208. Memorandum From Director of Central Intelligence Helms to the President's Assistant for National Security Affairs (Kissinger)1
- Proposals to Sustain the Present Regime in Cambodia
- On 22 March 1970, General Haig forwarded your request for a plan to sustain the present regime in Cambodia.2 We have outlined below a series of recommendations which we believe would assist in this [Page 717]objective. These are necessarily somewhat tentative in nature as our intelligence on the internal situation in Cambodia is not solid enough as yet to permit us firm judgments. We also make several suggestions for action by the Department of State since we understand your query has not been addressed to any other agency.
- In essence we believe the core of any strategy devised to maintain the present government in power should consist of two elements:
- Overtly, to the greatest extent possible, the present Cambodian Government should attempt to maintain a stance of neutrality. This is a course along which the present leadership is already embarked and is one to gain the maximum of international sympathy.
Covertly, we should work to support and sustain the present Cambodian Government by supporting its military effort against the Viet Cong in Cambodia and shoring up its position by the provision of covert economic and political support.
This course, if it could be successfully pursued, seems to us the most likely to preserve the present regime against what will almost surely be a determined effort by the North Vietnamese backed by Communist China and the USSR to unseat it.
- We have some covert channels to the present government [less than 1 line of source text not declassified] which could be used to develop detailed plans for clandestine assistance. [Omitted here is discussion of CIA intelligence sources in Cambodia.] [2½ lines of source text not declassified]
- Our current information on the exact balance of forces in Cambodia—information which would be essential to formulating realistic plans—is thin. We have in the past concentrated on attempting to detail North Vietnamese use of Cambodia as a channel for shipment of arms and other supplies to the Viet Cong. Considerable progress has been made in this collection effort particularly over the past year, but as a result we have not tasked our agents with reporting in depth on the Cambodian political scene.
- As initial steps in determining the best way to support the current regime, we believe we should send a senior CIA official on a discreet trip to Cambodia to make clandestine contact with our better placed agents. This would yield not only immediate intelligence on the situation there but would also reassure the leaders of the present government that the U. S. intends to provide them with discreet assistance. We think at the same time, we should move forward with all speed to re-establish [less than 1 line of source text not declassified] reliable communications by means of which on a timely fashion, we can report intelligence and convey messages to our agents and the Cambodian Government.
- The most immediate pressing need of the Cambodian Government will almost certainly be military assistance. We assume that the [Page 718]Chinese and Soviets will suspend military aid until the present government makes drastic concessions or is overthrown by one more friendly to the Communists. In these circumstances the Cambodian leadership will need desperately an alternative supply of military weapons. There are Cambodian airfields to which deliveries could be made clandestinely by aircraft flying out of Thailand and South Vietnam. They will also almost certainly need some sort of economic assistance and some quiet political help. All three of these aspects could be explored with our contacts.
- In summary, we recommend the following steps:
- We send an experienced Agency officer as soon as possible to Phnom Penh on a trip to make contact with [1½ lines of source text not declassified] controlled agents within the Cambodian Government. This officer would collect information on the current situation and could convey such assurances as you wish to the new leadership.3
- Establish [less than 1 line of source text not declassified] rapid and secure radio communications to replace the present commercial channels used by the Embassy.
- Issue a United States Government statement supporting independence and neutrality of Cambodia and expressing sympathy with the Cambodian efforts to remove North Vietnamese intruding troops from their soil.
- Develop a worldwide clandestine propaganda effort to support the present government and call attention to the flagrant violation of Cambodian territory by the North Vietnamese. Also seek to discredit Sihanouk's effort to create a government in exile.4
- Providing Cambodia's response to our effort is positive, we recommend
the following additional steps:
- Develop a clandestine airlift to supply the Cambodian Army with necessary weapons.
- Develop a clandestine combat control center to coordinate Cambodian military activities with the allied military effort.
- Provide financial assistance to the new government.
- Through diplomatic means stimulate international support for the new regime. Encourage Thailand to re-establish diplomatic relations with Cambodia. Persuade South Vietnam to issue a declaration recognizing Cambodia's sovereignty and territorial integrity. Persuade governments which have not yet recognized the new regime to do so.
- The above is a quick response to your request. If you believe these suggestions have merit we can flesh them out in more detail.