Sources

Sources for the Foreign Relations Series

The Foreign Relations statute requires that the published record in the Foreign Relations series include all records needed to provide comprehensive documentation on major foreign policy decisions and actions of the U.S. Government. It further requires that government agencies, departments, and other entities of the U.S. Government cooperate with the Department of State Historian by providing full and complete access to records pertinent to foreign policy decisions and actions and by providing copies of selected records. The editors believe that in terms of access this volume was prepared in accordance with the standards and mandates of this statute.

The editors had complete access to all the retired records and papers of the Department of State: the central files of the Department; the special decentralized files (“ lot files”) of the Department at the bureau, office, and division levels; the files of the Department’s Executive Secretariat, which contain the records of international conferences and high-level official visits, correspondence with foreign leaders by the President and Secretary of State, and memoranda of conversations between the President and Secretary of State and foreign officials; and the files of overseas diplomatic posts. When this volume was compiled, all Department of State records consulted were still under the custody of the Department, and the footnotes citing Department of State files suggest that the Department is the repository. By the time of publication, however, all the Department’s indexed central (or decimal) files for these years were permanently transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration (Archives II) at College Park, Maryland. Many of the Department’s decentralized office (or lot) files covering this period, which the National Archives deems worthy of permanent retention, will also be transferred from the Department’s custody to Archives II over the next several years.

The editors of the Foreign Relations series also have full access to the papers of President Johnson and other White House foreign policy records. Presidential papers maintained and preserved at the Presidential libraries include some of the most significant foreign affairs-related documentation from the Department of State and other Federal agencies including the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

The Department of State arranged for access to the many audiotapes of President Johnson’s telephone conversations that are held at the Johnson Library. The first audiotapes became available to the editors in late 1994, with most audiotapes following during 1995 and 1996. Although [Page XVI]compilation of the volume had already been completed, the editors added references to and summaries of selected transcripts of the President’s relevant telephone conversations to this volume in the final stages of review. The summaries, including quoted extracts from the audiotapes, were prepared in the Office of the Historian specifically for this volume.

Department of State historians also have access to records of the Department of Defense, particularly the records of the Secretaries of Defense and their major assistants.

All of this documentation has been made available for use in the Foreign Relations series thanks to the consent of these agencies, the assistance of their staffs, and especially the cooperation and support of the National Archives and Records Administration.

Unpublished Sources

  • Department of State
    • Central Files: A major source of documentation for this volume was the Central Files of the Department of State. Many of the documents were selected from the following files:
      • AGR: Agriculture (General)
      • AGR 1: General Policy, Plans
      • AGR 1 US: General U.S. Policy, Plans
      • AGR 1 EEC: General EEC Policy, Plans
      • AGR 3: Organizations and Conferences
      • AGR 3 FAO: Foreign Agriculture Organization
      • AID 1: General Policy, Plans
      • AID 1–1: Presidential Determinations
      • AID 2: General Reports and Statistics
      • AID 4: Agreements
      • AID 5: Laws and Regulations
      • AID 15: P.L. 480; Food for Peace program
      • AID 15–1: P.L. 480; Food for Peace program; policy, plans
      • AID (IDA): International Development Association
      • AID (OECD) 8: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development; grants and technical assistance
      • AID (US): General U.S. aid policy
      • AID (US) 15–10: Voluntary agencies; Title III
      • AV 12–2 S AFR: Aviation (civil); purchase by, sale, or transfer to South Africa
      • DEF 1–2 US: U.S. stockpiling of strategic and critical materials
      • DEF 6–8 US/NATO: Defense affairs between the U.S. and NATO; mobilization of armed forces
      • DEF 19–3: Military assistance
      • DEF 19–4: Agreements
      • DEF 19–6: Communist bloc assistance
      • FT EUR E US: Foreign trade between Eastern Europe and the U.S.
      • INCO 10 UN,: UN resources and development
      • INCO–COCOA 3: Cocoa organizations and conferences
      • INCO–COCOA 3 UNCTAD: UNCTAD cocoa organizations and conferences
      • INCO–COCOA 4: Cocoa agreements
      • INCO–COFFEE: Coffee organizations and commodities
      • INCO–COFFEE 3: Coffee organizations and conferences
      • INCO–COFFEE 4: Coffee agreements
      • INCO–COTTON: Cotton industry and commodities
      • INCO–COTTON EEC: EEC cotton industry and commodities
      • INCO–COTTON GATT: GATT cotton industry and commodities
      • INCO–COTTON PERU: Peru cotton industry and commodities
      • INCO–COTTON 3 GATT: GATT cotton organizations and conferences
      • INCO–COTTON 4 GATT: GATT cotton agreements
      • INCO–COTTON 17 UAR-US: Trade of cotton between the UAR and the U.S.
      • INCO–COTTON 17 US: U.S. cotton trade
      • INCO–COTTON US–INDIA: Trade of cotton between India and the U.S.
      • INCO–FATS EEC: EEC fats and oils industry and commodities
      • INCO–FRUITS EEC: EEC fruits industry and commodities
      • INCO–GRAINS EEC: EEC grains industry and commodities
      • INCO–GRAINS GATT: GATT grains industry and commodities
      • INCO–GRAINS UK: U.K. grains industry and commodities
      • INCO–GRAINS UK-US: Grains industry and commodities between the U.K. and the U.S.
      • INCO–GRAINS 4 UK-US: Grains agreements between the U.K. and the U.S.
      • INCO–GRAINS 17 UK-US: Trade of grains between the U.K. and the U.S.
      • INCO POULTRY: Poultry industry and commodities
      • INCO POULTRY US: U.S. poultry industry and commodities
      • INCO POULTRY EEC: EEC poultry industry and commodities
      • INCO POULTRY GATT: GATT poultry industry and commodities
      • INCO–POULTRY 17 EEC: EEC poultry trade
      • INCO–SUGAR 3: Sugar organizations and conferences
      • INCO–SUGAR 4: Sugar agreements
      • INCO–SUGAR 4 US: U.S. sugar agreements
      • INCO–WHEAT GATT: GATT wheat
      • INCO–WHEAT 3: Wheat organizations and conferences
      • INCO–WHEAT 4: Wheat agreements
      • INCO–WOOL: Wool industry and commodities
      • INCO–WOOL IT: Wool industry and commodities of Italy
      • INCO–WOOL UK: Wool industry and commodities of the U.K.
      • INCO–WOOL US: Wool industry and commodities of the U.S.
      • INCO–WOOL 3: Wool organizations and conferences
      • INCO–WOOL 4: Wool trade agreements
      • INCO–WOOL 4 GATT: Wool GATT agreements
      • INCO–WOOL 17: Wool trade
      • INCO–WOOL 17 US: U.S. wool trade
      • INCO–WOOL 17 US–IT: Wool trade between the U.S. and Italy
      • INCO–WOOL 17 US–JAPAN: Wool trade between the U.S. and Japan
      • INCO–WOOL 17 US–UK: Wool trade between the U.S. and the U.K.
      • OECD 3: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
      • OECD 8–4: OECD agreements and treaties; economic conditions
      • STR 1: General strategic trade control policy
      • STR 1 US: U.S. strategic trade control policy
      • STR 1: General strategic trade control policy
      • STR 4: Economic Defense Advisory Committee
      • STR 5: Export control regulations and procedures
      • STR 6–3: Presidential Determinations
      • STR 7: Shipments of U.S. goods
      • STR 7–1: Transaction checks
      • STR 7–1 UK: Transaction checks with the U.K.
      • STR 7–1 IT: Transaction checks with Italy
      • STR 7–2: Technical data controls
      • STR 12–3: Swedish shipment of non-U.S. origin goods
      • STR 13–1: Consultative Group operations, meetings, and actions
      • STR 14–1: International List I exceptions
      • STR 14–2: International List I reports
      • TEL 9: Television
      • TEL 9 USSR: Soviet television
      • TP 7–1: Visits by U.S. citizens
    • Lot Files: Documents from the central files have been supplemented by materials from decentralized office files, the lot files of the Department of State. A list of the lot files used or consulted follows:
      • Ball Files: Lot 74 D 272
        • Files of Under Secretary of State George Ball, 1961–1967
      • Conference Files: Lot 66 D 110
        • Collection of documentation on international conferences abroad attended by the President, the Secretary of State, and other U.S. officials, May 1961–December 1964
      • Conference Files: Lot 66 D 347
        • Collection of documentation on international conferences abroad attended by the President, the Secretary of State, and other U.S. officials, 1967
      • Conference Files: Lot 67 D 305
        • Collection of documentation on international conferences abroad attended by the President, the Secretary of State, and other U.S. officials, January–October 1966
      • Conference Files: Lot 67 D 586
        • Collection of documentation on international conferences abroad attended by the President, the Secretary of State, and other U.S. officials, October 1966–May 1967
      • Conference Files: Lot 68 D 453
        • Collection of documentation on international conferences abroad attended by the President, the Secretary of State, and other U.S. officials, May 1967–January 1968
      • EB/ICD/FTD Files: Lot 73 D 183
        • Files of the Fibers and Textiles Division, Office of International Commodities, Bureau of Economic Affairs, 1964–1972
      • EB/ICD/TRP Files: Lot 75 D 462
        • Files of the Tropical Products Division, Office of International Commodities, Bureau of Economic Affairs, pertaining to sugar, 1961–1968
      • EB/ICD/TRP Files: Lot 78 D 52
        • Files of the Tropical Products Division, Office of International Commodities, Bureau of Economic Affairs, pertaining to cocoa, 1963–1974
      • EB/ICD/TRP Files: Lot 79 D 354
        • Files of the Tropical Products Division, Office of International Commodities, Bureau of Economic Affairs, pertaining to coffee, 1962–1975
      • Secretary’s Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 65 D 330
        • Memoranda of the Secretary of State’s and Under Secretary of State’s conversations for the years 1961–1964, maintained by the Executive Secretariat
      • S/P Files: Lot 70 D 199
        • Files of the Policy Planning Council, 1963–1964
      • S/S Files: Lot 70 D 217
        • White House and executive departments’ memoranda and letters to the Secretary of State and Under Secretary of State for the years 1963–1966
      • S/S Files: Lot 72 D 192
        • Files of Secretary of State Rusk, 1961–1969
      • S/S Files: Lot 74 D 272
        • Files of Under Secretary of State George W. Ball, 1961–1969
      • S/S–NSC Files: Lot 70 D 265
        • Master set of papers pertaining to National Security Council meetings, including policy papers, position papers, and administrative documents, 1961–1966
      • S/S–NSC Files: Lot 72 D 316
        • Master file of National Security Action Memoranda (NSAMs), 1961–1968
      • S/S–NSC Files: Lot 72 D 318
        • Files of the National Security Council, 1966–1968
  • Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland
    • Record Group 40, Records of the Department of Commerce
      • Office of the Under Secretary of Commerce Files: FRC 68 A 5947
        • Executive Secretariat files, 1963–1964
    • Record Group 59, Records of the Department of State
      • E/CBA/REP Files: FRC 72 A 6248
        • Lot 70 D 467: Master set of the Department of State classified internal publication Current Economic Developments, 1945–1969, and Bureau of Economic Affairs Staff Minutes, 1965–1968
    • Record Group 286, Records of the Agency for International Development
      • Advisory Committees on Foreign Aid: FRC 73 A 159
        • Miscellaneous papers relating to the advisory committees on foreign aid, 1966–1970
      • Advisory Committee on Foreign Aid: FRC 74 A 58
        • Miscellaneous documentation, 1966–1970
      • AID Administrator Files: FRC 68 A 1866
        • Executive Secretariat files, 1964–1965
      • AID Administrator Files: FRC 69 A 1866
        • Executive Secretariat files, 1965–1967
      • AID Administrator Files: FRC 73 A 518
        • Executive Secretariat files, 1966–1969
      • DAC Material: FRC 70 A 5922
        • Miscellaneous papers relating to the Development Assistance Committee, 1962–1968
    • Record Group 330, Records of the Department of Defense
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 68 A 306
        • Records of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1964
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 71 A 4546
        • Records of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1967
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 71 A 4548
        • Records of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1959–1968
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 72 A 1498
        • Records of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1968
      • OASD/ISA Files: FRC 73 A 1345
        • Records of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, 1967–1973
      • OSD Files: FRC 69 A 926
        • Records of the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense and their Special Assistants, 1963–1964
      • OSD Files: FRC 69 A 2317
        • Chronological files of Deputy Secretary of Defense Cyrus A. Vance, 1964–1967
      • OSD Files: FRC 70 A 4443
        • Records of the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense and their Special Assistants, 1966.
      • OSD Files: FRC 71 A 6489
        • Records of the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense and their Special Assistants, 1951–1966
      • OSD Files: FRC 72 A 2468
        • Records of the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense and their Special Assistants, 1967.
  • John F. Kennedy Library, Boston, Massachusetts
    • C. Douglas Dillon Papers
    • Christian A. Herter Papers
  • Lyndon B. Johnson Library, Austin, Texas
    • Administrative Histories
    • Cabinet Papers
    • Confidential File Agency Reports
    • Meeting Notes File
    • National Security File
      • Agency File
      • Committee File
      • Files of McGeorge Bundy
      • Files of Edward R. Fried
      • Files of Edward K. Hamilton
      • Files of Walt W. Rostow
      • Memos to the President
      • Name File
      • National Intelligence Estimates
      • National Security Action Memoranda
      • National Security Council Meetings
      • Subject File
    • Office Files of Ernest Goldstein
    • Papers of George W. Ball
    • Papers of Francis M. Bator
    • Papers of Anthony M. Solomon
    • President’s Daily Diary
    • Recordings and Transcripts
    • Rusk’s Appointment Books
    • Task Force Reports
    • White House Central Files
      • Confidential Files

Published Sources

  • Note: The Department of State takes no responsibility for the accuracy of these publications nor does it endorse their interpretations.
  • De Vries, Margaret. The International Monetary Fund, 1966–1971: The System Under Stress, Vols. I and II (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1976)
  • De Vries, Margaret G., and J. Keith Horsefield. The International Monetary Fund, 1945–1965; Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation, Vols. I, II, and III (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1969)
  • Evans, John W. The Kennedy Round in American Trade Policy: The Twilight of the GATT? (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971)
  • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. Basic Instruments and Selected Documents, Twelfth Supplement: Decisions, Reports, etc., of the Twenty-first Session (Geneva: The Contracting Parties to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1964)
  • Johnson, Lyndon B. Vantage Point: Perspectives of the Presidency, 1963–1969 (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971)
  • Office of the Special Trade Representative for Trade Negotiations. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1964–1967 Trade Conference: Report on United States Negotiations, 2 Vols. (Washington: Office of the Special Representative for Trade Negotiations, 1967–1968)
  • Rostow, W.W. The Diffusion of Power: An Essay in Recent History (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1972)
  • U.S. Congress. Hearings Before the Committee on Ways and Means House of Representatives, Ninetieth Congress, Second Session, on Trade Proposals, Parts I and II (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1969)
  • ———. Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Foreign Economic Policy of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Eighty-ninth Congress, Second Session, The Foreign Policy Aspects of the Kennedy Round (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1966)
  • U.S. Department of State. American Foreign Policy: Current Documents, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967 (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office)
  • ———. Department of State Bulletin, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968 (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office)
  • U.S. Department of the Treasury. Annual Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the State of the Finances for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968 (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office)
  • U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Lyndon B. Johnson, 1963–64, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968–69 (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office)