Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty


28. Memorandum for the 303 Committee

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, 303 Committee Files, January–June 1969. Secret; Eyes Only. Tabs A–H, described below, are attached but not printed. No drafting information appears on the memorandum.


29. Memorandum From the Deputy Director for Coordination, Bureau of Intelligence and Research (Trueheart) to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Johnson)

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Files, 303 Committee Files, January–June 1969. Secret sent through Hughes. Cleared by McCloskey and in substance by Toon. A notation alongside McCloskeyʼs clearance reads: “except for suggested leak, about which he [McCloskey] has serious doubts.”


30. Memorandum for the Record

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, 40 Committee Minutes. Secret; Eyes Only. Drafted on February 6 by Trueheart.


31. Paper Prepared for the Presidentʼs Press Secretary (Ziegler)

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials,NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret. No drafting information appears on the paper, which was sent to the President under cover of a memorandum from Kissinger (see footnote 3, Document 30). Attached to the paper is a note, February 22, from Haig to Ziegler. Haig wrote: “Ron: The President approved the Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty package this morning. I thought you should be armed with this press treatment package in the event the story breaks while you are in Europe. However, I anticipate that you would work closely with Henry [Kissinger] on any treatment of the issue.”


32. Memorandum From Laurence E. Lynn, Jr., of the National Security Council Staff to the Presidentʼs Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret; Sensitive. Sent for action.


33. Memorandum From the Acting Director of Central Intelligence (Cushman) to the Presidentʼs Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret.


34. Memorandum From the Presidentʼs Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger) to President Nixon

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret; Eyes Only. Sent for action. A notation on the memorandum indicates the President saw it.


35. Memorandum From Helmut Sonnenfeldt of the National Security Council Staff to the Presidentʼs Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret. Sent for action. Concurred in by Frank Chapin.


36. Telegram From the Embassy in Germany to the Department of State

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret; Priority; Exdis.


37. Memorandum From Helmut Sonnenfeldt of the National Security Council Staff to the Presidentʼs Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret; Exdis. Sent for action. Concurred in by Jessup.


38. Memorandum From the Director of the United States Information Agency (Shakespeare) to the Presidentʼs Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret.


40. Transcript of Telephone Conversation Between the Presidentʼs Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger) and the Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs (Hillenbrand)

Source: Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Kissinger Papers, Box 367, Telephone Conversations, Chronological File. No classification marking.


41. Report Prepared in the Central Intelligence Agency

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials,NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret. A June 24 cover memorandum reads: “Attached herewith are two copies of Mr. Valtinʼs detailed report on his initial 22 June conversation with Dr. Pommerening of the West German Foreign Office…. As you will note in paragraph 14, Mr. Fessenden does not intend to forward this information separately and he requests that… [it be made] available to appropriate Department officials, Mr. Kissinger and Mr. Shakespeare.” A typed note at the top of the page reads: “USC Attachment to CA–15, 24 June 1970.”


42. Report Prepared in the Central Intelligence Agency

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials,NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret. A typed note at the top of the page reads: “USC Attachment to CA–19, 26 June 1970.” A covering memorandum from Sonnenfeldt to Kissinger reads: “Attached is a paper for this morningʼs 40 Committee meeting, which has just been delivered by CIA and should be distributed to the Committee members.”


43. Memorandum From Edward Weintal of the United States Information Agency to the Director of the United States Information Agency (Shakespeare)

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials,NSC Files, Box 683, Country Files, Europe, Germany, Vol. V. Confidential. The memorandum was forwarded to Kissinger by USIAʼs Acting Director, Henry Loomis, under a July 8 covering memorandum.


45. Memorandum From Helmut Sonnenfeldt of the National Security Council Staff to the Presidentʼs Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 683, Country Files, Europe, Germany, Vol. V. Secret; Sensitive; Nodis. Urgent; sent for information. A notation on the memorandum indicates that Kissinger saw it. Handwritten markings at the top read: “Scheel Talks—Keep for HAK info” and “Scheel Visit.” Scheel visited the United States from July 17 to 18. No documentation has been found to suggest that Radio Free Europe was discussed during his visit. For documentation on the Scheel visit, see Foreign Relations, 1969–1976, volume XL, Germany and Berlin, 1969–1972, Document 101. Also see Akten zur Auswärtigen Politik der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 1970, Vol. II, pp. 1196–98, 1201–02.


46. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs (Hillenbrand) to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Johnson)

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, 40 Committee Minutes, August 7, 1970. Secret. Sent through Coerr. Drafted by A.E. Wellons (INR/DDC) and Skoug and cleared by Sutterlin and Cline (INR).


47. Memorandum From the Deputy Director of the Bureau of Intelligence and Research (Coerr) to the Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs (Hillenbrand)

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, 40 Committee Files. Secret; Eyes Only.


48. Telegram From Fred Valtin to the Central Intelligence Agency

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 684, Country Files, Europe, Germany, Vol. VII. Secret. Repeated to Munich. The telegram was attached to a memorandum from Helms to Kissinger, August 25. Helms wrote: “Attached is a copy of Fred Valtinʼs cable from Bonn… . You will note that discussions with Chancellor Brandt are proposed for late September or early October. Prior to that meeting we will request further reviews with your office and with the State Department on the line to be taken.” Also attached was an NSC routing memorandum that reads as follows: “Ed—orig sent to Sonnenfeldt/Jessup (cy) for action. 8/26/70.” Copies were sent to Lord, Kissinger, and Haig.


49. Memorandum From the Deputy Director for Plans, Central Intelligence Agency (Karamessines) to the Presidentʼs Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger) and the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Johnson)

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret.


50. Memorandum From Director of Central Intelligence Helms to the Presidentʼs Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret.


51. Minutes of the 40 Committee Meeting

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, 40 Committee Files. Top Secret; Eyes Only; Nodis. The meeting took place in the conference room of the Western White House.


52. Memorandum From Director of Central Intelligence Helms to President Nixon

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret; Sensitive. In a covering memorandum of the same date, Helms wrote Kissinger: “Even though the 40 Committee will consider the problem of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty at its meeting on the 13th, there is a great deal to be done in a short space of time if the Radios are to avoid being without funds on 1 July. Therefore, I would appreciate your seeing that the President is made promptly aware of this since it may be necessary for him to become personally involved if the situation is to be salvaged in time.”


53. Memorandum From the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Johnson) to the 40 Committee

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, 40 Committee Files. Secret; Exdis. Tabs A–E to this memorandum are attached but not printed.


54. Telegram From the Embassy in Poland to the Department of State

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Confidential; Limdis.


55. Letter From Director of Central Intelligence Helms to the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (Shultz)

Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Box 379, Subject Files, Radio Free Europe & Radio Liberty, Vol. I. Secret; Sensitive. A copy was sent to Kissinger.


56. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: National Archives, RG 59, Central Files 1970–73, POL GER W–US. Secret; Exdis. Drafted by Sutterlin on June 18. The meeting took place in Kissingerʼs office.


57. Memorandum for the Record

Source: Department of State, INR/IL Historical Files, 40 Committee Minutes. Secret; Eyes Only. Presumably drafted by Kennedy on June 25.