Mr. Corwin to Mr. Seward.
Sir: On the 18th of this month I sent a special despatch and a treaty by Colonel A. 0. Allen. Being in some doubt as to their safety, I send herewith a duplicate of my despatch. Should the treaty be lost it can be easily duplicated here, as an exact copy, already ratified, is in the archives of the state department in this city. Nothing has occurred which changes materially the state of affairs here from that presented in my letter to the department under date of the 16th of this month.
I send, with these, translated copies of the correspondence between the three foreign powers, respectively, and this government, which has recently been published here. This presents a strange and certainly unexpected state of relations between Mexico and those states which united in the intervention treaty at London.
When these powers came here, with their respective contingents of land and naval forces, they held out the olive branch to Mexico, and it was at once accepted. They entered into the preliminary treaty, a copy of which I forwarded to the department. They jointly acknowledged the existing government of Mexico, and agreed to meet its diplomatic agents on the 15th of this month at Orizaba, to treat of their respective claims against Mexico. About the 8th of this month, the allies differed as to the proper construction of a clause in the treaty of London, and agreed that each party should act without reference to that treaty.
At this moment the English and Spanish commissioners are in conference at Puebla with General Doblado, the present minister of foreign relations, while the French, who so lately with the other two powers recognized the present as the legitimate government of Mexico, now seem willing to give some aid to Almonte, who, as the papers which accompany this will show, proposes himself as the only hope of good government left to the republic.
I believe I but give utterance to the general opinion of those best informed when I say that Almonte has no such popularity as to warrant the belief that any considerable force can be rallied under his auspices. It is the general opinion that the invitation of the French to rally under him will not bring into the field any force beyond the robber bands under Marquez and Zuloaga, numbering all together not more than four thousand ill-appointed troops. There are now mustered under the orders of the government, in the States of San Luis Potosi, Guanajuato, and Jalisco, about twenty thousand men, in three divisions, under the commands, respectively, of Ortega, Ogazon, and Comonfort, while the republican forces under Zaragosa, on the road from this city to Vera Cruz, amount to about ten thousand men; so that, unless France determines [Page 740]to engage actively to overthrow the very government with which it treated a month ago, there is no prospect of speedy change in the form or personnel of the Juarez government.
Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of State of the United States, Washington, D. G.
P. S.—The state of affairs is such as to render the treaty ratified here on the 6th an imperative necessity to Mexico. It will also insure the United States against incalculable future danger.
Hon. W. H. Seward, Washington City.