Mr. Seward to Mr. Taylor.
Sir: Your despatch of October 25 (No. 15) has been submitted to the President.
Whether we regard the decree of the Emperor which establishes an independent and impartial judiciary either in the aspect of a political measure [Page 467] assuring the stability of the government, or in the character of a social reform bringing the people of Russia all at once up to the condition of freemen, it is calculated to command the approval of mankind. It seems to secure to Russia the benefits without the calamities of a revolution. You are authorized to congratulate Prince Gortchacow upon the auspicious event. Constitutional nations which have heretofore regarded the friendship which exists between Russia and the United States as wanting a foundation in common principles and sentiments, must hereafter admit that this relation is as natural in its character as it is auspicious to both countries in its results.
I am, sir, your obedient servant,
Bayard Taylor, Esq., &c., &c., &c.