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January–July 1959: NSC Consideration of U.S. Policy on Indonesia; Augmentation of U.S. Military Assistance to Indonesia; Concern of the Netherlands Over U.S. Military Aid; U.S. Policy Toward the West Irian-West New Guinea Dispute; and Establishment of Sukarno’s “Guided Democracy” Government


170. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to Secretary of State Dulles

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.5–MSP/1–959. Secret. Drafted by Wenzel on January 8 and cleared by Parsons and Merchant. This memorandum was sent through and initialed by Dillon and Herter.


171. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.56/1–1459. Secret. Drafted by Stabler.


172. Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.5622/1–1759. Secret; Niact.


173. Telegram from the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.00/1–2159. Secret; Noforn. Repeated to Taipei and CINCPAC


174. Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 656.56D13/1–2359. Secret; Priority. Transmitted in two sections. Also sent to CINCPAC and repeated to The Hague, London, Paris, and Canberra.


175. Memorandum of Discussion at the 395th Meeting of the National Security Council

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, NSC Records. Top Secret. Prepared by Gleason.


176. Telegram From the Embassy in the Netherlands to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 656.56D13/1–2959. Secret. Transmitted in two sections and repeated to London, Paris, Djakarta, and Canberra.


177. National Security Council Report

Source: Department of State, S/SNSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5901 Series. Secret. Transmitted to the NSC on February 3, under cover of a memorandum by Lay which noted that the President had approved NSC 5901 that day and that it superseded NSC 5518 and the “recommendations” of the “Special Report on Indonesia.”


178. Telegram From Secretary of State Dulles to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 656.56D13/2–559. Secret. Repeated to The Hague, Canberra, Djakarta, and Paris. Dulles was in London as part of a 6-day trip to the United Kingdom, France, and the Federal Republic of Germany, February 3–8.


179. Telegram From the Embassy in the Netherlands to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.56/2–659. Secret. Priority. Repeated to London, Paris, Djakarta, and Canberra.


180. Special National Intelligence Estimate

Source: Department of State, INRNIE Files. Secret. According to a note on the cover sheet, the CIA and the intelligence organizations of the Departments of State, Army, Navy, Air Force, and the Joint Staff participated in the preparation of this estimate. All members of the IAC concurred with the estimate on February 10, except the representatives of the AEC and the FBI, who abstained on the grounds that the subject was outside their jurisdiction.


182. Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.00/2–1958. Secret. Also sent to CINCPAC.


183. Telegram From the Commander-in-Chief, Pacific (Felt) to the Joint Chief s of Staff

Source: Department of State, WE Files: Lot 63 D 106, Indonesia 1959. Secret. Repeated by the Department of State to The Hague and Djakarta as telegrams 1312 and 1590, respectively, on March 3. (Ibid., Central Files, 756D.5–MSP/2–2159)


184. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to Acting Secretary of State Herter

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.13/2–2759. Confidential. Drafted by Wenzel and cleared in draft with Parsons. A copy of this memorandum was sent to Murphy.


185. Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D56/2–2859. Secret. Also sent to CINCPAC.


186. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs (Dillon)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.5622/3–559. Confidential. Drafted by Wenzel and cleared with SPA and FE.


187. Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.56D/3–1359. Secret. Repeated to Saigon, The Hague, Seoul, and CINCPAC.


189. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to Acting Secretary of State Herter

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.5622/3–2659. Secret. Drafted by Moore on March 25. Mein and Parsons concurred in this memorandum, but EUR did not. In a memorandum of March 27 to the Acting Secretary, Merchant outlined EUR’s position, recommending that action on the licenses be suspended pending a study of Indonesia’s needs and a projection of what future U.S. assistance to Indonesia might be. (Ibid., WE Files: Lot 63 D 106, Indonesia 1959) See Supplement.


191. Memorandum of Conversation

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.00/4–159. Secret. Drafted by Stabler.


192. Letter From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (Irwin)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.5–MSP/3–2859. Secret. Drafted by Moore on April 6. The following Department of State offices concurred in this letter: SPA, WE, FE, W/MSC, and G.


193. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in the Netherlands

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.5622/4–1059. Secret; Priority. Drafted by Stabler, cleared by Merchant (draft) and Robertson, and approved by McBride. Repeated to Djakarta, London, Paris, and CINCPAC for POLAD.


194. Telegram From the Embassy in the Philippines to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.00/4–1359. Secret. Also sent to Djakarta.


195. Telegram From the Embassy in the Philippines to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.00/4–1459. Confidential. Repeated to Djakarta.


196. Telegram From the Embassy in the Philippines to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.5622/4–1559. Confidential; Priority. Repeated to Djakarta, The Hague, and Canberra.


197. Telegram From the Embassy in Indonesia to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, 756D.00/4–2059. Confidential. Also sent to CINCPAC.


198. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to Acting Secretary of State Dillon

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 756D.00/5–759. Secret. Drafted by Moore on May 5 and cleared with O’Sullivan and Palmer. Both tabs are in the Supplement.


199. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Robertson) to Acting Secretary of State Dillon

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 856D.2553/6–1559. Confidential. Drafted by Olmsted on May 14 and cleared with SPA, SPA/E, FE, and FSD.