1959–1960, the Sino-Soviet Rift: U.S. Views on the Situation in Mainland China; Continuing Discussions at Warsaw; Efforts to Encourage Economic Development on Taiwan; President Eisenhower’s Visit to Taiwan in June 1960


251. Telegram From the Embassy in Poland to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.93/1–959. Confidential; Priority; Limit Distribution. Repeated to USUN and Taipei.


252. Memorandum From the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Gray) to the Under Secretary of State (Herter)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.93/1–1459. Secret. Filed as an attachment to Herter’s January 30 memorandum to Gray ( Document 255).


254. Letter From Secretary of State Dulles to President Chiang

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 793.00/1–1959. Confidential. Drafted by Bennett, revised in S/S, and cleared by Parsons.


255. Memorandum From the Under Secretary of State (Herter) to the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Gray)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.93/1–1459. Secret. Drafted by Lutkins; cleared by Furnas, Murphy, Robertson, Parsons, and Green; and initialed by Stimpson.


257. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Republic of China

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 793.5/2–559. Top Secret; Priority; Limit Distribution. Drafted by Martin, cleared by Parsons and in draft by Green and with JCS, and approved by Robertson. Repeated priority to CINCPAC.


258. National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Department of State, INRNIE Files. Secret. A note on the cover sheet reads in part as follows:

“Submitted by the Director of Central Intelligence. The following intelligence organizations participated in the preparation of this estimate: The Central Intelligence Agency and the intelligence organizations of the Departments of State, the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and The Joint Staff.

“Concurred in by the United States Intelligence Board on February 1959.”


259. Telegram From the Embassy in the Republic of China to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 793.00/2–1159. Top Secret; Limit Distribution. Transmitted in two sections.


260. Despatch From the Embassy in the Republic of China to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 793.00/2–1259. Secret.


261. Telegram From the Embassy in the Republic of China to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 793.5–MSP/2–1359. Secret; Limit Distribution. Transmitted in two sections. Received at 9:17 a.m. Repeated to CINCPAC.


262. Telegram From the Embassy in Poland to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.93/2–1359. Secret; Priority; Limit Distribution. Received at 8:15 p.m. Repeated to USUN and Taipei.


263. Memorandum From the Regional Planning Adviser in the Bureau of Far Eastern Affairs (Green) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 793.00/2–1859. Top Secret. Sent through Parsons, who passed it on to Robertson with a handwritten note endorsing Green’s recommendation.


264. Telegram From the Embassy in the Republic of China to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 793.5/2–2159. Top Secret; Limit Distribution. Repeated to CINCPAC.


265. Telegram From the Embassy in the Republic of China to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 793.5–MSP/2–2159. Confidential.


266. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 793.5/2–2459. Secret. Drafted by Martin.


267. Draft Statement Prepared in the Department of State

Source: Department of State, S/P Files: Lot 67 D 548, China, 1959–61. Secret. No drafting information appears on the source text. A March 2 covering memorandum from Boggs to the NSC Planning Board indicates that the draft statement was for the Board’s use in its work on the subject of “Problems Illustrated by Recent Developments in the Near East and the Taiwan Straits.”


268. Letter From the Director of the Office of Chinese Affairs (Martin) to the Ambassador in Poland (Beam)

Source: Department of State, Geneva Talks Files: Lot 71 D 368, Warsaw Talks—Correspondence. Secret; Official–Informal.


270. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Republic of China

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 793.00/2–2159. Secret. Drafted by Bennett, cleared by Martin, and approved by Robertson.


272. Special National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Department of State, INRNIE Files. Secret. A note on the cover sheet reads in part as follows:

“Submitted by the Director of Central Intelligence. The following intelligence organizations participated in the preparation of this estimate: The Central Intelligence Agency and the intelligence organizations of the Departments of State, the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and The Joint Staff.

“Concurred in by the United States Intelligence Board on 13 March 1959.”


273. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 793.5/3–1959. Secret. Drafted by Lutkins.


275. Telegram From the Embassy in Poland to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.93/3–2459. Secret; Priority; Limit Distribution. Repeated to USUN and Taipei.


276. Memorandum From Director of Central Intelligence Dulles to the President’s Special Assistant for National Security Affairs (Gray)

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Intelligence Matters (9). Secret. The source text bears no drafting information.


277. Memorandum for President Eisenhower’s Files

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, Intelligence Matters (11). Secret. The source text bears the typed notation: “There were no other copies made of this memorandum.”


278. Notes of a Meeting of the Operations Coordinating Board

Source: Department of State, OCB Files: Lot 62 D 430, OCB Preliminary Notes. Secret.


279. Memorandum on the Substance of Discussion at a Department of State–Joint Chiefs of Staff Meeting

Source: Department of State, State–JCS Meetings: Lot 61 D 417, Volume VII. Top Secret. Drafted by Murphy’s special assistant Dwight J. Porter.


280. Telegram From the Embassy in the Republic of China to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 793.00/5–359. Secret; Limit Distribution.