74. Paper Prepared by the National Security Council Staff1
The attached document is based on the conversation between Foreign Minister Gromyko and Dr. Kissinger June 232 and the subsequent conversation between the General Secretary and the President.3 It makes a maximum effort to take into account Soviet views. At the same time, the U.S. holds the view that the working principles should not be used to support the position of either party but to get negotiations started. The U.S. has made minimum changes in previously discussed positions in order to get a negotiating process started. The following points are noted:
Paragraph 1: This paragraph is essentially from the Zavidovo paper4 with the addition of the objective of achieving a final peace and the formulation on negotiation discussed June 23 in San Clemente. The last sentence is in the formulation of the May 1972 draft.
Paragraph 2: The word “agreements” is changed to “settlement” in this and subsequent paragraphs in accordance with the discussion June 23 despite the fact that it was taken from Foreign Minister Gromyko’s paper at Zavidovo. The remainder is the sentence of the May 1972 draft with simple reference to “appropriate UN resolutions” added.
Paragraph 3: This remains unchanged from the draft of May 1972.
Paragraph 4: This has been simplified in the light of the Gromyko–Kissinger conversation of June 23. It contains the same elements as in the May 1972 draft.
Paragraph 5: Again, the word “agreement” is replaced with “settlement.” Since the point now refers to the over-all settlement rather than to any specific agreement, the words “lead to” are dropped.
Paragraph 6: This is the same as the May 1972 draft.
Paragraph 7: This remains as accepted in discussions June 23. It is essentially the same as in the May 1972 draft.[Page 226]
Paragraph 8: The language of the communiqué is introduced.
- Source: National Archives, Nixon Presidential Materials, NSC Files, Kissinger Office Files, Box 70, Country Files, Europe, USSR, Exchange of Notes Between Dobrynin and Kissinger, Vol. 6. No classification marking. A handwritten notation at the top of the page reads: “Delivered by messenger to Amb. Dobrynin at Camp David, 6/24/73 o/a 9:00 p.m.” There is no drafting information, but an earlier and slightly different draft of the attached General Working Principles was forwarded from Saunders to Rodman with a handwritten note stating that it reflected the Kissinger–Gromyko conversation on the morning of June 23 and that it had been used as a basis for discussion on the evening of June 23, from which had come the revision of June 24 sent to Camp David. (Ibid.)↩
- See Document 72.↩
- See Document 73.↩
- See footnote 4, Document 53.↩