294. Memorandum From the President’s Assistant for National Security Affairs (Brzezinski) to President Carter 1
- A Letter to Jamaican Prime Minister Manley
Prime Minister Manley wrote you a provocative letter on the North-South dialogue which was sent on December 22, but received on [Page 913]January 10.2 Because of the complexity of the issues raised by Manley and the differences within the government on appropriate ways to respond, I recommended that you send an interim response to Manley, expressing your appreciation for his gifts to you and informing him that you would send a more detailed response shortly. The interim letter was sent on January 25, 1978.3 The more detailed response is at Tab A.
In his letter at Tab B, Manley described what he considers to be the core issues of the North-South dialogue: commodity price stabilization; preventing the erosion of the purchasing power (through exports) of the developing countries and including energy pricing; and massive resource transfers. He also suggests that we address the debt problem and take Perez’ proposal (to transfer the increase in the price of petroleum to the needy countries) seriously.4 Finally, he expresses hope that you will respond positively and that a “genuine dialogue” between our countries can begin.
In your letter, you note that Dick Cooper will be inviting Manley’s representative to Washington to discuss these and other issues. The rest of your letter responds in a fairly positive and always candid way to the points Manley raised.[Page 914]
That you sign the letter attached at Tab A.5
Jim Fallows and the State Department have cleared the text of the letter.
- Source: Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, President’s Correspondence with Foreign Leaders File, Box 10, Jamaica: Prime Minister Michael Norman Manley, 5/77–12/78. Confidential. Sent for action.↩
- In his December 22, 1977, letter to Carter, attached at Tab B but not printed, Manley noted his desire to follow up on the discussion of North-South economic issues that he had had with Carter during his recent visit to Washington. A memorandum of conversation of a December 16, 1977, meeting between Carter and Manley is in the Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, Subject File, Box 36, Memcons: President: 11–12/77.↩
- Carter’s January 25 letter to Manley is in the Carter Library, National Security Affairs, Brzezinski Material, President’s Correspondence with Foreign Leaders File, Box 10, Jamaica: Prime Minister Michael Norman Manley, 5/77–12/78. In a January 23 memorandum to Brzezinski, Erb noted that his and Pastor’s efforts to secure a draft reply to Manley’s letter to Carter from the Departments of State and the Treasury had produced “only a preliminary draft and a request from Dick Cooper for time to prepare a more constructive and substantive letter. The Manley letter goes to the heart of the North-South policy issue which you and I have discussed. We can use the letter to foster a constructive overall response to North-South issues.” Noting that it would take time to prepare “an adequate reply,” Erb and Pastor recommended the dispatch of an interim reply to Manley. (Ibid.)↩
- On December 20, 1977, during an OPEC Summit in Caracas, Pérez suggested that the profits from an increase in oil prices of between 5 to 8 percent be given to debt-ridden less developed countries. (Juan de Onis, “But It Asks a ’78 Meeting to Consider Rise Tied to Aiding Poorer Nations,” The New York Times, December 21, 1977, p. 71) The Embassy in Caracas reported: “Pres Perez’s proposal to increase assistance to the third world apparently fell on deaf ears, in part possibly due to his over enthusiastic efforts to promote it among the assembled OPEC Ministers.” (Telegram 12394 from Caracas, December 22, 1977; National Archives, RG 59, Central Foreign Policy File, D770479–0764)↩
- Carter indicated his approval of the recommendation.↩
- No classification marking.↩
- Meeting in Paris in August 1977, representatives of selected IMF member states agreed to the establishment of the supplementary financing facility known as the Witteveen Facility. Later that same month, the IMF Executive Board formally established the facility. See Document 50 and de Vries, The International Monetary Fund, 1972–1978: Cooperation on Trial, vol. I: Narrative and Analysis, pp. 549–554.↩