No. 719.
Mr. Bayard to Mr. Dougherty.

No. 116.]

Sir: I inclose herewith a copy of a dispatch dated the 29th ultimo from our consulate-general at Rome, informing the Department that by a ministerial decree of the 16th ultimo, the introduction of swine products of Austro-Hungary into Italy will hereafter be allowed in exception to the general prohibitory decree of the 6th of May, 1879, on the ground that Austrian pork had been ascertained to be free from infection.

You will find in your archives an instruction to Mr. Marsh, dated June 10, 1881, directing him to transmit a copy of the official report of this Department on the subject of American pork to the Italian Government, urging at the same time on it the propriety of abolishing, or, at any rate, of modifying the prohibitive decree against American pork of the 20th of February, 1879. It does not appear from, subsequent correspondence how far these instructions were executed or what effect, if any, followed.

[Page 1048]

I therefore now send you another copy of the document referred to, with the request that you will promptly investigate the state of the case as reported by the consul-general, and, in connection therewith, again call the attention of the Italian Government to the arguments of this Government in support of the healthiness of American pork, and also to the fact that under our commercial treaties with Italy the United States is entitled to the same treatment as the most favored nations as regards the importation of her products.

This Government believes that the arguments which were advanced in 1881 hold equally good now, and that American pork, if a fair examination be made of it, will more than hold its own in comparison with that of Austria or other foreign nations, the existence of trichinosis in Europe being due, it is believed, in all cases which have been officially investigated, to the prevalent custom of eating pork in a perfectly uncooked state.

I am, etc.,

T. F. Bayard.
[Inclosure 1 in No. 116.]

Mr. Wood to Mr. Rives.

No. 249.]

Sir: As is known to the Department of State, pork and pork preparations in any form whatsoever, and without distinction of country of origin, have been prohibited articles of import into Italy for more than nine years past.

In truth, United States pork and pork preparations were interdicted on February 20, 1879; and on May 6 of the same year the interdiction was extended to all countries. So that since the latter date there have been no further imports of these articles into this country.

I now have the honor to inform you that on the 16th instant the Italian minister of the interior issued a decree ordering that on and after that date pork and pork preparations coming from Austria-Hungary should be allowed to enter the Kingdom.

Two copies of this decree, with translation, are inclosed herein.

The ministerial decree states that the interdiction on pork and pork preparations from Austria-Hungary has been raised, as it has been found that the swine of that Empire are free from trichina.

Could the Italian Government be satisfied that there is no danger from trichina in American pork, it is possible that this country, which prior to 1879 was a considerable market for our product, would again be opened to our trade.

In communicating the above information, I believe it may be interesting for our Government to know that in Italy a large proportion of the smoked hams and shoulders and sausages are eaten uncooked. By the well-to-do classes they are eaten as relishes; for the poor they constitute real articles of food; but in both cases they are chiefly consumed raw.

I am, etc.,

Charles M. Wood,
Vice Consul-General in Charge
[Inclosure 2 in No. 116.—Translation.]

1888.—Marine Health Order No. 10.

The minister of the interior by virtue of the law of March 20,1865, Supplement C, on public health, having ascertained that throughout the Empire of Austria-Hungary swine (il bestiame porcino) are perfectly free from trichina; decrees:

That, from now on, it shall be permitted to introduce into the Kingdom the flesh of swine salted, smoked, or otherwise prepared (le carni suine salati affamicati od altrimenti preparate) coming from the aforesaid Empire of Austria-Hungary.

The prefects, captains of ports and port officers, and the customs authorities of the Kingdom are charged with the execution of this order.