140. Editorial Note
On March 27, 1978, President Jimmy Carter issued Executive Order 12048, which established the International Communication Agency effective April 1. The United States Information Agency and the Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs were consolidated to create the new agency. The Voice of America, however, was kept independent, as Carter had pledged. See Public Papers: Carter, 1978, Book I, pages 606–607, and Congress and the Nation, Volume V, 1977–1980, page 820.