Joint Defense Arrangements; Negotiations Relating to Trade, Agricultural Products, and Waterways; U.S. Concern Over Rising Nationalism and Possible Changes of Policy By the New Conservative Government 1

1. For previous documentation on U.S. relations with Canada, see Foreign Relations, 1952–1954, vol. VI, Part 2, pp. 2022 ff.


340. Memorandum From the Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs (Merchant) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.42321–SL/2–1455. Official Use Only. Drafted by Outerbridge Horsey and cleared with EUR and H.


341. Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, March 8, 1955

Source: Department of State, Secretary’s Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 64 D 199. Confidential. Drafted by Elbrick.


342. Memorandum of a Conversation, Ottawa, March 17, 1955

Source: Department of State, Conference Files: Lot 60 D 627, CF 440. Secret. Drafted by MacArthur on March 21. Dulles was in Ottawa for an official visit, March 17–19. In addition to this and the following two memoranda of conversation, six others record the conversations Dulles had with Canadian officials regarding Far Eastern issues. (Ibid.)


343. Summary of a Meeting, Parliament Building, Ottawa, March 17, 1955

Source: Department of State, Conference Files: Lot 60 D 627, CF 440. Confidential. No drafting information is given on the source text.


344. Memorandum of a Conversation, Ottawa, March 18, 1955

Source: Department of State, Conference Files: Lot 60 D 627, CF 440. Secret. Drafted on March 21 by MacArthur.


345. Letter From the Secretary of State to the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Hensel)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 742.5/4–855. Secret. Drafted by Julian L. Nugent, cleared with L/EUR, and approved by Jacob D. Beam.


346. Note From the Canadian Ambassador (Heeney) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 742.5/5–555. Secret.


347. Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, June 2, 1955

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 411.424/6–255. Confidential. Drafted by Robert G. Miner.


348. Memorandum of the Meeting of the Joint U.S.-Canadian Committee on Trade and Economic Affairs, Government House, Ottawa, September 26, 1955, 9:30 a.m.

Source: Eisenhower Library, White House Central Files. Confidential. Prepared in S/S. A covering note and a note on the source text indicate that this memorandum was reviewed by Walter A. Radius, U.S. Secretary of the Joint Committee, but it was not cleared with any other participant. No agenda for the meeting was found.


349. Memorandum of a Conversation, White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, March 27, 1956

Source: Eisenhower Library, Whitman File, DullesHerter Series. Secret; Personal and Private. Drafted by Dulles. This was one of the conversations that took place during the meeting of the heads of government of the United States, Canada, and Mexico. The idea of having such a meeting at a head-of-government level appeared to have originated with Henry F. Holland, Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs. Ambassador Stuart in Canada and Ambassador White in Mexico were opposed to the proposal, but a meeting was held at the Greenbrier in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, March 26–28. (Letter from Stuart to Merchant, August 26, 1955; Department of State, Central Files, 611.42/8–2655; memorandum from Holland and Merchant to Dulles, September 23, 1955; ibid., Secretary’s Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 64 D 199)


350. Memorandum of a Conversation Between the Canadian Minister (Glazebrook) and the Counselor (MacArthur), Department of State, Washington, April 19, 1956

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.42/4–1956. Secret. Drafted by Nugent.


351. Memorandum From the Under Secretary of State (Hoover) to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs (Elbrick)

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.42321–SL/6–756. Confidential. Drafted by Hoover. Copies were sent to Dulles and Murphy.


352. Telegram From the Embassy in Canada to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.42321–SL/7–356. Confidential.


353. Telegram From the Embassy in Canada to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.4232/7–2456. Confidential.


354. Telegram From the Embassy in Canada to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.42321–SL/8–356. Confidential.


356. Memorandum of a Conversation, Washington, September 13, 1956, 9:30 a.m.

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.42321–SL/9–1356. Confidential. Drafted by Merchant.


357. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Canada

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.42321–SL/10–1856. Confidential. Drafted by Nugent, cleared with G and S/S, and approved and signed for Dulles by Beam.


358. Telegram From the Embassy in Canada to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.42321–SL/10–1956. Confidential-Priority.


359. Telegram From the Embassy in Canada to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 611.42321–SL/11–1356. Confidential-Priority.


360. Letter from Prime Minister St. Laurent to President Eisenhower

Source: Department of State, Presidential Correspondence: Lot 64 D 174. Personal.


361. Letter From President Eisenhower to Prime Minister St. Laurent

Source: Department of State, Presidential Correspondence: Lot 64 D 174. No classification marking. Delivered by the Embassy in Ottawa on February 11. (Despatch 648 from Ottawa, February 11; ibid., Central Files, 742.13/2–1157)


362. Despatch From the Embassy in Canada to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 711.56342/3–157. Secret; Limited Distribution; No Distribution Outside Department. Drafted by Milton C. Rewinkel.


363. Letter From the President’s Special Assistant (Randall) to the Secretary of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 411.4241/4–157. Confidential.


364. Briefing Paper Prepared in the Bureau of Economic Affairs

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 411.4241/4–157. Secret. Drafted by James J. Blake on April 4. A covering letter from Herter to Randall, April 9, indicates that Herter was asked by Dulles to pass this paper on to Randall.


365. Memorandum of a Conversation, Department of State, Washington, April 9, 1957

Source: Department of State, Secretary’s Memoranda of Conversation: Lot 64 D 199. Secret. Drafted by Elbrick. A marginal note on the source text indicates that the memorandum was approved by Hoover and a copy was sent by him to the White House.


366. Telegram From the Embassy in Canada to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 442.4841/4–1257. Official Use Only; Priority.


367. Telegram From the Embassy in Canada to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 442.4841/4–1557. Confidential; Priority.


368. Telegram From the Department of State to the Embassy in Canada

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 442.4841/5–2857. Official Use Only. Drafted by Howard M. Gabbert and John M. Leddy; cleared with ITR, BNA, E, and W; approved and signed for Dulles by Leddy.


369. Telegram From the Embassy in Canada to the Department of State

Source: Department of State, Central Files, 742.00/6–1157. Confidential. Repeated to London.