Mr. Adams to Mr. Blaine .
Petropolis , December 28, 1889. (Received January 30, 1890.)
Sir: I have the honor to inclose translation of the speech of the minister of agriculture, referred to in my No. 26.
On the 18th instant a mutiny occurred in the Second Artillery Regiment. At about 2 o’clock some fifty privates left their quarters carrying an imperial flag and attempted to seduce other regiments into a [Page 17] pronunciamento, but were repelled, driven back, and besieged in their quarters. They fortified themselves, and turned artillery against their pursuers. At midnight they surrendered. The Government announced this to be a drunken brawl of the privates, all the officers being absent at a reception on the Chilean man-of-war. This occurrence was at once followed by a decree (translation inclosed) banishing the late premier and other citizens, followed by another decree (translation inclosed) practically declaring martial law. On December 23 a decree was issued (copy inclosed) revoking the grant made to the late Emperor, at the time of his departure. His reconsideration of his acceptance of this grant made this action on the part of the Provisional Government necessary.
On December 23 a decree was issued for an election for a constituent assembly to meet at the capitol on November 15 following. This action, following the speech of Minister Rebeiro, was a surprise, and is supposed to have been hastened by popular sentiment and the facts that both Portugal and England refused to recognize the new republican flag for want of constitutional authority, the announcement in the corps legislative of France that the republic would be recognized when a constitution had been adopted by the people, and the instructions to this legation of a similar import, announced in the President’s message.
I have, etc.,