 From the Japanese Embassy. Japanese have decided to take over and operate Shantung Railway. Now under complete control of Germans and used to facilitate German military operations. 182
Oct. 6 From the Ambassador in Japan (telegram). Japanese Fleet has landed a force on Jaluit Island, destroyed the military works, and received surrender of authorities. 183
[Page CCLXXVI]135 Oct. 8 [Rec’d Nov. 11] From the Ambassador in Japan. Japanese newspapers in general approve actions of Japanese Fleet, since Japan has disavowed any intention to seek territorial aggrandizement. Assistance of Japan in preserving order in the South Seas insures: safety of international commerce. Yellow journals unfriendly toward both Japan and United States. 190
Oct. 16 To the Ambassador in Japan (telegram). Just signed thirtieth peace treaty. Ask Japanese Government if it will consider similar treaty. 10
Oct. 20 From the Ambassador in Japan (telegram). Japan has taken possession of [South Sea] islands of strategic importance and captured one enemy war vessel in hiding there. 185
Oct. 27 To the Japanese Ambassador. Calls attention to Japanese battleship Hizen, cruising in neutral waters around Honolulu without lights. 661
Oct. 28 [Rec’d Oct. 29] From the Japanese Ambassador. Transmits substance of telegram of October 27 from Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs, stating German man-of-war Geier, lingering in Honolulu port, ostensibly for repairs, is constant menace to Japanese merchant vessels. Requests information regarding intended disposition of Geier. 583
Oct. 30 To the Japanese Ambassador. Notification that Geier will be interned on a certain fixed date if repairs are not completed by that time. 585
Oct. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 31] From the Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs to the Japanese Embassy at Washington (telegram). Several members of Geier complement are suspected of having left Honolulu for San Francisco. The United States as neutral is under obligation to prevent their leaving the vessel for distant point. 586
Nov. 5 From the Ambassador in Japan (telegram). Japan reluctant to join in peace treaties. United States and Japan have conflicting views on China. Dissatisfaction in Japan concerning California legislation. Fear of hostile legislation. 11
Nov. 7 From the Consul at Nagasaki (telegram). Tsingtao fallen 190
Nov. 11 To the Japanese Ambassador. Four members of Geier complement paroled in San Francisco. 587
Nov. 12 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Reports interning of the Geier and Locksun in Honolulu. 588
[Page CCLXXVII] Nov. 14 From the Ambassador in Japan (telegram). Forwards text of telegram received from supposed officers of the Shantung Railway, containing a petition to the Foreign Office that mines and railway seized by Japanese be restored to the company. 201
Nov. 16 To the Ambassador in Japan (telegram). Instructions to present the petition of officers of Shantung Railway to Foreign Office. 202
161 Nov. 23 [Rec’d Dec. 17] From the Ambassador in Japan. Reviews newspaper discussion of the final disposition of Kiaochow. 202
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Forwards extracts from Japan Advertiser: Foreign Minister opposed to sending troops to Europe; Japan interested only in peace of Orient. 203
164 Nov. 25 _ _ _ _ _ _ See Austria-Hungary, No. 305 542
Dec. 7 [Rec’d Dec. 30] From the Ambassador in Japan. British Ambassador unwilling to reply to question as to whether German islands captured by Japan have been turned over to Australia for administration. British inquire of Japan’s purpose in entering war. Baron Kato assures American Ambassador that Japan is not in war for selfish purpose but because of her alliance with Great Britain. 205
Dec. 12 [Rec’d Jan. 14, 1915] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Forwards extract from the Parliamentary Supplement to the Official Gazette of December 9 containing a speech of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, who denies the existence of an agreement between Japan and any nation binding Japan to retrocede Kiaochow to China. Whether Japan will succeed to Germany’s rights in Shantung, is left for future negotiations. 206
170 Dec. 18 [Rec’d Jan. 14, 1915] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Encloses extract from Parliamentary Supplement to the Official Gazette of December 10, in which Matsuda charged the Cabinet with having given guarantees to Great Britain and United States that Japan would retrocede Kiaochow to China and that Japanese occupation of Jaluit Island was only temporary, and in which the Minister for Foreign Affairs denies the charge. 207
Dec. 31 [Rec’d Jan. 27, 1915] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Encloses summary of further replies by the Minister for Foreigh Affairs to parliamentary inquiries regarding Japan’s participation in the war, December 10. 210
[Page CCLXXVIII]

LIBERIA

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Aug. 7 To the Minister in Liberia (telegram). Instructions to recommend that Liberia proclaim neutrality at once. 712
Aug. 14 From the Minister in Liberia (telegram). French demand that German wireless be closed. French wireless still open. Requests advice. 713
Aug. 18 To the Minister in Liberia (telegram). For the information of President Howard in taking such measures as he may deem necessary to preserve neutrality, transmits text of President Wilson’s proclamation on radio communication. 713
59 Sept. 4 [Rec’d Oct. 9] From the Minister in Liberia. Liberia has closed both French and German wireless stations. 717
Dec. 30 To the Minister in Liberia (telegram). Instructions to warn Liberian Government to preserve utmost impartiality between belligerents. 718

NETHERLANDS

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Aug. 1 From the Netherland Chargé d’Affaires. North Sea and certain passes have been obstructed with submarine mines. 453
Aug. 2 From the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Reports that German Army advanced through Luxemburg into France. 32
125 Aug. 14 [Rec’d Aug. 28] From the Minister in the Netherlands. (1) European situation: Germany’s quick action proves conflict no surprise to her. Stubborn resistance of Belgium and action of English not anticipated. Dutch ports open doors for trade. Opportunity for United States to cooperate with other neutral countries for world peace. (2) Situation in Holland: Troops massed in south along frontier. Americans receiving necessary assistance; arranging financial relief of British subjects also. Refusal to transmit message in unknown cipher from Austrian. Government to Austrian Legation in Belgium. 80
6 Sept. 1 To the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Instructions to ascertain whether port authorities at Rotterdam will remit port duties on American Red Cross ship. 827
13 Sept. 6 From the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). No port charges will be made for the American Red Cross ship at Rotterdam. 828
[Page CCLXXIX]39 Undated [Rec’d Oct. 2] From the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Branch houses in Rotterdam of American firms and importers of American product’s protest against measures taken by belligerents regarding shipments. Willing to sign declaration that goods are not for belligerents. 317
33 Oct. 9 To the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Information received that Holland-America Line will not accept cargo unless consigned to Netherland Government, with permission of Government to ship. British will not prevent oil cake entering Holland. Instruction to furnish information concerning Netherland embargo on exportation. 387
44 Undated [Rec’d Oct. 11] From the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Netherlands will receive oil cake consigned to Government. Holland-America Line will receive cargo consigned to Government. 388
45 Oct. 12 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Transmits list of articles of which Netherland Government prohibits exportation. 388
152 Oct. 14 [Rec’d Oct. 27] From the Minister in the Netherlands. The fall of Antwerp has thrown 400,000 Belgian refugees upon the mercy of Netherland people. An attack on Antwerp by water would involve neutrality of Netherlands. 122
39 Oct. 15 To the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Requests explanation of telegram concerning shipments to Netherland Government; also information as to whether Netherland Government would prevent exportation of cotton shipped to Holland and destined for Germany. 389
47 Oct. 16 From the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Every separate shipment must be consigned to Netherland Government with consent given by Netherland Consul General in New York. Exportation of cotton, fodder, and oil cake forbidden. Shipments of cotton in transit to Germany not forbidden but are at shippers’ risk. 389
155 Oct. 20 [Rec’d Nov. 14] From the Minister in the Netherlands. Encloses extract from La Gazette de Hollande on subject of provisioning Belgium, quoting notes from the German Legation to the Netherland Minister for Foreign Affairs of August 15, and replies of the Netherland Minister of August 17 and October 3. 817
[Page CCLXXX]44 Oct. 21 To the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Netherland Consul General states that consent of Netherland Government for shipments of goods must be obtained at The Hague. Obtain consent of the Government for such shipments. 391
51 Oct. 22 From the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Permits for consignments of goods granted directly by Netherland Government to Holland-America Line. 391
Oct. 23 To the Consul General at Rotterdam (telegram). Instructions to report upon nature and number of telegrams passing office and upon arrangements being made to send commercial correspondence to and from Germany. 539
47 Oct. 24 To the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Meat packers have regular trade in Holland. Requests reason why prepared meat products are not on list of goods that may be assigned to Netherland Government. 392
Undated [Rec’d Oct. 24] From the Consul General at Rotterdam (telegram). Requests instructions regarding transmission of commercial correspondence of belligerent countries through consular offices. 539
48 Oct. 26 To the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Instructions to obtain information as to procedure to be followed by shippers to get permission of Netherland Government to consign goods to it. 393
54 Oct. 27 From the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Meat products not among prohibited exports because plentiful in Netherlands. Other articles added to prohibited list. 393
55 Oct. 27 From the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Permission to consign goods to Netherland Government obtained from Mr. Bock of Department of Commerce at The Hague. 393
Oct. 29 To the Consul General at Rotterdam (telegram). Consulate should not be used in transmission of commercial telegrams between belligerent countries. 539
Nov. 1 From the Consul General at Rotterdam (telegram). Permission asked to transmit commercial correspondence from belligerent countries to America. 540
Nov. 2 To the Consul General at Rotterdam (telegram). Instructions not to forward commercial mail. 540
52 Nov. 9 To the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Confusion regarding attitude of Netherlands towards shipments of goods on reexportation of which that Government has placed embargo. Instruction to send definite information after presenting matter to Netherland Government. 396
[Page CCLXXXI]71 Nov. 10 From the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Transmits information regarding clear and consistent attitude of Netherland Government towards shipping. 397
58 Nov. 17 To the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis to the Minister in Sweden and the Ambassador in Italy. Instructions to obtain a favorable statement on two points: Consignment of cotton for German ports via Netherlands, and shipments of cotton consigned to Netherland concerns for reexportation to Germany. 398
170 Nov. 19 [Rec’d Dec. 7] From the Chargé d’Affaires in the Netherlands. Forwards article from the Gazette de Hollande of November 17, containing plea for peace, proposing that Holland and United States unite in effort for mediation. 145
78 Nov. 19 From the Minister in the Netherlands (telegram). Netherland Foreign Office states that there is no objection to consignments of cotton in transsit to Germany or to transshipments if consigned to Netherland firms. 398
81 Nov. 24 From the Secretary of the Legation in the Netherlands (telegram). Netherland Government, reserving right to import and distribute flour, will buy from United States. 399
177 Dec. 11 [Rec’d Dec. 26] From the Chargé d’Affaires in the Netherlands. Encloses report by the Rotterdam manager of work done by Commission for Relief in Belgium. 820

NORWAY

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Aug. 3 From the Minister in Norway (telegram). Norway to maintain strict neutrality. Mobilization for coast defense. Export of food prohibited. 34
Aug. 9 From the Norwegian Minister (telegram). Norwegian and Swedish Governments mutually agree to remain neutral and friendly toward each other. 52
Oct. 16 To the Minister in Norway (telegram). The same, mutatis mutandis, to the Ministers in Sweden and Denmark, and the Ambassador in Italy. Make inquiries as to whether cotton destined for Germany can be shipped to Norway. 390
Oct. 20 From the minsister in Norway (telegram). Norwegian authorities do not object to cotton being shipped to Norway destined for Germany. 391
[Page CCLXXXII] Nov. 3 From the Minister in Norway (telegram). S. S. Bergensfjord , Norwegian American Line, seized by British ship, taken to Orkney, released after three days. Ships being taken to England for examination of their papers and cargo. 336
Nov. 4 [Rec’d Nov. 5] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Norwegian-American Line can not take English Channel, owing to low water. Norwegian Government has requested British to change route. 464
Nov. 6 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Norwegian Government protests against closing of North Sea. Norway depends upon trade with United States. Requests United States to protest. 465
Nov. 9 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ British Government has consented to allow steamers of Norwegian-American Line to take northern route. 466
1 Nov. 10 To the Minister in Norway (telegram). United States will not protest to Great Britain against closing of North Sea. 466
60 Dec. 28 [Rec’d Jan. 12, 1915] From the Minister in Norway. In the conference at Malmo the three Scandinavian Kings agreed upon strict neutrality and a uniform course of action with regard to entry of belligerent vessels into Scandinavian ports, to visitation and detention of merchant vessels, and to trade difficulties in general. Enclosure, communiqué from Norwegian Foreign Office. 159
60 [Enclosure] Undated [Rec’d Jan. 12, 1915] From the Norwegian Foreign Office. Official Communiqué concening the Conference of Malmo. 161

PERSIA

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Undated [Rec’d Nov. 3] From the Minister in Persia (telegram). Russian officers have seized Turkish and Austrian consuls and archives. Germans threatened and Consul assaulted. Requests instructions. 745
Nov. 5 To the Minister in Persia (telegram). United States has not yet been requested to protect German and Austrian interests. Discretion must be used in extending protection to nations other than Americans. Attitude of strict neutrality to be maintained. 745
Nov. 6 [Rec’d Nov. 7] From the Persian Chargé d’Affaires. Persian Government has proclaimed neutrality. Good offices of United States solicited to help maintain neutrality. 129
[Page CCLXXXIII]2 Nov. 11 To the Persian Chargé d’Affaires. Reply to Persian Government; United States will lend its good offices in every possible way. 130
Dec. 19 To the Minister in Persia (telegram). Permission to act for Germany in Persia. 749

PERU

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
100 [Enclosure] Nov. 6 [Rec’d Nov. 28] From the Peruvian Minister for Foreign Affairs to the American Minister. Transmits a memorandum protesting against the intolerable conditions caused by the war, and proposes that all American countries unite in effort to limit the war area and to free neutral waters of belligerents. Copy of the memorandum has been sent to, Argentine, Brazilian, and Chilean Republics for cooperation. 441
Nov. 10 From the Minister in Peru (telegram). Memorandum deploring interruption of commerce between peaceful nations and proposing joint action to guarantee inviolability of trade routes. Sent also by Peru to Argentina, Brazil, and Chile. 434
Nov. 30 [Rec’d Dec. 3] From the Peruvian Minister. Encloses memorandum from the Foreign Office, which is to be laid before the Pan American Union, suggesting that action be taken to safeguard the interests of neutrals of America. 443
Dec. 12 [Rec’d Dec. 14] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Memorandum of November 17 prepared by the Peruvian Government in reference to the protection of the foreign commerce of the neutral countries of America from damages caused by the war. 444
40 Dec. 18 To the Minister in Peru. Acknowledges receipt of correspondence and memorandum re urgency of agreement amongst neutrals tending to reduce injury to commerce in the war. 450
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Peruvian Minister. Acknowledges receipt of correspondence and memorandum on subject of injury to neutral commerce in the war. 450
Dec. 29 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Acknowledges receipt of note transmitting copy of memorandum of Foreign Office. 451
[Page CCLXXXIV]

PORTUGAL

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
25 Aug. 10 [Rec’d Aug. 25] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Portugal. In case of war with Portugal, Germany wishes. United States to take over German Legation. Instructions requested. Violence shown Germans leaving Portugal. Anti-German feeling strong, and war probable. Treaty exists with Great Britain whereby Portugal promises 10,000 troops to Britain when needed. 76
Oct. 2 From the Minister in Portugal (telegram). Unofficially affirmed that Portugal, in accordance with English treaty obligations, will enter the war as soon as preparations are completed. 116
39 Oct. 9 [Rec’d Oct. 28] From the Minister in Portugal. Portugal will certainly enter war as soon as army is reorganized. 123
Oct. 28 To the Minister in Portugal (telegram). If war has been declared by Portugal against Germany, send full report. 123
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Inquires if Portugal has declared war against Germany. 125n
Oct. 29 [Rec’d Oct. 30] From the Minister in Portugal (telegram). War not yet declared. Portuguese commission conferring in England. 125
50 Nov. 2 [Rec’d Nov. 23] From the Minister in Portugal. Attitude of Portugal unchanged. If House of Deputies fails to declare war, Government will be placed in embarrassing position, owing to promises already made to Great Britain. 133
53 Nov. 6 [Rec’d Nov. 30] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Portuguese commission continues to confer with English governmental and military authorities concerning conflict. When they return House of Deputies will convene in extra session. 135
324 Undated [Rec’d Nov. 24] From the Minister in Portugal (telegram). Senate and House of Deputies authorize the executive power to intervene militarily in conflict as an ally of England. 134
55 Nov. 24 [Rec’d Dec. 15] From the Minister in Portugal. Parliament authorizes King to aid Great Britain in war Appreciation of latter assured. Portugal may thus have privileges of a neutral country by secretly giving aid without declaring war. 151
57 Dec. 3 [Rec’d Dec. 26] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Parliament assembled to arrange for a division to leave for the seat of war. 156
[Page CCLXXXV]

ROUMANIA

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
28 July 30 [Rec’d Sept. 12] From the Minister in Roumania, Servia, and Bulgaria. Crisis between Austria-Hungary and Servia: Investigation into assassination. Austrian ultimatum presented to Servia; Servian reply; diplomatic relations severed; war declared. 102
Aug. 11 [Rec’d Aug. 17] From the Minister in Roumania (telegram). Roumania disregards agreement of 35 years ago because no provocation was given and no advice asked of her; action depends upon Bulgaria. Bombardment of Belgrade continues and forces advancing into Bosnia. 64
29 Aug. 19 [Rec’d Sept. 19] From the Minister in Roumania, Servia, and Bulgaria. Austria jealous of greater Servia and welcomed cases belli; unfriendly to Greece because of Servian agreement for use of Aegean port; charges Russia with trying to get a hold in Balkans and of Constantinople. Embassy has taken over Austro-Hungarian interests. 107
112 Aug. 19 [Rec’d Sept. 19] From the Minister in Roumania. Roumania to remain neutral, but troops augmented and country practically upon a war basis. Sends interview with Mr. Take Ionescu stating reasons why Roumania will remain neutral. 109
122 Aug. 19 [Rec’d Sept. 19] From the Minister in Roumania, Servia, and Bulgaria. Bulgarian neutrality remains unchanged; nevertheless army practically mobilized. Turkish mobilization causing misgivings. Train service between Turkey and Bulgaria interrupted. Bulgarian Government requests, without success, that Turkish troops on frontier be withdrawn. 110
Aug. 21 [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the Minister in Roumania (telegram). Roumania urged to join Turkey in favor of Austria and Germany. This unlikely as Roumania is strong enough to act independently. 69
Sept. 4 [Rec’d Sept. 5] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ If Italy takes action against Austria-Hungary and Germany, Roumania will also. 91
Sept. 10 [Rec’d Sept. 11] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Servian forces have taken Sem and surrounding country. Roumania about to enter war. 101
Sept. 14 [Rec’d Sept. 18] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Popular demonstration against Austria-Hungary suppressed. Roumania will soon enter conflict. 106
Sept. 29 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ War will be declared by Roumania. Popular demonstrations in favor of such action. 114
[Page CCLXXXVI]133 Oct. 2 [Rec’d Oct. 27] From the Minister in Roumania, Servia, and Bulgaria. King of Roumania pro-German; people in sympathy with France. Germany’s failure to subjugate France in short campaign and Russia’s conquests in Austria-Hungary change situation. Roumania ambitious to annex provinces peopled by Roumanians but held by Austria-Hungary. 121
Oct. 29 [Rec’d Oct. 30] From the Minister in Roumania, Servia, and Bulgaria (telegram). Policy of neutrality continues in Bulgaria. 126
35 Nov. 30 [Rec’d Dec. 22] From the Minister in Roumania, Servia, and Bulgaria. Situation in Servia gloomy. Four months Servian Army was successful against Austria-Hungary, then ran short of ammunition. Russia has forwarded ammunition over Danube. Servians kept on Bulgarian frontier to protect Macedonia (now new Servia.) Russia desires this land to be given to Bulgaria to secure her alliance. Servia objects. 154
163 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ King of Roumania and leaders sympathize with Germany; think Roumania should have Transylvania; seeking an agreement with Bulgaria. A commission has been sent to the United States to secure ammunition. 154
141 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Bulgaria trying to remain neutral until she finds which way the war turns; anxious for territory belonging to Servia, Greece, and Roumania. Belligerents willing to promise this territory, but Balkan powers object. Sympathies of people with Russia. Government believes more can be obtained from Germany. Quotes extract from Prime Minister’s speech pro-claiming neutrality. 155
Dec. 2 [Rec’d Dec. 3] From the Minister in Roumania, Servia, and Bulgaria (telegram). Turkish Government proclaimed holy war against Servia and her allies. 141

RUSSIA

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
July 25 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Russian intervention inevitable in case of Austro-Servian conflict. 15
July 26 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Mobilization of army ordered to begin immediately. 15
[Page CCLXXXVII] July 27 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Situation less acute. Chances of peace improved. Army clamoring for war. 16
July 28 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Austrian declaration of war against Servia causing excitement. Russian army mobilizing. Emperor strongly influenced to declare war. 17
July 30 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Mobilization decree issued. German and Austrian Ambassadors ready to leave. 20
July 31 [Rec’d Aug. 1] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Country unanimous for war. Complete mobilization. Railways disorganized. Advising American tourists to leave. Unfortunate if we are again asked to look after interests of Russia’s enemies, as in the war with Japan. 26
Aug. 1 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Russia will move immediately if operations against Servia do not cease. Country on war basis. Business crippled; stock exchange closed; gold unobtainable; paper depreciated; traffic closed except for troops. 27
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Germany declares war against Russia. Requests United States to take charge of German interests there. 28
Aug. 1 [Rec’d Aug. 2] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Austrian Ambassador, though uninstructed, asks if United States will take charge of Austrian Embassy in Russia if he receives orders to leave. 30
Aug. 1 To the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). United States has consented to take over German Embassy in Russia in case of war, with understanding that similar assistance may be given any other country that may request it. 732
Aug. 2 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Americans are being registered preparatory to being sent home. Trying to effect route from Finland to Stockholm. Consular reports sent through Embassy. 31
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Russian Ambassador (telegram). Germany has declared war on Russia. 32
Aug. 2 [Rec’d Aug. 3] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Emperor delivered speech before court and military officers; received with enthusiasm by orderly crowds. Minister for Foreign Affairs promises to help foreigners leave country. Fifty thousand troops in Riga; harbor mined, fleet near by. 34
[Page CCLXXXVIII] Aug. 3 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Request for financial assistance for American tourists. German Ambassador left no money to help Germans nor to pay Embassy employees. 35
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ United States will be allowed to act for Germany in Russia. Americans unable to leave yet. 37
Aug. 3 [Rec’d Aug. 4] From the Consul General at Moscow (telegram). Many provinces under martial law. Germans assaulted. Business situation critical. Government bank safe. Lighthouses and navigation closed. 39
Aug. 4 See Austria-Hungary 42n
Aug. 5 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Because the Russian Embassy at Berlin is said to have been destroyed by a mob, Russians have wrecked the German Embassy in St. Petersburg. Has registered a protest at the Foreign Office. 733
Aug. 5 [Rec’d Aug. 6] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Request has been made in the name of the United States for a formal apology to Germany for the destruction of Embassy and for reparation for loss of life and property. Authorities promise reparation and strict precautions against repetition in the future. 734
Aug. 5 See Great Britain 824n
Aug. 6 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Peace offers come too late for Russia. 45
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 6] From the Russian Ambassador (telegram). Austria-Hungary has declared war on Russia. 47
Aug. 6 [Rec’d Aug. 7] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Austria having declared war against Russia, United States to take charge of Austrian affairs. Need increase in Embassy staff. 48
Aug. 6 _ _ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 216n
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ See France 475n
Aug. 7 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Asks permission to raise American flag over Austrian Embassy, if necessary to save life. 736
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Re destruction of German Embassy. Department unable to take up matter with Russian Ambassador. 736
Aug. 8 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Instructions to inform Foreign Office that United States will take over Austrian interests in Russia. Asks if there would be any objections to raising American flag over Austrian Embassy. 736
[Page CCLXXXIX] Aug. 8 [Rec’d Aug. 9] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Russian officers and soldiers entered Austrian Embassy with intention of taking automobiles. Protest made in name of United States, and they withdrew. Situation is grave. 737
Aug. 9 To the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Course approved. If Government insists on taking automobiles, the matter should be settled by diplomatic correspondence, not by force. 737
Aug. 10 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Government will not interfere with neutral vessels chartered by citizens’ committee. 477
Aug. 12 [Rec’d Aug. 13] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Emperor requests President Wilson’s message in writing. 56
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Foreign Office thinks that the raising of an American flag over the Austrian Embassy might complicate matters. Building is not in danger. 738
Aug. 13 [Rec’d Aug. 14] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ German and Austrian Consuls being arrested and imprisoned. Strong protests of no avail. Requests instructions. 738
Aug. 15 _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 479
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Instructions to do nothing more after protesting. 738
Aug. 16 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Replies to President’s offer of mediation received from Germany, Austria, Great Britain, and France. Inquiry as to whether there will be any further reply from Czar. 63
Aug. 19 _ _ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 217
Aug. 20 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Russia will observe Declaration of London if British Government does. 217
Aug. 24 [Rec’d Aug. 25] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Russia thinks American warships in Turkish waters an excellent plan, but wishes to confer with England and France before recommending it. 761
Aug. 26 [Rec’d Aug. 27] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Emperor replies to President Wilson’s message: Appreciates humanitarian sentiments; the war thrust upon Russia; contemplation of peace premature; expresses thanks. 78
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 27] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Russia accepts Declaration of London with modifications adopted by England and France. 220
Aug. 27 From the Russian Ambassador (telegram). Requests permission for Russians to enter New York in transit to Archangel. 565
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 825n
[Page CCXC] Aug. 28 To the Russian Ambassador (telegram). Instructions given immigration authorities on Canadian border to allow admission of Russians to New York in transit to Archangel. 566
Aug. 29 From the Ambassador in Japan (telegram). Russian Ambassador denies any agreement between Japan and Russia concerning China. 165
Sept. 4 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ See Germany 828n
11 Sept. 10 [Rec’d Sept. 11] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Condition of German and Austrian war prisoners is very bad. Government has done nothing to house and feed them. 750
9 Sept. 10 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Papers report that Red Cross ship Hamburg has been detained at the request of British Ambassador, as most of crew was discovered to be Germans. 830
12 Sept. 11 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Re American purchase of German ships. 492
Sept. 15 _ _ _ _ _ _ See Belgium 7n
11 Sept. 16 To the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Protests must discontinue until instructed otherwise. 751
22 Undated. [Rec’d Sept. 17] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Explanations re protests to Russian authorities concerning prisoners. 751
Undated [Rec’d Sept. 24] From the Russian Ambassador (telegram). Russian Government has directed him to sign peace treaty. Will prepare draft and come to Washington. 8
Sept. 24 _ _ _ _ See Germany 831n
69 Undated [Rec’d Oct. 17] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Russia (telegram). Russia authorities have been ordered to give broadest application to Article 29 of Declaration of London (contraband of war). 835
Oct. 24 _ _ _ _ See Germany, No. 489 259
Nov. 5 From the Ambassador in Russia (telegram). Russian Government has notified Embassy of closing of ports and waters around Russia by placing of mines. 465
91 Dec. 4 _ _ _ _ _ See Austria-Hungary, No. 305, Nov. 25. 542
146 Dec. 11 From the Ambassador in Russia (telegram). Exemption from censure of diplomatic and consular correspondence guaranteed by Foreign Office. 543

SERVIA

(See also Roumania)

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Aug. 5 _ _ _ _ See Great Britain 824n
12 Nov. 25 _ _ _ _ See Austria-Hungary, No. 305 542
Dec. 24 From the Minister in Servia (telegram). Servian Government agrees to regulations respecting sealed official correspondence. 543
[Page CCXCI]

SPAIN

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Aug. 15 [Rec’d Aug. 17] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Spain (telegram). Minister of State spoke of financial condition of stranded Americans; expressed desire for more intimate relations between Spain and United States; suggested that the two countries might work together for the advancement of peace and civilization. 63
Aug. 17 _ _ _ _ See Germany 6n
Aug. 23 [Rec’d Aug. 24] From the Ambassador in Spain (telegram). Spain desirous of strengthening cordial relations with United States and anxious to cooperate in securing European peace. Peace treaty between Spain and United States to be urged. Spanish sympathy with French and English; however will remain neutral. Department is asked to express to Spanish Ambassador thanks for assistance rendered American citizens. 70
Sept. 22 [Rec’d Sept. 23] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Attention is called to deplorable need of supplies in hospitals of France. Suggests that representatives in various European courts arrange with belligerent Governments as to what constitutes hospital supplies, and request that they be passed free from seizure as contraband. 831
Oct. 5 Memorandum by the Secretary of State. Spanish Government pleased to act with United States when time for mediation arrives; asked to guarantee that copper shipments would not be reexported. 117
Oct. 9 To the Spanish Ambassador. Conveys list of hospital supplies furnished by the Red Cross. 834
177 Nov. 10 [Rec’d Nov. 30] From the Ambassador in Spain. Encloses statement of Prime Minister: Spain has suffered no offense, the causes of the conflict being foreign to her; Spain desires to keep aloof from war; measures adopted for national defense; in emergency nation can depend upon patriotism of Congress to lead her in defending her honor. 135
13 Dec. 7 From the Ambassador in Spain (telegram). Spanish Ambassador at Washington had been instructed to inquire if time were ripe for mediation; had met with cold response. Spain desires only to cooperate in any movement for peace. 146
15 Dec. 8 To the Ambassador in Spain (telegram). President appreciates offer of Spain but considers the time not ripe for mediation. 147
15 Dec. 11 From the Ambassador in Spain (telegram). Spain anxious to cooperate with United States in any plans for mediation. 147
[Page CCXCII]

SWEDEN

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
433 July 31 [Rec’d Sept. 4] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Sweden. Germany endeavoring to persuade Sweden to attack Russia. War unpopular with mass of Swedish people. 88
Aug. 1 From the Chargé d’Affaires in Sweden (telegram). Germany endeavoring to persuade Sweden to attack Russia. 27
Aug. 1 [Rec’d Aug. 2] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Sweden declares neutrality_ _ _ _ _ 31
Aug. 7 [Rec’d Aug. 9] From the Swedish Minister. Notification that mines have been planted in Swedish territorial waters. Navigators notified not to visit Sweden without pilot. 454
Aug. 18 [Rec’d Aug. 19] From the Chargé d’Affaires in Sweden (telegram). Forwards notes from German Minister in Sweden for transmission to French and Belgian Governments: Germany protests the hostile acts of French and Belgian populace; those not belonging to recognized armed forces will be shot if found taking part in war. 791
Aug. 26 To the Chargé d’Affaires in Sweden (telegram). Communications from the German Minister have been read to the Counselor of the French Embassy and to the Belgian Minister. 792
Undated [Rec’d Sept. 22] From the Minister in Sweden (telegram). Swedish Government has agreed to peace treaty and is ready to sign at same time as France and England. 7
Oct. 16 _ _ _ _ _ See Norway_ _ _ _ _ 390n
Undated [Rec’d Oct. 17] From the Minister in Sweden (telegram). Sweden will not prevent passage through country of cotton shipped to Germany, but will not allow export to Germany of direct shipments from United States to Swedish ports. 390
Nov. 6 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Swedish Government protests against closing of North Sea. 465
30 Nov. 10 [Rec’d Nov. 25] From the Minister in Sweden. Encloses circular issued by Swedish war-risk insurance commissioners, permitting insured vessels to take either route. 466
37 [Enclosure] Nov. 14 [Rec’d Dec. 7] From the Director General of the Swedish Foreign Office to the American Minister. Transmits note of November 12 from the Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs to the German, French, British, and Russian Ministers, protesting against interference with trade by belligerents. 360
2 Nov. 17 To the Minister in Sweden (telegram). Instructions to obtain a favorable statement on two points: Consignment of cotton for German ports via Netherlands, and shipments of cotton consigned to Netherland concerns for reexportation to Germany. 398n
[Page CCXCIII]2 Nov. 23 From the Minister in Sweden (telegram). Upon assurances that Great Britain will not interfere with cotton, Swedish Foreign Office will permit cotton consignments to pass through Sweden for Germany, or reexportation to Germany of cotton consigned to Sweden. 398
7 Dec. 15 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Official notification that Kings of Sweden, Denmark, and Norway, with their Ministers of Foreign Affairs, will meet to discuss means of lessening economic difficulties caused by war. 151
Dec. 28 To the Swedish Minister. Acknowledges note of December 18 enclosing note from Swedish Government to German, British, French, and Russian Governments protesting against interference with commerce contrary to principles of international law. 377
Undated [Rec’d Jan. 15, 1915] From the Swedish Minister. Swedish Government has issued a proclamation refusing to recognize the right of belligerents to restrict navigation of neutrals on high seas by mining commercial routes, and by compelling them to call at certain ports. Notes sent to England, France, Russia, and Germany. 472
Jan. 22, 1915 To the Swedish Minister. United States awaits text of Swedish proclamation; will give matter earnest consideration. 473

SWITZERLAND

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Nov. 1 From the Minister in Switzerland (telegram). Switzerland receives large quantities of goods from United States through Italy. This made difficult by Great Britain at present. Requests that instruction be given American Ambassador to Italy to try to facilitate this trade. 393
Nov. 5 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Director Swiss People’s Bank complains that all telegrams relating to money transfers and grain orders are stopped. 513
50 Nov. 6 To the Minister in Switzerland (telegram). Interference with cable messages should be taken up with belligerents. 514
Nov. 11 [Rec’d Nov. 12] The Swiss Political Department to the Swiss Legation at Washington (telegram). President Wilson said to have expressed willingness to negotiate for peace. Swiss Government wishes to start preliminaries with other neutral governments for such a purpose. 130
[Page CCXCIV] Nov. 11 From the Minister in Switzerland (telegram). Business telegrams between Switzerland and United States still held up. Banks find it impossible to transact financial and commercial business with United States. Joint representations to London and Paris proposed by Switzerland. 515
Nov. 12 [Rec’d Nov. 18] From the President of the Swiss Confederation to the Swiss Legation in Washington (telegram). Protests against suppression of telegrams. Proposal that United States and Switzerland take common steps in England and France to secure redress. 515
Nov. 14 To the Swiss Legation. President does not believe the time has come for a renewal of the offer of mediation. 131
Nov. 20 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Re censorship of commercial cable messages between United States and Switzerland. 516

TURKEY

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Aug. 5 [Rec’d Aug. 7] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Request for an American vessel on the Black Sea for protection of Beirut and Smyrna. Scorpion necessary for Constantinople. 756
Aug. 7 [Rec’d Aug. 16] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Turkish Cabinet divided. Ministers of Marine and Finance favor France; Minister of War favors Germany; Minister of Interior for neutrality. Invasion of Caucasus probable. 62
Aug. 8 From the Ottoman Embassy. Ottoman Empire to observe strict neutrality. Mobilization for defense only. 50
Aug. 8 [Rec’d Aug. 16] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Great disappointment that British Government deprived Turkey of dreadnought. Censorship of newspapers and telegrams. Missions, Girls College, and tourists without money. Requests for relief. 62
Aug. 8 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Cannot send ships to Beirut, Smyrna, and Black Sea. Scorpion to remain in Turkey. 757
Aug. 10 [Rec’d Sept. 4] From the Vice Consul at Smyrna. Encloses copy of letter of August 8 to the Ambassador in Turkey concerning the political situation in Smyrna: Banks closed; exportations stopped; unemployed joining army; foreigners in state of hysteria; Americans asking for warship; tendency of Turks to disregard capitulations. 762
Aug. 11 [Rec’d Aug. 16] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Turkey purchased Goeben and Breslau. Ships’ officers to enter Turkish service. Request for gold to help Americans. 62
[Page CCXCV] Aug. 11 [Rec’d Aug. 16] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Ships should be sent to Syrian ports for the safety of Americans. 757
Aug. 13 [Rec’d Aug. 16] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ General mobilization ordered. Moratorium proclaimed. Parliament adjourned. French and Austrian guard ships departed. 61
Aug. 13 [Rec’d Aug. 15] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Americans at Jaffa request a war vessel. Authorities threaten to requisition cargoes on foreign vessels. 757
Aug. 15 [Rec’d Aug. 18] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Americans in imminent danger. Urgent request for warships. Demands of Beirut and Smyrna justified. Anti-Christian feeling among Moslems. Goeben and Breslau damaged, Turkey unwilling to pay Germany price agreed upon. Triple Entente charge Germany with steering Turkey’s course so as to provoke Russia into declaration of war. 66
Aug. 15 [Rec’d Aug. 16] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Smyrna has also requested presence of war vessels. 758
774 Aug. 15 [Rec’d Sept. 4] From the Consul General at Beirut. French Consul General threatened with hanging for protest against seizure of French merchandise. Turks planning to attack Egypt. Requisitioning of jute grain bags, to be filled with sand to form causeway across Suez. Archives of towns being sent to the interior, towns to be abandoned if attacked. The only thing that will save the situation is the presence of American warships. 763
Aug. 15 [Rec’d Sept. 14] From the Consul at Mersina. Business of all kinds at a stand-still; supplies requisitioned for army; crops unharvested. Americans warned not to go to remote places but missionaries prefer to remain in mountains. Need for American warship. 766
Aug. 17 [Rec’d Aug. 18] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Representatives of Grand Vizier believed to be attempting a compact with Roumania and Bulgaria. Turkey anxious for provisions and printing paper from America or from India. 66
Aug. 19 [Rec’d Aug. 20] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Quotes telegrams from Smyrna and Jerusalem: Massacre of foreigners threatened if city is bombarded; Christians and Europeans in danger; reign of military terrorism. Ambassador making arrangements for financial aid through private sources. 758
[Page CCXCVI] Aug. 19 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). United States wishes to sound European powers as to advisability of sending ships to Turkish waters. 759
Aug. 21 [Rec’d Aug. 22] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Communicates plans for protection of foreigners in Turkey if emergency arises. 760
Undated [Rec’d Aug. 25] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Britain and Russia wish Turkey to remain neutral; Germany wants her to be ready to prevent an invasion by Russia. Permission asked of Grand Vizier for 20 British merchant vessels to pass through Dardanelles; permission granted but ships prevented from passing through. Triple Entente request that Germans on Goeben and Breslau be returned to Germany; request disregarded. Turkish press creating strong pro-German feeling. Ambassador begs permission to be allowed to urge Turkey against war. 75
Aug. 26 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Under no circumstances must Ambassador offer suggestions to Turkey concerning her entrance into the war. If opinion and advice are asked, United States is very desirous that European conflict spread no farther, and that Turkey preserve neutrality. 77
Aug. 27 [Rec’d Aug. 28] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). German Ambassador, controlling spirit of military party in Turkey, states that Germany intends to prevent Russia’s taking Constantinople. Dardanelles well fortified but will not be closed to commerce unless attacked. Turkey intends to burn Smyrna if attacked. English have no intention of attacking Smyrna but will force Dardanelles if closed to commerce. 79
Aug. 28 [Rec’d Aug. 30] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ If S. S. North Carolina comes to Constantinople, permission must be secured to pass Dardanelles, or other arrangements made for receiving money. Fifty naval officers and 700 sailors arrive from Germany to enter Turkish Navy. 84
Aug. 28 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). North Carolina ordered to Turkish waters with gold relief fund. 762
[Page CCXCVII] Sept. 20 [Rec’d Sept. 21] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Turkish cruisers enter Black Sea to demonstrate her supremacy. German Ambassador stated that if Roumania attacked Austria, Turkey and Bulgaria would move against Roumania. 111
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Presents protests against abrogation of capitulations. Grand Vizier and Minister of War give assurance that American schools and missionaries will not be molested. German cruiser Breslau enters Black Sea. Others to follow. 767
Sept. 27 [Rec’d Sept. 28] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ English Admiral compelled a Turkish torpedo boat desiring to enter Mediterranean to return to Dardanelles, because of German officers on board. Turkey has closed Dardanelles. 113
Sept. 29 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Turkish Government has notified England that Dardanelles will will remain closed until English and French ships leave its mouth. 114
Oct. 1 [Rec’d Oct. 2] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ New law intending to abrogate capitulations has gone into effect. Case of citizen Brewster defended. Minister of War enters brother, two sons, et al. at Robert College. Recommends that North Carolina visit Smyrna. Not advisable to have warship stay there after Sublime Porte’s request to the contrary. 768
Oct. 5 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Gratification of United States over education of War Minister’s brother and sons at Robert College. Proposes Turkey sign peace treaty with United States. Most of great powers have done so. Form of Netherland treaty the one generally followed. Suggests bringing it to attention of Turkish Government. 9
Oct. 7 From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Telegram concerning arbitration plan submitted to Foreign Office; promise given that it will receive attention. 10
857 Oct. 8 [Rec’d Nov. 9] From the Consul General at Beirut. Transmits letter of October 1 from American missionary at Latakia, telling of plot to massacre the Christians; troops have taken steps to preserve order. The North Carolina will call at this port on way to Mersina. 769
[Page CCXCVIII] Oct. 16 From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). No foreigners are to be arrested without the approval of the Minister of Justice. Sublime Porte is preparing regulations for foreign religious, charitable, and educational institutions. 768
Oct. 19 [Rec’d Oct. 20] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Warlike preparations in vicinity of Egyptian boundaries causing apprehension in England. Massing of Turkish troops at Caucasian frontier and Turkish fleet in Black Sea threatening Russia. British Ambassador fears assassination, reassured by Grand Vizier. 119
Oct. 24 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ French, British, and Russian representatives move documents and valuables to American Embassy, anticipating early departure from Turkey. Turkish Secretary of War declares country ready for any emergency. Minister of Public Instruction visited Girls College and Robert College for first time. 120
Oct. 29 [Rec’d Oct. 30] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To prevent invasion of Egypt by Turks, British decided to destroy certain wells in the Sinai Desert. Turkey had induced Bedouins to try to prevent this destruction but upon request Bedouins recalled. No immediate danger of war between Turkey and Great Britain. 125
Oct. 29 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Bedouins advancing on Egypt; British demand that Turkey recall them. 125
Oct. 29 [Rec’d Oct. 30] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ British report Odessa raided. Russian gunboat sunk; two Russian steamships damaged; French ship damaged with loss of life. 126
Oct. 30 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Russian representatives demand passports; English and French Ambassadors preparing to leave also. Grand Vizier refuses audience with Russian Minister on account of illness. Minister of Finance stated that engagement took place without knowledge of Ottoman Government. 127
Oct. 30 [Rec’d Oct. 31] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Sublime Porte advised to issue passports promptly in order to avoid violence. Russian representatives detained until Turkish consuls in Russia are accorded safe-conduct. British and French granted safe-conduct. Port of Smyrna closed. 127
[Page CCXCIX] Oct. 31 [Rec’d Nov. 2] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Minister of Interior wished to know what action on part of Sublime Porte would pacify Russia. Reply: Dismissal of all German officers, sailors, and soldiers from Turkish employ. 127
Nov. 1 [Rec’d Nov. 2] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Train carrying British and French stopped by Minister of War, who insisted upon promise that Turkish subjects in England and Egypt be permitted to depart. English have sunk two Turkish vessels and Russians have crossed frontier near Erzerum. 128
Nov. 5 [Rec’d Nov. 9] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ German Ambassador who controls German-Turkish Army officers, promises to grant free departure to English and French unless Turkish towns are bombarded. Americans safe. 780
127 Nov. 7 [Rec’d Dec. 3] From the Ambassador in Turkey. Transmits an account of the severing of diplomatic relations between Entente powers and Turkey, and of the present situation. 136
4 Nov. 8 [Rec’d Nov. 9] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Commander of Army Corps at Damascus states that in case of bombardment of towns in Syria, French and British will be detained. For every Mussulman killed, three French or English subjects will be shot and property seized. No responsibility assumed in case of massacre of Christians. 781
15 Nov. 10 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Quotes telegram from Athens stating Turkish post office refused official mail under seal and demanded that it be opened for inspection. 540
16 Nov. 11 [Rec’d Nov. 15] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Unless British and French Governments give assurance that unfortified towns in Turkey will not be bombarded, British and French Consuls and subjects will be held as hostages. 781
22 Nov. 12 [Rec’d Nov. 16] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Arrangements made with Minister of War for forwarding official correspondence in sealed envelopes. 541
21 Nov. 12 [Rec’d Nov. 17] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Turkish authorities insist on searching all consulates. They have requested United States representatives to be present; this was refused. Awaits instructions. 746
[Page CCC]18 Nov. 12 [Rec’d Nov. 17] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Turkish authorities are seeking wireless apparatus used clandestinely to furnish information to Russia. British, French, and Servian offices entered in search. His protests have elicited apologies and the offices have been sealed. Horses and carriages were seized from British and French Embassies, and arms and ammunition found in the British Embassy. 747
38 Nov. 15 [Rec’d Nov. 20] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Proclamation of holy war of Islam might arouse religious fanaticism of Moslem masses, ending in an attack upon all non-Moslems. German Ambassador reminded of Germany’s responsibility in matter. 132
132 Nov. 16 [Rec’d Dec. 11] From the Ambassador in Turkey. British and French Embassies searched by police for wireless instruments; horses and carriages taken. Protest has been made to Minister of Interior, who apologized and laid blame on Minister of War. Orders given to have Embassies sealed. Persians paraded to Embassy and presented protest against aggressions of England and Russia. Three Turkish transports sunk in Black Sea; crew and passengers taken prisoners. 147
133 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Demonstration in Constantinople for war, crowds visiting Sublime Porte, Sultan’s Palace, and German and Austrian Embassies. Little violence against Russian and British shops. Holy war desired in Germany in order to cause Moslem uprisings in Egypt and India. 149
37 Nov. 17 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Instructions to protest against the search of consulates under American protection. American consular representatives may be present unofficially to give testimony later. 747
47 Nov. 17 [Rec’d Nov. 21] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Turkish Ministers of Interior and War state that blank shots were fired at commander of Tennessee when he attempted to visit Smyrna in a steam launch. Commander threatened to bombard fort. Authorities insist that Tennessee remove wireless and leave. Encloses several telegrams on the subject. Battleship has left for Chios. 771
[Page CCCI]39 Nov. 18 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Inquiries as to the truth of the statement that a launch of the Tennessee was fired on by Turkish forts at Smyrna. 771
53 Nov. 20 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To avoid misunderstanding, permission of Ottoman Government should be secured for American ship to visit ports, so local authorities may be notified. Instructions to urge upon Ottoman Government necessity of preventing loss of life of missionaries. 771
Nov. 21 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ His action re British, French, and Russian Embassies approved. Instruction to keep Department informed. 748
63 Nov. 21 [Rec’d Nov. 25] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). It was unfortunate that Decker should have tried to enter closed port, and that they should have threatened to bombard port. Suggests that Tennessee patrol Mediterranean. 773
70 Nov. 22 [Rec’d Nov. 26] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Permission has been secured for the Tennessee to visit Vourla and await wireless. Bombarding Smyrna would have brought evil results to Christians. His friendliness with officials has a restraining effect. Solemn assurances of protection of missionaries have been given. 773
76 Nov. 23 [Rec’d Nov. 26] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ If British will give assurances not to bombard unfortified ports unless attacked by armed Ottoman forces, then Turkish Government will allow all British subjects to leave Turkey. 782
64 Nov. 24 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Requests more information concerning holy war of Islam. Warns Ambassador to maintain strict neutrality. 134
58 [Enclosure] _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Turkish Minister of War to the American Ambassador (telegram). Re attempted visit to Smyrna of steam launch from the Tennessee. 772
71 Nov. 25 _ _ _ _ _ _ See Austria-Hungary, No. 305_ _ _ 542n
89 Nov. 27 [Rec’d Dec. 5] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Turks accuse Russians, English, and French of beginning the war. Declaration of holy war, appealing to soldiers to defend sacred ground, tomb of the Prophet, and lives of Mohammedans. Incongruity of Turkish position evidenced by alliance with Christians and by having Armenian and Greek Christians in their army, yet making holy war against enemies of Islam. 142
[Page CCCII]137 Nov. 28 [Rec’d Dec. 30] From the Ambassador in Turkey. Public and private schools, hospitals, and religious institutions of belligerents seized by police. Teachers, priests, and children allowed to leave. Action condoned by Germany. Dercos waterworks, operated with French capital, seized. Aidin Railway operated with British capital, and Damascus and Extensions Railway, operated by French capital, seized. The Islamic world ready for vengeance. 157
82 Nov. 30 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Department considers the Tennessee incident closed. 774
90 Dec. 1 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Navy Department suggests that one of the battleships in Turkish waters be withdrawn. 774
108 Dec. 3 [Rec’d Dec. 4] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). American Consul at Aleppo has telegraphed that American consular seals on British and French archives have been broken and the papers removed. Turkish officials becoming bolder. Requests instructions. 748
112 Dec. 4 [Rec’d Dec. 13] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Recommends leaving both ships in Turkish waters. Schools being closed; monks, nuns, and teachers expelled and grave danger threatening; no foreign schools wanted in Turkey. Dardanelles frequently bombarded. 775
110 Dec. 5 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Instructions to request an immediate return of British and French archives, with an explanation and assurances that violation of seal of United States will not be repeated. 748
123 Dec. 5 [Rec’d Dec. 11] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Re treatment of foreign institutions. 775
152 [Enclosure] Dec. 6 From the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the American Embassy. Re the Tennessee incident_ _ _ _ 779
134 Dec. 10 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Grave dangers are involved in policy of holding non-combatant French and British subjects as hostages. Situation is aggravated by declaration of holy war. Urge Sublime Porte to release all non-combatants. 785
143 Dec. 10 [Rec’d Dec. 11] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). The Minister of Interior is indifferent to being held personally responsible for molestation of British subjects. 785
[Page CCCIII]141 Dec. 10 [Rec’d Dec. 11] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Wholesale deportation of French and English from Beirut to Damascus. Minister of Interior promises to stop it. Assurance given United States that those in American institutions will be unmolested. 786
148 Dec. 12 [Rec’d Dec. 15] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Djemal, Minister of Marine, antagonistic to Hollis; differences related. Turkish Government fast drifting into semi-anarchy. Difference of opinion as to whether two American ships are a help or a danger. Recommends that one ship be recalled and the other commander instructed that cruiser is there only for refuge and moral influence. It is time for Americans to leave. 776
149 Dec. 12 [Rec’d Dec. 13] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Positive promises of British and French not to bombard unfortified towns and to release Ayour Sabri and Zenun, Prince Omar, and Turkish Consuls at Bombay, Johannesburg, and Manchester and at Malta may secure the consent of the Turkish Government for repatriation of belligerents in Turkey. Armenians reported massacred near Erzerum. 787
155 Dec. 13 [Rec’d Dec. 15] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Ottoman authorities at Hodeida arrested a French Consul and attempted to arrest a British Vice Consul, who took refuge in the Italian Consulate. Police forced Consulate, British Vice Consul surrendered. Italian war vessel arrived, took Italian Consul on board and demanded reparation. Italian Ambassador requests United States help in securing release of British Consul. 749
Dec. 15 [Rec’d Dec. 21] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ British Vice Consul reinstated. Sublime Porte will give satisfaction to Italy. French consuls will leave for France. 750
151 Dec. 15 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Instructions to protest against disregard of capitulations. United States cannot accept modifications without previous agreement. 777
Dec. 16 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Department approves cooperation with Italian Ambassador for release of British Vice Consul. 749
183 Dec. 18 [Rec’d Dec. 19] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Hollis telegraphs that deportation of French, British, and Russian male subjects from Lebanon to Damascus, and from Beirut, has begun. 787
[Page CCCIV]178 Dec. 18 [Rec’d Dec. 19] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). German Ambassador in Turkey considers deportation of French and English justified by military needs. Military commander at Damascus has issued order allowing belligerent males up to eighteen years of age and all females to leave Beirut. 788
187 Dec. 19 [Rec’d Dec. 20] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Germany has absolute control of Turkish Navy and practically controls the Army. German officers suggested the deportation of English and French. Suggests warning German Empire of its responsibility if massacres in Turkey occur. 788
182 Dec. 20 To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). President approves suggestion that Americans leave Turkey. Instructions to advise inland missions quietly and privately. 777
191 Dec. 21 [Rec’d Dec. 24] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Payas bombarded. Commandant of Syrian army threatens to shoot Englishmen if Alexandretta is bombarded. British Commander demands release of French and British, otherwise he will bombard Government buildings. Minister of Interior will release French and British subjects as soon as promise is given to release Ottoman subjects and not to bombard towns. 789
Undated [Rec’d Dec. 22] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Ottoman Government proclaims list of absolute and conditional contraband. 268
197 Dec. 22 [Rec’d Dec. 25] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Message recalling missionaries sent by Peet. Interior mission schools functioning normally. Missionaries prefer to share the danger with those for whom they have worked so long. Some schools have been turned into hospitals. English women connected with schools are urged to leave. 778
206 Dec. 24 [Rec’d Dec. 26] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Ottoman Government communicates additional list of contraband articles. 268
227 Jan. 5 1915. To the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Grey expresses gratitude to Ambassador. Omar Tousson and others will be released under certain conditions. 790
273 Jan. 9, 1915 [Rec’d Jan. 10] From the Ambassador in Turkey (telegram). Statement of British Foreign Office construed as promise not to bombard unprotected towns. British subjects to receive full protection. Release of Omar Tousson and others expected. 791
[Page CCCV]

UNITED STATES INTERDEPARTMENTAL

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
Aug. 6 From the Acting Secretary of the Treasury (telegram). Requests instructions as to duties of customs and other officers to prevent exportation of contraband. 570
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Acting Secretary of Commerce. Transmits copy of instructions sent to principal collectors of customs regarding permits for the clearance of foreign vessels. Special directions for New York office requiring careful inspection to prevent preparations for war on part of vessels while in that port. 595
Aug. 7 [Rec’d Aug. 8] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Transmits copy of telegram sent to collector of customs, New York, re vessels carrying supposed reservists. 556
Aug. 7 To the Secretary of the Treasury (telegram). It is not unlawful to export contraband of war, but shippers take the risk of its seizure on high seas. 571
Aug. 10 From the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Commerce to Collectors of Customs. Explicit instructions for most rigid inspection and examination of vessels before clearance is given. 597
Aug. 11 From the Acting Secretary of the Treasury. Barbarossa is taking on board large quantities coal, and utensils apparently for transferring the coal at sea. Large quantity of fuel oil on lighters alongside. Requests instructions for customs officers. 615
Aug. 14 From the Postmaster General. Mail to foreign countries has been going forward by most expeditious steamers and routes available. Mail for Germany and Austria-Hungary going three or four times a week. No mail left on hand in New York. 532
Aug. 17 To the Secretary of the Treasury (telegram). Assuming that Barbarossa is a private ship, Department has no grounds on facts stated for refusing clearance. 616
Aug. 20 From the Secretary of the Treasury. Transmits telegram from the Collector of Customs at San Francisco, stating that the plan of John Rothschild & Co. to deliver coal to cruiser Leipzig at sea fell through. The coal was delivered to German ship Mazatlan, which has applied for change to Mexican registry. Information received that Mazatlan will deliver coal to German cruiser. Requests instructions. 616
[Page CCCVI] Aug. 20 From the Secretary of the Treasury to Collectors of Customs (telegram). Supplemental instructions regarding the prevention of violation of the neutrality laws. 674
Aug. 21 From the Collector of Customs at San Francisco to the Secretary of the Treasury (telegram). Acting German Consul offered written statement that coal on Mazatlan will be delivered in Guaymas. He denied that United States had jurisdiction thereafter. Large cargo of perishables on board. Clearance to be given unless otherwise instructed. 617
Aug. 22 To the Secretary of the Treasury. Case of Mazatlan submitted to the Neutrality Board. It is required that German Consul give written assurances that coal is not to be delivered to any German warship that has received coal within last three months; any ship receiving this coal will be debarred from coaling in United States within next three months. 617
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Secretary of the Navy. Forwards copies of telegrams received and sent by Navy Department relative to enforcement of the President’s neutrality proclamation. 675
Sept. 3 From the Secretary of the Treasury. Transmits telegrams requesting shipment of guns with ammunition through Alaska to Vancouver, unaccompanied by troops. Requests instructions. 571
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Speaker of the House of Representatives. Transmits request that Congress appropriate sum of one million dollars for expenses of diplomatic and consular officers and for relief of nationals of those countries. When banking facilities are restored amounts are expected to be reimbursed. 742
Sept. 5 To the Secretary of the Treasury (telegram). Permission to ship war munitions and equipment through Alaska refused. 572
Sept. 28 Resolution of the Senate of the United States. Secretary of State requested to inform Senate if British are interfering with shipments of copper carried in neutral bottoms to Rotterdam. If so, what reasons are given by British for so doing. 317
Oct. 8 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury to Collectors of Customs. Re change in status of merchant vessel. Mere change of color to render her less visible will not change her status. 612
[Page CCCVII] Oct. 8 From the chairman of the central committee of the American Red Cross to the Assistant Secretary of State. Encloses list of supplies being shipped to European hospitals. Certain articles used for medical purposes are compounded of materials which in other forms would be contraband of war. 833
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the American Red Cross. Requests to be informed as to what constitutes hospital supplies. 832
Oct. 13 From the Secretary of the Treasury. Cargo of coal on the Mazatlan ultimately reached the Leipzig. Encloses telegram from Collector of Customs in San Francisco quoting written agreement of German acting Consul General that the coal would not be delivered to any German war vessel. Requests instructions. 623
Oct. 15 From the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. British Vice Consul at Newport News asks that clearance not be given Italian S. S. Amistà loaded with coal. Requests instructions. 626
Oct. 17 To the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. Collector of customs believes that contract of German Consul General, re coal taken by Mazatlan, has been violated. 624
Oct. 22 To the Secretary of the Treasury. Approves the instructions of the Treasury Department to clear the Amistà unless satisfactory evidence that proposed clearance is not bona fide. Matter has been taken up with the British Embassy. 626
Oct. 26 From the Secretary of the Treasury. Transmits cablegrams from Collector of Customs at Honolulu concerning capture of German schooner by Japanese battleship Hizen near Honolulu. Requests instructions regarding disposition of crew. 659
Oct. 27 To the Secretary of the Treasury. Re undesirability of exhibiting manifests of departing vessels to any person who may desire to examine them. 331
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ From the Secretary of the Treasury. Further cablegrams from Honolulu stating that steam launches from the Hizen have been in neutral waters without lights. Captain of Hizen desires to have sealed communication with Japanese Consul in Honolulu. Requests instructions. 660
_ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ To the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. Case of the Hizen to be taken up with the Japanese Ambassador. Communication between this vessel and the Japanese Consul in Honolulu not to be permitted. Question of the Chinaman from the Aeolus entering Honolulu must be referred to Department of Labor. 660
[Page CCCVIII] Oct. 28 From the Secretary of the Treasury. Order issued to collectors of customs to withhold publication of manifests until 30 days after clearance of each vessel. 332
Oct. 30 From the Acting Secretary of Commerce. Encloses letter from the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co. stating that the British Government has placed an embargo on crude rubber coming from the Far East to any American port; it can only be shipped through British ports. Urges that everything possible be done to lift embargo. 420
Nov. 1 To the Secretary of the Treasury (telegram). Cites case of Italian S. S. Amistà . Necessary to take precaution to ascertain by investigation of each vessel the name of the owner or charterer and the firm supplying cargo, as well as the name and address of consignee. 630
Nov. 7 From the Secretary of the Navy. Regulations and instructions for operation of radio stations prepared by Navy Department and sent to Department of State for approval; to be substituted for previous regulations. 680
Nov. 14 To the Secretary of the Treasury. Requests that collectors of customs be instructed to ascertain of an incoming vessel when she last left an American port and whether she has transferred any cargo to cruisers at sea. 631
Nov. 19 To the Secretary of the Navy. No objections to proposed new regulations governing radio service. 681
Nov. 28 To the Secretary of the Treasury (telegram). Unnecessary for collectors to report on cargoes manifestly of no use to war vessels; also unnecessary to report where consignees are numerous. 641
Dec. 2 _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Unnecessary to send reports on vessels engaged in passenger traffic or in long-established trade between United States and foreign ports. 642
Dec. 3 To the Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. There is no objection to clearance of the Gladstone if assurance is given under oath that cargo will be discharged at port to which consigned. 643
Jan. 8, 1915 From the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. Maintenance of neutrality by the United States during 1914. vi
Jan. 11, 1915 To the Secretary of the Treasury (telegram). Efforts of collectors to report suspicious cases of war vessels in United States ports, is having good effect. 651
[Page CCCIX] Jan. 20, 1915 To the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. Review of the maintenance of neutrality by the United States during 1914. vii

URUGUAY

No. Date From and to whom Subject Page
700 Aug. 13 From the Minister in Uruguay. Limit of territorial waters. 664n
757 Oct. 26 [Rec’d Nov. 28] _ _ _ _ _do_ _ _ _ _ Asserts that there is a chain of secret radiograph stations along South Atlantic coast. Many stations discovered and dismantled on the River Plate.