67. National Security Study Memorandum 2351


  • The Secretary of State
  • The Secretary of Defense
  • The Director of Central Intelligence


  • Review of U.S. Interests and Security Objectives in the Asia-Pacific Region—Issue: Military Bases Negotiations with the Philippines

The President has directed an assessment of U.S. security interests, objectives, and strategic issues in the Asia-Pacific area over the next three to five years, together with the role of U.S. bases in the Philippines in supporting these security interests and objectives.

1. The study should review U.S. interests and objectives in the region during the next three to five years in light of the following:

a. The end of the Indochina conflict.

b. US relations with ASEAN countries and the potential role of ASEAN in the security of the region.

c. The phase-out of SEATO.

d. Japan’s objectives and potential as a political and economic force in Asia.

e. The policies, intentions, and capabilities of the People’s Republic of China.

f. Vietnamese capabilities and intentions.

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g. Soviet capabilities and intentions in the region.

h. The Sino-Soviet and Sino-Vietnamese rivalries in Southeast Asia.

2. Based upon the above assessment, the study should evaluate the role of our air, naval, and intelligence presence in the Philippines and present the issues and options to be addressed in the upcoming base negotiations with the Philippines.

The study should be prepared by the NSC Interdepartmental Group for East Asia and forwarded no later than February 4, 1976 for consideration by the Senior Review Group prior to transmittal to the President.

Brent Scowcroft
  1. Source: Ford Library, NSC Institutional Files (H-Files), Box 40, NSSM 235 (2 of 2) (10). Secret. A copy was sent to George Brown.